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P2Pvalue @ Barcelona CAPS Infoday


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In the 2nd session of the CAPS Infoday ( , several projects funded under the first (previous) call of CAPS were presented. P2Pvalue project was presented by Mayo Fuster Morell of Fuster Morell provided an overview of the project and data on the extended research on collaborative production resulting from the project first year. Data such as which is the overall budget of social innovations project, governance models of collaborative projects or which are the conditions that favor value creation.

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P2Pvalue @ Barcelona CAPS Infoday

  1. 1. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 610961 European project P2Pvalue project P2Pvalue Decentralized platform for value generation in commons-based peer production Mayo Fuster Morell
  2. 2. An implementation of Google Drive Real Time API over a distributed federated infrastructure Lean principles inspiration Empirical research for technological development
  3. 3.
  4. 4. What characterizes Commons-Based Peer Production (CBPP)?
  5. 5. Delimitation Criteria Collaborative production + Peer to peer relationships Non traditional command Limited mercantile exchange + Common resources Open access, reproducibility & derivativeness Mapping expansion & hybridification of common based peer production
  6. 6. Mapping CBPP:
  7. 7. 2014 Stage of CBPP: Expansion to more areas of activity
  8. 8. CBPP ecosystem
  9. 9. How does value creation function in Commons-Based Peer Production (CBPP)?
  10. 10. Traditional theories of value do not apply to CBPP Alternative strategies to assess value How to measure value? What is valuable? How does value creation function in CBPP?
  11. 11. Community building Mission accomplishment Monetary value Social use value Reputation Dimensions of value
  12. 12. Community building Scale of the communities is extremely variable. Diverse degrees of participation (Power law 1/9/90) Dimensions of value
  13. 13. Mission accomplishment Projects are quite satisfied! Half the cases assign themselves a score between 7 and 10 in a scale of 10 Dimensions of value
  14. 14. Monetary value: Budget 39% of cases have budgets of less than 1000 euros Dimensions of value
  15. 15. Dimensions of value Indicators of reputation and use Google Pagerank, Alexa, Kred, Twitter followers, & Facebook likes Strong correlation between them Indicators available for all cases, but corporate based and non transparent Urge an open CBPP oriented indicator of value
  16. 16. How does Governance function in Commons-Based Peer Production (CBPP)?
  17. 17. CBPP are highly open But cases very diverse in the way to be open Index of openness to contributors: 50% > 6 up to 10 ranking scale CBPP are highly free, too Index of freedom of contributors: 77% > 2 of 3 indicators (registration policy, participation policy, and user profile policy) Self-governance of community interaction and roles 63% members can intervene in their interaction governance Governance features
  18. 18. Diverse permissions levels (hierarchies) are very common ¨Hierarchies¨ are very frequent 88% Gender balance in roles Not always too ¨bad¨ 25% of cases 50% of female administrators Lack of rotation of roles !!!!! Less than 5% of have a system for frequent rotation of administrators Governance features
  19. 19. Only a few cases (3%) use a proprietary license 14 different kinds of licenses (Software, Hardware, Data, Content and more). Most used license General Public License (for software) Creative Commons BY-SA (for content) Almost 50% of cases includes a copyleft (or “share alike”) clause Governance features: Licenses
  20. 20. From more centralized to more decentralized Data storage From 88% to 95% store the users’ data in centralized servers Type of infrastructure architecture: 32% Centralized not reproducible (central proprietary server) Example: Facebook 46% Centralized but reproducible (FLOSS platforms in a central server) Example: Wikipedia 3% Federated Example: N-1/Lorea/Kune 5% Peer to Peer architecture Example: GNUnet P2Pvalue platform Infrastructure architecture
  21. 21. There is not “a” single formula of “success” Data: Not strong correlations with the whole sample. There are different features and models that favour success. More self-governance favours reputational value creation in specific areas of activity : FLOSS, Collaborative writing, Collaborative research, Citizens media, Collaborative archives, Community networks, and Open technology. Different “models” of “success”: Size and reputation versus collaborativeness Conditions of “success”
  22. 22. Thank you Yochai Benkler talk @ CCCB 25 Feb 2015 18:30h