Libraries' New-fangled Virtual Networking Roles: Web-based Library Networking Activities


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Presented by Fernan Dizon at PAARL’s National Summer Conference on the theme "Superior Practices and World Widening Services of Philippine Libraries", held at Dao District, Tagbilaran City, Bohol, 14-16 April 2010

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Libraries' New-fangled Virtual Networking Roles: Web-based Library Networking Activities

  1. 1. Libraries’ Newfangled Virtual Networking Roles:
  2. 2. OUTLINE <ul><li>Definition of terms </li></ul><ul><li>Key trends for the next decade </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians’ traditional roles </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Latest trends on library operations and services in a virtual environment </li></ul><ul><li>Role of library networks </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition of terms: <ul><li>Newfangled: </li></ul><ul><li>1 : attracted to novelty; </li></ul><ul><li>2 : of the newest style or kind. </li></ul><ul><li>- Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition of terms: <ul><li>Network- Two or more organizations engaged in a common pattern of information exchange through communications links, for some common objectives </li></ul><ul><li>-ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Definition of terms: <ul><li>Library network- A specialized type of library cooperation for centralized development of cooperative programs and services, including use of computers and telecommunications, requiring the establishment of a central office and a staff to accomplish network programs rather than merely to coordinate them. </li></ul><ul><li>- ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Definition of terms: <ul><li>Resource sharing- A term covering a variety of organizations and activities engaged in jointly by a group of libraries for the purposes of improving services/or cutting costs. Resource sharing may be established by informal or formal agreement or by contract and may operate locally, regionally, nationally, or internationally. The resources shared may be collections, bibliographic data, personnel, planning activities, etc. Formal organizations for resource sharing may be called bibliographic utilities, cooperative systems, consortia, networks, bibliographic service center, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>- ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definition of terms: <ul><li>Document delivery service (DDS)- The provision of published or unpublished documents in hard copy, microform, or digital format, usually for a fixed fee upon request. In most libraries, document delivery service is provided by the interlibrary loan office on a cost-recovery basis. The patron is usually required to pick up printed material at the library, but electronic full-text may be forwarded via e-mail. Also refers to the physical or electronic delivery of documents from a library collection to the residence or place of business of a library user, upon request. </li></ul><ul><li>- ODLIS - Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science </li></ul>
  8. 8. Definition of terms: <ul><li>Interlibrary loan (ILL)- A transaction in which, upon request, one library lends an item from its collection, or furnishes a copy of the item, to another library not under the same administration or on the same campus. </li></ul><ul><li>- A LA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Definition of terms: <ul><li>Exchange- The arrangement by which a library sends to another library its own publications, or those of the institution with which it is connected, such as a university, and receives in return publications from the other library; or sends duplicates from its collection to another library and receives other materials in return, also called, respectively, publication exchange and duplicate exchange. </li></ul><ul><li>( ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Forty Key Trends for the Next Decade: 20 Key Global Trends and 20 Key Consumer Trends 2005-2015 <ul><li>People on the move. </li></ul><ul><li>Home as a sanctuary. </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment on demand (DVD/Downloads) </li></ul><ul><li>Internet everywhere (Wifi/Wimax) </li></ul><ul><li>GeeWiz Mobile Technology. </li></ul><ul><li>- Euromonitor International </li></ul>
  11. 11. Future trends: <ul><li>- What’s Next: Top Trends : The diary of a supposed futurist - observations on current and future trends </li></ul>
  12. 12. Future trends: <ul><li>“ Recent articles on technology indicate the move in the future is towards increased portability, wireless and cheaper devices to get onto the Internet . Also, there is a trend towards Cloud Computing where application programs such as word processors and spreadsheets and documents are located on Internet servers - not on a computers hard drive. These trends not only improve learning but are a less expensive alternative to traditional computer workstations, hard wiring, software licensing and computer servers. Cheaper laptops are part of the accelerating trend to greater portability. The cell phone is growing keyboards (or should they be called &quot;thumb boards” ) and laptops are getting lighter and smaller . Meanwhile over-the-air Internet access is morphing from Wi-Fi to WiMax , as well as traveling over the same pathways as cell phones. These are the other components of cloud computing -- the wireless connections that define the cloud “. </li></ul><ul><li>- Nevin, 2009 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Librarians’ Traditional Roles (Stover, 1997) <ul><li>Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation </li></ul><ul><li>(Knowledge creation) </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Internet <ul><li>The Internet is a global communication medium, facilitating information retrieval, publication, dialogue, and coordination amongst groups and individuals across the world. </li></ul><ul><li>- Iqbal and Purbo, 2008 </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Internet and libraries <ul><li>The web allows us to help (and be helped by) other libraries as all of us seek to support our parent organizations and to fulfill our traditional roles as selectors, organizers, preservers, and providers of access to information. </li></ul><ul><li>- Stover, 1997 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Latest trends: Recommender system (
  17. 17. Latest trends: Predictive text input
  18. 18. Latest trends <ul><li>Web-based cooperative: </li></ul><ul><li>indexing </li></ul><ul><li>abstracting </li></ul><ul><li>web-harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. Wikis) </li></ul><ul><li>Online forums/blogs </li></ul>
  19. 19. Latest trends: Online Inter-Library Loan and Document Delivery Service <ul><li>Common E-book platform (EBL, NetLibrary, Ebrary, MyiLibrary, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Online ILL of E-books </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic journal articles sent via IM and Email (check license agreement) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Latest trends: Shared off-site storage system, preservation, and digitization <ul><li>Physical space </li></ul><ul><li>Computerized organization, access and retrieval system </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative scanning and digitization </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative data warehousing </li></ul>
  21. 21. Latest trends: 24/7 Ask-A-Librarian <ul><li>Instant Messaging </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. YM, Meebo, Chikka etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Skype </li></ul>
  22. 22. Some Ideas on Library Networking: <ul><li>“ Library networking is a political process. The act of connecting computers is easier than the business of connecting people and organizations.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Saunders,1995 </li></ul>
  23. 23. Imperatives for joining library networks <ul><li>Budget cuts/declining budgets/price increases. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing expectations from stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Changing library user profile (Gen Z) </li></ul><ul><li>Fast-paced advancement of technology </li></ul><ul><li>World getting smaller (Global village-McLuhan) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Role of library networks <ul><li>Empower its members. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide value for money purchases. </li></ul><ul><li>Present opportunities for its members. </li></ul><ul><li>Foster friendship and camaraderie </li></ul>
  25. 25. Conclusion: <ul><li>It is important to consider the following before joining a library network: </li></ul><ul><li>your library’s: </li></ul><ul><li>M ission </li></ul><ul><li>O rganization </li></ul><ul><li>R ole </li></ul><ul><li>S ituation </li></ul><ul><li>- Adapted from Stover, 1997 </li></ul>
  26. 26. References <ul><li>Iqbal, Tahani and Purbo, Onno W. (2008) “Geektivism”, in ICT Infrastructure in Emerging Asia : Policy and Regulatory Roadblocks. New Delhi : LIRNEasia and Sage Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Nevin, Roger. (2009). Future trends - Portability and Cloud Computing. Retrieved April 7, 2010, from </li></ul><ul><li>Newfangled. (2010). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary . Retrieved April 7, 2010, from newfangled </li></ul><ul><li>Saunders, Laverna. (1995) “The Internet Librarian”. Library Journal. 6:41 </li></ul>
  27. 27. References <ul><li>Stover, Mark (1997) “Library Websites: Mission and Function in the Networked Organization”. Library Journal. 6:55-57 </li></ul><ul><li>What’s Next: Top Trends. Future of Libraries (Draft Scenario 4) Retrieved April 7, 2010, from </li></ul><ul><li>Young, Heartsill (1983). ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science. Chicago : American Library Association </li></ul>
  28. 29. Questions????