How to identify main points
Introduction                       By the end of the lesson, students would be able to:      State the features of the ...
Features of a Summary            Two basic things you must understand about summary questions:   It is a test of whethe...
What examiners want            Students have to show the following in their answer:   Selecting the correct and relevan...
The 4 Step method of       Summary Writing                           4 Steps:   Step 1: Read the summary question very ...
Analyse the Summary           Question                            Look at the Summary Question and break it up according...
Sample Question                  Question:The writer establishes that women may have done more of the hunting inprimitive...
Your Turn…                  Using the template introduced to you…break up the question into its parts… You have 5 minut...
Practice in Class                 Now you are ready to begin…(Total time: 10mins)   Place the template on the table in ...
Practice in Class                Compare your marked out portions of the passage  with the sample annotated passage…did ...
Practice in Class                  Step 3: Make brief notes in your own words of all the points you have marked out.   ...
Practice in Class                 Step 4: Write up your notes in grammatically correct  English   Concentrate on buildi...
Practice in Class                Compare your summary with the sample  summary…how does this compare?   Missed out poin...
After the Summary               Do not stop there…   Count the words and write down   Check for accuracy of:      Ver...
Key Points – Take-a-ways            List what are the 4 steps to summary writing:     Step 1: _________________________...
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Sec3 english language_comprehension(thesummaryqn)

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These slides introduce students to an approach to answering Summary Questions.

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Sec3 english language_comprehension(thesummaryqn)

  1. 1. How to identify main points
  2. 2. Introduction  By the end of the lesson, students would be able to:  State the features of the summary  Appreciate what examiners want  Practice the steps required to carry out a summary  Practice writing a summary (Adapted from Longman’s, Effective Guide to O’ Level English, Pearson Education, 2000, Singapore)
  3. 3. Features of a Summary  Two basic things you must understand about summary questions:  It is a test of whether you have selected relevant information  Once selected relevant information…it needs to be RE- PHRASED!!! (i.e. expressed in your own words)
  4. 4. What examiners want  Students have to show the following in their answer:  Selecting the correct and relevant information from the passage that relates to the question.  Expressing the information, (putting it in your own words) fluently.
  5. 5. The 4 Step method of Summary Writing  4 Steps:  Step 1: Read the summary question very carefully  Step 2: Re-read the part in the passage covered by the question, mark out all relevant information  Step 3: Make brief notes in your own words of all points you have marked out.  Step 4: Write up your notes in complete sentences.
  6. 6. Analyse the Summary Question  Look at the Summary Question and break it up accordingly to:  Introduction  Basic Instruction  The Topic  Reminders  Length  Question tells you how to start (Refer to the template provided in your worksheet)
  7. 7. Sample Question Question:The writer establishes that women may have done more of the hunting inprimitive times than commonly thought. Write a summary of the rolesthat women may have played, using your own words, as far as possibleUse material from Line 28 to 71Your account should be in continuous writing , must not be longer than160 words, including the 11 words given below. You should use your ownwords to rephrase the points, and not copy large chunks from the passage.Begin: “In pre-historic times, It was not only men who hunted. Women…”
  8. 8. Your Turn…  Using the template introduced to you…break up the question into its parts… You have 5 minutes to do this…
  9. 9. Practice in Class  Now you are ready to begin…(Total time: 10mins)  Place the template on the table in front of you  Read the passage based on the relevant lines (28-71) and mark out the relevant information.  As you begin work – go back to the “TOPIC” and keep referring to it as you mark out the information.  Focus on finding relevant information…do not worry about expressing this in own words  Also keep track of your marking out: Too much? Too Little?
  10. 10. Practice in Class  Compare your marked out portions of the passage with the sample annotated passage…did you leave out any points…
  11. 11. Practice in Class  Step 3: Make brief notes in your own words of all the points you have marked out.  Copy The TOPIC on the paper you are going to write out the summary  Check whether your notes are in correct logical order. Refer to the question again for some suggestions  Remember to use your own words and as few words as possible
  12. 12. Practice in Class  Step 4: Write up your notes in grammatically correct English  Concentrate on building sentence structures  Put aside the passage. Trust your notes  You may combine points into one sentence
  13. 13. Practice in Class  Compare your summary with the sample summary…how does this compare?  Missed out points?  Not in your own words?  Poor sentence and grammar
  14. 14. After the Summary  Do not stop there…  Count the words and write down  Check for accuracy of:  Verb agreements  Spellings  Consistency – American usage or British English
  15. 15. Key Points – Take-a-ways  List what are the 4 steps to summary writing:  Step 1: ________________________________  Step 2: ________________________________  Step 3: ________________________________  Step 4: ________________________________

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