The Traits of Good WritingA piece of writing has all of these important traits:*Ideas*Organization*Word Choice*Sentence Fluency*Editing
Ideas & ContentA good piece of writing:~ Make the focus of the topic more specific~ Use a new and original perspective~ Write from experience~ Select, interesting details(not just common knowledge)
Organization A good piece of writing has descriptions containing:• - References to the five senses:• Sight, Sound, Smell, Touch, Taste (where applicable) - Logical and effective order of sentences, structure, & sequence. - Use transitional words (e.g. “then”, “suddenly”) These words emphasize the sequence of the events and description. - place supporting details where they are most appropriate Add interesting words that give a better sense of the atmosphere.(“fiery sunsets, calm, soothing waters etc.) - use a conclusion that gives - a sense of resolution
Word Choice Word choice is crucial to making descriptions: - Use words to create mental pictures Use several words to create a full description. - Use action verbs (vivid verbs)- - Use language that is natural and not overdone - Be concise (shorter sentences)
Sentence FluencySentence fluency makes the composition easier to read:Student should therefore:• Vary sentence beginning, structure, and length• Use complete sentences• Use transitions (internal & external) to promote cadence
Editing For the O and N Level candidate, editing is animportant requirement of the writing task in Paper 1. All the best word choices as well as good fluency wouldbe ineffective if the candidate does not edit or checkhis/her work for grammatical errors So…just check your completed writing and hone outthe points that are not expressed well.
What is Descriptive Writing? Descriptive writing paints a picture for the reader.Let the reader share your experience through yourwords. Show it! Don’t tell it! Use imagery that appeal to the 5 senses:TouchTasteSmellSoundSightImagery:The use of vivid description tocreate pictures, or images, in thereader’s mind.
How do I Make it Great? Be specific! Expand your ideas! Be original and creative! Stretch your imagination! Use figurative language to make strongcomparisons (similes, metaphors) Use sensory details that appeal to the 5 senses.
For Example: Instead of this:The hot, yellow sun went behind the mountain andcovered the valley in red. Try this:The sun cut itself on a sharp peak and bled into thevalley.—John Steinbeck
Mind Your Words! Use strong, specific nouns Modify nouns with strong adjectives big, bad wolf, dazzling smile, Antique, decorative mirror) Use vivid verbs! The car screeched to a halt The sting of her slap left him speechless
Here are some examples“Dark shapes glide through the night sky on silentwings, their sinister shadows outlined against thelight of a full moon. Swooping down to the earth, theyhover near houses and deserted buildings, breakingthe peace of the night with their disturbing presence.Carriers of disease, drinkers of blood, companions ofwitches and demons, bats – the very word brings ashiver of fear to most people.”~ Sylvia A. Johnson, Bats
A Description of the Wind“Anybody could see how cold it got. The wind alreadyhad glass edges to it, stiffening muscles and practicallycutting through the stitches of our clothes. When itblew, the chill stabbed our teeth like icicles, and ourvoices jiggled every time we talked.”From Parrot in the Oven: Mi Vidaby Victor Martinez
Recall The elements of good descriptive writing are? Must have Ideas and Content Organization Sight Sound Smell Taste Touch Sentence Fluency