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Czym jest Local History

Local history is the study of history in a geographically local context and
it often concentrates on the local community. It incorporates cultural and
social aspects of history. Historic plaques are one form of documentation
of significant occurrences in the past and oral histories are another

                                                  Hasło “Local History”: Wikipedia [5.04.2010]




                                                                                        2 z 12
Czym jest Local History
Local history is about reconstructing past communities, in ways which make sense, rather than
worrying about issues linked to postmodernism and other theoretical constructs which seem
to approach the wider issues in a negative rather than constructive manner. Local history was
traditionally the study of a particular local community, or group of communities (in the sense
of county) without specific reference to the broader range of events, forces and processes
impinging on those communities.                         John Beckett, Writing Local History, Manchester 2007


         The ground rules [of writing local history] are clear – to research, write and
         otherwise record and interpret history of a community, we must understand
         what makes it work today, as a starting point for understanding its past.

                                                         John Beckett, Writing Local History, Manchester 2007




                                                                                                       3 z 12
Brytyjska Local History

 XVI – XVII wiek:
     Antiquarians
          - William Camden
          - Christopher Saxton

     Prace:
          - Perambulation of Kent William Lambarde [1576]
          - Antiquities of Warwickshire sir William Dugdale [1656]

     Zawężanie obszaru badawczego:
          hrabstwo → parafia → miasto




                                                                     4 z 12
Brytyjska Local History
XVIII wiek:                                              XIX wiek:
    Rozkwit pisarstwa w duchu local history                    Spadek zainteresowania historią lokalną
    Trzy nurty:                                                Konflikt profesjonaliści – amatorzy
         - topograficzny                                       Victoria County History [1899]
         - dzieje hrabstw/parafii
         - archeologia



                         What had been planted in sixteenth century, and had sprouted in seventeenth, came into
                           full blossom during the eighteenth century, before fading gently away in the nineteenth.


                                                                                                      John Beckett




                                                                                                                5 z 12
Nowa Historia Lokalna

     William George Hoskins [1908 -1992]
         Twórca Nowej Historii Lokalnej
              Recepcja dokonań szkoły Annales

         The Making of English Landscape W. G. Hoskins [1955]
         Department of English Local History [1948]
              Rewitalizacja historii lokalnej
              Pogodzenie “profesjonalistów” I “amatorów”

     Badania genealogiczne / family history
         One-place study




                                                                6 z 12
Amerykańska Local History

 Geneza:
     Patrician Historians
     The Massachussets Historical Society [1791]
     New York Historical Society [1804]

 Duże znaczenie rocznic:
     100-lecie uzyskania niepodległości [1876]
     100-lecie wojny secesyjnej [1961 -1965]
     200-lecie uzyskania niepodległości [1976]




                                                   7 z 12
Funkcjonowanie
        Local History
Towarzystwa naukowe i stowarzyszenia:
   Wielka Brytania [1979]
        800 stowarzyszeń / 130 tysiecy członków

   Wielka Brytania [2007]
        300 tysięcy członków / family history

Ośrodki naukowo – dydaktyczne
Rewolucja Internetu




                                                  8 z 12
Funkcjonowanie
                      Local History [w Wielkiej Brytanii]
Organizacje:                                                   Strony internetowe:
    British Association for Local History                          Local History Online

         czasopismo The Local Historian                                 czasopismo Local History Magazine
         czasopismo Local History News
                                                                   BBC History trails: Local History
    Family & Community Historical Research Society
                                                               Miesiąc historii lokalnej
Ośrodki naukowe:
                                                                   1-31 maja 2010
    University of Leicester Center for English Local History




                                                                                                       9 z 12
Funkcjonowanie
           Local History [w Stanach Zjednoczonych Ameryki]
Organizacje:                                           Strony internetowe:
    American Association for State and Local History       Słabej jakości / nieciekawe

         czasopismo History News                       Wydawnictwa:
    American Local History Network                         Arcadia Publishing
    National Council on Public History                     AltaMira Press
         czasopismo Public History




                                                                                         10 z 12
Przyszłość Local History
   Zagrożenia:
       finansowanie / “starzenie się” stowarzyszeń

   Ewolucja
       Antropologizacja
       Kwestia skali [C. Geertz, Wiedza Lokalna]
       cyber-lokalność
       Adaptacja i asymilacja nowych nurtów

   Digital History
       Digital local history [?]

   Wirtualna historia lokalna
       Digital preservation



                                                     11 z 12
Dziękuję za uwagę!




                     12 z 12

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Anglo - amerykańska "local history" - rozwój, organizacja, perspektywy

  • 1.
  • 2. Czym jest Local History Local history is the study of history in a geographically local context and it often concentrates on the local community. It incorporates cultural and social aspects of history. Historic plaques are one form of documentation of significant occurrences in the past and oral histories are another Hasło “Local History”: Wikipedia [5.04.2010] 2 z 12
  • 3. Czym jest Local History Local history is about reconstructing past communities, in ways which make sense, rather than worrying about issues linked to postmodernism and other theoretical constructs which seem to approach the wider issues in a negative rather than constructive manner. Local history was traditionally the study of a particular local community, or group of communities (in the sense of county) without specific reference to the broader range of events, forces and processes impinging on those communities. John Beckett, Writing Local History, Manchester 2007 The ground rules [of writing local history] are clear – to research, write and otherwise record and interpret history of a community, we must understand what makes it work today, as a starting point for understanding its past. John Beckett, Writing Local History, Manchester 2007 3 z 12
  • 4. Brytyjska Local History XVI – XVII wiek: Antiquarians - William Camden - Christopher Saxton Prace: - Perambulation of Kent William Lambarde [1576] - Antiquities of Warwickshire sir William Dugdale [1656] Zawężanie obszaru badawczego: hrabstwo → parafia → miasto 4 z 12
  • 5. Brytyjska Local History XVIII wiek: XIX wiek: Rozkwit pisarstwa w duchu local history Spadek zainteresowania historią lokalną Trzy nurty: Konflikt profesjonaliści – amatorzy - topograficzny Victoria County History [1899] - dzieje hrabstw/parafii - archeologia What had been planted in sixteenth century, and had sprouted in seventeenth, came into full blossom during the eighteenth century, before fading gently away in the nineteenth. John Beckett 5 z 12
  • 6. Nowa Historia Lokalna William George Hoskins [1908 -1992] Twórca Nowej Historii Lokalnej Recepcja dokonań szkoły Annales The Making of English Landscape W. G. Hoskins [1955] Department of English Local History [1948] Rewitalizacja historii lokalnej Pogodzenie “profesjonalistów” I “amatorów” Badania genealogiczne / family history One-place study 6 z 12
  • 7. Amerykańska Local History Geneza: Patrician Historians The Massachussets Historical Society [1791] New York Historical Society [1804] Duże znaczenie rocznic: 100-lecie uzyskania niepodległości [1876] 100-lecie wojny secesyjnej [1961 -1965] 200-lecie uzyskania niepodległości [1976] 7 z 12
  • 8. Funkcjonowanie Local History Towarzystwa naukowe i stowarzyszenia: Wielka Brytania [1979] 800 stowarzyszeń / 130 tysiecy członków Wielka Brytania [2007] 300 tysięcy członków / family history Ośrodki naukowo – dydaktyczne Rewolucja Internetu 8 z 12
  • 9. Funkcjonowanie Local History [w Wielkiej Brytanii] Organizacje: Strony internetowe: British Association for Local History Local History Online czasopismo The Local Historian czasopismo Local History Magazine czasopismo Local History News BBC History trails: Local History Family & Community Historical Research Society Miesiąc historii lokalnej Ośrodki naukowe: 1-31 maja 2010 University of Leicester Center for English Local History 9 z 12
  • 10. Funkcjonowanie Local History [w Stanach Zjednoczonych Ameryki] Organizacje: Strony internetowe: American Association for State and Local History Słabej jakości / nieciekawe czasopismo History News Wydawnictwa: American Local History Network Arcadia Publishing National Council on Public History AltaMira Press czasopismo Public History 10 z 12
  • 11. Przyszłość Local History Zagrożenia: finansowanie / “starzenie się” stowarzyszeń Ewolucja Antropologizacja Kwestia skali [C. Geertz, Wiedza Lokalna] cyber-lokalność Adaptacja i asymilacja nowych nurtów Digital History Digital local history [?] Wirtualna historia lokalna Digital preservation 11 z 12