Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in work addressing risk reduction: What is gender analysis?


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Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access to resources influence how each will be affected by different hazards, and how they will cope with and recover from disaster. This presentation is part of Oxfam GB's Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction training pack available at

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Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in work addressing risk reduction: What is gender analysis?

  1. 1. Gender and disaster risk reduction Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in work addressing risk reduction What is gender analysis? PowerPoint 2.2 Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction : A training pack
  2. 2. Why carry out a gender analysis? <ul><li>Society is permeated by gender differences and inequalities. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to understand these if we are to eradicate poverty and reduce risks. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding how poverty affects women and men differently helps us identify their specific needs and priorities. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the first step in identifying the objectives and strategies that will help to mainstream gender throughout the project cycle. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What should a gender analysis identify? <ul><li>Differences in the lives of poor women and men in the target community </li></ul><ul><li>The status of women and their ability to exercise their human rights </li></ul><ul><li>The different skills, capacities, and aspirations of women and men </li></ul><ul><li>The different access to and control over resources enjoyed by women and men </li></ul><ul><li>The different levels of participation and leadership enjoyed by women and men, and … </li></ul>
  4. 4. What should a gender analysis identify? <ul><li>Indications of the number of women experiencing gender-based violence </li></ul><ul><li>The barriers that unequal gender relations present to women’s development in this particular community. </li></ul>(cont’d.)
  5. 5. Questions to ask in a gender analysis <ul><li>Which men and which women hold the power in this community? </li></ul><ul><li>Who owns and controls resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Who takes the decisions? </li></ul><ul><li>Who sets the agenda? </li></ul><ul><li>Who gains and who loses from processes of development? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Steps to strengthen a gender analysis <ul><li>Disaggregate and analyse the data by sex </li></ul><ul><li>Actively involve women, men, girls, and boys in data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Identify existing sources of information and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Include gender analysis in the project’s terms of reference </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure researchers have the necessary skills. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gender-based violence (GBV) and violence against women (VAW) - definitions GBV Physical, mental, psychological, or social abuse, committed on the basis of the victim’s gender and against their will VAW ‘ Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life’ ( Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (1993) )
  8. 8. Contributing factors in gender-based violence <ul><li>Abuse of power </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Unequal gender roles </li></ul><ul><li>Power and control </li></ul><ul><li>Armed conflict (including GBV as a weapon of war) </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement </li></ul>
  9. 9. GBV and gender analysis <ul><li>It is important to assess the prevalence, risk, and impact of GBV in any gender analysis, because GBV is: </li></ul><ul><li>A human rights violation </li></ul><ul><li>A large-scale public health problem </li></ul><ul><li>A development concern. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Oxfam GB, July 2011 This presentation is part of Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack available in full from