Definitions of de


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Definitions of de

  1. 1. Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Dr. Alaa Sadik Instructional & Learning Technologies Department Wafaa al-rawas(87188) / Iman al-darei(86820)/Omayma al-yafai(86001)
  2. 2. Lecture One (Week 2) Defining Distance Education Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Interactive Presentation
  3. 3. Background: 1.The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century (see Wikipedia) → 2.Developments in various fields of technology (give examples) → 3.Offered new solutions for delivering instruction → 4.Learners’ interests (in what?) were enhanced → 5.Increase in the subject areas offered by distance education → 6.Became one of the formal means of education. Defining Distance Education
  4. 4. What is distance education or distance learning? Distance education or distance learning is a field of education that focuses on teaching methods and technology with the aim of delivering teaching, often on an individual basis, to students who are not physically present in a traditional educational setting such as a classroom . It has been described as "a process to create and provide access to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance, or both.”Distance education courses that require a physical on-site presence for any reason (including taking examinations) have been referred to as hybrid or blended courses of study. Defining Distance Education
  5. 5. Defining Distance Education  In my opinion the distance education is part of distance learning because , when we see learning more general the education .It should be in specific subjects .
  6. 6. Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (old technology) Distance education dates to at least as early as 1728, when "an advertisement in the Boston Gazette...[named] 'Caleb Phillips, Teacher of the new method of Short Hand" was seeking students for lessons to be sent weekly.
  7. 7. Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (modern technology) Modern distance education initially relied on the development of postal services in the 19th century and has been practised at least since Isaac Pitman taught shorthand in Great Britain via correspondence in the 1840s.
  8. 8.  The University of London claims to be the first university to offer distance learning degrees, establishing its External Programme in 1858. This program is now known as the University of London International Programmes and includes Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Diploma degrees created by colleges such as the London School of Economics, Royal Holloway and Goldsmiths.
  9. 9.  [6] In the United States William Rainey Harper, first president of the University of Chicago developed the concept of extended education, whereby the research university had satellite colleges of education in the wider community, and in 1892 he also encouraged the concept of correspondence school courses to further promote education, an idea that was put into practice by Columbia University.[7] In Australia, the University of Queensland established its Department of Correspondence Studies in 1911.[
  10. 10. Defining Distance Education In conclusion, many key features characterize distance education: 1. The separation of teacher and learner; 2. The separation among learners; 3. The use of one medium to deliver instruction; and 4. The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.