Academic Publishing is Evolving…
Open Access
What’sHappening?
Pete Binfield
Co-Founder and Publisher
PeerJ
May 23rd
, 2013...
Open Access
Bringing Science to the World
Annual Article Output of all OA
Source: “Anatomy of open access publishing: a study of longitudinal development and intern...
http://figshare.com/articles/Scale_of_OA_Publishing/650794
Stacked area graph of the contribution of major OA
publishers t...
Predicted ‘Disruption Timeframe’ of OA vs Subscription model
Source: “The Inevitability of Open Access”, David Lewis
http:...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
What is Open Access?
• The Bethesda Definition of Open Access (2003)
– Free, immediate ac...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
What does OA Enable?
• Full Ability to Re-Use
– Text Mining
– Data Mining
– Semantic Sear...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
What is Moving Open Access Forwards?
• ~ 81% of all content co uld be made openly
availab...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
What is Moving Open Access Forwards
Mandates
- Funder Mandates
- Governmental Mandates
- ...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
What is Moving Open Access Forwards
Mandates
- Funder Mandates
- Governmental Mandates
- ...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
Number of Active Policies Worldwide
• Institutional/University Mandates: 168
• Sub-instit...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
• More than 2.5 million full text articles are now available
though PubMed Central.
• Mor...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
“The Fair Access to Science and Technology Act”
New Legislation has been proposed (and an...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
What is Moving Open Access Forwards
Mandates
- Funder Mandates
- Governmental Mandates
- ...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
What is Moving Open Access Forwards
Mandates
- Funder Mandates
- Governmental Mandates
- ...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
2013
Early 2013
2012
2006
2009
2011
2010
New Products
2013
2013
2011
2012
https://peerj.com/
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
Interesting Features
The Academic’s Experience
- Users are valued as individuals
- Single...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
Interesting Features
PeerJ
- A broad based journal in the biological and medical sciences...
https://peerj.com/articles/19/
https://peerj.com/macknik/
https://peerj.com/about/FAQ/academic-contribution/
https://peerj.com/reviews/19/
https://peerj.com/spacevet/
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
Interesting Features
PeerJ PrePrints
- A preprint server for the biological and medical s...
https://peerj.com/preprints/
https://peerj.com/preprints/8/
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
The Reception
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
What is Holding Open Access Back?
• Evaluation processes that value the wrong things
• An...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
Predictions
• Open Access will rapidly replace the subscription
– by 2017, 50% of content...
Academic Publishing is Evolving…
Thank You
Pete Binfield
Co-Founder and Publisher
@p_binfield
pete@peerj.com
@ThePeerJ
htt...
Open Access - PeerJ Presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL)
Open Access - PeerJ Presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL)
Open Access - PeerJ Presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL)
Open Access - PeerJ Presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL)
Open Access - PeerJ Presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL)
Open Access - PeerJ Presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL)
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Open Access - PeerJ Presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL)

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Slides from the PeerJ presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL) on May 23rd 2013. As hosted by Mark Biggin. Originally titled “What's All the Fuss About Open Access? What Do I Need to Know, and How Does it Benefit Me?”

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  • TAXPAYER funded research. In the U.S., the notion of “Taxpayer Access” has become a central concept in creating policies encouraging open access to the results of research. This idea has helped to form the nexus of a set of goals that are now clearly articulated - and generally accepted - in discussions of OA policy development and implementation – t
  • Snapshot of schools with policies
  • Snapshot of schools with policies
  • As an example….;)
  • Open Access - PeerJ Presentation to Lawrence Berkeley Labs (LBL)

    1. 1. Academic Publishing is Evolving… Open Access What’sHappening? Pete Binfield Co-Founder and Publisher PeerJ May 23rd , 2013 @ThePeerJ https://peerj.com @p_binfield pete@peerj.com
    2. 2. Open Access Bringing Science to the World
    3. 3. Annual Article Output of all OA Source: “Anatomy of open access publishing: a study of longitudinal development and internal structure”, Laakso & Björk http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/10/124 (BMC Medicine, Oct 2012)
    4. 4. http://figshare.com/articles/Scale_of_OA_Publishing/650794 Stacked area graph of the contribution of major OA publishers to their combined volume of article publication
    5. 5. Predicted ‘Disruption Timeframe’ of OA vs Subscription model Source: “The Inevitability of Open Access”, David Lewis http://crl.acrl.org/content/73/5/493.full.pdf+html (College and Research Libraries, Sep 2012 This is what all the ‘fuss’ is about…
    6. 6. Academic Publishing is Evolving… What is Open Access? • The Bethesda Definition of Open Access (2003) – Free, immediate access – Deposition in a digital public archive – Unrestricted reuse So it’s an Access Model, not a Business Model. But really it’s about what that Access enables…
    7. 7. Academic Publishing is Evolving… What does OA Enable? • Full Ability to Re-Use – Text Mining – Data Mining – Semantic Searching – Computational Analysis – Machine Reading • Universal Access – Bulk Downloading • Transparency – Reproducibility
    8. 8. Academic Publishing is Evolving… What is Moving Open Access Forwards? • ~ 81% of all content co uld be made openly available today • But only ~15% is actually made available • So clearly user desire isn’t moving it forwards… http://www.openaccesspublishing.org/apc8/ Personal%20VersionGreenOa.pdf “Anatomy of Green Open Access” - Preprint of an article accepted for publication in Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. Bjork et al
    9. 9. Academic Publishing is Evolving… What is Moving Open Access Forwards Mandates - Funder Mandates - Governmental Mandates - Institutional Mandates Growing Critical Mass and (Some) Awareness of Benefits - ~15% of all content is OA - PLOS ONE now the 3rd most cited journal in the world and published 2% of the literature in 2012 - There are ‘self evident’ benefits to exposure, citations, speed, usage Innovation - New products - New functionality - New ways of thinking
    10. 10. Academic Publishing is Evolving… What is Moving Open Access Forwards Mandates - Funder Mandates - Governmental Mandates - Institutional Mandates Growing Critical Mass and (Some) Awareness of Benefits - ~15% of all content is OA - PLOS ONE now the 3rd most cited journal in the world and published 2% of the literature in 2012 - There are ‘self evident’ benefits to exposure, citations, speed, usage Innovation - New products - New functionality - New ways of thinking
    11. 11. Academic Publishing is Evolving… Number of Active Policies Worldwide • Institutional/University Mandates: 168 • Sub-institutional mandates: 37 • Multi-institutional mandates: 4 • Funder mandates: 80 TOTAL policies: 289
    12. 12. Academic Publishing is Evolving… • More than 2.5 million full text articles are now available though PubMed Central. • More than 700,000 unique users access those articles - every day. • More than 2/3rds of the users come from outside of the academic community. • Over 80% of eligible researchers comply. • Policy is cost effective – less than 1/100th of 1% of NIH’s overall operating budget. The NIH Public Access Policy
    13. 13. Academic Publishing is Evolving… “The Fair Access to Science and Technology Act” New Legislation has been proposed (and an Executive Directive is now in place) for the expansion of the NIH Policy to all other U.S. Federal Science Agencies This directive (Feb 22nd ) applies to 23 U.S. Departments and Agencies that fund >$100M in research per year.
    14. 14. Academic Publishing is Evolving… What is Moving Open Access Forwards Mandates - Funder Mandates - Governmental Mandates - Institutional Mandates Growing Critical Mass and (Some) Awareness of Benefits - ~15% of all content is OA - PLOS ONE now the 3rd most cited journal in the world and published 2% of the literature in 2012 - There are ‘self evident’ benefits wrt exposure, citations, speed, usage Innovation - New products - New functionality - New ways of thinking
    15. 15. Academic Publishing is Evolving… What is Moving Open Access Forwards Mandates - Funder Mandates - Governmental Mandates - Institutional Mandates Growing Critical Mass and (Some) Awareness of Benefits - ~15% of all content is OA - PLOS ONE now the 3rd most cited journal in the world and published 2% of the literature in 2012 - There are ‘self evident’ benefits wrt exposure, citations, speed, usage Innovation - New products - New functionality - New ways of thinking
    16. 16. Academic Publishing is Evolving… 2013 Early 2013 2012 2006 2009 2011 2010 New Products 2013 2013 2011 2012
    17. 17. https://peerj.com/
    18. 18. Academic Publishing is Evolving…
    19. 19. Academic Publishing is Evolving… Interesting Features The Academic’s Experience - Users are valued as individuals - Single sign on, consistent user interaction - Clear / user friendly interfaces - Attractive presentation - User profiles - Participation Credit - Rapid processes - Reviewers are rewarded; undergraduates publish for free - Spend time doing science, not jumping through our hoops - Despite low price, nothing is compromised
    20. 20. Academic Publishing is Evolving… Interesting Features PeerJ - A broad based journal in the biological and medical sciences, judging submissions based only on technical and scientific validity - Fully peer reviewed, with rapid review process handled by a (very) large editorial board of 800, including 5 Nobel Laureates - ‘Born digital’ functionality - Operates an optional ‘Open’ Peer Review process - Provides engagement metrics to incentivize ‘good’ behavior - Full suite of Article Level Metrics - Members incentivized to participate in the peer review process
    21. 21. https://peerj.com/articles/19/
    22. 22. https://peerj.com/macknik/
    23. 23. https://peerj.com/about/FAQ/academic-contribution/
    24. 24. https://peerj.com/reviews/19/
    25. 25. https://peerj.com/spacevet/
    26. 26. Academic Publishing is Evolving… Interesting Features PeerJ PrePrints - A preprint server for the biological and medical sciences - Provides DOIs, is archived, is indexed - Includes versioning functionality - Engagement and commenting linked to reputation metrics - A full suite of ‘privacy’ controls to encourage participation - Faceted search that combines all users / content / roles - An experimental space where new features, functionalities and standards can be tried out
    27. 27. https://peerj.com/preprints/
    28. 28. https://peerj.com/preprints/8/
    29. 29. Academic Publishing is Evolving… The Reception
    30. 30. Academic Publishing is Evolving… What is Holding Open Access Back? • Evaluation processes that value the wrong things • An outdated attitude towards perceived ‘prestige’ • Lack of awareness when making publication decisions
    31. 31. Academic Publishing is Evolving… Predictions • Open Access will rapidly replace the subscription – by 2017, 50% of content will be OA • Prices will come down but ‘features’ will increase • New businesses and new business models will evolve to take advantage of OA content
    32. 32. Academic Publishing is Evolving… Thank You Pete Binfield Co-Founder and Publisher @p_binfield pete@peerj.com @ThePeerJ https://peerj.com

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