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Water Management in Korea


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presented by Min, Kyun-Jin in Asia Water Week 2013, Manila 11-15 March 2013

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Water Management in Korea

  1. 1. Water Management in KoreaProgresses for IWRMDr. Min, Kyung‐Jin
  2. 2. Water Status in Korea
  3. 3. Difficulties in Water Management29thIntegrated approach for water mgt was imperative in terms of water quality & quantity. 
  4. 4. Korea’s History toward IWRM
  5. 5. Economic Growth in Korea
  6. 6. History of Water Development19651965--80802008~ Development ofmultipurpose damsfor water supplyIndustrializationClimate Change Water &Green Growthfor water supply,flood protection,hydropower2001~2008Soyanggang Dam (1973)Andong Dam (1977) Eco-friendly development &mgt of water resources Development of multi-regional supply systemsSustainable Development1981-90 1991-2000mgt of water resourcesregional supply systemsUnbalanced growth Phenol Accident Enlargement ofSewerage
  7. 7. Industrialization: 1960s~1980s> Large dams were built to secure water resources and prevent flood‐> Large dams were built to secure water resources and prevent flood 
  8. 8. Unbalanced Growth: 1980s~1990s‐> Multi‐regional water supply systems cover 50% of total water   ‐> Large dams were built to secure water resources and prevent flood g pp y ysupply in Korea. [18 mil. m3/day]g p
  9. 9. Environmental Protection : 1990s~2000s‐> Sharp increase of sewerage and steady growth of waterworks   p g y g8010070806080ars)viced (%)6040Age(yeaPercent Serv500201960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010YearWaterworks Sewerage Life Expectancy
  10. 10. Eco-friendly Management : 2000s1 2 34 5 6Green grass planting on dams & Ecological Passageways1 2 3Natural fish ways 4 5 6
  11. 11. Water & Green Growth from the 2010sFour RiverFour River ProjectProject
  12. 12. Institutional Development  for IWRM
  13. 13. Institutional Development in the 1960sTh Fi Y E iThe 1st FEDP (1962‐1966)‐ Overcoming a vicious circle of poverty ‐ Expansion of exports ‐ Development of infrastructureThe Five‐Year Economic Development Plans (FEDP)Development of infrastructure The 2nd FEDP (1967‐1971)‐ Modernization of industrial structure ‐ Exports of USD 700 mil.Exports of USD 700 mil.‐ Induction of foreign loans The Comprehensive National T it i l D l t PlTerritorial Development Plans (CNTDP)The National Water Resources Plans (NWRP)
  14. 14. Institutional Development in the 1970sThe Five‐Year Economic Development Plans (FEDP)The 3rd FEDP (1972‐1976)‐ HCI‐ Development of 4 great river basins ( ) p gThe Comprehensive National Territorial The 1st CNTDP (1972‐1981)Effi i t f th ti l l dDevelopment Plans (CNTDP)‐ Efficient use of the national land‐ Enlargement of infrastructureThe Ten‐year Water Resources Development Plan The National Water Resources Plans (NWRP)y p(1970‐1980)‐ Stable water supply for irrigation &   industrialization/flood controlEnlargement of hydro electric power generation‐ Enlargement of hydro‐electric power generation ‐ Construction of single & multi‐purpose dams 
  15. 15. Institutional Development in the 1980sThe 5th FESDP (1982‐1986)The Five‐Year Economic  and Social Development Plans (FESDP)‐ Social and economical stabilization ‐ Balanced development between classes and regions The 6th FESDP (1987‐1991)(FESDP) ‐ Establishment of free, competitive market systems ‐ Increase of quality of  life & balanced development The 2nd CNTDP (1982‐1991)f d l b l h lThe Comprehensive National Territorial Development Plans (CNTDP)‐ Expansion of develop. possibility into whole regions ‐ Improvement of national living environment ‐ Dam construction‐ Water supply target : 80% of population (CNTDP) pp y g p p‐ Sewerage target: 35% The National Water Resources PlansNWRP (1981‐2001)‐ Dam construction for stable water supply Resources Plans (NWRP)pp y‐ River improvement for flood prevention fr 30% to 70%
  16. 16. Institutional & Organizational ChangeNew Institutions‐>  Comprehensive Plan for Clean Water Supply in 1989C h i W t M t Pl i 1996Comprehensive Water Management Plan in 1996Comprehensive Water management Plans for 4 Rivers in 1998Counter Measure Areas in Paldang and DaecheongCounter Measure Areas in Paldang and Daecheong‐> Budgets, Legal Authorities, Organizational and Functional Structures
  17. 17. Institutional & Organizational ChangeEstablishment of PCSDEstablishment of PCSD‐> “To discuss environmental issues with firms and civic groups, (I will)t bli h th P id ti l C i i S t i bl D l t destablish the Presidential Commission on Sustainable Development andstrengthen the pre‐ negotiation and coordination on economic policies andenvironmental policies” (Hankyoreh 2000 p 2)environmental policies (Hankyoreh, 2000, p.2).
  18. 18. Current INSTITUTIONAL Structure for IWRMThe NationalTerritorial PlanThe NationalEnvironmental PlanThe NationalThe National Water The NationalWater Supply PlanResources Plan Sewerage PlanThe Long-term Planfor Dam ConstructionThe MaintenancePlan forWater SupplyThe MaintenancePlan forSewerageWater Supply Sewerage
  19. 19. Current ORGANIZATIONAL Structure for IWRMMOEEstablishment of- National Environmental PlanNational Water supply PlanMLTMEstablishment of- National Territorial PlanNWRPMOPASConsultation for Org.Structure & Financial PlansConsultationsConsultations- National Water supply Plan -National Sewerage PlanApproval of Water Supply &Sewerage PlansConsultation for Env Impact- NWRP- Plan for Dam ConstructionApproval of MaintenancePlan for Multi-regional WaterSupplyEvaluation of performanceConsultations &EvaluationsConsultation for Env. ImpactAssessmentWater Quality RegulationSubsidy for Water Supply &Sewerage BusinessSupplyConsultation for Water-related Plans set by MOEApprovals,Regulation, &SubsidiesApprovalsK-waterMulti-purpose DamsMulti-regional Water SupplyThe Local Gov.Local Water SystemsWater Supply thru multi-regional systemsC t t f l l t /g pp yLocal Water Supply & SewerageyPrivate CompaniesManagement ContractsWater & Sewerage ServiceContractsWater ProvisionContracts for local water/sewerageIndustrial Consumers Individual/IndustrialConsumersgBTL and BTO
  20. 20. Implications & Recommendations
  21. 21. Implications & RecommendationsRole of the State and the Market toward the Good Governance Organizational & Institutional Reform Policy Dialogue based on Scientific Analyses Promoting the Water Industry 
  22. 22. Thank You.