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Peculiarities of TOEFL iBT preparation  Ana Gorea, PhD November 4, 2008 ETRC presentation
Evolution of TOEFL  <ul><li>Paper-based </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-based </li></ul><ul><li>Internet based  </li></ul>
Contents of the paper and computer TOEFL  <ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar and structure  </li></ul><ul><li>Rea...
TOEFL iBT test <ul><li>It is unique because it integrates, or combines, four basic communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>...
TOEFL iBT test <ul><li>New integrated tasks, for example, reading a passage, listen to a lecture and writing or speaking a...
Reading <ul><li>Measures the ability to understand and analyze the meaning of academic reading material; </li></ul><ul><li...
Reading <ul><li>The majority of questions are multiple choice, but the last ones, in which the text taker has to fill out ...
Listening <ul><li>Measures the ability to understand English as it is used in colleges and universities; </li></ul><ul><li...
Listening <ul><li>It is allowed to take notes while listening; </li></ul><ul><li>Some questions measure the test taker’s a...
Speaking  <ul><li>Measures the ability to speak English in an academic context; </li></ul><ul><li>2 independent tasks; and...
Speaking  <ul><li>Measures the ability to speak English in an academic context; </li></ul><ul><li>2 independent tasks abou...
Speaking  <ul><li>Questions require test takers to combine information from both the reading and the listening material in...
Speaking  <ul><li>Questions require test takers to summarize key ideas from the talks in the responses; </li></ul><ul><li>...
Writing  <ul><li>Measures the ability to write in a way that is appropriate for college and university; </li></ul><ul><li>...
What is assessed? <ul><li>For the receptive skills (reading and listening) – comprehension; ability to pay attention to th...
What is assessed in speaking and writing? <ul><li>Topic development  (shows that the test taker understands and can make c...
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Toefl

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Toefl

  1. 1. Peculiarities of TOEFL iBT preparation Ana Gorea, PhD November 4, 2008 ETRC presentation
  2. 2. Evolution of TOEFL <ul><li>Paper-based </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-based </li></ul><ul><li>Internet based </li></ul>
  3. 3. Contents of the paper and computer TOEFL <ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar and structure </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Writing (TWE) </li></ul>
  4. 4. TOEFL iBT test <ul><li>It is unique because it integrates, or combines, four basic communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul>
  5. 5. TOEFL iBT test <ul><li>New integrated tasks, for example, reading a passage, listen to a lecture and writing or speaking about it in response. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reading <ul><li>Measures the ability to understand and analyze the meaning of academic reading material; </li></ul><ul><li>1 hour, 3 to 5 texts followed by 36 – 70 comprehension questions; </li></ul><ul><li>Readings from any domain of human activity (chemistry, biology, architecture, art, history, etc); </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum score – 30points. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reading <ul><li>The majority of questions are multiple choice, but the last ones, in which the text taker has to fill out a table or complete a narrative summary, chooses a correct paraphrase of a reading. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Listening <ul><li>Measures the ability to understand English as it is used in colleges and universities; </li></ul><ul><li>1 hour; 34-51 multiple choice questions; </li></ul><ul><li>2-3 conversations that include two or more speakers, and 4-6 lectures from the academic environment; </li></ul>
  9. 9. Listening <ul><li>It is allowed to take notes while listening; </li></ul><ul><li>Some questions measure the test taker’s ability to understand a speaker’s attitude or meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum score - 30points. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Speaking <ul><li>Measures the ability to speak English in an academic context; </li></ul><ul><li>2 independent tasks; and 4 integrated tasks; </li></ul><ul><li>For the independent tasks 15 seconds to prepare and 45 seconds to speak; </li></ul><ul><li>For the integrated tasks 20 seconds to prepare, 1 minute to speak; </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum score – 30 points; </li></ul>
  11. 11. Speaking <ul><li>Measures the ability to speak English in an academic context; </li></ul><ul><li>2 independent tasks about familiar topics, test takers state, explain, and support their response using personal knowledge and experience; </li></ul><ul><li>2 tasks based on Reading and Listening material; tasks include a short reading passage and a short talk; </li></ul>
  12. 12. Speaking <ul><li>Questions require test takers to combine information from both the reading and the listening material in the responses; one task is based on a campus-related situation, and the other is based on academic classroom material; </li></ul><ul><li>2 tasks based on Listening material, including a short lecture or conversation; </li></ul>
  13. 13. Speaking <ul><li>Questions require test takers to summarize key ideas from the talks in the responses; </li></ul><ul><li>Test takers can take notes and use them in response </li></ul>
  14. 14. Writing <ul><li>Measures the ability to write in a way that is appropriate for college and university; </li></ul><ul><li>1 integrated task, 1 independent task; </li></ul><ul><li>the integrated – 20 minutes to create a synthesis of 150- 225 words; </li></ul><ul><li>the independent task 30 minutes to write an essay of 300 words. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum score – 30 points </li></ul>
  15. 15. What is assessed? <ul><li>For the receptive skills (reading and listening) – comprehension; ability to pay attention to the key words and ideas, ability to summerize; </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is assessed in speaking and writing? <ul><li>Topic development (shows that the test taker understands and can make connections, and convey relevant information) </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery (fluency in speech, the test taker uses clear, smooth, intelligible speech; cohesion and coherence in written form) </li></ul><ul><li>Language use (accuracy, the test taker demonstrates control of grammar and word choice) </li></ul>

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