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Gandhinagar Institute of technology
Subject : Machine design & Industrial drafting
Topic : Overview of types of keys
Mecha...
Key :-
A key is a piece of mild steel inserted between the
shaft and hub or boss of the pulley to connect
these together ...
Types of keys :-
 There are five types of keys :
1) Sunk keys
2) Saddle keys
3) Tangent keys
4) Round keys
5) Splines
1. Sunk Keys :-
The sunk keys are provided half in the keyway of the shaft and half in the keyway
of hub or boss of the p...
Rectangular Sunk key Square Sunk key
 Gib-head key :- It is a rectangular sunk key with a head at one end known as
Gib-head. It is usually provided to facilit...
 Feather key :- A key attached to one member of pair and which permits relative
axial movement is known as Feather key.
 Woodruff key :- The woodruff key is an easily adjustable key.
:- It is a piece from a cylindrical disc having segmental ...
2. Saddle keys :-
 The saddle keys are following two types :
1) Flat saddle key :
2) Hollow saddle key :
1) Flat saddle key : It is a taper key which fits in a keyway in the hub and is
flat on the shaft. It is likely to slip ro...
 Tangent key :- The tangent keys are fitted in pair at right angles. Each key is
to withstand torsion in one direction on...
4) Round keys :- The round keys, as shown in Figure, are circular in section
and fit into holes drilled partly in the shaf...
5) Splines :- Sometimes, keys are made integral with the shaft which fit in the
keyways broached in the hub. Such shafts a...
TYPES OF KEYS
TYPES OF KEYS
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TYPES OF KEYS

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PREPARED BY PAVAN NARKHEDE 130120119111
DARSHIT PANCHAL 130120119114
BHAUTIK MALAVIYA 130120119094

Published in: Engineering
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TYPES OF KEYS

  1. 1. Gandhinagar Institute of technology Subject : Machine design & Industrial drafting Topic : Overview of types of keys Mechanical Engineering 4th – B : 2 Prepared by : Bhautik Malviya - 130120119094 Pavan Narkhede - 130120119111 Darshit Panchal - 130120119114 Guided By : Prof. Chandrakant Bhatia
  2. 2. Key :- A key is a piece of mild steel inserted between the shaft and hub or boss of the pulley to connect these together in order to prevent relative motion between them. Keys are used as temporary fastenings and are subjected to considerable crushing and shearing stresses.
  3. 3. Types of keys :-  There are five types of keys : 1) Sunk keys 2) Saddle keys 3) Tangent keys 4) Round keys 5) Splines
  4. 4. 1. Sunk Keys :- The sunk keys are provided half in the keyway of the shaft and half in the keyway of hub or boss of the pulley. The sunk keys are following types: 1) Rectangular sunk key 2) Square sunk key 3) Parallel sunk key 4) Gib-head key 5) Feather key 6) Woodruff key
  5. 5. Rectangular Sunk key Square Sunk key
  6. 6.  Gib-head key :- It is a rectangular sunk key with a head at one end known as Gib-head. It is usually provided to facilitate the removal of key.
  7. 7.  Feather key :- A key attached to one member of pair and which permits relative axial movement is known as Feather key.
  8. 8.  Woodruff key :- The woodruff key is an easily adjustable key. :- It is a piece from a cylindrical disc having segmental cross- section as shown in figure:
  9. 9. 2. Saddle keys :-  The saddle keys are following two types : 1) Flat saddle key : 2) Hollow saddle key :
  10. 10. 1) Flat saddle key : It is a taper key which fits in a keyway in the hub and is flat on the shaft. It is likely to slip round the shaft under load. Therefore, it is used for comparatively light loads. 2) A hollow saddle key : It is a taper key which fits in a keyway in the hub and the bottom of the key is shaped to fit the curved surface of the shaft. Since hollow saddle keys hold on by friction, therefore, these are suitable for light loads. It is usually used as a temporary fastening in fixing and setting eccentrics, cams, etc.
  11. 11.  Tangent key :- The tangent keys are fitted in pair at right angles. Each key is to withstand torsion in one direction only. These are used in large heavy duty shafts.
  12. 12. 4) Round keys :- The round keys, as shown in Figure, are circular in section and fit into holes drilled partly in the shaft and partly in the hub. They have the advantage of manufacturing as their keyways may be drilled and reamed after the mating parts have been assembled. Round keys are usually considered to be most appropriate for low power drives.
  13. 13. 5) Splines :- Sometimes, keys are made integral with the shaft which fit in the keyways broached in the hub. Such shafts are known as splined shafts.

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