The purpose of this lesson is to teach studentsabout the fundamentals of the Dewey DecimalSystem to enable them to locate books in thelibrary. Many students are overwhelmed whenentering the library because of the vastamounts of books on the shelves. Learning theDewey Decimal Classification System willguide the students to the books of their choice!
Thissystem is a numerical scheme for the arrangement of subjects of nonfiction books, and it classifies books by dividing them into 10 main subject groups that are called categories. Each category is represented by figures beginning with 000 and going on to 999. In other words, it is a system of numbers used to mark and arrange mostly non fiction books.
000-099General References or Works (encyclopedias, biographies, periodicals and journalism) 100-199Philosophy, psychology and logic. 200-299Religion (men’s faith) 300-399SocialSciences (how people live and work in society; law, government and institutions)
400-499Language (English, grammar and dictionaries) 500-599Natural Science (Mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, geology, paleontology, biology, zoology, and botany) 600-699Technology and Applied Science (medicine, engineering, agriculture, home economics, radio, TV, and aviation)
700-799Fine Arts and Recreation (architecture, sculpture, painting, music, photography and recreation) 800-899Literature (plays, poems, essays, literature in foreign languages) 900-999Historyand Biography (history, biography, geography and other related disciplines)
The Library of Congress Classification System (LC System) is used to organize books in many academic and university libraries throughout the United States and world. The LC System organizes material in libraries according to twenty-one branches of knowledge. The 21 categories (labeled A-Z except I,O,W,X and Y) are further divided by adding one or two additional letters and a set of numbers.
A General WorksB Philosophy, Psychology, and ReligionC Auxiliary Sciences of HistoryD General and Old World HistoryE History of America
FHistory of the United States and British, Dutch, French, and Latin AmericaG Geography, Anthropology, and RecreationH Social SciencesJ Political ScienceK Law
L educationM musicN Fine ArtsP Language and LiteratureQ scienceR Medicine
S agricultureT technologyU Military ScienceV Naval ScienceZBibliography, Library Science, and General Information Resources