IWRM in Karnataka, India. Crafting a New Future


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presented by Satya Murty in Asia Water Week 2013, Manila 11-13 March 2013

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IWRM in Karnataka, India. Crafting a New Future

  1. 1. IWRM in Karnataka, India:Crafting a new futureD. Satya Murty – Principal Secretary, State Government of KarnatakaYasmin Siddiqi, Senior Water Resources Specialist, ADBClive Lyle, Consultant
  2. 2. Focus• Karnataka Water Sector• Rationale• Vision• IWRM InitiativesIWRM Initiatives• Program Design• OutputsOutputs• Expected Benefits2
  3. 3. Karnataka – Leading IWRM
  4. 4. RationaleProjected Sector Water Demands in 2025 (Karnataka)SectorWater Demand 2000 Water Demand 2025Growth Rate perAnnum (%)Million m3 TMC Million m3 TMCAgriculture31,431 1,110 38,397 1,3560.80Household1,647 58 2,594 921 84Household 1.84Industrial1,347 47 3,542 1253.941 497 53 1 846 65Power1,497 53 1,846 650.84Others1,497 53 5,987 2115.704Total37,419 1,321 52,366 1,8491.36
  5. 5. SWOT for Karnataka Water SectorStrengths* Progressive & comprehensive policyWeaknesses* Inadequate focus on resources mgmtProgressive & comprehensive policystatements* Accepts need for change* Skilled technical workforce* A ti t t bli h AC IWRMInadequate focus on resources mgmt* Limited coordination across agencies* Inadequate operational level linkages* Rigid service systems* Actions to establish AC-IWRM* Commitment of funds and donor support* Leadership and support* Less priority to better governanceOpportunities Threats* P liti l i t biliti* Central government support for key actions* Alignment of agri & irrigation plans & actions* Adoption of new technology & systems* Use of local IT to develop water control GIS* Political instabilities* Change of key leaders & key drivers forchange* Resistance to change by lobby groupsUse of local IT to develop water control, GISsystems * Water crisis causing poor decisions5
  6. 6. State Vision for IWRM• Water resourcesmanagement• IWRM• Climate variabilityClimate variability• Water services delivery• Irrigation servicesg• Domestic water supply andsanitation• Industrial water services• Industrial water services• Waste water management• Other uses, fisheries, navigation,tourism and multi-use systems6
  7. 7. • River and ecosystem health• Water quantity & qualityWater quantity & quality• Watershed mgmt & sedimentmanagement• In-stream water quality &• In-stream water quality &management objectives• On-going initiatives• FAO support: capacity building + MASSCOTE• WB support for hydrology project, watershed +rejuvenation of tank irrigation systemsICRISAT t t Bh h th i 5 h• ICRISAT support to Bhoochethana in 5 m ha.• WEF-WRG support to identify and analyseoptionsStrategic mgmt & coordination• Strategic mgmt & coordination7
  8. 8. Sustainable Environmental Flow• Meet requirements in low & high flows periods• Cauvery tribunal awarded 10% of flow for i tenvironment8
  9. 9. IWRM Initiatives• Advance Centre for IWRM– Budget speech 2011–12• Advanced Centre for IWRM with financial assistance from the ADB.• Merging WALMI, Dharwad+ KERC, Mysore+ CMO,B lBangalore.• 10 m $ to develop a model institute.B d t h 2012 13– Budget speech 2012–13“ A centre of excellence for IWRM will be established with anobjective to co-ordinate efforts for effective irrigation maintenanceand to improve the services provided to the farmers emphasisingand to improve the services provided to the farmers emphasisingon efficient water management from storage tomaintenance”.9
  10. 10. Budget Speech 2013‐2014• Budget allocation for irrigation of $2.0 billion• Priority for IWRM: first time in Indiay• Policies & procedures : formulation in progress and required MOUs  with national/international agencies • ADB financed IWRM program:  firm loan for 2013 covering K‐8 sub‐basin of Krishna basin• Strengthening basin and sub basin institutions – specifically AC‐IWRM th h t hi i l di UNESCO IHE FAO W tthrough partnerships including UNESCO‐IHE, FAO, eWater• Irrigation service delivery improvement (selected medium and major irrigation projects)• $75 0 million SGOK $150 0 million ADB• $75.0 million SGOK, $150.0 million ADB• Implementation 2013‐2022
  11. 11. IWRM Initiatives• Policy & legal Framework• Policy & legal Framework• Strengthening institutional arrangements• Economic instruments and water user fee• PPP• Climate ChangeG th i iti ti• Green growth initiatives• Basin Planning• Basin Planning• River Basin issues and concerns• Basin selection• RBO• Basin planning process & execution 11
  12. 12. IWRM Initiatives• Irrigation Service Delivery ImprovementI d i i ti ffi i i & d ti it• Increased irrigation efficiencies & crop productivity• Conjunctive management• Main system water allocations & irrigation service feesI i ti t i bilit• Irrigation area sustainability• Irrigation modernization process• Water Supply & Sanitation• Improved water quality, qty & sanitation in at least 3towns• Capacity Building in IWRMWRD lli d d t t SPV /Ni• WRD, allied departments, SPVs/Nigams• Stakeholder participation• Various stakeholders & specific roles identifiedRi d ti d bli &• Rigorous and continued public awareness &consultations12
  13. 13. IWRM RoadmapIntegrated & Sustainable pIntegrated & Sustainable Water Resources Management (enhanced access and security of water resources in rivers in Karnataka)KEY THEMESInstitutions and Policies for IWRMInter‐sector integrationIWRM Based Irrigation ManagementIntegrated River Basin ManagementIWRM and Learning ProcessesFoundation ActionsData, Information, and Knowledge ManagementStakeholder Involvement
  14. 14. IWRM Program• Piloting in K-8 sub-basin of Krishna basin –leading to state wideU b WSS d t ADB fi d di ti• Urban WSS under separate ADB financed program – coordinationthrough IWRM steering committee and planning approach• Strengthening state & basin level institutions - policy framework,knowledge and information systems science based planning basinknowledge and information systems, science-based planning, basinorganizations, partnerships for institutional capacity building• Modernization of irrigation infrastructure & management systems –diagnostic approach not construction driven system operation usingdiagnostic approach not construction driven, system operation usingtelemetry, innovations:– improve water balance with new technologies & institutional modalities– Includes – buried pipe networks, micro irrigation, water saving crops,p p g g pGW use– Rigorous WUCS strengthening• Stakeholder participation - including gender action plan for women’sStakeholder participation including gender action plan for women smore focused participation, identification and communication strategy14
  15. 15. Expected ImpactExpected Impact By 2028, in selected sub-basins: River basin management arrangements established in at least 3b b isub-basins Water quality in 90 % of river reaches in selected sub-basinsmaintained above class for intended use Gross value (2012 INR) of annual irrigated production increasesExpected Outcomes  By 2020State IWRM strategy implemented By 2023yAnnual water resources monitoring and assessments in programsub-basins and corresponding water allocations to usersimplemented By 2023Increase in land irrigated in 2023 as a result of the program
  16. 16. Krishna Basin‐ K8 ‐Tungabhadra sub basin
  17. 17. Tungabhadra left bank command areaSubprojectSubprojectLocationsVijayanagara canalsGondhi canals
  18. 18. Organizations  InvolvedW t U D t tWater Resources DevelopmentWater Use DepartmentsRural  Urban Agriculture + Horticulturep MOWR CWCWater Resources Agriculture +  Horticulture Livestock  & Fisheries Energy  ‐ Hydro  + ThermalIndustriesDevelopment Organization‐Major,  Medium, Minor ‐Command Area  Devlpt‐KNNLIndustries Development  Corporation‐KNNL‐CNNL‐KBJNL‐GW Panchayat Raj & Rural  Development Water Monitoring Departments Capacity Building OrganizationsIWRM in KarnatakaWater Monitoring DepartmentsWRDO (Surface water)Groundwater Dept.Environment, Forests, Science Capacity Building OrganizationsKERIESCWALMI& Technology Dept. ‐Pollution Control BoardMeteorologyWALMICMO UNESCO‐IHE, FAO, eWater, CGIAR
  19. 19. Expected BenefitsExpected Benefits• Systematic, science based planning of waterresources with functional basin institutions forresources with functional basin institutions forplanning and allocation• AC-IWRM regionally recognized centre ofg y gexcellence for IWRM• State policy for IWRM implemented• Improved livelihoods of 1.5 million people bymodernize 345,000 ha of irrigated area• Meeting future target allocations for water uses• Meeting future target allocations for water uses• Improved water productivity for irrigation –increased yields less watery19
  20. 20. Th P l fThe People of KarnatakaTh kThank you 20