Food security bill

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Food security bill

  1. 1. FOOD SECURITY BILL,2011
  2. 2.  POVERTY AND FAMINES-AN ESSAY ON ENETITLEMENTS AND DEPRIVATION BASIC HUMAN NEEDS APPROACH CONSIDERS ENTITLEMENT AS A WAY TO EMPOWERMENT CONSIDERS DEMOCRACY TO BE A CURE OF ENTITLEMENT FAILURE SUGGESTS THAT FAMINES DON’T ALWAYS OCCUR DUE TO FOOD SHORTAGE
  3. 3.  COINED BY JOHN WILLIAMSON BASED ON PERCOLATION EFFECT SUGGESTS FREE TRADE,OPEN MARKETS AND DECONTROL OF PRICES AS MEANS TO ERADICATING POVERTY FOCUSES ON AUTOMATION OF AGRICULTURAL PROCESSES GAINED SUPPORT FROM BILL CLINTON AND THUS WASHINGTON BASED INSTITUTIONS LIKE IMF & WORLD BANK
  4. 4.  PROPOSED BY ROBERT MALTHUS SUGGESTS THAT ECONOMIES GO THROUGH PHASES OF DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION ASSERTS THAT FOOD PRODUCTION INCREASES IN ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION BUT POPULATION INCREASES IN GEOMETRIC PROGRESSION RELIES ON ‘ECONOMIC NATURALISM’
  5. 5.  TARGET AUDIENCE OF PDS ASSYMETRY OF INFORMATION MISGOVERNANCE AND CORRUPTION SUPPLY CHAIN ISSUES POPULATION EXPLOSION INEFFICENT MARKET SYSTEM LEADING TO DEVIATION FROM OPTIMAL OUTCOMES
  6. 6.  FAMINE VERSUS FOOD SHORTAGE FAULTY SURVEYS STATIC IDENTITY DOCUMENTATION MYOPIA IN TREATING INCOME AS THE ONLY INDEX OF ENTITLEMENT LIMITED REACH OF MEDIA DIGITAL DIVIDE
  7. 7.  FAULTY AND TIME CONSUMING BUREAUCRATIC PROCESSES REACTIVE GOVERNANCE FABRICATED SOCIAL AUDITS NON REPORTING OF CASES OF CORRUPTION INEFFICIENT JUDICIARY SYSTEM RESTRICTED DEMOCRACY FOOD ADULTERATION
  8. 8.  LACK OF TECHNICAL KNOW-HOW ABSENCE OF COLD CHAINS AND COLD STORAGES INEFFICENT NETWORK OF WAREHOUSES BAD TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FAULTY FORECASTING MODELS SMALL SCALE OF OPERATIONS OF FARMERS
  9. 9.  PRICE DIFFERENTIAL BETWEEN DOMESTIC AND GLOBAL MARKETS LEADING TO EXPORTS OF FOOD CROPS ADVERS TERMS OF TRADE IN FOOD IMPORTS DUE TO LOW BARGAINING POWER LOW INCOME ELASTICITY OF DEMAND DUE TO ENGEL’S LAW ABSENCE OF MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICES FROM CENTRAL AND STATE GOVERMENTS BULK PURCHASES BY BROKING HOUSES FOR COMMODITY TRADING
  10. 10.  INCREASE IN AGGREGATE EFFECTIVE DEMAND FROM APL HOUSEHLDS FRAGMENTATION OF LAND AND LAND CEILING ( C.HANUMANTHA RAO &ASHOK RUDRA) RURAL TO URBAN MIGRATION LEADING TO HIGHER WAGES AND LOW PRODUCTION OF FOOD CROPS ( KAUSHIK BASU & DEBRAJ ROY) DISGUISED UNEMPLOYMENT IN PRIMARY SECTOR ( RAGNAR NURKSE & AMARTYA SEN)
  11. 11.  ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT GROWTH OF THE ECONOMY DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME POSSIBILITY OF DEALING WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES POLITICAL WILL AND LOGISTICAL CAPACITY GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT FOR TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS)
  12. 12.  FOOD AVAILABILITY FOOD ACCESS FOOD STABILITY UTILIZATION TEMPORAL DIMENSIONS - CHRONIC & TRANSITORY
  13. 13.  INCREASING DEMAND FOR BIO FUEL AND THE COMPETITION BETWEEN FOD CROPS AND BIO FUEL CROPS ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES LIKE SOIL,AIR AND WATER POLLUTION WORLD ECONOIMC CRISES LEADING TO FLUCTUATIONS IN PURCHASING POWER OF URBAN CONSUMERS AND HIKE IN RELARIVE PRICES OF FOOD
  14. 14.  925 MILLION WERE UNDERNOURISHED IN 2010 ROUGHLY 14 PERCENT OF WORLD’S POPULATION CONSISTING OF 6.8 BILLION PEOPLE 2 BILLIO UNDERNOURISHED DEVELOPING ECONOIMES AT THE RECEIVING END INDIA’S RANK IN TERMS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX -124
  15. 15.  ELIMINATION OF CHILD MALNUTRITION IN INDIA WOULD INCREASE NATIONAL INCOME BY US $ 28 BILLION ! THIS IS MORE THAN ITS COMBINED EXPENDITURE ON NUTRITION,HEALTH AND EDUCATION !! CAUSES 10.4 MILLION DEATHS ANNUALLY
  16. 16.  UNDERNOURISHMENT IS ASSESED USING CALORIE SPECIFIC DATA AND QUANTITY OF FOOD HIGHER CALORIES DO NOT NECESSARILY MEAN HIGHER NUTRITION MALNOURISHMENT FOCUSES ON QUALITY OF FOOD MALNOURISHMENT IS HARDER TO MEASURE BECAUSE IT REQUIRES DATA ON PORTEIN AND MICRONUTRIENTS
  17. 17.  LIVE STOCK DEPENDENT SOCIETIES SMALL - SCALE MIXED FARMERS CITY POPULATIONS( FAO REPORT,2006)
  18. 18. SOCIETIES IN WHICH ATLEAST 90PERCENT OF THE TOTAL VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTION COMES FROM LIVESTOCK AND MORE THAN 90 PERCENT OF DRY MATTER FED TO ANIMALS COMES FROM RANGELANDS , PASTURES AND ANNUAL FORAGES
  19. 19.  CONTRIBUTES ONE THIRD OF GDP AND APPROXIMATELY 21 PERCENT OF EXPORT EARNINGS CONTRIBUTES BETWEEN 50 AND 95 PERCENT OF THE INCOME OF PASTURAL FAMILIES ( AKLILU & CATLEY,2009) PROVIDES 80 PERCENT OF MILK PRODUCTS FOR SELF CONSUMPTION
  20. 20.  PRODUCTIVITY FROM EXTENSIVE GRAZING SYSTEMS LOW IN TERMS OF OUTPUT PER ANIMAL AND PER UNIT OF LABOUR BUT HIGH IN TERMS OF OUTPUT FROM LIMTED RESOURCES( WATER & GRAIN) OCCURS IN FRAGILE & CHALLENGING ECOLOGIES WHERE THERE ARE LIMITED PROSPECTS OF DIVERSIFICATION
  21. 21. A MIXED FARM IS ONE WHERE MORE THANPERCENT OF THE DRY MATTER FED TOLIVESTOCK COMES FROM CROP BYPRODUCTS & MORE THAN 10 PERCENT OFTHE VALUE OF FARM PRODUCE COMESFROM NON LIVESTOCK ACTIVITIES.(SERE & STEINFELD,1996)
  22. 22.  FARMERS IN RURAL AREAS CREATE SYNERGY BY USING CROP RESIDUES TO FEED ANIMALS AND MANURE FROM ANIMALS TO FERTILIZE CROPS DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES EXIST ON THE SAME SMALL FARM PLOTS LOW INPUT,LOW OUTPUT SYSTEMS ARE EFFECTIVE IN USING WASTE , BUT POOR PRODUCERS OF FOOD OR INCOME
  23. 23.  RESOURCE SCARCITY LAND FRAGMENTATION DISEASE OUTBREAK & CONTROL LEADING TO LOSS OF LIVESTOCK UNAVAILABILITY OF CHEAP DEBT CAPITAL LABOUR INTENSIVE TECHNIQUE OF PRODUCTION
  24. 24.  50 PERCENT OF WORLD POPULATION RESIDESIN URBAN AREAS (UNTPA,2007) 75 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION LIVE IN URBAN AREAS IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES 29 PERCENT OF POPULATION LIVE IN URBAN AREAS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PEOPLE LIVING IN URBAN AREAS ARE PURELY CONSUMERS OF FOOD ,UNLIKE THOSE IN RURAL AREAS WHO BOTH PRODUCE AND CONSUME FOOD
  25. 25.  SUFFICIENT FOOD QUANTITY REQUIRES EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FOOD DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM REQUIRES INVESTMENT BY THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS AS WELL AS LEGISLATIONS AND REGULATIONS HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT SAFEGUARDS REQUIRE PROTECTION OF AIR AND WATER SUPPLY
  26. 26.  LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH ADULT LITERACY RATE (2/3 WEIGHT) & COMBINED PRIMARY ,SECONDARY & TERTIARY EDUCATION ( 1/3) STANDARD OFLIVING AS INDICATED BY NATURAL LOGARITHM OF PER CAPITA GDP AT PURCHASING POWER PARITY
  27. 27.  NATIONAL AVERAGE -0.647 WEST BENGAL -0.625 ARUNACHAL PRADESH -0.617 TRIPURA-0.608 JAMMU & KASHMIR -0.601 MEGAHLAYA-0.585 ANDHRA PRADESH -0.572 ASSAM-0.534 CHATTISGARH-0.516 JHARKHAND-0.513 UTTAR PRADESH -0.490 MADHYA PRADESH-0.488
  28. 28.  ORISSA-0.452 BIHAR-0.449 ( UNDP REPORT 2005)
  29. 29.  BIHAR JHARKHAND WEST BENGAL CHATTISGARH ORISSA ANDHRA PRADESH( SPEECH DELIVERED BY HOME MINISTER ON 19.07.2010 IN LOK SABHA)
  30. 30.  ASSAM ARUNACHAL PRADESH MEGHALAYA TRIPURA NAGALAND JAMMU & KASHMIR
  31. 31.  COVERS ALL INDIA EXCEPT JAMMU & KASHMIR TARGETSPRIORITY HOUSEHOLDS, THE POOREST 46 PERCENT IN RURAL AREAS & 26 PERCENT IN URBAN AREAS ANOTHER 29 PERCENT OF RURAL & 22 PERCENT OF URBAN POPULATION TO BE TREATED AS GENERAL CATEGORIES GUARANTEES 7KGs OF GRAIN TO PRIORITY HOUSEHOLDS & 3KGs TO GENERAL HOUSEHOLDS
  32. 32.  FOOD GRAINS FREE OF COST TO STATES INCLUDING COSTS OF STORAGE & TRANSPORTATION ADMINSTRATIVE EXPENSES OF A MINIMUM OF 6 PERCENT 70 PERCENT OF ANY OTHER COSTS
  33. 33.  SHALL REDUCE MALNOURISHMENT & UNDERNOURISHMENT SHALL REDUCE INFANT MORTALITY RATE PUSH INDIA TOWARDS THE MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS SHALL CUSHION THE POOR FROM FOOD INFLATION PROVIDE MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICE TO FARMERS AND HECE REDUCE FARMER SUICIDES PROMOTE PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE
  34. 34.  COUPLED WITH NREGA ,CREATE CONSUMER MARKET IN RURAL AREAS INCREASE THE SPEED OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND THUS REDUCE “ WAR AGAINST THE STATE” SAVE AN ESTIMATED US $ 28 MILLION AS COSTS OF NUTRITION,HEALTH & EDUCATION ANNUALLY
  35. 35.  A WHOOPING RS 3,00,000 CRORE RUPEES REQUIRED CORPORATE INCOME TAXES & OTHER TAX RATES WOULD HAVE TO BE INCREASED MAY REQUIRE EXTERNAL DEBT BORROWING & INTERNAL BORROWING FROM RBI AS WELL SHALL AFFECT INVESTOR SENTIMENT DRASTICALLY DUE TO CROWDING OUT EFFECT SHALL LEAD TO HIKE IN FISCAL DEFICIT & FISCAL PROFLIGACY
  36. 36. “ WEALTH IS NOT WHAT WE ARE SEEKING”(ARISTOTLE)& “ IF YOU ARE ONLY THNIKING OF ECONOMIC GROWTH IGNORING LIFE IT SELF THEN IT REFLECTS A POVERTY OF AMBITION”( BARRACK HUSSAIN OBAMA)
  37. 37. ”THIS WAS SOME FOOD FOR THOUGHT.NOW , YOU MAY HAVE YOUR FOOD.’’

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