Sec3 english language_comprehension_in your own words
How to handle “…in your own words” questions and Vocabulary Questions
Lesson Objectives By the end of the lesson…you would be able to: Identify the features of “in your own words” and Vocabulary questions. Understand the steps to work out meanings of words Craft an answer that expresses the accurate meaning of the word or phrase.
Types of vocabulary questions 2 types: Type 1: Vocabulary questions that look like comprehension questions e.g. “…What is meant by saying that the lizards „distributed themselves at random‟ Type 2: “Choose five (out of 8) of the following words. For each word give ONE word or a phrase of not more than seven words
Steps (Adapted from Longman‟s Effective Guide to O‟ Level English by Mervyn Evan Blake) Words should be seen in context ( i.e. the words before and after a word or passage in a piece of writing that contributes to its meaning – Collins) Following steps should be followed: Step 1: Look at the meaning of the word in at least the sentence where it appears Step 2: Look at the contextual clues (i.e. words that appear before and after the word being tested)
Let‟s practice together ExtractAstronomers have had to resort to a form of measurement inwhich they take photographs six months apart and thenlaboriously measure the slight shift in the star‟s position fromJanuary to July. It is a slow and very precise undertaking whichenables them to calculate the distance of the star. The precision isextraordinary: the difference in motion between stars 30 and 40light years away, a mere 8 millionths of a degree(Blake, Longman‟s Effective Guide to O‟ level English, Pearson, Singapore, 2000., p71)
Lets practice together Clue 1: All of these four underlined sections show how difficult it must be to this job… also it takes six months for any results!!! Clue 2: Look what type of word is it – in this case laboriously (what is the part of speech: adverb? adjective? etc.) Clue 3: Look at the word itself – laboriously comes from the root word labour…
Let‟s practice together What would you think the word means? …here is what we know… many tasks that require a lot of attention requiring careful observations one mistake could be costly So… painstaking industrious or in a phrase: “with a lot of hard work”
In class Practice Refer to the worksheet and try out the steps…
Additional tips Sometimes the tone of the author may be reflected in his/her choice of word e.g. Overweight and obese Overweight is more scientific whereas…obese may convey negative feelings and disapproval. Pick-up on this and put that into your answer.
When answering “in your own words” type questions Apply the same steps as you would for vocab type questions (Step 1 and Step 2). Next…write out an answer that captures the meaning. Here is an example: What word suggests that Chen was not handsome? Answer: The word snout is normally used for pigs rather than humans.
Key Points What are the two types of vocab questions? What are the steps to answering these questions? What would you look for in addition to the clues found in the passage (starts with the letter “T”)