Good Jobs and Bad Jobs: two tiered but not detached - Chris Warhurst


Published on

Professor Chris Warhurst, from the University of Sydney, talks about employment.

Stephen Boyd, Assistant Secretary of the Scottish Trade Unions Congress, talks about how the Scottish economy works.

The Whose Economy? seminars, organised by Oxfam Scotland and the University of the West of Scotland, brought together experts to look at recent changes in the Scottish economy and their impact on Scotland's most vulnerable communities.

Held over winter and spring 2010-11 in Edinburgh, Inverness, Glasgow and Stirling, the series posed the question of what economy is being created in Scotland and, specifically, for whom?

To find out more and view other Whose Economy? papers, presentations and videos visit:

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Good Jobs and Bad Jobs: two tiered but not detached - Chris Warhurst

  1. 1. Good Jobs and Bad Jobs: Two Tiered but not Detached Chris WarhurstBUSINESSSCHOOL
  2. 2. Two complementary job tiers› Running debate about job quality trajectories – getting better vs getting worse.› Recognition of job quality polarisation by skill and pay.› But two tiers not exclusive but complementary. › Cash rich, time poor workers needs servicing › Marketisation of household tasks aided by high and low wage workers as consumers and deliverers.› Less marketisation in countries with wage compression.› Experience of the two tiers mixed … 2
  3. 3. Good jobs not good for all workers› E.g. good jobs of audio visual industries – a Glasgow target. › high pay – £32k vs £29k; high skill – 70% vs 30% graduates.› Female, ethnic minority and working class workers under-represented compared to male, white, middle class workers. › 38% vs 46% women; 7% vs 24% ethnic minority› Female and ethnic minority workers earn less. › Women £26k vs £33k; ethnic minorities £28k vs £33k, 50% more earn <£12k, 50% less earn >£50k.› Strong vertical and horizontal job segregation. 3
  4. 4. Bad jobs being made less accessible› Bad jobs can be relatively good – high satisfaction, offer labour market entry.› But colonisation by middle class and displacement of working class?› Weaker variant centred on confidence and flexibility. › Raises issue of soft skill deficits of working class.› Stronger variant centred on appearance or cultural capital. › Raises questions about ‘skill’, training, discrimination and ‘Eliza Doolittle Syndrome’. 4
  5. 5. Concluding remarks› Growth in good and bad jobs; polarisation by skill and pay.› Tiers interdependent but polarisation becoming entrenched.› Fixedness of good and bad also not clear cut: good jobs can be relatively bad; bad jobs can be relatively good.› If we ask ‘whose economy?’, find perpetuating old inequalities in pay and prospects in the good jobs and creating new inequalities of access in some of the bad jobs.› 5
  6. 6. To view all the papers in the Whose Economy series click hereTo view all the videos and presentations from the seminars click here