Annual Report 2013 | 3
Closing the gaps
(Letter from the Chairman).............................................. 04
A snapshot :The year that was....................................... 05
Our Programs ................................................................... 06
Economic Justice ............................................................ 10
Essential Services ........................................................... 13
Gender Justice ................................................................ 16
Humanitarian and DRR .................................................... 18
Emerging Themes ............................................................ 20
You make it possible : Our fundraising efforts .............. 24
Governance and Management ....................................... 28
Facts behind the figures ................................................ 36
Partners ........................................................................... 45
Oxfam India’s vision is to create a more equal, just
and sustainable world. The overreaching vision of
Oxfam India is “Right to Life with Dignity for All”.
Oxfam India will fulfill its vision by empowering the
poor and the marginalised to demand their rights,
engaging the non-poor to become active and
supportive citizens, advocating for an effective and
accountable state and making markets work for
poor and marginalised people.
Oxfam believes that its five values are core to its
vision and would seek to promote them through its
work. The five core values being:
1. Commitment to our vision and mission
2. Honesty and integrity
3. Inclusiveness, secularism and pluralism
4. Valuing and respecting people’s rights
5. Delivering high quality results in a manner
accountable to stakeholders
Oxfam is marking its 62nd year in India this year. In
1951, Oxfam GB came to India during the Bihar
famine to launch its first full scale humanitarian
response in a developing country. Over the past 61
years, Oxfam has supported the growth of many
civil society organisations across the length and
breadth of the country. In 2008, all Oxfams came
together to form Oxfam India. Oxfam India, a fully
independent Indian organization (with Indian staff
and an Indian Board), is a member of a global
confederation of 17 Oxfams.
4 | Annual Report 2013
It is my privilege to present to you the annual report and audited accounts for Oxfam India
for the financial year 2012-2013.
The year 2012-13 was an important milestone for us in terms of operationalising the new
Oxfam India strategy as we launched an exciting new campaign, ``Close the Gap’’ to start
a dialogue and debate about the pressing issue of large and growing inequalities in India
on multiple dimensions—class, caste, religion, geographic location, and so on. Such large
inequities in a poor country mean that hundreds of millions continue to live a life of bare
sustenace and suffer social and economic oppression. The brutal gang rape case in Delhi
in December 2012 highlighted the gender issue and the problems faced by women even
in the national capital. In its aftermath, we asked people –young and old, rural and urban,
male and female, rich and poor—what they thought about the huge gender divide in India
and what could be done to start closing these gaps. We have also started to use a mix of new and old technologies
to reach out to as many people as possible in the most remote regions of India. The overwhelming response indicated
that this is a much needed conversation, and has only just begun.
Oxfam India also launched a humanitarian response to the biggest floods in Assam in a decade and also to the large-
scale conflict that left several homeless. The scale and extent of human suffering in both cases points to the need for
galvanising larger efforts.
I was personally there in Bengaluru in January 2012 to witness the excitement of the second edition of the Trailwalker,
Oxfam’s global signature fundraising event in which participants walk 100 km in 48 hours in teams of four to raise
funds to support Oxfam’s programs. The second Trailwalker was double in size and revenues from the first, with
164 teams participating and raising R 2.41 crores during the last financial year. Encouraged by its success, we
are planning to launch an annual Trailwalker in Mumbai, starting from November 2013, in addition of course to our
annual one in January in Bengaluru. These are not just fund-raising events, but serve the larger purpose of creating
awareness about the serios problems that will overwhelm us if we do not act quickly.
As indicated in our audited accounts for 2012-13, this year our total income was R 58.0 crores as against R 55.1 crores
in 2011-12. We are evolving a fundraising strategy, through which we aim to double our size in the next five years and
to diversify our sources of income. In this, we seek your active support to help us meet our targets.
I would like to record my sincere appreciation to Oxfam International and fellow Oxfam affiliates for their continued
support and confidence in Oxfam India. The Oxfam International Board has a new chair, Nitin Desai, and it was a
pleasure to welcome him to a meeting of the Oxfam India Board in March 2013. We look forward to his continued
support in both nuturing Oxfam India and in influencing the pro-Southern agenda in the Oxfam world.
Finally, I would like to thank my colleagues in the Oxfam India Board for being so strongly engaged and for bringing in
such a rich diversity of perspective within the Oxfam India governance framework. I would also like to compliment the
leadership and staff for effective implementation of our strategy through their commitment, passion and dedication.
Closing the Gaps
Annual Report 2013 | 5
Oxfam India was formed on September 1, 2008 and is now almost five years old. It has
been another eventful year in the short life of this organization, a year in which we saw
a strengthening of our programs, policy, research and advocacy efforts, a reaching out
through campaigns to a much broader audience to change social attitudes, the adoption of
an ambitious and exciting new fundraising strategy that aims to double our size in the next
five years, and the reaching of an important personal milestone for me.
During the last five years, a priority area for us has been to align our grassroots work, done
in partnership with local NGOs, with our overall strategy. This has taken time because while
the focus of our work has shifted to the seven poorest states in India which are all in the
North and the East—UP, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Assam amd Orissa—the
bulk of the program and partners that we inherited were in the south and the west. Overtime, we have had to phase
out many of the old partnerships and build new ones in the focus states. The alignment is now finally complete.
A second priority has been to link the grassroots work to policy advocacy; to learn from what is working and not
working on the ground and feed that back into policymaking with a view to having laws and policies and programs
that are more inclusive and pro-poor and that actually get implemented. Our policy advocacy efforts have been
strengthened this year by putting in place a Research team that is capturing the views of our partners and of experts
in the sector and succinctly making them available for a broad range of policymakers through Policy Briefs and other
A big realization for us last year, especially after the Delhi gang rape case, was that in addition to lobbying the state
for better laws, policies and programs, we also needed to step up our work with a much broader range of stakeholders
to fundamentally change deeply held social attitudes on issues of inequality along multiple dimensions, including
gender. We launched a very exciting Close the Gap campaign on March 8, International Women’s Day, to start a broad
conversation about these issues in India. The use of new tools of social media—facebook and twitter in particular—
have helped us reach a massive audience for our work and create a buzz about it, especially with the young.
And finally, the highlight of my year, personally, was to take part in our second Trailwalker held in Bengaluru in January
2013 and to complete the 100 km walk in 40 hours together with my team mates. Thanks to the generosity of our
family, friends and colleagues—including from Oxfam International-- our team raised R 3.7 lacs in funds and was the
eighth highest fundraising team of all! The pleasure of raising these funds has now turned me into an avid fundraiser
for Oxfam India!
As always, none of this would have been possible without the strong support of our Board, our donors, our partners,
the leadership team and our staff and I would like to thank them all for their contribution towards building a stronger
and more impactful Oxfam India during last year.
CEO, Oxfam India
A snaphot, The Year that was
6 | Annual Report 201304 . Annual Report 2013
CLOSETHEGAP launch: (From left to right) Chairperson, Forum on Women in Leadership, Poonam Barua, Actor and social activist, Nandita Das, Oxfam
India CEO, Nisha Agrawal and social activist, Kiran Bedi launching the campaign on March 8 at Constitution Club in New Delhi.
Annual Report 2013 | 7
Before we begin to share what we have done in the
past year, it would be worthwhile to give a quick glance
to the larger challenges staring us in the face. While
the Government owned Economic Survey 2013 painted
a rosy picture in terms of India’s declining poverty in
the past one year, it also acknowledged the fact that
with the declining economic growth rates, its one
solution package was under threat and there has been
a significant rise in inequality. With the growth rate
declining to almost half of what it was, coupled with
high food price inflation over the past couple of years,
things have impacted the poor adversely. To make
matters worse, while the mainstream media continued
to debate about the pros and cons of foreign direct
investment under the name of ‘policy paralysis’, the
real paralysis inflicting our development politics almost
went unnoticed. Hence, not much attention was paid
to the fact that crucial bills like Food Security Bill,
Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation Bill, Mining Bill,
were lying unaddressed in the Parliament, making
the situation of the poor and dispossessed even
worse. Things did not improve even where we have
existing policies and acts to provide succor to the
marginalized. India missed its three year deadline
for the implementation of Right to Education Act;
it could not provide once again adequate budget
for the implementation of the Domestic Violence
Act; crucial acts like Forest Rights Act, and PESA
providing safeguards to the tribal population, 15 point
Programme meant for the minorities remained stuck in
While the Government finalized and rolled out the 12th
Five Year Plan with a large civil society consultation,
not many of the inputs from civil society were visible
in the final plan document. Hence, even where it
accepted the need to universalize the provision of
life saving essential generic drugs, it failed to deliver
on the same. On a larger plane, it continued to look
towards the private sector for solutions in order to cut
its expenditure without even testing the efficacy of its
hypothesis at a time when a huge amount of concern
has been raised about the latter. The overall panacea
of private-sector led growth paradigm despite showing
the fissures at the seams has remained a cradle of
faith for the policy makers.
The two big opportunities on the horizon for civil
society are the current ongoing worldwide processes
to engage with post-2015 Millennium Development
Goals and the upcoming national elections. The first
one began with United Nations taking a lead through
several consultation processes in which India was also
a key country. It provided a big platform for the civil
society where key concerns of the poor could be taken
on board before they could reach back to UN. While
the inputs are now getting crystallized, the next few
months would be crucial as it would be now up to the
national governments to get into the act to deliberate
upon the same and we would need to engage more
intensively with the Government on this. The second
major opportunity is around the upcoming national
elections in 2014 where once again the onus is on the
various constituents of civil society to build pressure
from the grass roots in terms of what should be the
core components of each political party’s election
manifesto from the point of view of the poor and the
While government finalized and rolled out the 12th
Five Year Plan with a large civil society consultation, it
failed to deliver much on the inputs given by the latter.
Against this background, Oxfam India continued its
work based on a rights-based framework this year,
linking grassroots programming through partner NGOs
to local, national and global advocacy and policy-
Oxfam India’s Work
All of Oxfam India’s work is framed according to the
global commitment of Oxfam to its five broad rights-
based aims: the right to a sustainable livelihood, the
right to basic social services, the right to life and
security, the right to be heard and the right to equality,
gender and diversity.
Oxfam India works in partnership with over 130
grassroots NGOs to address the root causes of
absolute poverty and injustice in the four areas
of Economic Justice, Essential Services, Gender
Justice and Humanitarian Response and Disaster Risk
Reduction (DRR). Oxfam India’s programme is focused
primarily in seven states- Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh,
Jharkhand, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand and
four social groups-Dalits, Muslims, Tribals and Women.
The Context in India
8 | Annual Report 2013
Oxfam India launched CLOSETHEGAP Campaign on 8
March 2013 on the occasion of International Women’s
Day. CLOSETHEGAP is a three year campaign against
inequality. Though this year we began with a focus on
fighting gender inequality the long term aim is to look
at other forms of gaps e.g. Dalits and non-Dalits, Tribals
and non-Tribals, Muslims and non-Muslims, rich and
the poor, urban and rural etc. The key demands of this
phase of the campaign have been closing the huge
gap between men and women in the key institutions of
police, judiciary, Parliament and the corporate world
through adequate policy measures.
The campaign aims to engage with people through
social media, public events, online debates, community
radio and a free phone line, in order to solicit their
opinions and turn them into agents of change. It also
aims to build public momentum for those changes
through public events, press coverage and online
CLOSETHEGAP will also provide Oxfam India with an
invaluable resource- namely, the thousands of phone
calls made by people to the free phone line. These
thoughts, ideas and priorities will be used to shape
Oxfam India’s policy work, as well as to aid its lobbying
efforts. The campaign also aims to create a bridge
between urban and rural India through the mediums
of community radios and online conversations. Hence
rural people voicing their concerns through community
radios are getting linked to online conversations mainly
happening among the urban young.
The March 8 CLOSETHEGAP launch on women’s equality
was an enormous success. Hundreds of young people
attended to hear speeches from Dr Kiran Bedi, actress
Creation of a research unit
The year 2013 saw the creation of a focused research
function in Oxfam India. The first few months of the
year were devoted to creating a thorough ground for
future research: processes were set up to ensure
that all relevant staff feed into research ideas and
designs; mechanisms to improve the quality of research
outcomes were mainstreamed.
The year also saw the publication of Oxfam India’s first
policy briefs. Several briefs outline the organization’s
position on major policy changes around regulations on
mining, land acquisition and displacement, universal
access to health, or the implementation of the
Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act.
The briefs draw on Oxfam India’s experience in working
with partners and on available secondary sources to
provide informed recommendations. They aim to bring
micro-level knowledge about the challenges faced
by the poor into policy debates at state, national and
international levels. We use them to share our point of
view and recommendations with the relevant ministries,
policy makers and civil society networks to bring them
on one page.
Finally, Oxfam India contributed to deliberations around
what should replace the Millennium Development Goals
after 2015 with a series of papers that discuss the
framework from the perspective of groups in India that
face social exclusion – notably Dalits, Muslims, Tribals
and women. The series positioned Oxfam India as one of
the leading voices in the UN-led national consultation
aimed at informing deliberations by the High Level
Expert Panel. Oxfam India also shared them in the two
regional consultations of Parliamentarians and Civil
Society Organizations in Dhaka and Bali to influence the
regional consensus on post-2015 processes.
The key demands of this phase of the campaign have been closing the
huge gap between men and women in the key institutions of police,
judiciary, Parliament and the corporate world through adequate policy
Annual Report 2013 | 9
Our Publications in 2012-13
• India’s Mining Regulation: Time to Correct Course
(also in Hindi)
• Land Acquisition in India: Will the New Bill Protect
Affect People (also in Hindi)
• Achieving Healthcare for All (also in Hindi)
• Protecting Women Against Domestic Violence (also
• Development After 2015: Ten Goals to Make a
Difference for Those Left Behind (Hindi translation
is being finalized)
Working papers (published)
• D. Mahadevia, Urban Poverty in India and Post-MDG
• A. Kothari, Development and Ecological
Sustainability in India: Possibilities for the Post-
• P. Prakash, Property Taxes across G20 Countries:
Can India Get it Right?
• L. Dubochet, Making Post-2015 Matter for Socially
Excluded Groups in India
• T. Fazal, Millennium Development Goals and Muslims
• L. John, Engaging BRICS: Challenges and
Opportunities for Civil Society
Nandita Das, Poonam Barua and Nisha Agrawal, CEO of
More than ten thousand phone calls have come in to
the CLOSETHEGAP phone line reaching 50,000 people
and additionally, about half a million people through
online outreach and social media. Hundreds of young
people have attended more than a dozen public events
on gender conducted by Oxfam India’s partners Purple
Mangoes at youth hubs and colleges. CLOSETHEGAP has
received press coverage in several mass media outlets
including the Hindustan Times, Radio One and its media
partner, CNN-IBN’s Citizen Journalist show, our celebrity
Ambassador Rahul Bose’s op eds appeared in the Hindu
and Hindustan Times supporting the campaign.
The campaign has also given an enormous boost to
Oxfam India’s social media presence- the organisation’s
Facebook page has already passed 22 thousand likes
(as of April 10) while campaign partners Youth ki Awaaz
and GotStared.At have also held a number of public
debates about the gender gap on their websites which
have generated thousands of comments.
The key outcomes as a set of recommendations
coming through these debates and discussions
would be presented to relevant policy makers and
representatives of these institutions.
ONLY 2 OF 26 JUDGES IN
THE SUPREME COURT OF
INDIA ARE WOMEN...
HAVE AN OPINION?
Join The Debate to
Call Now : 011 – 66030040
10 | Annual Report 2013
Our Economic Justice work aims to strengthen the
livelihoods of poor and marginal groups in rural India.
More than 80% of rural India is dependent on agriculture
and forest resources for their livelihoods and 85% of
the farmers are small holders owning less than 2 ha of
land. More than 80% of all rural female workers are in
agriculture while only 9.4% of women own land in rural
India. Secure access to the natural resources is the
key to sustainable rural livelihoods. Our work is also
focused on improving access to forest resources by
poor communities and make agricultural models viable
for small farmers especially for women farmers. The two
clusters of work areas under Economic Justice are (a)
Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change (b) Natural
Small holder Agriculture & Climate
Small Holder Agriculture and Climate Change program
focuses on strengthening the economic leadership
and land rights of women farmers, making public
investments in agriculture accessible to small farmers
through Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yozana (RKVY), a Central
Government scheme and increasing the resilience of
agriculture from the impacts of climate change. Last
year we worked with 17 partners in Bihar, Odisha, Uttar
Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand
and directly reached approximately 78700 small farmers
and fisher folk.
In continuation of our work on social and legal
recognition of women farmers, 29 public hearings were
held at panchayat level in six states. Women Farmer
conclaves mobilizing about 8500 women farmers were
held in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, followed by a national
level felicitation of women farmers. This was dovetailed
with sensitization of mainstream media on the women
farmers issue, which resulted in a wide media coverage
highlighting their issues. Through our direct work on
the ground, 375 women farmers received individual land
deeds and 470 women have been able to access land
through collective farming groups. With our support,
the state women farmers’ campaign in Uttar Pradesh
mobilized 212 MLAs supporting a draft bill for bringing
amendment to UP Zamindari Abolition and Land Reform
Act 1950 in support of joint land title for women.
Women’s economic leadership for vegetable cultivation
in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and fisheries in Maharastra
and Odissa was strengthened. In Maharashtra five
fisher-folk cooperatives mobilizing 4000 women
fisher folk got access to ponds and dams. In Odisha,
Last year we worked with 17 partners in Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh,
Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand and directly reached
approximately 78700 small farmers and fisher folk.
Member of Women Farmer Group with their wheat crop which they collectively grow on a leased land at Baruhi Devnarayan Nagar village, Sahar block
of Bhojpur district in Bihar.
Annual Report 2013 | 11
“Samundram” a registered fisher-folk producer
company is enabled for bulk production of value added
fish products with certification.
We also supported 1380 small farmers in getting access
to quality subsidized seed under RKVY.
We continued our support for increasing resilience
of agriculture to the impacts of climate change in
Uttrakhand and Odisha. 1600 farmers were trained on
climate resilient agriculture practices such as System
for Rice Intensification (SRI), rainwater harvesting,
vermin composting etc. At the same time we backed
it with a national level meeting on “National Mission
on Sustainable Agriculture” to sensitize the members
of parliaments on impacts of climate change on
Natural Resource Management
Natural Resource Management programme focuses
on claiming rights under the Forest Rights Act (FRA)
and also to demand pro-poor legislations on mining
and land acquisition by communities. We worked
with 30 partners in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand
and Maharashtra reaching about 40,000 households
We continued to strengthen capacity of communities
to claim Individual Forest Rights (IFR) and Community
Forest Rights (CFR) titles. In the current year, out of
18000 IFR claims filed, 3900 tribals received their
individual claims; and out of 240 CFR claims filed 85
Community based claims were received. In Odisha,
convergence of government schemes with forest rights
was facilitated for all 180 IFR holders and 6 CFR titles.
In Maharashtra which received 79 CFR titles in Vidarbha
region, communities have begun to take control over
water sources & fisheries in the forest area. Thanks to
our effort on the ground, for the first time CFR rights
have been actualized in a protected area (Melghat Tiger
reserve) in Maharashtra.
Recommendations provided by Oxfam India supported
state level networks such as the Informal alliance in
Odisha and Vidarbha livelihood forum in Vidarbha and
CFR – Learning & Advocacy (LA) at the national level
on constitution of the forest rights committees at
the hamlet level, proper reporting of data from states
and uniform formats to be used by all the states were
Capacity enhancement of local governance
bodies at village level proved critical for
accessing rights under Forest Rights Act,
directing public investments under agricultural
schemes and for required social -cultural
change for recognition of women as farmers.
What did we learn?
Villagers belonging to Gond tribe showing their land titles because of Oxfam India’s work in Mularbahal village, in Deogarh district of Odisha
12 | Annual Report 2013
reflected in the FRA amendment rules
We collaborated with the state Tribal development
department in Chhattisgarh to help bring the
testimonies and evidences of FRA violations from
the ground in front of officials as well. A handbook
on CFR was also prepared for Chattisgarh to enable
communities and support government officials.
For advocating on two proposed bills on behalf of
the poor, Oxfam India brought out the policy briefs on
the “Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation
(MMDR) Bill” and “Land Acquisition Resettlement and
Rehabilitation(LARAA) Bill”. This was shared with the
members of the - National Advisory Council, Standing
Committee on Land Acquisition and the Parliamentary
Standing Committee on Coal and Steel on MMDR Bill
2011. We also supported the Jan Satyagrah - Ekta
Parishad (EP) alliance led mobilization of 50,000 people
from grass roots demanding pro-poor land reforms. As
a result, the central government agreed for a ‘National
Land Reforms Act & Policy’ as a broad framework of
land re-distribution to the landless & homeless poor.
Following this, the National Homestead Act which
promises 4400 sq feet (1/10th of an acre) of land
to every landless and shelter less poor family in the
rural areas is ready for Cabinet’s appraisal. Also, a
notification for amendment in Indira Awas Yojana (Rural
Housing Scheme) has already been issued to provide for
R 20,000 for house site for each of the families selected
under the scheme.
GROW – Food Justice Campaign
Food Justice Campaign named ‘GROW’ aims to fix
the broken food system by linking the various facets
of food production and its access by poor such as-
marginalisation of farmers and women farmers; access
to food schemes ; large-scale land grabs and impact of
The campaign focus in 2012-2013 was to strengthen
the knowledge and research base for linking the various
facets of food production and access; support alliances
and public action and advocacy for a comprehensive
National Food Security Bill; amplify the voices for
sustainable agriculture; and linking the food price
volatility issue with active citizen engagement.
Oxfam with partners in Bihar, Jharkhand and Delhi,
mobilized mass support for public action and lobbying
in favor of a comprehensive food rights act. In the
first phase, mass support for caravans was mobilised
covering 27 and 17 districts in Bihar and Jharkhand
respectively and mobilizing around 200 urban public
volunteers to participate in 2 day ‘right to food’ dharna
held in Delhi. In second phase, around 300 people
were mobilised for national level ‘right to food’ public
action in Delhi. In Bihar, Oxfam and Koshish facilitated a
civil society Charter of Demands that influenced Bihar
Chief Minister’s letter to the Prime Minister. Oxfam also
supported 3 partners to establish new community level
grassroots vigilance groups to monitor last mile delivery
food and nutrition security programs in 36, 18 and 17
villages in Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa, respectively.
Apart from strengthening advocacy effort and grass
roots engagement of networks working on food justice
issues, GROW facilitated active citizen engagement
through public messaging through bill boards, social
media, street theatre etc. KHANNA, a public facing
initiative on drivers of food price inflation, reached out
to around 45000-50000 people at 15 locations in Delhi.
Oxfam India–IDS special bulletin on food justice helped
broaden the food rights discourse in India with eminent
thinkers and activists and helped in filling the research
gaps. As a major achievement Oxfam India–IDS special
bulletin on food justice was accepted by the Supreme
Court as evidence in the ongoing historic right to food
case. A study commissioned by Oxfam on ‘Climate
change and India: Road in India and of India Post Durban
post cop-17’ highlighted the important role for India
to break the current ‘policy logjam’ in the international
Active citizens’ engagement on food justice
issue is a key ingredient to amplify voices
at policy level and also for required practice
and attitudinal changes for the success of
What did we learn?
Annual Report 2013 | 13
The focus in education has been on the implementation
of recently enacted Right of Children to Free and
Compulsory Education Act (RTE Act). Currently, we work
with 21 partners in 8 states and at the national level.
In the past one year we reached and improved
lives of 55,000 students inside 320 public
schools. Nearly 4700 children received after-
school and remedial support. 1300 teachers
were trained for the compliance to RTE Act
Communities have a critical role in pushing for the
implementation of the RTE Act. Approximately, 1800
parent members of School Management Committees
Our experience shows that inequities in access to quality essential
services perpetuate further inequality. Hence the focus of our grass
roots programmes and campaigns is to empower communities to demand
universal access to quality education and health care without barriers.
In this process, we work, together with the communities, to improve
accountability and transparency of both public and private service
delivery systems. While doing so, we also push for greater policy reforms
and public investments for essential services at the state, national and
the global level.
(SMC) were trained towards their duty and rights across
all the States with Oxfam India interventions and state
SMC Federations have been formed in Jharkhand and
UP. Effort was made specially to build capacities of
people from the excluded groups with around 8000
community members mobilized for the protection
of educational. At the level of local governance
institutions, some 440 Panchayati Raj Institution and
Local Urban body members were engaged in both rural
and urban governing bodies. We also reached out to 37
Members of Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) and Members
of Parliament from different states in the process.
There was a deepening of the work on social inclusion.
Oxfam India partners- Centre for Social Equity and
Inclusion and JOSH were part of the National Advisory
Children in New Delhi rallying for their rights under Right to Education
14 | Annual Report 2013
Council (NAC) group drafting recommendations on
the issues of social inclusion and Grievance Redress
during the course of implementation of the RTE Act.
Our partner Shikshasandhan was part of the committee
preparing a Tribal Education policy for Odisha. Efforts
were also made to understand the implications for
social inclusion of the implementation of the 25% quota
under the RTE Act with focused action on the same
undertaken in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and
Bangalore. Work on Muslim children’s education was
deepened in UP and Odisha.
National Stocktaking of the Right to Education Act-
convention was held bringing together 4,000 delegates
from 15 states highlighting status of implementation
and a shadow report was brought out. This national
process was mirrored in the States where stock taking
events were organized and/or reports generated in
Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Odisha, West Bengal,
Karnataka, Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. The alliance
played a critical role in securing the Constitutional
validity of the Right to Education legislation through
Supreme Court of India and stalling the government
move to extend the deadlines for the implementation
of the Right to Education Act.
The aim of our health work is to increase people’s,
especially women and girls, access to quality health
care by strengthening public health system through
community based monitoring and budget tracking,
advocating for a National Health Act and improving
accountability and transparency of private sector.
Currently, we are working with 16 partners spread
across 7 states and at national level.
Oxfam India has been consistently engaging
in deepening of community based monitoring
of health care services in Maharashtra,
Rajasthan, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand
and Odisha, and select urban areas of
Karnataka and Maharashtra covering
approximately 600,000 rural and 200,000
In the process, we have trained 154 Village Health
and Sanitation Committees (VHSCs). Similarly, 7562
community members were trained on monitoring
of the maternal health services with emphasis on
entitlements promised under the National Rural Health
Mission (NRHM). We also organised special training
sessions for women, especially pregnant and lactating
women, on accessing wholesome diet and nutrition
from the ICDS programme. About 11,000 women
from 6 states benefitted from this training. These
interventions have led to a groundswell for holding
health service providers accountable in the intervention
In order to mobilise the communities around health
and nutrition issues, we organised 56 health melas at
the village and Panchayat levels where communities
discussed issues relating to access to health care,
nutrition and hygiene. Approximately, 32000 people
participated in these melas.
Through advocacy of the task group where Oxfam
India is a member at the state level, community based
monitoring of maternal health services has been
introduced as one of the intervention strategy by the
Government of Bihar. Village Maternal Health and Food
Security Atlas was developed in 20 villages of Odisha
by our partner CYSD to understand the socio-economic
conditions and structural causes of food stress on
women especially on pregnant and lactating women.
The atlases displayed in the Anganwadi Centres
have been helping the Anganwadi Workers and ANMs
in tracking the households that need attention for
In Chhattisgarh, our partner Jan Swasthya Sahyog (JSS)
has introduced an innovative audio based software
named “Mahatari Swara” to capture and record
telephonic messages using interactive voice recording
(IVR) technique. Through this software, community can
lodge information regarding the births, maternal health
issues, and also record their experience of receiving
health services in the public health institutions.
Students in a school in Indira Nagar, Lucknow. The photograph was an
entry in a photo exhibition organized by Oxfam India in Lucknow.
Annual Report 2013 | 15
Approximately 87,700 female beneficiaries are directly
accessing this service.
In Maharashtra, Sathi organised patients’ rights
meetings in 4 districts and prepared a memorandum
on patients’ rights and submitted it to the state
government to highlight negative aspects of the
ambitious state sponsored insurance scheme. A
situational analysis of health services in Karnataka with
a focus on privatisation was undertaken in Bangalore
city by Jan Arogya Andolana and SPAD.
Essential Services Campaign
The campaign for essential services focuses on building
civil society voices through monitoring of government’s
performance, and holding state accountable to the
people. The overall focus of this year was to influence
the Post-Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)/Post-
2015 process from the perspectives of the excluded
Oxfam India commissioned several papers that discuss
progress on the MDGs and make propositions for the
post-2015 framework from the perspective of four
excluded groups in India – the Scheduled Castes,
Scheduled Tribes, Muslims, and women. Two further
thematic papers examine the MDG framework from
the perspective of urban poor, and probe the relation
between equity and environmental sustainability. We
wrote two policy papers: “Making Post-2015 Matter
for Socially Excluded Groups in India” and policy brief
“Development after 2015” summarizes the outcomes of
the papers and consultations into a set of ten concrete
Oxfam India supported Wada Na Todo Abhiyan (WNTA) to
organize People’s Review of Government’s performance
and MDGs in 9 states. WNTA organized 5 (North, South,
East and West and North East) regional consultations
and 3 academic consultations on MDGs. The academic
consultations were held along with JNU, IIM Ahmedabad
and IIT Madras.
Oxfam India continued to support People’s Budget
Initiative’s (PBI) through Centre for Budget and
Governance Accountability (CBGA). In addition to
convening the National Convention on Union Budget,
PBI organised 5 regional consultations and capacity
building initiatives. The Charter of Demands of the
Despite years of high economic growth,
India has been witnessing rapid increase
in inequality. The current economic model
emphasises on greater role for private
sector in delivery of essential services.
Our experience shows that the burgeoning
private sector may only help in addressing
the physical gap in availability of services
at a high cost. Universal access to right to
quality education and health care can only
be achieved through strengthening of public
sector; and to achieve this, increased public
spending through tax based financing is a
What did we learn?
Union Budget 2013-14 were shared with over 1500
policy makers, academicians, members of civil society
organisations and media representatives. The outreach
efforts led to a meeting with the Union Revenue
Secretary and the Secretary for Economic Affairs. A 12
member delegation articulated civil society vision and
key demands of PBI during the meeting.
Oxfam India partner, NACDOR organised three
consultations in Patna, Ranchi and Lucknow to identify
the developmental gaps of Dalit community. More than
600 organisations who participated in the consultations
shared their experiences. Based on these inputs, at the
national Dalit Assembly organised by NACDOR adopted
a national Dalit Developmental Agenda for bridging the
A group of women at a health centre in Bihar checking the maternal
health records as part of the community monitoring mechanism
introduced by Oxfam India.
16 | Annual Report 2013
Violence against Women
As per National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 in 2005-
06, 40% of the women in the age group of 15-49 years
have faced some form of domestic violence. National
Crime Record Bureau notes that there has been an
increase of 7.1% cases of crimes against women during
the year 2011 from 2010. Violence affects a women’s
dignity and her ability to actively contribute to the
social, political and economical development of the
country. As an equal citizen of the country it is also a
violation of her inalienable rights. Oxfam India believes
very strongly that it is the right of every woman to live a
violence free life and therefore we work together with
other civil society organisations in ensuring justice for
In the past year we worked with 33 partners in 13 states
directly reaching over 4.5 lakh women and about 5 lakh
men through our work on the ground. The campaign
on violence against women reached out to more than
2.5 million women and 1.4 million men carrying the
messages on reducing the occurrence of violence in
The state governments of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat,
Odisha and Uttar Pradesh have recognised the good
work of the 17 police station based support centres
run by Oxfam India’s partners. This has resulted in the
willingness of the state governments to upscale and
institutionalise this model in Gujarat and Odisha.
Post the December gang- rape and murder case in
Delhi, the State Department of Home, Odisha has
announced to open women cells in the police station
across all districts, in line with the Oxfam India model
The Gender Justice theme of Oxfam India covers two major programmes:
Violence Against Women (VAW) and Political Empowerment of Women
(PEW). The overall goal of Violence Against Women is reducing the
social acceptance of violence through policy and practices and bringing
change in social beliefs and systems that perpetrate violence. The
Political Empowerment of Women aims to work towards increased and
effective participation of women in political and governance institutions.
of support centre. In Uttarakhand, as a result of
advocacy by the women’s collective network (Sanjha
Manch) with the State Government, a plan of action
and budget for the implementation of Protection of
Women from Domestic Violence Act was submitted
to the Central Government for approval. The police
station based support centres have provided holistic
redressal to more than 13000 survivors of domestic
violence in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat,
Odisha, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. The centres are
providing counselling, legal aid, referral to medical aid
and shelter homes. The toll free Bhumika Tele-Helpline
(1800 425 2908) in Hyderabad has catered to more than
4000 calls over the year, helping them to seek legal
advice and references to various agencies.
Research in different states on the related law of
Section 498(A) of the Indian Penal Code has highlighted
the obstacles for women while filing cases and getting
legal redressal under this section.
A national level consultation was also held on the
Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention,
Prohibition and Redressal) Bill 2012 to collectivise
the voices of various activist, academicians, legal
practitioners, representatives from corporate and
civil society. Though the Bill has been passed in both
Houses of Parliament, there will still be a need for the
civil society’s active engagement in the process of
rule-making for operationalising this Bill.
Women’s Political Empowerment
The major focus of Oxfam India and its partners on this
issue has been the building of capacities of elected
women representatives and women’s collectives to
Annual Report 2013 | 17
participate actively in the institutions and processes of
governance at the village, block and districts levels.
In Maharashtra, 135 women stood for the panchayat
elections independently and 36 of them got elected to
PRI institutions. More than 95 all women’s Gram Sabhas
in the Oxfam India intervention were conducted with
more than 9000 women participation.
In Madhya Pradesh, the women’s collective Narmada
Mahila Sangh which was supported by our partner
Pradan organised a special public hearing for women. In
the special public hearing the Collector, Superintendent
of Police (SP) and Officials from Women and Child
Welfare Department heard the cases. This resulted in
a circular to all the concerned police stations to take
immediate action on those cases.
In Chhattisgarh, partner organizations are training
women and conducting mini-gram sabhas to take up
issues of violence, non- compliance of basic amenities
such as the Public distribution supply, meeting with the
mothers of children and anganwadi worker to assess
the quality of food served. This has resulted in better
services at village level.
In Jharkhand, elected women representatives have
been federated at the block and district levels. Last
year, 19 block level federations and 15 district level
federations have been formed.
A State Level convention on Strengthening Women’s
Leadership in Panchayati Raj Institutions in Jharkhand
become a strong platform for advocating the need for
more devolution of funds, functions and functionaries
in that particular state.
Gender Justice Campaign
Through its advocacy work, Oxfam India has
continued to highlight the obstacles in the effective
implementation of the Protection of Women against
Domestic Violence Act. Our policy brief “Protecting
Women from Domestic Violence” was circulated widely
amongst varied stakeholders for advocacy on effective
implementation of the Act with regard to the existing
infrastructure, personnel and budgetary allocations.
Our activities during the Sixteen Days of Activism also
helped in raising the awareness amongst women and
other stakeholders on the issue of violence against
Our advocacy was directed towards educating
the Parliamentarians on the PWDVA, the proposed
budget in the 12th Five Year Plan, the efforts of the
women’s groups to provide a reasonable costing for
the implementation of the Act under the aegis of
the National Commission of Women. Our efforts saw
seven questions being raised in Parliament on PWDVA.
This also saw coming together of many women’s
organizations, both at the centre and the states, for
demanding an adequate budget for the implementation
of the Act. A national consultation was organised with
the intention of amplifying the voices of our partners in
the challenges on domestic violence in the states and
attempts to bring about a cross-learning of initiatives
that are working.
Gender Justice Campaign work this year got linked to
the first phase of ClosetheGap campaign, where we
began on 8th March mobilising public opinion on the
issues of gender based inequality and women’s rights.
Huge number of public events, online conversations
and public debates were generated through innovative
mediums and technologies. The campaign will continue
to build this year on the issues of Women’s Reservation
Bill in Parliament, Domestic Violence Act and women’s
leadership in the corporate world.
From the many steps forward we have taken
at different points of time, we learnt that it is
extremely important to identify our strategic
allies and the need to work with the system
to bring the change we desire in the interest
What did we learn?
Girls from Magadh Mahila College in a human chain event during the 16
days Activism campaign at Patna.
18 | Annual Report 2013
HUMANITARIAN & DRR
India is among the most disaster prone countries in the
world. 241 districts in 21 states are prone to multi-
hazard risks. About 57% of land in India is vulnerable
to earthquake, 28% to drought and 12% to flood (and
increasing). Oxfam India’s humanitarian mission is to
respond to such emergency crisis and ensure that
quality humanitarian assistance is delivered on time
to the most affected and vulnerable. This is especially
so for areas where poverty is seen in its worst form,
accompanied by hazards and unsafe conditions, and
where well-being and growth of communities and the
economy is deterred.
In this portfolio, we work with the aim that all people
facing real or potential humanitarian crises in India
will be assured both the protection and assistance
they require to prepare for, and cope with, shocks,
regardless of who they are or where they are affected,
in a manner consistent with their human rights.
During 2012-2013, Oxfam India provided direct
humanitarian assistance to approximately 101,620
people. During the year, Oxfam India responded to the
worst floods in Assam in 10 years. The Assam flood
response programme supported 48620 people with
water and sanitation facilities, cash transfer and
shelter support. We implemented the flood response
programme in Assam as a part of humanitarian
consortia and collaborated closely with Action Aid
and Christian Aid who were consortia members. It was
funded by the European Commission for Humanitarian
Aid and Civil Protection office (ECHO).
In July 2012, when violence broke out between the
Bodos and Muslims in Bodoland Territorial Area District
(BTAD), Assam, Oxfam launched its humanitarian
response programme in two districts of Chirang and
In this portfolio, we work with the aim that all people facing real or
potential humanitarian crises in India will be assured both the protection
and assistance they require to prepare for, and cope with, shocks,
regardless of who they are or where they are affected, in a manner
consistent with their human rights.
Kokrajhar of Assam. The conflict which started in July
continued till September claiming more than 100 lives
and displacing 450,000 people from the villages. Oxfam
India supported more than 53,000 internally displaced
people (IDP) in Chirang and Kokrajhar districts of Assam
living in 40 IDP camps with hygiene kits, emergency
shelters, helped install clean water supply systems and
safe sanitation facilities in the camps.
Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable
In Assam flood response programme we piloted for
the first time directly transferring cash to the affected
families / households to enable people to buy food
and avoid hunger and malnutrition. When carried out
alongside monitoring processes to check the benefits
of distributing cash, we found that it can lead to
improved social outcomes for women and children and
their families by giving them better access to resources
such as food, household items, payment of school fees;
additional nutrition for children and agricultural input
and medicines too.
Oxfam India Board member Farah Naqvi visiting Oxfam India supported
conflict affected areas in Assam.
Annual Report 2013 | 19
Disaster Risk Reduction Programme
While emergency response is central to our
humanitarian work, equally critical is our disaster risk
reduction and community preparedness initiatives
which aims to analyse the cause of vulnerability and
During 2012 – 2013 Oxfam’s DRR programme covered
369,718 people in Assam, Bihar, Odisha, Andhra
Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. For example,
Oxfam is working to “build a wider institutional culture
for disaster management community preparedness and
In Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh Oxfam’s
ongoing DRR programmes include provisioning of
technical assistance to thousands of farmers affected
by disasters to reduce risk through intervention in
agriculture with the introduction of stress tolerant
paddy variety, system of rice intensification and
In Andhra Pradesh our coastal DRR work helped people
to be prepared for cyclones and floods. The project
facilitated marine fisher folk, primarily women, to
organize themselves into collectives to process marine
fish products and market them.
Our Humanitarian and DRR programme has also
established effective working relations with a number
of different organizations including government bodies,
local and international NGOs and UNICEF. The UNICEF –
Oxfam initiative with the government line departments
(PHED) is to build capacity and contingency planning.
The project was implemented in Bihar, UP, Assam and
Odisha which incorporated an advocacy strategy to
improve government policy and practice in relation to
development and disaster response.
Our humanitarian and risk reduction initiatives are
aimed at influencing policies among governments
both at the state and district level. Oxfam India is a
key player in various platforms of the National Disaster
Management Authority (NDMA) including the sub-
committee on Urban Disaster Risk Reduction and sub-
committee on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene.
Our experience shows that preparedness and
risk management costs a fraction of what a
relief response can cost, saving money as well
as lives. For example, Oxfam’s risk reduction
initiatives on safe water through raised
handpumps in Bihar, Assam and Odisha has
helped families to access safe potable water
during floods when all other water sources are
inundated, damaged or contaminated.
What did we learn?
Oxfam India’s team in Sonitpur Assam educating flood survivors about
hygiene and sanitation
Oxfam India Board Member, Ammu Joseph interacting with conflict
survivors in Assam
Oxfam India partners transporting relief materials for distribution in
flood affected areas
20 | Annual Report 2013
Apart from the four traditional themes, Oxfam India also works on some
emerging themes like urban poverty, India and the World, youth and
active citizenship, communalism and peace building. These are themes
that are gaining in prominence in the development discourse as civil
society organizations make the link between building effective models
on the ground and promoting active citizenship.
Oxfam India worked with 6 partners over 6 states
(Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, &
Rajasthan) in 15 cities directly reaching out to about
4782500 people mostly marginalized occupation
groups such as waste pickers, street vendors,
migrant construction labourers and women domestic
In Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, Urban Poor Collective
successfully lobbied with MLAs & Parliamentarians
to persuade the state government and local
administration to stop forceful eviction of 1500
urban poor families living in 15 small and large slum
settlements in Sangam area during preparation
towards Mahakumbh 2013.
In Lucknow, the Urban Poor Collective under the
banner of Street Vendors Association and Shehri
Ghareeb Sangharsh Morcha successfully lobbied
with political parties and as a result the City Mayor
directed the Municipal Commissioner to form city &
ward level vending committees and conduct citywide
mapping to assess the number of street vendors,
vending zones and possible space for allotment to
protect their livelihoods.
More than 1200 urban poor from across the project
cities obtained various ID cards such as Voter ID,
Sajda Fatima Nagar happily showing off her jewelry work in Mohibullapur, Lucknow.
Annual Report 2013 | 21
Ration Card, Aadhar card enabling them to establish
their existence and identity and avail various benefits
and entitlements. In Uttar Pradesh the community led
advocacy resulted in the inclusion of 4000 urban poor
in socio economic & caste census 2011, whereas in
Karnataka, Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP),
agreed to give identity cards to all waste pickers and
provide them with health insurance and safety gear.
In Delhi our partner CES collaborated with Unique
Identification Authority of India and Union Bank of India
which led to successful enrolment of more than 2000
homeless people for UID and opening of around 160
In Maharashtra Waste Picker’s Collective in Pune
& Pimpri-Chinchwad successfully negotiated with
Municipal Corporation and Private firms for the inclusion
of Wastepickers in Solid Waste Management. In
Rajasthan, 31 labour disputes were resolved through
the Labourline (a 24x7 Telephone Helpline for migrant
labourers) run by Aajeevika leading to the payment of
compensation to the victim labourers
During 2012–13 Oxfam continued the Assam Urban
Poverty programme covering 1174 poor urban
households in Guwahati city. Oxfam’s Linking up Urban
Poor of Guwahati City (LinkUP) programme is an initiative
linking the urban poor with key essential services and
women vendors forming their own collectives. Greater
Guwahati Women’s Vegetable Vendor Association was
formed with the membership of indigenous women
street vendors in Ulubari areas of Guwahati city. During
the year we also supported public health engineering
initiatives on water and sanitation from setting up
hand pumps and aprons for access to safe water to
installation of latrine complexes and bathing spaces for
women and adolescent girls.
Kharanti Marak, (widow) aged around late 50s: a
women street vendor from Garo tribe comes from
Ampher areas on the Assam-Meghalaya border near
to Guwahati city to sell vegetables.
“I used to come daily and bring vegetables from the
villages for selling on the street in Ulubari area of
the city (Guwahati, Assam). I have been doing my
business in the footpath for last six years. I am also
member of the women street vendor association
called “Greater Guwahati Women’s Vegetable Vendor
Association, formed by Oxfam and sSTEP.
“Being a part of this association, has given me
support, a sense of being together and unity with
other women vendors. This organization is engaged
with the municipal authority to get an authorized
space for selling vegetables. Now we are able to
save R10 per week, and the money is collected to be
given out as loans to those women vendors in our
association who need
them the most on a regular basis.
Youth & Active Citizenship
The Youth and Active Citizenship program aims
to protect, promote and advance young people’s
human rights by facilitating their participation and
development in society in order to build sustainable
and effective democracies. Currently we are working
with four partners on this theme in the cities of Delhi,
Hyderabad, Jaipur and Chandigarh besides doing policy
advocacy at the national level.
a) Create to inspire Fellowship
Last year, Oxfam India collaborated with Nokia India
to roll out an innovative fellowship on sustainable
consumption, named “Create to Inspire”. This fellowship
aims to generate awareness and ownership around
effective and judicious consumption and management
of water, energy, transport and e-waste through
creative mediums such as arts and handicraft, music,
dance, film, photography, design, technology and social
Launched on International Youth Day, the ‘Create to
Inspire’ Fellowship enrolled 200 youth between the age
of 18 to 23 years from Delhi and Hyderabad to work on
issues of sustainable consumption in their cities. At the
end of the term, fellows will showcase their creative
products with messages on sustainability in a final
event. Besides this, to engage the respective cities and
communities on sustainable consumption of resources,
a reach out to the wider public is planned through
liaison with schools, colleges, residential welfare
associations (RWAs) and cultural institutes.
22 | Annual Report 2013
b) Students Mobilisation Initiative for Learning
through Exposure (SMILE) In-turn-ship programme and
developing 5th Space
Under the SMILE In-turn-ship programme and
developing 5th Space, we support PRAVAH, our partner
in their work ‘to involve young people in activities which
help them to belong and take more responsibility in
whatever they do’. 9 camps were held in prominent
colleges of Delhi University. 700 young people were
exposed to self awareness techniques out of which
300 registered for other SMILE In-turn-ship processes.
140 young people attended 6 Youth addas. 5th Space
Live (Youth in Social Action) organised 250 youth
participants addressing multiple themes like Gender,
Peace Building, Environment, Livelihood and Education.
To mark final culmination of the 5th space celebrations
in various regions, a three day event for youth
facilitators/youth leaders was hosted by Pravah
and Commutiny – The Youth Collective (CYC) in Delhi.
This event also marked the launch of the publication
‘The Ocean in a Drop - Inside out Youth Leadership’
published by Sage Publications which researches the
chronicle of dwindling participation of young people
in politics since Independence and introduces the
concept of the 5th space - a space that facilitates
young people to develop themselves while working on
the development of society.
c) Project Bridge
Our partner Yuvsatta is directly mobilizing 200
adolescent youth of Bapu Dham Colony in Chandigarh,
to positively impact their communities. The focus of
this project is to provide youth leaders with the skills,
education and confidence to define and address
issues in their communities. Most of the girls identified
during the survey to find out school dropout girls,
enrolled in Project Bridge after family counseling and
are continuously coming for different skill development
classes such as Academic Supplements, Skill
Development Workshops, Sports and Team Activities,
Educational Excursions, Community Media and Literacy,
Community Outreach Performances.
India in the World Programme
In 2013-2014, the India and the World programme
continued to build on its work in four key areas: building
a national coalition to engage with multilateral policy
making fora; persuading the government to adopt
progressive positions on key global issues such as
tackling inequalities; developing a framework for
transparency and accountability of Indian external
development assistance and enhancing the level of
engagement between Indian CSOs and CSOs working on
similar issues in other BRICSAM countries. On the first
component, Oxfam India led the national coalition’s
efforts to engage with the Indian government on G20
Oxfam India - Nokia Create to Inspire Fellows at a workshop in New Delhi.
Annual Report 2013 | 23
related issues. A charter of policy recommendations
on issues related to climate change, taxation and food
security was presented to officials based in the Ministry
of Finance. In December 2012, Oxfam India participated
in the first official Civil20 meeting organised by the
Russian G20 Presidency, and delivered a session
introducing the G20 to CSOs in St Petersburg. Oxfam
India was appointed a key representative of the C20
Inequality Task Force, which has been tasked with
preparing a report on tackling inequalities, which is to
be submitted to the G20 Heads of Summit in September
2013. On the back of the official BRICS Summit which
took place in Durban in early 2013, Oxfam India both
convened and participated in various civil society
meetings related to influencing the BRICS agenda,
particularly around the proposed BRICS Bank.
Oxfam India alongside selected civil society
organisations, academic institutions and think tanks,
founded the Forum for Indian Development Cooperation
(FIDC) – established as a platform to facilitate policy
dialogue between these constituencies and the India’s
new aid administration, the Development Partnership
Administration. Oxfam India also initiated its research
study on Indian private investments in Africa, as part of
the broader BRICSAM research strategy.
Communalism and Peace-building
Oxfam India has been working with Act for Harmony
and Democracy (ANHAD) to promote secular voices
and democracy through trainings to young people.
In the last year, ANHAD reached out to 10,000 youth,
women students to sensitise them on the subjects
of communal violence, promotion of secular values
and acceptance of diversity through trainings and
cultural programmes. Oxfam India in partnership with
ANHAD, organised a National Consultation on Communal
Violence Bill in an attempt to revive the debate around
the bill. The Consultation demanded a new legislation
whose primary focus is to secure accountability of
public servants and to hold them responsible for
communal and targeted violence as well as make
provision for providing reparative justice to the victims
and survivors of such violence. A detailed submission
on the principles of a new legislation was submitted to
the government. Similarly, ANHAD gave inputs into the
12th five year plan in terms of minorities’ expectations
from the five year plan through a consultation
organised in Delhi.
Arun Maira, Member, Planning Commission; strategic advisor for Oxfam GB Duncan Green and Minister of State for HRD Shashi Tharoor at the launch of
second edition of Duncan Green’s book ``From Poverty to Power’’
24 | Annual Report 2013
Kiran Karnik, Oxfam India Board chair and Ammu Joseph, Oxfam India Board member (top) discuss Trailwalker with Oxfam India Senior Leadership
Team at the Start Point of Bengaluru Trailwalker. Two Oxfam India Board members, Somasekhar Sunderesan (bottom left) and Shankar Jaganathan
(bottom right) completed the 100 km Bengaluru Trailwalker challenge along with their respective teams.
Annual Report 2013 | 25
Our Five Year Fundraising Strategy
Since India is now a middle income country, foreign
funds for development—whether for official aid or for
support to civil society—are seeing a sharp decline
in recent years. Oxfam India, and other NGOs in India,
are therefore increasingly looking to create greater
awareness about their work within the country with
the objective of building a larger base of support within
With this objective in mind, we developed and adopted
a new comprehensive fundraising strategy in December
2012 with the objective of increasing and broadening
the amount of funds raised within India. With almost
five years of experience as an Indian entity behind us,
we believe that Oxfam India is now ready to leverage its
many strengths--its clear and focused strategy, strong
grassroots work done in partnership with local NGOs,
high quality policy and advocacy work, strong financial
management systems, and the highest standards of
governance—to build a large, diverse and sustainable
base of support for our future work. This can be built on
the learnings and best practices of the past five years.
Guiding principles and emerging opportunities for our
fund raising efforts in the next five years would be:
• Emergence of very aware and powerful youth.
• Foundations and Trusts a key player in the future.
• Emergence of a Private and public sector corporate
that is increasingly exploring ‘CSR- the new
• Government policies potentially trying to create
an environment of greater participation in social
• Leverage ‘Trailwalker’ to reach out to stakeholders.
• Need to be efficient and cost effective.
You make it Possible:
With these guiding principles we have decided to focus
1. Trying and reaching the R 100 crore mark by 2018
(i.e., doubling in size in the next 5 years).
2. Being cost efficient and spending no more than
16% of donations in raising these funds.
3. Organizing at least have 2 (and potentially 3)
Trailwalkers a year.
4. Raising about 65% of our funds from within the
5. Making sure our Individual donors are our long term
partners in change and are not one time charity
6. Raising funds within the country from
• Individual donors.
• Corporate donors.
• Trusts and Foundations
• Trailwalker and other events.
7. Globally, raising funds from
• Bilateral and Multilateral agencies
• Other Oxfams’.
One of Oxfam india’s Corporate support partners, GATI, in action.
26 | Annual Report 2013
FUND RAISING EFFORTS IN 2012-13
Raising funds in India presents huge opportunities as
income and wealth is growing amongst a sizeable part
of the population, with many amongst them having
the desire and ability to give back to the country. We
also have a very young population—with about half
the country being below the age of 30—and there is an
increasing awareness and desire among the youth to
become more actively engaged in shaping the kind of
India they want to live in.
Oxfam India has made an effort to engage with these
and other Individual donors to not only raise funds but
also share with them our work and its impact so as
to engage them in our work. ‘Friends of Oxfam’ group
was formed with the objective of garnering ongoing
engagement and support. During the year, 22313
individuals supported Oxfam India and contributed a
total sum of R 8. 9 Crores for our work. This includes
2783 donors who gave us about R 1. 2 Crores in support
of our response to Assam crisis.
Donors in Focus:
Mr. Aditya Khanna started supporting Oxfam India
as an individual and then built on that relationship
by providing support through his company C&S
Mr. Sameer Prasad an individual donor to Oxfam
India also participated in both the Trailwalkers, his
team being the second highest fund raiser in the
first year. His company ‘Faces’ was the foot care
partner for the Trailwalker. The relationship evolved
over time and now they are committed to our
campaign through Cause Related Marketing.
The year ended with a legacy being written in favor
of Oxfam India, an inspiring example of generosity
Continued support from many institutional donors gave
us great encouragement. Our Institutional partners
this year were European Commission for Humanitarian
Office, Department for International Development
(DfID), UNICEF, Davidson Trust, John Helleur Trust, Ford
Foundation, Gates Foundation.
DFID’s ongoing Global Poverty Action Fund (GPAF)
project aims at improving maternal health in the six
states of India. The project seeks to bring change in the
lives of the people, by advocating for transformation
in the social structural system and improvement in
delivery of maternal health and public food services by
Government at community level . The project covered
420 villages of 18 districts spread over the six poorest
states of India. It is expected to reach 1,86,000 women/
pregnant women who will be directly benefitted from
this program over three years.
The Davidson Trust supports Sikshasandhan for
improving access to education for marginalised children
in Mayurbanj district, Nota Gram Panchayat, Odisha.
Their support since July 2011 has two core objectives
1) to ensure access to a quality basic education for
tribal children, especially girls and 2) to campaign for
effective implementation of the RTE Act, of 2009. The
focus is to enable the community to create demand
for girl child education, influence the functioning
of Government schools to make special efforts to
enrol and retain tribal girl children and Advocacy and
campaign to ensure that local government effectively
implement the RTE Act.
Another project “Increasing income for fish Workers
in Odisha” is also supported by the Davidson Trust and
implemented by United Artist Association. The project
strives to enhance the income of 8800 vulnerable fish
collectors and processors in four coastal districts i.e.
Ganjam, Puri, Balasore and Jagatsinghpur of Odisha.
The Helleur Trust supports the Delhi Education Initiative
project funding two NGOs, SARD and JOSH. The project
aims to increase the quality of education through
remedial education; teacher training and mobilizing
parents from marginalized community. It also supports
strengthening the education governance system by
building the capacity of young people and communities
ensuring accountable school systems . The initiative
reaches more than 1800 children and 3000 community
There is an emerging definition of ‘CSR’ and the draft
Companies Bill, when enacted and implemented,
is likely to change the engagement with corporate
donors and they could be important partners in social
development and bridging the divide between the two
Indias. The Bill requires large corporates with Net worth
more than 500 crores, or Turnover greater than 1000
crores or net profit higher than 5 crores to contribute
2% of their profit after taxes on CSR.
In line with our new marketing strategy, this year we
put in considerable effort in building relationships and
engaging in discussions with corporates both in the
public and private sector.
Some of Oxfam India’s partnerships with corporate
institutions this year were:
Annual Report 2013 | 27
1. Nokia India- Support for the ‘Create to Inspire’
fellowship program for youth. This partnership is
committed for three years.
2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (BPCL)- Agreed
to support our work on education in Odisha for a
period of 3 years.
3. C&S Electric Ltd support to our education project in
4. Faces - Cause Related Marketing support for a
Campaign on rights of women farmers to land
ownership. This is a long term commitment for five
5. Pirojshah Godrej Foundation’s support towards
Oxfam’s education projects.
Many Corporates also extended support to Oxfam India’s
relief efforts in Assam. These included GATI (Logistics
partner), HSBC, Accenture, Marks and Spenser,
Autodesk, TCG Lifesciences and UPS.
Corporate Partnerships in Focus
1. Nokia India
Create to Inspire Fellowships is a joint
initiative of Oxfam India and Nokia India aimed
at transforming youth development through
various forms of Art in order to achieve
It seeks to network selected teams of young
people from universities and colleges in Delhi
and Hyderabad to promote awareness on issues
of sustainable consumerism (around issues of
Water, Transport, Energy and E-waste), through
projects including art/craft, dance, design, film,
music, photography and technology.
2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (BPCL)
BPCL has committed support for 18 months to
our education project in Odisha. Oxfam India,
along with local partners Shikshasandhan and
Chale Chalo will implement the project in 30
villages each in the districts of Mayurbanj and
Sundargarh particularly with an effort to enroll
and retain tribal girls in government schools.
Our Flagship event Oxfam India Trailwalker was held for
the second time in Bengaluru on 25-27 January, 2013.
This year, we doubled participation to 164 teams with
a total of 654 walkers. 115 full teams and 555 walkers
completed the challenge of a 100 Km walk in under 48
hours. We raised a sum of R 2.4 crores through this
Trailwalker till end March 2013 (with the fundraising
continuing till end April 2013). A total of 5052 donors
supported various teams, and the highest fundraising
team ‘GS United’, a team from Goldman Sachs, raised a
huge sum of R 56.5 lakhs for Oxfam India.
There was encouraging support and a total of 35
corporates participated with Goldman Sachs Services
(Pvt) Ltd registering 39 teams, Accenture 23 teams,
Thomson Reuters 22 teams, Infinite Computer Solutions
five teams, and Analog Devices Inc. registering four
There were 17 partners and sponsors who helped us
organise the event. This includes Apollo Hospitals as
medical partner and International Herald Tribune as
international media partner. Corporate employees of
Accenture, Infinite Compute Solutions, and Mphasis
volunteered to manage checkpoints. There were over
500 volunteers from six colleges namely T John’s
College, St. Joseph’s College of Art and Science ,
Dayanand Sagar Junior Business School, PES-BBM
(Banashankari Campus), CMR Institute of Management
and Team I. Medical students came forward to provide
paramedic and physiotherapy support from St. John’s
College of Physiotherapy, Krupanidhi College of Nursing,
and Garden City College of Physiotherapy and Nursing.
We are very grateful to all the participants, corporate,
volunteers and others who made the second Bengaluru
Trailwalker such a success! Encouraged by this
success, we are now planning a new trailwalker in
Mumbai along a beautiful trail from Garudmaachi,
Pune to Lonavala. The inaugural Mumbai Trailwalker
is planned from November 15 to 17 later this year and
the next annual Bengaluru Trailwalker will be held from
January 17 to 19, 2014.
Scaling Ladakh for Mumbai: Somasekhar Sundaresan,
Oxfam India’s Board member, aimed to scale the heights
of Mt. Kun (7087 meters), the second highest peak in
the Greater Himalyan Range to raise funds for Oxfam
India’s partner Yuva, that works on urban poverty issues
in Mumbai. He was able to go up to 5600 meters, which
included making a technical climb on an ice wall. Due
to heavy snow and risk of an avalanche, however, the
climb had to be aborted. Nevertheless, the fundraising
efforts were highly successful and Somasekhar was
able to raise a sum of R 18.7 lacs for Oxfam India from
his colleagues and friends through this expedition.
Other Activities: 25 employees of Mercury Phama
participated in the Standard Chartered Mumbai
Marathon to raise funds for Oxfam India.
Elated team members of GS United including the CEO of Goldman
Sachs, Bunty Bohra, after finishing the Bengaluru Trailwalker. GS
United was the Fastest Mixed team as well as the Highest Fundraising
team in Oxfam India Trailwalker 2013, Bengaluru.
28 | Annual Report 2013
Oxfam India Board member Somasekhar Sundaresan climbing Mt. Kun (top) to raise funds for Oxfam India partner Yuva’s work with pavement
Annual Report 2013 | 29
Oxfam India Board
At the core of Oxfam India’s governance practices is the Oxfam India Board, which ensures that core objectives of the
organisation are met. It facilitates and exercises due diligence on how the management serves and protects long-
term interests of stakeholders, at the same time, ensuring the highest standards of governance. The Board comprises
non-executive directors and is supported by three sub-committees, namely the Finance and Audit Committee, the
Nominations Committee and the Fundraising Committee.
Responsibilities of the Board
• Oversee policy formulation, strategic thinking, management supervision and accountability to supporters, donors,
staff and those affected by its work.
• Determine organisation’s mission, purpose, strategic direction and policies.
• Provide strategic leadership to develop strategies, manage proposals and challenge assumptions.
• Recruit, encourage and support the CEO, whilst monitoring and evaluating his/her performance.
• Ensure that the views and concerns of key stakeholders are heard and addressed through efficient mechanisms
• Steer the organisation in a manner so as to enable it to maintain a high level of accountability and transparency.
Board Meeting Dates and Agenda
Dates of Board Meetings are decided in advance. The Chief Executive Officer, after consulting other Directors, drafts
the agenda for each meeting and circulates it to all members prior to its finalisation. The Board meets for a minimum of
four times in a calendar year with each meeting lasting for either a day or a day and a half. No business is transacted
at any meeting, unless a quorum exists. The quorum must not be less than two members in any case. All statutory
business is carried out in the Annual General Meeting which is held within six months of the close of the financial year.
Oxfam India is registered as a Company under Section 25 of the Companies
Act, 1956 (bearing corporate identity number U74999DL2004NPL131340).
Name 2nd June 2012 1st September 2012 15th December2012 2nd March 2013
Kiran Karnik (Chair) P P P P
Mridula Bajaj (Vice Chair) P P P P
Moumita Sen Sarma P P X P
Shankar Jaganathan P P P P
Farah Naqvi X P P P
Ammu Joseph P P P X
Somasekhar Sundaresan P X P X
P.S.Krishnan P P P P
(joined from June’12)
Rohini Somanathan P P P
(joined from September’12)
Neelam Deo X X X P
(joined from March’13)
30 | Annual Report 2013
OUR BOARD MEMBERS* (as of June 1)
Kiran Karnik, Chairperson
Kiran Karnik is the former President of the National Association of Software and Services Companies
(NASSCOM), India’s premier trade body and Chamber of Commerce for the information technology
software and services industry. He has also served as Managing Director of the Discovery Network
in India, Founder-Director of the Consortium for Educational Communication and the Indian Space
Kiran took over as the Chairperson of Oxfam India Board on August 27, 2010. He is on numerous
government committees and is currently member of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime
Minister and Central Employment Guarantee Council, besides chairing the International Steering
Committee of the Commonwealth Connects Programme.
Awarded Padma Shri in 2007 and Data Quest IT Person of the Year award in 2005, he was recognised
as one of the ‘Stars of Asia’ by Business Week in 2004 and ‘Face of the Year’ by Forbes magazine in
2003. In 1998, the International Astronautical Federation awarded him with the Frank Malina medal
for space education.
A post-graduate from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Karnik holds an honours
degree in physics from Mumbai University.
Moumita Sen Sarma
Moumita Sen Sarma, a Chartered Accountant by training has served the Financial Services sector
for 21 years in several capacities. Till March 2010 she served as the Vice President & Head of
Microfinance and Sustainable Development at ABN AMRO Bank in India as well as a Board Member of
ABN AMRO Foundation. She has also worked with American Express Bank and SRF Finance.
Ms. Sen Sarma is the Vice Chair of Cashpor Micro Credit (Varanasi) and a Board member of Ananya
Finance for Inclusive Growth (Ahmedabad). She is a Stakeholder Council Member of Global Reporting
Initiative (GRI), Amsterdam. An avid practitioner of yoga, Ms. Sen Sarma, now volunteers the most
significant amount of her time with the projects of Coimbatore based, Isha Foundation.
She has been a frequent speaker at conferences on both Microfinance and Sustainable
Development in India and abroad (incl USA, EU: World Bank/IFC, Tallberg, WEC, Ethical Corporation,
Women’s World Banking, Euro Market Forum, Sa-Dhan, WRI) as well as Business Schools (IIM A, ISB,
S.P Jain). Ms Sen Sarma trained at Price Waterhouse Coopers for her CA and is a Graduate in Physics
from the Presidency College, Chennai.
Mridula Bajaj, Vice Chairperson
Mridula Bajaj is a specialist in Child Development with more than three decades of experience in
programme, research and training. She is currently Executive Director of Mobile Creches, an NGO
that works with children on construction sites.
She took over as the Vice Chairperson of Oxfam India Board in August 2010. She has also been
a Member of the Steering Committee for the 10th Five Year Plan and has served on the Expert
Committee to evaluate proposals and field inspection under experimental and innovative education
projects by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Education. She has done
extensive work in the area of empowerment of women and child development.
She holds a Master’s degree in Science in Child Development from Lady Irwin College, Delhi
Annual Report 2013 | 31
Farah Naqvi is a Member of the National Advisory Council and a committed activist and writer. For
over two decades she has been involved in democratic interventions on issues of minority rights,
gender rights, justice, communalism and violence against women. She has worked with survivors,
followed-up with investigative agencies, networked women’s groups, documented and shared
information and undertook fundraising and policy advocacy with the government. She is one of the
founder members of Nirantar, an NGO working on gender and education.
A post-graduate from Columbia University, Farah has done notable work in the area of broadcast
Ammu Joseph is an independent journalist and author based in Bangalore, writing primarily on
issues relating to gender, human development and the media.
She began her career in Mumbai in the mid-1970s; in her last full-time job within the press
she edited the Sunday magazine of The Indian Post in the mid-80s. Since then she has been
contributing to a number of mainstream newspapers and magazines as well as web-based media.
Among her publications are six books. She has also contributed chapters to several other books,
besides writing and/or editing a number of other publications, both Indian and international. She
has been on the visiting faculty of several institutions of media education and involved in several
media-related research projects.
She received the UNFPA-LAADLI Media Award for Gender Sensitivity 2007 in recognition of her
consistent engagement with gender issues. In 2003 she received the Donna Allen Award for
Feminist Advocacy from the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, USA.
She is a founder-member of the Network of Women in Media, India.
Shankar Jaganathan is passionate about corporate governance, sustainable development and
economic history. He is a Chartered Accountant and a law graduate, with more than two decades of
varied experience in the corporate, academics and social sectors. Some of the institutions he is/
was associated with include Wipro, Azim Premji Foundation, Indian Institute of Science, Union Bank
of India and NMIMS.
Bangalore based, Shankar is an independent director on the boards of Companies, guest faculty in
leading management institutes and an author of the two books, Corporate Disclosures 1553-2007
AD, published by Routledge and The Wisdom of Ants, A Short History of Economics published by
Somasekhar Sundaresan is a partner with J. Sagar Associates, a large national law firm in India
and heads the firm’s securities law and financial sector regulatory practice. He has extensive
experience and expertise in advising clients in the area of foreign investment, banking and financial
institutional sector, and mergers and acquisitions, particularly, those involving listed companies.
He has advised a number of banks, securities issuers, merchant bankers, stock brokers, mutual
funds, fund managers, foreign institutional investors, non-banking financial companies, stock
exchanges, securities depositories, and other financial services intermediaries. In addition to his
private practice, he is actively involved in public policy and regulatory affairs in India’s financial
32 | Annual Report 2013
P. S. Krishnan has been an outstanding champion of the deprived social categories of Indian
society. In his three decades long period as an IAS officer, he has been vigorously and consistently
working for the advancement and empowerment of the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes
(ST) and Backward Classes (BC). After his retirement in 1990 as Secretary, Ministry of Welfare, he
has been on numerous Government Committees and is currently the Chairman of the Peoples
Commission against Atrocities on Dalits from 2008 onwards and Chief Advisor, National Coalition
for Strengthening of the Prevention of Atrocities Act and its Implementation, and Chairman of the
Peoples Commission against Atrocities on Dalits.
One of the most significant of his pioneering initiatives at the national level was the formulation and
initializing of the Special Component Plan for Scheduled Castes in 1978, as a means of enhancing,
the flow of developmental benefits to the SCs. Mr. Krishnan has also prepared a comprehensive
draft Bill, namely, “Manual Scavengers and Other Sanitation Workers (Total Liberation,
Comprehensive Rehabilitation & Humanisation of Working Conditions) Bill” for a Working Group of
the Ministry of Labour of which he is a Member. The Bill has been cleared by the Working Group and
is now before the Government. He has written a number of papers and articles on various aspects
pertaining to SC, ST and BC and authored many books.
Rohini Somanathan is Professor of Economics at the Delhi School of Economics. She received
her Ph.D in 1996 from Boston University and has held faculty positions at Emory University, the
University of Michigan and the Indian Statistical Institute before joining the Delhi School of
Economics in 2005. Her research focuses on how social institutions interact with public policies
to determine patterns of economic and social inequality. She has also worked on a variety of
questions related to development policy in the Indian context. These include studies on the effects
of economic liberalization on productivity and wage inequality, access to microfinance, the impact
of school nutrition programs on child outcomes and the assessment of alternative policies to
counter environmental problems such as floods, solid waste and air pollution.
Neelam Deo is a 1975 batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer who served as India’s Ambassador to
Denmark and Côte d’Ivoire, with concurrent accreditation to Sierra Leone, Niger & Guinea.
She began her career with the IFS in Italy in 1977. Her subsequent postings included responsibility
as a political and press officer in Thailand. In the Ministry of External Affairs, she was Joint Secretary
for Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and for Maldives. Her last assignment was as Consul General
in New York. During her assignment with the Embassy of India in Washington DC liaison with the
U.S. Congress, think tanks and universities in the U.S., on strategic issues were among her special
After serving 33 years in the IFS, she co-founded Gateway House: Indian Council on Global Relations
in 2009. She is also a distinguished fellow with the Centre for Air Power Studies, and a member of
the Advisory board of the Morgan Stanley Mutual Fund.
Neelam Deo completed her Master’s degree in Economics from the Delhi School of Economics. Prior
to joining the IFS, she taught Economics at Kamla Nehru College, Delhi University She has extensive
knowledge and exposure to issues of Africa, South East Asia, India-U.S. bilateral relations,
Bangladesh and other SAARC neighbours.
She is a frequent commentator on issues that involve India’s economic emergence, diaspora and
global politics. Her articles have appeared in various publications – Gateway House, Newsweek,
Rediff.com, Business Standard, Statesman, Mint and Pragati.
Annual Report 2013 | 33
The governance philosophy that underlies Oxfam India is based on five key principles:
1. An unerring focus on realising the vision the organisation has envisaged for itself. To this end, we have put in
place a long-term strategy and made substantive investments in the short-term for long-term results.
2. Conform with both the spirit and letter of the law to serve the ends of natural justice and welfare for all.
.3. Display a high level of transparency and disclosure with the motto being ``When in doubt, disclose’’.
4. Keep all stakeholders informed about all organisational developments and encourage participation as an
integral part of the ways of working through constant communication.
5. Have a simple framework driven by organisational objectives with the flexibility to change with circumstances
and new development.
People and Culture
With Oxfam India entering its fifth year of existence, we have streamlined our HR processes. Oxfam India is trying
to build a culture of consultative decision making. Need was felt to create spaces for open and frank discussion
and dialogue among employees and to invest in their Learning and Development.
A Leadership Development program was designed for the Senior Leadership team and India leadership team.
They were part of 3 module training and a year round peer level support through action learning groups. All
participants felt perceived improvement in their ability to lead and motivate large teams, build cross functional
synergies and engage in consultative decision making. Encouraged by the success of this programme we have
planned to replicate the model for next level of employees in the coming year.
Staff retreat is an annual off site event which helps teams to share their work and plans for the future with
rest of the organisation. Field visit to our project site gave first hand insight into our work. One day of Intra
department discussions was assigned for review and planning. We also took this opportunity to recognise and
applaud exemplary performances.
In order to enhance greater engagement of stakeholders, visits to our projects were organised for some of our
Processes for management of payroll and employee records were streamlined with use of HRMS . We have
now launched the next phase of technology implementation and in the coming year we should have various
departments and regions synced in through implementation of a robust ERP .
Human Resource Management Software
Enterprise Resource Planning
34 | Annual Report 2013
Nisha Agrawal, CEO, Oxfam India
Nisha has been working on poverty, inequality and development issues for more than two
decades. She has been the CEO of Oxfam India since its inception in March 2008. Prior to that
she has worked with the World Bank on development issues for 18 years. Nisha has extensive
experience of working in countries in the East Asia Region (Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia)
and in the East Africa Region (Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda). She has a Doctorate in Economics
from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA. She has also worked as a Research
Economist at the Impact Research Centre, University of Melbourne, Australia.
Avinash Kumar, Director, Policy, Research and Campaigns
Avinash Kumar has a Ph.D. in modern History from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He was a
Charles Wallace post-doctoral Fellow at School of Oriental and African Studies, London University.
Among his various assignments he has taught at a central university, worked at a research
institute and has worked with Oxfam in India for the past seven years on a range of themes
(including communalism and right to basic services) and positions. He has an ongoing interest
in politics of development, inequality and history of ideas. He also dabbles in cultural politics of
cinema and literature as his favourite pastime.
Shaik Anwar, Director, Programs and Advocacy
Shaik Anwar has experience of over 22 years in the development sector of India and has been
working on a wide range of development issues including poverty, socio-economic development
of rural communities and livelihood of socially excluded groups. He has been with Oxfam for
six years and led programs on various themes . Prior to working with Oxfam, he has worked with
Center for World Solidarity (CWS) on a range of development initiatives including agriculture,
natural resource management and community development. He has conducted research work
on common pool resources. Anwar enjoys networking and has a passion to work on community
Kunal Verma, Director, Marketing and Fundraising
Kunal has been raising funds for fighting injustice and creating a more equal and dignified world
order. An IIM Bengaluru alumni and a post graduate in fundraising and international marketing, he
has over 15 years of functional experience cutting across corporate and non-profit organisations.
Kunal comes with the unique experience of starting fundraising operations in India for three of the
best known international NGOs. i.e. Action Aid India, Christian Children Fund and Oxfam India.
Annual Report 2013 | 35
Deepa Ghosh, Director, Communications and Events
Deepa is a Marketing Communications Professional with 15 years experience in Brand
Communications, Direct Marketing, Customer Relationship Management and Campaign
Management based on Data Analytics. Having worked with brands like Hutch, Lowe Lintas
and JWT, her core competencies include ability to develop 360 degrees communication via
conventional and non-conventional media, direct marketing, loyalty and relationship marketing,
digital marketing and brand engagement events. Before joining Oxfam India, she was Branch head
of Direxions Marketing Solutions Private Limited in Delhi.
Anuja Bansal, Director, Operations
Anuja is a Chartered Accountant with 20 years of post qualification experience. She has held
leadership positions in the not-for-profit sector with organisations working in the areas of
Education, Livelihood and Microfinance. She has extensive experience in Finance, IT and Human
Resource Management. Before joining Oxfam India, Anuja was the Chief Finance Officer for Bharti
Foundation, simultaneously holding portfolios of Information Technology and Legal.
Annual Report 2013 | 37
Facts Behind the
Affiliate Contribution 2012-13
The total income for the year 2012-13 has increased
to R 58.0 crores from R 55.1 crores in the year 2011-12
representing an increase of 5.3%.
Sources of Income
Ammount in ` Crores %
Income 2012-13 2011-12 Variance
Grant from Affiliates 36.5 41.5 -11.9%
Donations - Institutions 4.9 1.3 269.2%
Donations - Corporates 0.6 0.0 1797.8%
Donations - Individuals 8.9 9.9 -9.4%
Donation - Affiliates 3.1 0.4 792.7%
Events 2.6 1.2 122.7%
Bank Interest 1.1 0.8 27.9%
Others 0.2 0.1 200.8%
Total 58.0 55.1 5.3%
The committed affiliate income has reduced by 11.9%
to R 36.5 crores in the current year from R 41.5 crores in
the previous year. These affiliate grants as a proportion
of total income for the year account for 63% as against
75% for the previous year which shows an increasing
proportion of self generated income in the total income.
Donations from institutions and corporates together
have increased manifold as a result of increase in new
contracts entered during the year. The donation from
affiliates is primarily on account of appeal income for
Assam flood and conflict response.
Donations from Individuals have reduced by 9.4% to
R 8.9 crores in the current year from R 9.9 crores in the
previous year due to closure of certain fund raising
offices as part of strategic exercise. Event income has
more than doubled at R 2.6 crores primarily on account
of income raised by over 164 teams during the second
Trail walker event in Bangaluru.
Increase in interest income is as result of better
fund management while other income has increased
primarily on account of sale of assets for the closed
fund raising offices.
Grant from Affiliates
Ammount in ` Crores %
Grant from Affiliates 2012-13 2011-12 Variance
Oxfam Novib 19.80 18.6 6.4%
Oxfam Great Britain 5.3 8.8 -39.4%
Oxfam Australia 6.6 8.5 -22.4%
Oxfam International 3.2 3.4 -6.0%
Oxfam America 1.0 0.3 229.3%
Oxfam Hong Kong 0.3 1.3 -79.7%
Oxfam Japan 0.0 0.2 -100.0%
Oxfam Germany 0.4 0.4 0.9%
Total from affiliates 36.5 41.5 -11.9%
Committed grants from affiliates have declined to
R 36.5 crores in the current year from R 41.5 crores in
the previous year representing a reduction of 11.9%.
The grant from Oxfam GB has reduced considerably
from the previous year due to reduction in funds
available to Oxfam GB from back donor contracts for
Oxfam India programme. Grant from Oxfam Australia is
not actually a decline from previous year, the variance
is on account of proper accrual of income in the year
2012-13. Grant from Oxfam Hong Kong has declined due
to completion of one of the funded programme in the
states of Uttrakhand and Jharkhand. Increase in income
from Oxfam America is on account of new project for