11 Dez Plenary 3 - Tom Wolff


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11 Dez Plenary 3 - Tom Wolff

  1. 1. Social Change and Social Innovation: Creating Collaborative Solutions Tom Wolff Ph.D . <ul><li>Tom Wolff Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Wolff & Associates </li></ul><ul><li>24 S. Prospect St. </li></ul><ul><li>Amherst, MA. 01002 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.tomwolff.com </li></ul>Panel: Social Innovation, Partnerships and Collaborative Networks Powering a New Future Conference Lisbon , Portugal December 11, 2008
  2. 2. What are collaborative solutions? <ul><li>Doing together that which we cannot do alone </li></ul><ul><li>A collaboration is a group of individuals and/or organizations with a common interest who agree to work together toward a common goal . </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From S.Fawcett et.al </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why collaborative solutions have been encouraged? <ul><li>To create social change </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage social innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Expand interventions to the whole community </li></ul><ul><li>To do more with less when there are budget cuts </li></ul><ul><li>To address limitations of the health and human service systems </li></ul><ul><li>To promote civic engagement </li></ul><ul><li>To build healthy communities </li></ul>
  4. 4. Unique characteristic of community collaborations <ul><li>Holistic and comprehensive </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible and responsive </li></ul><ul><li>Build a sense of community </li></ul><ul><li>Build and enhance resident engagement in community life </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a vehicle for community empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Allow diversity to be valued as foundation of the wholeness of the community </li></ul><ul><li>Incubators for innovative solutions to community problems </li></ul>
  5. 5. Concerns and dysfunctions with Health & Human Service System <ul><li>Fragmentation </li></ul><ul><li>Duplication of effort </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on deficits </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to respond to diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive professionalism </li></ul><ul><li>Detached from community & clients </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Limited and inaccessible information </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of our spiritual purpose </li></ul>
  6. 6. Story of the Cleghorn Neighborhood Center
  7. 7. Collaborative Solutions <ul><li>1. Engage a broad spectrum of the community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially those most directly affected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrate racial and cultural diversity </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Benefits of Involving Grassroots Organizations and Leaders <ul><li>Can reach “high risk” and “yet to be reached” populations </li></ul><ul><li>Can work with “formal” and informal” leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Know what works in their communities, They are the best architects of solutions </li></ul><ul><li>4. Community organizations are community historians </li></ul><ul><li>5. Promote local leadership, ownership and participation </li></ul><ul><li>6. Create positive “norms” in the community </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Continuum of Collaboration <ul><li>2. Encourage true collaboration as the form of exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions: </li></ul><ul><li>Networking Exchanging information for mutual benefit. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination Exchanging information and modifying activities for mutual benefit. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation Exchanging information, modifying activities, and sharing resources for mutual benefit and to achieve a common purpose. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Continuum of Collaboration- cont. <ul><li>Collaboration Exchanging information, modifying activities, sharing resources, and enhancing the capacity of another for mutual benefit and to achieve a common purpose by sharing risks, resources, responsibilities, and rewards. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From Arthur Himmelman </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Collaborative Solutions cont. <ul><li>3. Practice democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote active citizenship and empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Employ an ecological approach that emphasizes individual in his/her setting. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build on community strengths and assets </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Neighborhood Needs Map Domestic Violence Alcoholism AIDS Dropouts Abandonment Homelessness Child Abuse Pollution Rat Bites Drug Abuse Welfare Dependency Boarded-up Buildings Unemployment Gangs Illiteracy Lead Poisoning Mental Illness Teenage Pregnancy Broken families T r u a n c y Crime Slum Housing Slum Housing From John McKnight
  13. 13. Neighborhood Assets Map Capital Improvement Expenditures Police Vacant Bldgs., Land, etc. Social Service Agencies Welfare Expenditures Energy/Waste Resources Home-Based Enterprise Gifts of Labeled People Parks Personal Income Associations of Business Citizens Associations Religious Organizations Individual Businesses Individual Capacities Cultural Organizations Fire Depts. Public Schools Higher Education Institutions H o s p i t a l s Libraries Public Information Public Information From John McKnight Primary Building Blocks: Assets and capacities located inside the neighborhood, largely under neighborhood control Secondary Building Blocks: Assets located within the community, but largely controlled by outsiders. Potential Building Blocks: Resources originating outside the neighborhood, controlled by outsiders.
  14. 14. Sample assessment questions <ul><li>What are the greatest strengths in the community for supporting our goal/issue? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the biggest issues in our community? </li></ul><ul><li>What can we do to address these issues? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you imagine contributing to the solutions? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Collaborative solutions cont. <ul><li>5. Take action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Address issues of social change and power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build on a common vision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6. Align the goal and the process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Be the change that you wish to create in the world.” (M. Gandhi) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Factors Affecting a Coalition’s Capacity to Create Change <ul><li>Having a clear vision and mission </li></ul><ul><li>Action planning for community and systems change </li></ul><ul><li>Developing and supporting leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation and ongoing feedback on programs </li></ul><ul><li>Technical assistance and support </li></ul><ul><li>Securing financial resources for the work </li></ul><ul><li>Working with conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Making outcomes matter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From Roussus and Fawcett </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Barriers <ul><li>Turf and Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Bad history </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to Act </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of a Common Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to provide and create collaborative leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>Costs outweigh the benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Not engaging self-interest </li></ul>
  18. 18. Evaluations of coalitions have shown that their outcomes include <ul><li>Creating numerous community changes related to their mission as seen in changes in programs, policies, and practices; </li></ul><ul><li>Reinvigorating civic engagement and increasing the sense of community; </li></ul><ul><li>Creating vehicles to enhance community empowerment; </li></ul><ul><li>Providing significant support to coalition members; </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming incubators and catalysts for innovative solutions to problems facing their communities. </li></ul>
  19. 19. REACH 2010 Boston Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health
  20. 20. Boston Blueprint for Action <ul><li>Health Care and Public Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Insurance . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patient education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Systems – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural Competence -. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Health Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environment and Societal Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighborhood investment – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs and economic security –. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public awareness –. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of key community institutions – </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. President-Elect Barack Obama: Community Organizer and Chief <ul><li>Community organizing and collaborative solutions were central to his campaign </li></ul><ul><li>His campaign was based on organizing principles. The mantra was: </li></ul><ul><li>Respect Empower Include </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative solutions are in his vision and in his acceptance speech </li></ul><ul><li>The reaction of many Americans to the election results was to want to be part of the solution </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>“ Yes we can” </li></ul><ul><li> Barack Obama </li></ul><ul><li>“ Be optimistic, it feels better.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dalai Lama </li></ul><ul><li>Web Resources: </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Wolff & Associates </li></ul><ul><li>www.tomwolff.com </li></ul><ul><li>Community Tool Box </li></ul><ul><li>http:// ctb.ku.edu </li></ul>