Sec3 english language_comprehension_in your own words

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Answering "...in your own words..." presents a challenge to most students. These slides provide an approach to tackling this type of comprehension question at O' Level

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Sec3 english language_comprehension_in your own words

  1. 1. How to handle “…in your own words” questions and Vocabulary Questions
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives  By the end of the lesson…you would be able to:  Identify the features of “in your own words” and Vocabulary questions.  Understand the steps to work out meanings of words  Craft an answer that expresses the accurate meaning of the word or phrase.
  3. 3. Types of vocabulary questions  2 types:  Type 1: Vocabulary questions that look like comprehension questions e.g.  “…What is meant by saying that the lizards „distributed themselves at random‟  Type 2: “Choose five (out of 8) of the following words. For each word give ONE word or a phrase of not more than seven words
  4. 4. Steps (Adapted from Longman‟s Effective Guide to O‟ Level English by Mervyn Evan Blake)  Words should be seen in context ( i.e. the words before and after a word or passage in a piece of writing that contributes to its meaning – Collins) Following steps should be followed:  Step 1: Look at the meaning of the word in at least the sentence where it appears  Step 2: Look at the contextual clues (i.e. words that appear before and after the word being tested)
  5. 5. Let‟s practice together ExtractAstronomers have had to resort to a form of measurement inwhich they take photographs six months apart and thenlaboriously measure the slight shift in the star‟s position fromJanuary to July. It is a slow and very precise undertaking whichenables them to calculate the distance of the star. The precision isextraordinary: the difference in motion between stars 30 and 40light years away, a mere 8 millionths of a degree(Blake, Longman‟s Effective Guide to O‟ level English, Pearson, Singapore, 2000., p71)
  6. 6. Lets practice together  Clue 1: All of these four underlined sections show how difficult it must be to this job… also it takes six months for any results!!! Clue 2: Look what type of word is it – in this case laboriously (what is the part of speech: adverb? adjective? etc.) Clue 3: Look at the word itself – laboriously comes from the root word labour…
  7. 7. Let‟s practice together  What would you think the word means? …here is what we know…  many tasks that require a lot of attention  requiring careful observations  one mistake could be costly So…  painstaking  industrious  or in a phrase: “with a lot of hard work”
  8. 8. In class Practice  Refer to the worksheet and try out the steps…
  9. 9. Additional tips  Sometimes the tone of the author may be reflected in his/her choice of word  e.g. Overweight and obese  Overweight is more scientific whereas…obese may convey negative feelings and disapproval.  Pick-up on this and put that into your answer.
  10. 10. When answering “in your own words” type questions  Apply the same steps as you would for vocab type questions (Step 1 and Step 2). Next…write out an answer that captures the meaning. Here is an example:  What word suggests that Chen was not handsome?  Answer: The word snout is normally used for pigs rather than humans.
  11. 11. Key Points  What are the two types of vocab questions? What are the steps to answering these questions? What would you look for in addition to the clues found in the passage (starts with the letter “T”)

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