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Finnish Higher Education, Fuas workshop 02102013 Tikkurila


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Finnish Higher Education context,
FUAS - K.U.Leuven Association Workshop October 2013

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Finnish Higher Education, Fuas workshop 02102013 Tikkurila

  1. 1. K.U.Leuven Association – FUAS Opening the workshop October 2-3, 2013 Tikkurila President Outi Kallioinen, LUAS, Chairperson of FUAS presidents’ collegium
  2. 2. Various challenges at the same time  growing uncertainties, unexpectedness of change and low predictability Recent developments within the Finnish economy 2
  3. 3. Global innovation in 2013 STI and HE Policy The changing context of STI policies • Government budgets are under pressure • Restoring growth and competitiveness • Innovation policies have to be relevant, coherent, and inclusive • Needs to climb the value-added ladder • Relevant learning outcomes and quality • Needs of older student cohorts in HE • New approaches to funding HE • Responsive, nimble, outward-looking and well-connected HEIs Addressing societal and global challenges • Green growth and environment • Aging and heath • Innovation for development Changing instruments – a new policy mix • Tax incentives • Demand-side policies • Entrepreneurship • Clusters and smart specialisation • Patents and IP markets • ICT infrastructure • Public support for basic research Rising the effectiveness of public sector research • Commercialisation of public sector research • Open science • Internationalisation • Cross-boundary collaboration • Management and funding: university autonomy, competitive funding • National STI strategies • Governance: high level STI policy councils • Evaluation at all levels Source: Based on STI Outlook 2012. OECD 2012. 3
  4. 4. 4 Seven mega-trends will transform the HE sector Drivers of change Democratisation of knowledge and access • Open science, citizen science • Broadening of access to higher education • Increased participation in emerging markets Digital technologies • Bringing the university to the device – MOOCs and the rise of online learning • Bringing the device to the university – the use of digital technologies in campus-based learning • Blended learning Integration with industry • Scale and depth of industry-based learning • Research partnerships and commercialisation • Industry as competitors in the certification and delivery of content Global mobility • Emerging markets becoming global-scale competitors in the international student market • Academic talent increasingly sourced from emerging markets • Emergence of elite, truly global university brands Contestability of markets and funding • Fiercely competitive domestic and international student markets • Challenges to government funding • Competing for new sources of funds Knowledge society (economy) • Evidence-based policy • Innovation necessity • Governance of STI Grand Challenges • Climate Change, Aging Population, Sustainable Energy • Strategic Research • Transformative Research and Education • Collaboration & Profilisation Developed from ”University of the future”, Ernst & Young 2012
  5. 5. Selected higher education facts about Finland  Population of 5,4 million  Higher education institution network covers the populated parts of the country  14 universities (six in the great Helsinki area)  25 polytechnics/ UASs  Student enrollment altogether ca. 275 000 University (blue) Polytechnic (green) Research institute (red)
  6. 6. Development Plan: Higher education  Higher education network is still too fragmented, structual development to be continued  starting in 2013, an art university will be created though a merger of the Sibelius Academy, the Academy of Fine Arts and the Theatre Academy  to enhance the quality and efficiency of higher education, measures will be taken to promote joint use of facility services and teacher resources across institutional boundaries  Polytechnics/UASs to be reformed  the steering of polytechnics based on financing and statutes will be reformed from the beginning of 2014 to expedite their structural reform and to improve the quality and impact of their operations.  operating licences of polytechnics will be revised from the beginning of 2014  greater regional impact and more close links between polytechnics and regional development and working life  Quality education expedites entry into the labour market  the reform of higher education admissions and study structures by the end of 2015 in order to expedite entry into higher education  first-time applicants' chances of being admitted to be improved  Promotion of researcher training and research careers  the annual target for the number of doctorates is 1,600.  universities will shift the focus from researcher training to the development of researcher careers (tenure tracks)  Measures will be taken to improve conditions for basic research in universities and for innovation and product development in polytechnics/UASs in particular  Great emphasis on internationalisation of HEIs
  7. 7. The Polytechnic Reform in Finland
  8. 8. POLYTECHNIC REFORM IN THE GOVERNMENT´S PROGRAMME  ”The legislation concerning funding and administration of polytechnics will be amended.  The responsibility for the basic funding of polytechnics will be transferred to the state in its entirety, and they will be turned into independent legal organisations.  The operating licenses of polytechnics will be renewed highlighting the quality.”
  9. 9. AIMS OF THE POLYTECHNIC REFORM  To give the polytechnics a stronger position to meet the changes and challenges of the working life, society and regions  As independent legal persons polytechnics will have more independent status and more flexibility to better react and response to the needs of the surrounding society  Stronger strategic competence, profiling, focus area choises, stronger leadership and ability to decision making  To enhance the quality and effectiveness of teaching and RDI  To strengthen their role within the system of innovation  To ensure international competitiveness of the polytechnic system
  10. 10. FIRST PHASE OF THE REFORM  In the first phase the operating licences and the educational responsibilities of polytechnics will be revised.  At the same time the Act on the Financing of Education and Culture will be amended in regard polytechnics so that the grounds and criteria for financing will take into consideration the polytechnics´ statutory operations in their entirety, with emphasis on quality, impact and efficiency.  the financing system to be made more performance-based  the institution-specific funding will be primarily determined on the basis of degrees awarded, the quality and efficiency of study processes and R&D  The first phase of the reform takes effect on 1 January 2014 (amendments to legislation) concerning: new funding model new operating licences updated educational responsibilities
  11. 11. REVISING OPERATING LICENCES  The present operating licences expire 31.12.2013.  Government will decide on the new operating licences coming into effect 1.1.2014.  The criteria for granting the licences  demand for education  economical and functional preconditions for organising the regulated tasks duly; taking into account quality, impacts and effectiveness  Educational responsibilities will consist of degrees and degree titles  MoE will not decide on the degree programmes any more  Aim of the reform of the educational responsibilities is to strengthen the autonomy of the polytechnics and to build larger educational entities.
  12. 12. Polytechnics core funding from 2014
  13. 13. SECOND PHASE OF THE REFORM  The polytechnics and the organisations running them to merge into one legal person, and juridically all the polytechnics become limited companies  the governance model to be streamlined so that the polytechnics only have one, joint governing board • The responsibility for core funding to be entirely transferred to the state  according to the timetable of the government transfer reform  The second phase of the reform is expected to take effect on 1 January 2015