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Industrial safetY of height works

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INDUSTRIAL SAFETY PRESENTED BY SAFETY TRAINEES OF PETRON

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Industrial safetY of height works

  1. 1. SAFE WORK AT HEIGHTS Compiled by…….. SAFETY Trainees PETRON-IOCL Compiled by…….. SAFETY Trainees PETRON-IOCL 22 Jan 2011 4:15pm
  2. 2. Work at Height: <ul><li>“ Work in any place, including a place </li></ul><ul><li>at or below ground level; </li></ul><ul><li>Obtaining access to or egress from such a place while at work, except by a staircase in a permanent workplace, where, if measures required by the Regulations were not taken, a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury .” </li></ul>
  3. 3. WORK PERMIT <ul><li>In order ensure the innumerable hazardous jobs to carried out safe </li></ul><ul><li>it is require to take a permit as a work permit </li></ul><ul><li>It is a legal document giving authority </li></ul><ul><li>to the contractor to execute specific job in specified condition under particular time </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is work at height? <ul><li>Work in any place from which a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury </li></ul><ul><li>Includes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>access and egress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>work at or below ground level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Does not include </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>stairways or slips or trips on the level </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Steps for safe working at height <ul><li>Avoid work at height </li></ul><ul><ul><li>if you don’t have to go up there DON’T! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevent falls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use an existing place or means of access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the most suitable way of working </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the most suitable equipment </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Fall Protection and Fall Arrest Devices <ul><li>Safety Nets </li></ul><ul><li>Airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Harness and lanyards </li></ul><ul><li>Fall Arrester </li></ul>
  7. 7. LADDER <ul><li>Ladder is a structure access to a platform., Types: </li></ul><ul><li>General : 9mts </li></ul><ul><li>Portable:5mt </li></ul><ul><li>Extendable :15mt </li></ul><ul><li>Monkey(Landing for every (6-9mts) </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed ladder(min 40cm gap with vertical object) </li></ul><ul><li>Rope ladder(with aluminum rugs) </li></ul>
  8. 8. LADDER ANTI SKIDS
  9. 9. Safe Procedure of LADDER <ul><li>‘ 3 point contact’ -2 hands, 1 foot or 2 feet 1 hand when ascending or descending. </li></ul><ul><li>Ratio(1:4), </li></ul><ul><li>safe angle-75˚(for supported) </li></ul><ul><li>safe angle-45˚(for un-supported) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Safe Procedure of LADDER <ul><li>Distance b/w 2 rugs(25-35cm) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti skids at bottom </li></ul><ul><li>Last rung to be painted for wodden ladder(rung thickness -28mm) </li></ul><ul><li>Iron ladder should painted to identify welding cracks(rung thickness-19mm) </li></ul>
  11. 11. SCAFFOLD <ul><li>MOVABLE </li></ul><ul><li>PERMANENT </li></ul><ul><li>HANGING </li></ul><ul><li>WALL BASED </li></ul>
  12. 12. What Is A Scaffold? <ul><li>An elevated, temporary work platform </li></ul><ul><li>Two basic types: </li></ul><ul><li>Supported scaffolds -- platforms supported by rigid, load bearing members, such as poles, legs, frames, & outriggers </li></ul><ul><li>Suspended scaffolds -- platforms suspended by ropes or other non-rigid, overhead support </li></ul>
  13. 13. Scaffold? <ul><li>Scaffold means an temperorly provided structure on or from which building workers perform work in connection with building or other construction work. </li></ul>
  14. 14. MODULAR SCAFFOLD
  15. 15. MOBILE SCAFFOLD
  16. 16. Install along open sides & ends Front edge of platforms not more than 14 inches from the work, unless using guardrails and/or PFAS Top rails - 38 to 45 inches tall Mid rails halfway between top rail and platform Toe boards at least 3-1/2 inches high Guardrails Work Safe Program
  17. 17. RAILING
  18. 18. Scaffold Support Examples <ul><li>Good support Inadequate support – </li></ul><ul><li> in danger of collapse? </li></ul>Base plate Mud sills
  19. 19. LOAD&HEIGHT OF SCAFFOLD <ul><li>Load is inversely proportional </li></ul><ul><li>to the bay length </li></ul><ul><li>Max height of scaffold is </li></ul><ul><li>4 timmes width of the scaffold </li></ul><ul><li>Every 9 mt provide a landing </li></ul>
  20. 20. SAFETY HARNESS LANYARD:1.8mt
  21. 21. ANCHORING POINT
  22. 22. TIE-OFF-ADAPTER
  23. 23. SAFETY NET
  24. 24. M.E.W.P (mobile elevated working platform)
  25. 25. Work Positioning
  26. 26. No access No railing
  27. 27. Fall arrestor O
  28. 28. SCAFFOLD-TAG SYSTEM <ul><li>Tag system should be maintained to know it’s fitness </li></ul><ul><li>RED : danger not in use </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN :ok ,all right </li></ul><ul><li>YELLOW :work in progrees </li></ul>
  29. 29. Unsafe SCAFFOLD ERRECTION
  30. 30. NO Fall Protection
  31. 31. SAFE ANCHOR POINT
  32. 32. FULL BODY HARNESS
  33. 33. SAFETY DEVICES <ul><li>Full Body Harness </li></ul><ul><li>Lanyard (regular or retractable) </li></ul><ul><li>Shock Absorber </li></ul><ul><li>Locking Snap Hooks (no single action) </li></ul><ul><li>Lifeline (as needed) </li></ul><ul><li>Anchorage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must hold 5000 lbs. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Work at height includes : <ul><li>The use of Ladders , step-ladders, </li></ul><ul><li>The use of Scaffolding , </li></ul><ul><li>The use of Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs), </li></ul><ul><li>The use of Scaffold towers ; </li></ul><ul><li>Roof work and access to roofs; </li></ul><ul><li>Work in lift shafts; Rope access ; </li></ul><ul><li>Working near and access to Pits and Excavations ; </li></ul>
  35. 35. Target is zero accident <ul><li>“ All accidents can be avoided” </li></ul><ul><li>In all circumstances, </li></ul><ul><li>be careful, aware </li></ul><ul><li>and have a responsible behaviour. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Thank You

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