Bibliotherapy: Prescriptions for Delight

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lecture presented by Luis P. Gatmaitan, M.D., at PAARL Academy’s 2-day Modular Training Program on Bibliotherapy Services through Book Prescription Shops in Libraries & Information Centers, held on 19-20 May 2011, at the Librarians’Center of the National Bookstore Superbranch, Cubao, Quezon City, Philippines

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Bibliotherapy: Prescriptions for Delight

  1. 1. BIBLIOTHER APY:PRESCRIPTION S FOR M.D. LUIS P. GATMAITAN, DELIGHT
  2. 2. HEALING THROUGHSTORIES & STORYTELLING
  3. 3. Coping with cancer; low self-esteem
  4. 4. “Raquel”: One of the 25 Best-LovedPinoy Storybook Characters, PBBY
  5. 5. “There issomething aboutthat story....”
  6. 6. BIBLIOTHERAPY IS...the use of books to help childrenexperiencing difficult times.the process of using books to help childrenthink about, understand, and work throughsocial and emotional concerns.
  7. 7. BIBLIOTHERAPY IS...• the use of literature to help people cope with emotional problems and tough situations.• also used to help in personality growth and development. In other words, it is the use of books for therapeutic purposes.
  8. 8. WHAT IS BIBLIOTHERAPY?• first used by S. M. Crothers in 1916 to describe the use of books to help patients understand their health problems and symptoms• Briggs and Pehrsson (2008) reported that librarians in the 1930s compiled lists of books to assist clients with concerns similar to the bibliotherapy lists used today
  9. 9. 1930swhen librarians began compiling lists ofbooks that helped mould individualthoughts and feelings.The librarians, together with counselorsand physicians, began to prescribespecific books that would help clientsfacing problems.
  10. 10. Thibault (2004) emphasizes thatthe key to bibliotherapy is usingthe story as a way to begin adiscussion of issues and shouldbe used as a substitute fordealing with problems.
  11. 11. FOR A SUCCESSFUL BIBLIOTHERAPY:the child first needs to identifywith the characters in the storywho are coping with similar issues(Gregory and Vessey, 2004, Thibault, 2004)
  12. 12. FOR A SUCCESSFUL BIBLIOTHERAPY:The reader then must becomeemotionally involved in the storyand finally have insight or arealization that the characters inthe book worked throughsolutions to their problems.
  13. 13. FOR A SUCCESSFUL BIBLIOTHERAPY:The child then may begin tounderstand that his or her issuescan be solved using a similarsolution.(Gregory & Vessey; Thibault, 2004, Tu, 1999)
  14. 14. FOR A SUCCESSFUL BIBLIOTHERAPY:Books need to be carefully matchedto the childs various problems anddevelopmental level so the child canidentify with the fictional characterand follow the events of the storyline(Kurkjian & Livingston, 2005)
  15. 15. CHILDREN’S BOOK AS ABIBLIOTHERAPEUTIC TOOL:Gregory and Vessey (2004) explored the use ofchildrens books as a successful interventionstrategy for school nurses to help students withbullying. They found that through the use ofbibliotherapy, children began to communicatetheir own experience with bullying and havebeen able to develop coping strategies to dealwith teasing and harassment.
  16. 16. CHILDREN’S BOOK AS ABIBLIOTHERAPEUTIC TOOL:The use of literature as a medium forchildren to cope with their problemshelps them recognize that they arenot alone as they relate to the storydiscussion.(Tu, 1999)
  17. 17. CHILDREN’S BOOK AS A BIBLIOTHERAPEUTIC TOOL• Childrens books about adoption and foster care• Childrens books about alcoholism and drug abuse• Childrens books about bullying• Childrens books about death and dying• Childrens books about disabilities and handicaps• Childrens books about divorce, separation and stepfamilies• Childrens books about domestic violence• Childrens books about nutrition and healthy eating• Teen books about eating disorders
  18. 18. On physical disability; ridicule; bullying
  19. 19. SANDOSENANG SAPATOS:2005 IBBY Outstanding Book
  20. 20. Respect for Elderly;Coping withAlzheimer’s Disease
  21. 21. On Vaccination; Coping with the fear of Injection
  22. 22. On Dengue H-Fever; Control of Flood and Mosquitoes
  23. 23. Dealing with one’s arrogance; bullying
  24. 24. On Coping with the Fear of Blood
  25. 25. “MGA KUWENTO NI TITO DOK” Book SeriesPublished by HIYAS BOOKS, an imprint of OMF LITERATURE, INC.Who is TITO DOK?• A doctor who cares for kids• A health advocate• Loves to read and teach• Bespectacled• Age between 30-40s
  26. 26. COPING WITH THE FEAR OFVISITING A DENTIST
  27. 27. On Wounds andWound Healing
  28. 28. On the coming of a new baby in the family
  29. 29. On the stigma of having a sore eye
  30. 30. On copingwith an illness(common colds)
  31. 31. On copingwith a fracture
  32. 32. On the stigma of having head lice
  33. 33. On Intestinal Parasitism; De-worming;Getting on the habitof handwashing and wearing of slippers
  34. 34. On improperhandling of food
  35. 35. On managing dog bite;fear of rabies
  36. 36. On overcoming poorsleeping habits
  37. 37. On overcoming the fear ofswallowing bigtablet/capsule
  38. 38. On coping with acommunicable illness (chicken pox); On low self-esteem; Disfigurement
  39. 39. Understanding how our tonsils work
  40. 40. On coping with achronic disease(brochial asthma)
  41. 41. Understandinghow allergies work
  42. 42. Coping withDiscriminationand Rejection; Bullying; Physical Disability
  43. 43. Bas Bayabas Story• A springboard for discussion among 17 adult HIV-Positive individuals.• A storyteller read the children’s book• After which the facilitator started to ask questions• Participants shared their own stories• There was crying, laughter• Synthesis followed
  44. 44. On being envious of others;Discontentment
  45. 45. OTHER TITLES• FOR UNICEF• FOR WHO• FOR WORLD VISION INTL• FOR GAWAD KALINGA
  46. 46. UNICEF: On the issue of neglectas a form of Domestic Violence
  47. 47. UNICEF: On Personal Hygiene
  48. 48. UNICEF: On Environment/ Respect for migratory birds and its sanctuary
  49. 49. MUSEO PAMBATA: On the importance of keeping a good eyesight
  50. 50. WHO: On the Bad Effects of Smoking
  51. 51. WORLD VISION INT’L “MGA KUTITAP NG PAG-ASA” GLIMMERS OF HOPE1. “Mahigpit ang Bantay ni Lola Elang” (on TB-DOTS treatment)2. “Ang Prinsesang Matang-Manok” (on Vitamin A Deficiency)
  52. 52. TRANSLATION and PUBLICATION INOTHER COUNTRIES
  53. 53. JAPANESE EDITIONHikumano Publishing House, Japan
  54. 54. INDONESIAN EditionMetalexia Publishing, Jakarta, Indonesia
  55. 55. THAI EditionKanok Bannasan, Bangkok, Thailand
  56. 56. THAI EditionKanok Bannasan, Bangkok, Thailand
  57. 57. CHINESE EditionChinese Literature Council Ltd, Kowloon, HK
  58. 58. ADAPTATIONS TO OTHER FORMS OF MEDIAFROM BOOKS TO FILM (animation)FROM BOOKS TO MUSICAL PLAYSFROM BOOKS TO OPERA
  59. 59. MUSICAL ADAPTATION
  60. 60. MUSICAL ADAPTATION
  61. 61. FILM: ANIMATION
  62. 62. STORYTELLING ON RADIO
  63. 63. WORKS IN PROGRESS• A children’s book on the topic of adoption, IPINAGLIHI SA LABANOS, for the “Special Topics for children” series by Anvil Publishing Inc.
  64. 64. WORKS IN PROGRESS• A re-issue of my children’s book ANG AMBISYOSONG ISTETOSKOP on Dr. Jose Rizal for his 150th birth anniversary June 2011 (Adarna House) on the topic of nationalism
  65. 65. WORKS IN PROGRESSFOUR Children’s books to address theGAWAD KALINGA thrust; a project of theVibal Foundation1. On Respect for Elderly “ANG LOLA KONG UTOSERA”
  66. 66. WORKS IN PROGRESS2. On Coping with Poverty “LAKI SA HIRAP”3. On Community Service “HANDOG KAY ISABELLA”4. On Hygiene/Cleanliness “SI TAKTU”
  67. 67. ANG LIBRO AY GAMOT A good story, like a good tablet,heals. Hindi lang po istetoskop atinjection ang puwedeng gamitinsa panggagamot. Puwede rin anglibro.
  68. 68. MasayangPanggagamotGamit angLibro!
  69. 69. Thank You!

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