Light to the Nations - Week 9

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Light to the Nations - Week 9

  1. 1. S E S S I O N 9 To Shrink the Human Heart
  2. 2. Last week we began considering the seduction of modern man. We allowed the thought of Pope John Paul II to be our guide.
  3. 3. Masters of Suspicion “Ricoeur has called Freud, Marx, and Nietzsche „masters of suspicion‟, having in mind the whole system each one represents, and perhaps above all the hidden basis and the orientation of each in understanding and interpreting the humanum itself … the thinkers mentioned above, who have exercised and still exercise a great influence on the way of thinking and evaluating people of our time, seem in substance also to judge and accuse the human heart.” Pope John Paul II October 29, 1980
  4. 4. Masters of Suspicion & Ideologies of Evil Sexual Revolution “Culture of Death” Still with us. Father of the West World War II 70 Million Deaths Ended 1945 Tie to Adolf Hitler Cold War Massive Famines Ended in 1990 Father of Communism Sigmund Freud Master of Suspicion
  5. 5. We must now turn to consider Sigmund Freud. He is considered the “father” of modern western since his thought has influenced modern culture more than any other thinker.
  6. 6. Sigmund Freud • Born May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia. • Moves to Vienna in 1860. • Excels in school as youth. • Receives medical degree from University of Vienna in 1881. • 1893: On the Psychical Mechanism of Hysterical Phenomena. • 1900: The Interpretation of Dreams. • 1913: Totem and Taboo. • 1938: Fled Nazi controlled Austria. • 1938: Moses and Monotheism. • Dies on September 23, 1939. Source: “The Freud Reader,” edited by Gay, P., W. W. Norton & Company, 1989.
  7. 7. Sigmund Freud and the Final Revolution • Cosmological revolution – Copernicus demonstrated that the earth was NOT the center of the universe. • Biological revolution – Darwin demonstrated that humanity was just the latest development in the evolution of animals. • Psychological revolution – Freud demonstrated that man is controlled by his unconscious and irrational drives.
  8. 8. Sigmund Freud and the Human Person • Id – primary process thinking organized around our instinctual drives. The need for instant gratification. • Ego – mediates between the id, superego and external world to balance our primitive drives (id), our moral ideas and taboos (superego) and external reality. • Superego – internalization of norms and morals a child absorbs from parents and others. Stands in opposition to the id. • The father – a type of “embodiment” of the superego – stands in the way of the Id. Source: “The Freud Reader,” edited by Gay, P., W. W. Norton & Company, 1989, pp. 628-658.
  9. 9. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus Complex • Taken from Greek mythology • During Phallic stage, child becomes aware of genital sensation. • Boy child begins to have sexual feelings and desire for his mother. • The father stands as the obstacle for the boy attaining his mother. • Boy begins to hate his father and desire to kill his father as a means of obtaining sexual union with his mother.Source: “The Ego and the Id.” See “The Freud Reader,” edited by Gay, P., W. W. Norton & Company, 1989, p. 640.
  10. 10. Sigmund Freud and “Original Sin” “One day the expelled brothers joined forces, slew and ate the father, and thus put an end to the father horde … Of course these cannibalistic savages ate their victim … Now they accomplished their identification with him by devouring him and each acquired a part of his strength. The totem feast, which is perhaps mankind‟s first celebration, would be the repetition and commemoration of this memorable, criminal act with which so many things began, social organization, moral restrictions and religion.” Source: “Totem and Taboo,” Translated by Brill, A., Barnes and Noble Books, 1913 (2005), pp. 134-135.
  11. 11. Sigmund Freud and Christianity “In Christian myth man‟s original sin is undoubtedly an offense against God the Father … [Christ] forces us to the conclusion that this sin was murder … the son also attains the goal of his wishes against the father. He becomes a god himself beside or rather in place of his father. The religion of the son succeeds the religion of the father. As a sign of this substitution, the old totem feast is revived again in the form of communion in which the band of brothers now eats the flesh and blood of the son and no longer that of the father.” Source: “Totem and Taboo,” Translated by Brill, A., Barnes and Noble Books, 1913 (2005), pp. 145.
  12. 12. Modern culture has removed both God the Father and our physical fathers as an impediment to the fulfillment of instinctual drives.
  13. 13. 25 75 10 0 France RussiaItalyGermanyGreat Britain 0 GodVeryImportantinLife(%) Spain Source: World Values Survey, 2005. 50 U.S. The Absence of God the Father 11.2 23.3 9.8 33.8 21.1 13.4 57.8
  14. 14. The Absence of the Human Father 15 45 60 France RussiaItalyGermanyGreat Britain 0 BirthstoUnmarriedWomen (PercentofLiveBirths) Spain Source: Statistical Abstract of the United States, 2012, Table 1335. Statistic for Russia taken from World Fertility Report, 2003, p. 288. 30 U.S. 52.6 43.7 32.1 17.7 28.8 31.7 40.6
  15. 15. Modern men have followed their instinctual drives. Unfortunately, the results were not expected.
  16. 16. The Brain on Pornography • 64% of college men view internet porn weekly. • Sexually stimulating images are processed as real at the emotional, not intellectual level, which means they by pass the neocortex and go directly from the thalamus to the amygdala. • The individual is led into isolation as the right brain overwhelms the left brain and speech is shut down. • Vasopressin/Oxytocin bind the person to the object of their desire. • Dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine are addictive stimulants processed like cocaine. Pornography is addictive. Source: Leahy, M., “Porn University: What College Students are Really Saying about Sex on Campus,” Northfield Publishing, 2009, p. 59. Struthers, W., “Wired for Intimacy,” IVP Books, 2009, pp. 83-107.
  17. 17. LostInterestinSex(%) Source: Robinson, M., et al, “Cupid’s Poisoned Arrow – Porn-Induced Sexual Dysfunction: A Growing Problem,” Psychology Today, July 11, 2011. Schneider, J., “Effects of Cybersex Addiction on the Family: Results of a Survey,” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity, 2000. Man Woman 0 10 20 30 40 Both Neither A Man’s Descent into Self • Processed like cocaine, dopamine is implicated in all addictions since the brain develops increased tolerance. • Dopamine activates the sexual centers in the hypothalamus, which sends signals to the erection center in the spinal cord, which sends signals to cause an erection. • Pornography consumption leads to erectile dysfunction and the loss of interest in sex with a real person. • Men viewing large amounts of pornography have intercourse less than their wives desire. 34.0 16.0 18.1 31.9
  18. 18. MenAged18-39(%) Source: Lykins, A., “Detection of Differential Viewing Patterns to Erotic and Non-Erotic Stimuli Using Eye-Tracking Methodology,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2006. Cikara, M., “From Agents to Objects: Sexist Attitudes and Neural Responses to Sexualized Targets,” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2010. General Social Survey. Never 5+ 0 10 20 30 50 40 Never 5+ Depresse d Divorced or Separated 0 5 10 15 25 20 To Shrink a Man’s Heart • Men focus upon female body parts when viewing sexually stimulating images and process the stimuli at the objective, not subjective, level. • Men who view internet pornography 5+ per week are 3 times as likely to be divorced as those who never view internet pornography. • Men who view internet pornography 5+ per week are almost 4 times more likely to be depressed as those who never view internet pornography. 15.2 46.5 5.9 23.5
  19. 19. Women have followed men into the sexual revolution. Although the pathway is different, the results are the same.
  20. 20. GirlsAged14-17(%) Source: England, P., “Hooking Up and Forming Romantic Relationships on Today’s College Campuses,” Stanford University, 2007. Rector, R., “Sexually Active Teenagers are More Likely to be Depressed and to Attempt Suicide,” The Heritage Foundations, 2003. ActiveNot 0 5 10 15 25 20 ActiveNot Attempt Suicide Depression A Woman’s Descent into Self • Oxytocin neurochemically wires the brain for trust and intimacy. • It is released during physical intimacy. Women have more oxytocin than men. • Destruction of a relationship destroys feelings of intimacy and trust. • Seventy-six percent of college students have had at least one hookup. The average is 6.9. • Sexual activity is associated with increased levels of depression and attempted suicide, especially for women. 25.3 7.7 14.3 5.1
  21. 21. 25 75 10 0 1 5432 0 ProbabilityofPregnancy (CumulativePercentage) 6 Source: Kost, K., “Estimates of Contraceptive Failure from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth,” Contraception, 2008, Table 1. 50 7 8 9 10 Years of Use The Reality of Contraceptive Failure The Pill 59.8% Condom 85.2%
  22. 22. To Shrink a Woman’s Heart • Approximately ½ of all pregnancies in the U.S. are unintended and approximately ½ of U.S. women will have an unintended pregnancy in their lifetime. • Fifty-four percent of women seeking abortion were using contraception the month they got pregnant. • Approximately 1/3 of U.S. woman have had an abortion. • Women who have had abortions are 2.4 times more likely to abuse alcohol, 9.5 times more likely to abuse illicit drugs, and 40% more likely to have anxiety disorder and 1/3 more likely to have mental health problems. Source: “Facts on Induced Abortion in the United States,” Guttmacher Institute, January, 2011. Fergusson, D., “Abortion and mental health disorders: evidence from a 30-year longitudinal study,” The British Journal of Psychiatry, 2008.
  23. 23. We have abandoned the “Father” to create a culture driven by our instinctual drives. It is a cultural that shrinks the human heart. Nonetheless, the picture goes darker still.
  24. 24. Next Week The Ultimate Temptation Small Group Discussion Starter Questions 1. How can you learn to view moral issues from the perspective of the freedom of the heart? 2. How can you help heal the heart of a woman wounded by our culture?
  25. 25. To Shrink the Human Heart “[Freud, Marx, and Nietzsche] seem to judge and accuse the heart due to what biblical language … calls concupiscence, the three fold concupiscence. One could distribute the roles as follows. In Nietzschean hermeneutics, the judgment and accusation of the human heart correspond in some way to what biblical language calls „pride of life;‟ in Marxist hermeneutics, by to what it calls „concupiscence of the eyes;‟ in Freudian hermeneutics, by contrast, to what it calls „concupiscence of the flesh‟.” Pope John Paul II October 29, 1980

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