REED 142 Arveen MatanguihanCharlayne Anne Narzabal Eileen Pagaduan
What is Reformation?• Reformation began during 15th century. The reformation is also called the Protestant Reformation or Protestant Revolt. It is a European Christian movement that established Protestantism as a constituent branch of Christianity.
• The reformation is also led by Martin Luther and John Calvin and the other Protestants. The are the self described reformers who objected in the doctrine, structure and ecclesiastical structure of the Roman Catholic.
Religious situation inEurope. The Protestant Reformation began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic, carried out by Western European Catholics. They believed that the Roman Catholics teachings are all false and ecclesiastical malpractices.
Religious situation inEurope.• These Protestants cite some examples why they don’t agree to the Roman Catholics teachings: 1. selling indulgences 2. doctrine policies about purgatory, particular judgment and Mariology. 3. intercession of saints most of the sacraments. 4. the mandatory clerical celibacy including monasticism and the authority of the Pope.
Cause of Reformation• There were numerous reasons that caused the Reformation: 1. ongoing corruption 2. a desire to embrace a simpler form of religious worship and more biblical style of church. 3. the desire of German rulers to enrich themselves by taking over the property of Catholic monasteries and convents. 4. the recent invention of the printing press greatly facilitated the spread of Martin Luther’s ideas.
Conclusion and Legacy• The Reformation led to religious wars the culminated in the Thirty Year’s War, which devastated much of Germany killing between 25 and 40% of it’s population. The treaty also effectively ended the Pope’s pan – European political power.