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Learning strategies


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Learning strategies

  1. 1. IMPORTANCE OF LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES Presented by: Vera Tabureabu ETRC Spring School 6-8 March, 2014
  2. 2. Language Learning Strategies are “Specific actions taken by the learner to make learning easier, faster, more enjoyable, more self- directed, more effective, and more transferrable to new situations." (Oxford, 1990, p. 8).
  3. 3. A) DIRECT STRATEGIES I. Memory •A. Creating mental linkages •B. Applying images and sounds •C. Reviewing well •D. Employing action
  4. 4. A) DIRECT STRATEGIES II. Cognitive •A. Practicing •B. Receiving and sending messages strategies •C. Analyzing and reasoning •D. Creating structure for input and output
  5. 5. A) DIRECT STRATEGIES III. Compensation strategies •A. Guessing intelligently •B. Overcoming limitations in speaking and writing
  6. 6. B) INDIRECT STRATEGIES I. Metacognitive Strategies •A. Centering your learning •B. Arranging and planning your learning •C. Evaluating your learning
  7. 7. B) INDIRECT STRATEGIES II. Affective Strategies •A. Lowering your anxiety •B. Encouraging yourself •C. Taking your emotional temperature
  8. 8. B) INDIRECT STRATEGIES III. Social Strategies •A. Asking questions •B. Cooperating with others •C. Empathizing with others
  9. 9. Bibliography • Oxford, Rebecca. Language Learning Strategies: What every teacher should know, Heinle & Heinle: Boston. 1990