Command Area Development with Micro Irrigation


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presented in Asia Water Week 2013, Manila 11-13 March 2013

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Command Area Development with Micro Irrigation

  1. 1. WelcomeC d A D l i h i I i iCommand Area Development with Micro IrrigationByJalgaon
  2. 2. Product Divisions• Agricultural R&D • Drip Irrigation • PVC Pipes & • PVC Free Foam • Onion & • Solar Water• Agricultural R&D• Farming• Tissue Culture• Vermi‐compost• Organic Manure• Bio Gas• Drip Irrigation • Sub soil Irrigation• Sprinkler Irrigation• PVC Pipes & Fittings• PE Pipes & Fittings• Well Casing & Screen Pipes• PVC Free Foam• PVC Celuka• PVC Rigid• PC Compact• PC Corrugated• Onion & Vegetables Dehydration• Fruit Puree, Pulp and Concentrate.• IQF• Solar Water Heating • Solar Lighting• Solar Inverter• Solar Pump• Solar Dryer• Bio Gas Solar Dryer• Solar Fencing Applications:• Open Field Irrigation• Control IrrigationApplications:• Agriculture• Horticulture• NurseryApplications:• Drinking Water• Farm Irrigation• PlumbingApplications:• Advertising• Interior Designs• IndustrialApplications:• Processed Food• Soups• Salad DressingApplications:• Domestic• Commercial• IndustrialControl Irrigation • Landscape• Nursery• Domestic Gas• Plumbing• Sewerage• Effluents• Cable Ducting• GasD t• Industrial• Building & Construction• Marine Industry• Transport• Greenhouse• Salad Dressing• Juice• Baby food• Ice cream• Confectionary• Industrial• Dust suppression• Greenhouse• Stadium Roofing2
  3. 3. Jain Integrated ModelThe Jain Self Sustaining Agri CycleHi‐techAgri Inputssedivityctment• Better ProductivityClimateIncreasProductProduDevelopm• Sustainable Environment     Renewable Energy ,Bio EnergySolar EnergyWatershed PlanningWater harvestingSoil/Water Conservation• Cost SavingsDrip & Sprinkler IrrigationTissue Culture PlantsBio FertilisersGreen housesPVC Piping SystemsHDPE Piping SystemsSoil WaterCreditAdequate& TimelyR&DAgronomicSKnowledgeSoil/Water ConservationWater Source DevelopmentWaste Land DevelopmentRepayment& SecuritySupportFeedback• Improved Quality• Higher ValueTurnkey ProjectsManpowerssured Priceuality Goods Turnkey ProjectsAgri ConsultingTrainingAgronomy AdviseMarket InformationIrrigation SchedulingFertigation Scheduling• More Investments• More ProfitsContract FarmingDehydrated Onion& VegetableProcessed Fruit3MarketsAsQu
  4. 4. Micro irrigation ‐ Complete Product‐Service Package of JISLA] Pre-sale counseling B] Survey and Sampling C] Designing the system• Understanding the farmer’sneed and preferences.• Providing broad advices to the• Detail engineering survey.• Soil & water analysis.• Agro-climatic data collection• Interpretations of soil water andagro-climatic data.• Choice of right component and• Providing broad advices to thecustomer on cultivationchoices.• Agro-climatic data collection.• Water source assessment.• Collection of crop data.• Choice of right component anddesigning the system factoringin the crop, soil, water, andclimatic data.D] I ll i f h E] A i l d i d F] R&D S iD] Installation of the systemand support to the farmerE] Agronomical advisory andextension serviceF] R&D Services• Installation of the system in thefarmer’s field.T i i f th f t• Providing complete irrigation &fertigation schedule.P idi l t k f• Farm R&D• Lab R&DO fi ld t i l• Training of the farmer to usethe system properly.• After sales service.• Providing complete package ofpractice for cultivation.• Repeat visits by the company’sagronomists for advising thefarmer from time to time.• On-field trials• Publication of literatures,leaflets and catalogues.• Publication of Manualscontaining good agricultural• Seminars on productivityincrease for specific crops byexperts from JISL.g g gpractices.4
  5. 5. Crop Yield (MT/ha)Advantages of Drip Irrigation for different cropsConventional Drip % YieldincreaseWaterSavings(%)( )Banana 57.5 87.5 52 45Grapes 26.4 32.5 23 48Sweet Lime 100 150.0 50 61Pomegranate 56.0 109.0 98 45Tomato 32 0 48 0 50 31Tomato 32.0 48.0 50 31Water Melon 24.0 45.0 88 36Chilies 4.2 6.1 44 63Sugarcane 128.0 170 33 56Average 53.51 81.01 54.75 48.12Source: Report of Task Force on Micro Irrigation, 2003
  6. 6. Sprinkler Irrigation Systems ‐ BenefitsCrops Yield (t / ha) % Water Used (mm/ha) %Sprinkler Irrigation Systems  BenefitsConventional Sprinkler Increase Conventional Sprinkler Decrease1. Wheat 1.5 3.0 100 600 450 252. Maize 1.5 2.5 66 600 450 253. Vegetable 6.0 10 66 600 450 255. Wheat* 3.84 3.84 -- 303 167 456. Groundnut* 0.77 0.855 11 475 225 527. Coffee** 4.0 7.8 95 600 300 50* These are result of experiment conducted on various research station viz. Hanumanagr, Brore andLoonkaransar in Indira Gandhi Canal Area. Paper presented by S.K. Mathur & M.S. Shekawat, Krishi Bhavan,Bikaner, Rajasthan during June 1996 at Institution of Engineers, Bangalore - Sprinkler workshop.** Result of the experiment conducted at Regional Coffee Research Station Chundale Wynad KeralaResult of the experiment conducted at Regional Coffee Research Station, Chundale, Wynad, Kerala.
  7. 7. Problems in Conventional Flow Irrigation System1) Excessive Use of Water2) Infertile soils3) No Water at Tail End4) Less Water Use Efficiencies5) Land Acquisition issues6) More Time required to construct canals
  8. 8. Integration is the KeyIntegration is the KeyLinking of Drip Irrigation Systems with pressurepipeline or Gravity Pipeline scheme instead ofconstruction of conventional canal network canl th blsolve the problems
  9. 9. Advantages of Integrationi. Increase in Water Use Efficiencyii Irrigation On Volumetric Basisii. Irrigation On Volumetric Basisiii. Increase in Crop Yieldsiv. Cluster Approachv. Generation of Local Employmentvi. No or very less land acquisition issues
  10. 10. Technical Issues• Cropping Pattern• Water Requirements• Head / Pressure Requirements• De-silting, Filtration and silt disposalP A il bilit• Power Availability• Hardware and Software Availability• Training Needs of Farmers
  11. 11. Commercial Issues1. High Initial Costs (CAPEX)2 Availability of Central & State Subsidies2. Availability of Central & State Subsidies3. Bank Loans4. Recovery of OPEX issues
  12. 12. Social & Operational Issuesp1. On Demand Approach2 Mind Set of Farmers2. Mind Set of Farmers3. Co-operation among the farmers4. Awareness Among Farmers5. Training to Farmers
  13. 13. INTEGRATED MICRO IRRIGATION – JAIN MODEL( MAJOR PROJECTS EXECUTED BY JAIN)Sr No Project Name State Type of Project FocusApprox.  Estimated Cost, Sr.No.  Project Name State Type of Project FocusArea, acre INR  Million1 Balh Vally Medium Irrigation Project Himachal IMI Sprinkler  6000 6502 Shiggaon Lift irrigation Scheme Karnataka IMI Sprinkler 25000 16803 Narmada Canal Project, Sanchor Rajasthan IMI Sprinkler 350000 27704 Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojana Rajasthan IMI Sprinkler 37000 2205 Sardar Sarovar Narmada  Nigam Ltd Gujarat IMI Drip 2000 506 Purna Medium irrigation project Maharashtra Gravity Piping  Piped  15000 1107Chandrabhaga Medium Irrigation ProjectMaharashtra Gravity Piping Piped  15000 1008 Pulivendula Canal Project  Andhra IMI Micro 15000 510
  14. 14. Thank You