Social studies geography 5

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Social studies geography 5

  1. 1. SOCIAL STUDIES GEOGRAPHY KEY CONCEPTS Created by S. George
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHYDEFINITIONS
  3. 3. Map Key (Legend)The part of a mapthat explain whatthe symbols on a mapstands for.
  4. 4. Map SymbolA picture that isused to stand forsomething that isreal on the Earth.
  5. 5. Distance ScaleThe scale on a mapthat tells the realdistance.
  6. 6. Compass RoseThe direction markeron a map.
  7. 7. LocationWhere something canbe found.
  8. 8. ContinentOne of the sevenmain areas of landon Earth.
  9. 9. equatorAn imaginary linethat circles the Earth halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole. The line divides the Earth into the NorthernHemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
  10. 10. North PoleThe northern end ofthe Earth’s axis.
  11. 11. South PoleThe southern end ofthe Earth’s axis.
  12. 12. latitudeThe distance northor south of theequator; lines oflatitude are drawn inan east-westdirection around theglobe.
  13. 13. longitudeThe distancebetween east andwest from the primemeridian; lines oflongitude are drawnin a north-southdirection around theglobe.
  14. 14. pictographA graph that usessymbols or smallpictures to stand foramounts of things.
  15. 15. Circle (pie) graphA graph in the shapeOf a circle or pie.
  16. 16. Bar or line graphA graph that useshorizontal orvertical lines to showinformation.
  17. 17. landformOne of the shapesthat makes up theEarth’s surface, suchas mountains, hills,plateaus, or plains.
  18. 18. lakeA large body ofwater surrounded byby land.
  19. 19. OceanThe body of saltwater that coversnearly ¾ of theEarth’s surface.
  20. 20. seaA large body ofwater in an ocean,either partly orcompletelylandlocked.
  21. 21. gulfPart of an ocean thatreaches into the landand is larger than abay.
  22. 22. waterwayA body of water thatis wide enough anddeep enough forships to travel.
  23. 23. riverA large naturalstream of waterthat empties intoanother large bodyof water.
  24. 24. climateThe kind of weathera place has over along period of time.
  25. 25. glacierA large mass of iceformed by themelting andrefreezing of deepsnow.
  26. 26. earthquakeThe shaking of theEarth’s surfacecaused by themovement andcracking of rockdeep inside theEarth.
  27. 27. Human migrationMovements of groupsof people from oneplace to another.
  28. 28. cultureThe way of life ofpeople. Cultureincludes traditions,customs, language,and education.
  29. 29. town/cityA large communitywhere people liveand work.
  30. 30. parish/countyA part of a state,usually larger than acity, which has itsown government.Louisiana is the onlystate that usesparishes instead ofcounties.
  31. 31. nation/countryA political regionwith a single centralgovernment.
  32. 32. ruralOf or like a countryregion

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