Agricultural standard book


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Agricultural standard book

  1. 1. Agricultural Standards
  2. 2. Imprint.PublisherOsecSwiss Import Promotion ProgrammeStampfenbachstrasse 85P.O. Box 2407CH-8021 ZurichSwisscontact Regional Office South East AsiaTerusan Hang Lekir II Street No.15Kebayoran 12220Jakarta Indonesiawww.swisscontact.or.idAuthorMM Diyan HastariniPictures2be creative-productionDesign and Printing2be creative-production02 Agricultural Standards Book
  3. 3. Preface.Nowadays, agricultural products are shipped all around the globe and delivered on a daily basisto many markets. More than often, we have food in one and the same dish that is combined withingredients that derive from different continents. Further, less and less consumers and producersknow each other, and to the same extent there is little knowledge about production, processingand transforming of foodstuffs and natural ingredients.Agricultural standards, production and processing all combine to present a tool that helps to atleast diminish alienation. By means of clear framework requirements, these standards define theprocesses of production, transformation and, in many cases, also the elements concerning laborconditions that have to be respected by the employer and/or the buyer. Furthermore, the standardsalso investigate the traceability of a product. Due to accredited institutions that execute frequentsupervisions and audits, the compliance of the products regarding the standards are verified. Thisenables us to know and be reassured that the chain of custody respects the compulsory guidelinesfixed in the standards.Once a product – either fresh or processed, wildly collected, organic or produced by a conventionalfarming system – has been checked, the producer/trader/exporter then has the right to put a labelon the product in order to somehow or other mark the regularity of the production process.This booklet aims to give a short overview to interested individual farmers, associations, processorsand exporters of agricultural products on the main standards that exist covering their sector, whatthey stand for, how to enter the certification process and where to find more information aboutthe topics raised. Hopefully, the booklet facilitates the orientation for all involved parties. With thewide variety of information stated in this booklet, we pretend to build a piece of the bridge thatrelies on the confidence in the producers and exporters (and their markets) as well as its consumersthat are far away from the production area.Constantin KostyalProject Manager FoodSwiss Import Promotion Programme Agricultural Standards Book 03
  4. 4. Preface.The market for agricultural products becomes more and more global and demanding for producers,as together with the increasing global trade, agricultural quality standards have become moreand more important for accessing export markets. Consumers in importing countries want toknow about the production standards applied in the producing countries and traceability withinthe value chain becomes highly relevant in international trade. Farmers, processors and exportersin the producing countries have to be familiar with these standards if they want to remaincompetitive.However, the fact of having an increasing number of specific quality standards for each sectormarket makes it more and more difficult for the producers and exporters to keep the overviewon the existing regulations.Over the last 10 years, Swisscontact worldwide as well as in Indonesia has been supportingfarmers and businesses in developing countries in accessing export markets. Swisscontact’swork focuses on capacity building of the value chain partners in the producing countries and isvery glad of having with SIPPO a competent partner who is supporting the producers in accessingthe markets in the importing countries in Europe.This booklet is a result of the cooperation with SIPPO and we hope that it will help interestedfarmer groups, processors and exporters to gain an overview on the various food standard andthe relevant steps in the certification process. Information is a first important step for securingexisting and entering new market opportunities.Peter BisseggerRegional Director South East AsiaSwisscontactSwiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation04 Agricultural Standards Book
  5. 5. Contents.Preface from SIPPO 03Preface from Swisscontact 04Contents 05Acronyms and Abbreviation 06Glossary 07Introduction 091. Certification/Verification in Brief 10 1.1. Certification/Verification Cost 12 1.2. Group Certification/Verification 122. Environmental Standards 14 2.1. ISO 14000 15 2.2. Bird Friendly Standard 163. Social Standards 19 3.1.SA 8000 20 3.2. ETI (Ethical Trading Initiative) 214. Sustainable Agriculture Standards 23 4.1. 4C (Common Code for Coffee Community) 25 4.2. C.A.F.E. Practices 26 4.3. UTZ Certification 28 4.4. ETP (Ethical Tea Partnership) 30 4.5. RSPO (Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil) 31 4.6. FAIRWILD 32 4.7. Fairtrade 34 4.8. Rainforest Alliance 365. Food Safety Standards 39 5.1. GLOBAL GAP 40 5.2. HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) 41 5.3. ISO 22000 42 5.4. BRC Global Standard (British Retail Consortium) 43 5.5. IFS (International Food Standard) 446. Organic Agriculture 457. List of Certification Bodies in Indonesia 478. List of Consultant/Supporting Agencies in Indonesia 50 Agricultural Standards Book 05
  6. 6. Acronyms and Abbreviations.4C : Common Code for Coffee CommunityBF : Bird FriendlyBRC : British Retail ConsortiumEC : European CommissionETI : Ethical Trading InitiativeETP : Ethical Tea PartnershipEU : European UnionHACCP : Hazard Analysis and Critical Control PointIFS : International Food StandardILO : International Labour OrganizationISO : International Organization for StandardizationJAS : Japan Agriculture StandardRA : Rainforest AllianceRSPO : Roundtable on Sustainable Palm OilSA 8000 : Social Accountability 8000UK : United KingdomUN : United NationUS : United StatesUSDA NOP : United States Department of Agriculture National Organic Program06 Agricultural Standards Book
  7. 7. Glossary.· Accreditation: an activity to officially authorize or approve an institution to conduct certification/verification.· Certification: an activity to determine whether a product meets certain standards and results in a certificate.· Certification body: unit that decides about the authorization, suspension or cancellation of certification of a company, a farm or group certification.· Conversion period: the time a farm needs to implement organic production methods before it can be certified, e.g. 2–3 years for organic crop production.· Inspection: a close look at the compliance of a production system with certain standards in order to judge its condition.· Standard: a document that provides – for both common and repeated use – rules, guidelines or characteristics for/of products or related processes and production methods as well as marking or labeling requirements as they apply to a product, process or production method.· Verification: the process of ascertaining the extent of conformance to certain standards. Agricultural Standards Book 07
  8. 8. Introduction.The food market is regulated by various standards and regulations owing to the growth of consumerawareness on food safety, social and environmental. This booklet consists of standards that applyto agricultural products produced in Indonesia and that are required by worldwide markets. Eachstandard and regulation has its own market. To enter the market, producers should meet therequired standards for the respective market that has been entered.Figure 1. Producer must understand market requirements before enter the market.This booklet applies to people who are involved in production activity both for fresh and processedagriculture products. After reading this booklet, the reader should be able to understand whichstandards must be fulfilled, who they should ask regarding the certification/verification of thestandards main requirements as well as training/consultation.It is difficult to provide the entire quantity of information in this booklet. Therefore, numerousinternet addresses are provided where additional information can be obtained if necessary. Wehope this booklet caters to your needs. Agricultural Standards Book 09
  9. 9. 1. Certification/ verification in Brief.Before entering a new market, the producer must know about and comply with all requiredstandards. The compliance of the standards usually achieved by certification or verificationprocesses depends on the requirements of the standards. Organic standards represent one ofthe standards that use certification to ensure a producer-linked compliance with criteria for organicproduction. C.A.F.E. Practices Generic Evaluation Guideline is one of the standards that useverification to ensure a producer-linked compliance with defined criteria according to the guidelines.Both certification and verification require an inspection of the producer conducted by an independentparty (usually a certification agency) to check the compliance of the production activity with certainstandards.The difference between certification and verification is that the certification is followed by theissuing certificate; regarding verification, no certificate is issued. A certificate is a written guaranteeby an independent certification agency stating that the production process or the product complieswith certain standards. CERTIFICATION VERIFICATION Inspection Inspection Report Certificate DecisionFigure 2. Differences between certification and verification.10 Agricultural Standards Book
  10. 10. Certification/verification can help distinguish one product from another, helping to promote theproduct on the market, improve customer confidence in the product, and securing a continuous(sustainable) improvement of the producer management system.In general, the certification/verification procedure is as follows: Aplication for Certification/ Verification Certification/ Verification Body Sending Offer Letter and Draft of Agreement on Certification/ Verification Programme Sign Agreement on Certification/ Verification Programme Payment Inspection Certification/ Verification DecisionFigure 3. Certification/ verification procedure. Agricultural Standards Book 11
  11. 11. 1.1. Certification/Verification CostsThe costs of meeting the standards and attaining a certified/verified status are:1. Costs for changes: The producer must make his/her product/process production compliance according to the requirements of the selected certification/verification program.2. Certification/verification costs: These costs are calculated based on the number of working days needed for carrying out inspection and reporting or by the size, complexity and risk of the certified operation/farm, plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses. To reduce costs, the producer can provide accommodation, transport and meals for the inspector. In addition, some certification/verification body charges overhead fees for administration and certification/verification, depending on the size and complexity of the applicant and the number of standards requested for certification/verification.1.2. Group Certification/VerificationFor smallholder producers, costs have become a constraint to access certification/verificationindividually. In order to respond to this situation, a group certification/verification scheme wasdeveloped and adopted by some standards such as Organic, C.A.F.E. Practices, 4C (CommonCode for Coffee Community), RSPO, Fairtrade, Rainforest Alliance, Utz Certification, FAIRWILDand GLOBAL GAP.Group certification/verification is used to organize individual producers into groups and to shiftpartial responsibility from an external inspection to an internal inspection. In order to implementthis shift, the group must have a documented internal management system onsite to ensure thatthe individual group members meet the requirements of the standard.Group certification/verification implies that:· A central body is responsible for ensuring the group’s compliance with applicable standards. The central body manages the files of all group members and inspects each member’s operation at least once a year. A list of all individual member producers is available. Using the Internal Control System (ICS) mechanism, the group decides on members’ compliance with applicable standards. Non-compliances are dealt with according to set procedures and sanctions.12 Agricultural Standards Book
  12. 12. · The group certification/verification is applicable to all small farms as well as to processing and handling activities registered within the group. Individual operators within the group may not use the certification/verification independently.What should a producer do if a buyer requests a certain certification/verification?1. Understanding the standards and requirements of the requested certification/verification. The producer may ask the certification/verification body if any particular requirement in the standard(s) is unclear (free of charge).2. Ask the certification/verification body about the costs of certification/verification. Then calculate whether it is feasible or not. Don’t forget to include costs of any changes that should meet the standard(s).3. Providing it is feasible, ask whether the buyer has some preference regarding the choice of the certification/verification body. If the buyer prefers a certain certification/verification body, make sure to use that certification/verification body to verify/certify the product. If no preferences are made on behalf of the buyer, the producer may choose the certification/verification body.4. If producers don’t have the confidence to pass the certification/verification, they may apply for a pre-audit in order to understand the gap between the current practices and the practices that meet the standard. Important: A pre-audit entails additional costs that must be paid by producer. Agricultural Standards Book 13
  13. 13. 2. Environmental Standards.Figure 4. Coffee plantation with shade trees.Environmental standards have been developed to ensure a product is produced without harmingthe environment and that it supports nature conservation. Environmental standards include criteriasuch as:· Minimize water usage.· Minimize environmental pollution.· Waste and wastewater management.· Protect water sources.· No deforestation of primary forests.· Protect endangered species.Environmental standards that apply for agricultural products such as ISO 14000 and the BirdFriendly Standard.14 Agricultural Standards Book
  14. 14. 2.1. ISO 14000 Requirements · The company develops and implements an environmental management system that includes: environmental objectives and goals, policy and procedure for reaching the goals, definition of responsibilities, staff training activities, documentation and system to review any changes made. · The environmental management system must follow and respect the National Environment Regulation. Scope Any business, regardless of size, location or income. Market Worldwide. Scheme Certification. Certification Body PT Mutu Agung Lestari, PT Sucofindo, Jogya Environmental Certification Assurance (JECA), Baristand Indag Environmental Management Assurance (BRISEMA), Balai Besar Bahan dan Barang Teknik (B4T), Bureau Veritas Indonesia and TUV Nord Indonesia. Certification · Paid by applicant. Cost · Dependent on the size, complexity and risk of applicant. Remarks - Further Information Agricultural Standards Book 15
  15. 15. 2.2. Bird Friendly Standard Requirements · Farm must be certified organic. · The shade canopy at least 40% shade cover. · The shade canopy should have a structural diversity: this means that trees canopies should be composed of different layers ("strata"). · The main canopy layer ("stratum") must be at least 12 m high. · There must be at least 11 different tree species which compose the shade canopy. · The predominating tree species shouldnt comprise more than 60% of the total canopy, and shouldnt be an exotic species. · Bird friendly coffee must be clearly separated from all other coffee at all stages of harvest, post harvest, processing and trade. Scope · Product: coffee. · Recently made exclusive for Latin American coffee. · Potential development: East Africa and Sumatra Coffee. Market US, Canada and Japan. Scheme Certification. Certification Body Ceres Indonesia. Certification · Certification costs are paid by the applicant. Cost · Calculated based on the number of working days needed for carrying out inspection and reporting (fee per day starts at 330 US$), plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses. In addition, a certification body overhead fee for administration and for certification depending on the size and complexity of the applicant and the number of standards requested for certification/verification.16 Agricultural Standards Book
  16. 16. Remarks Group certification scheme applied. Further Birds/About_Us/ Agricultural Standards Book 17
  17. 17. 3. Social Standards.Figure 5. Good working condition for workers.Social standards are developed as an increasing consumer awareness on social topics. Developedsocial standards sufficiently refer to the International Labour Organization conventions, theUniversal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.In general, the requirements of social standards are:· Employment is freely choosen.· Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining.· Working conditions are safe and hygienic.· Child labour shall not be used.· Livable wages are paid.· Working hours are not excessive.· No discrimination is practiced.· Regular employment is provided.· No harsh or inhumane treatment is allowed.Social standards are applied in the food market such as SA 8000 Standard and ETI Base Code. Agricultural Standards Book 19
  18. 18. 3.1. SA 8000 Requirements · No child labor. · No forced labor. · A healthy and safe workplace. · Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining. · No discrimination. · No unjust discipline. · Limits on working hours. · Basic needs wage. Scope Any business, regardless of size, location or income. Market Worldwide. Scheme Certification. Certification Body Bureau Veritas Indonesia, Control Union Certification and TUV Nord Indonesia. Certification · Certification costs are paid by the applicant. Cost · Calculated based on the number of working days needed for carrying out inspection and reporting or by the size, complexity and risk of the certified operation/farm, plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses. Remarks - Further Information20 Agricultural Standards Book
  19. 19. 3.2. ETI (Ethical Trading Initiative) Requirements · Employment is freely chosen. · Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining. · Working conditions are safe and hygienic. · Child labour shall not be used. · Livable wages are paid. · Working hours are not excessive. · No unjust discipline. · No harsh or inhumane treatment is allowed. Scope Applied for supplier of ETI Member Companies. Market ETI member companies such as Associated British Foods (Primark), Tesco, Premier Food, Marks & Spencer and Ethical Tea Partnership. Scheme Supplier monitoring. Certification Body - Certification - Cost Remarks - Further Information Agricultural Standards Book 21
  20. 20. 4. Sustainable Agriculture Standards.Figure 6. Safe and healthy working conditions.Sustainable agriculture integrates three main goals: environmental stewardship, farm profitabilityand prosperous farming communities. In general, sustainable agriculture standards consist ofcriteria for good business practices, environmentally sound farming practices and social criteria,such as:· Documented quality management system.· Product traceability.· Transparency of business activity.· Reduce and prevent soil erosion.· Implementation of integrated crop management.· Minimize water usage and environmental pollution.· Minimize energy use.· Optimize use of sustainable energy sources.· No deforestation of primary forests. Agricultural Standards Book 23
  21. 21. · Protect water sources.· Protect endangered species.· Criteria on worker’s rights and working situations as mentioned in the social standard.Common problems faced by farmers/farmer groups to meet sustainable agriculture standards areto a lesser extent on the ecological side, but rather on unreliable internal control systems, useof prohibited agrochemicals (e.g. Paraquat), record keeping, as well as insufficient use of personalprotection equipment while handling agrochemicals.Sustainable agriculture standards which are applied in the food market such as 4C (CommonCode for Coffee Community) Code of Conduct, Starbucks C.A.F.E. Practices Generic EvaluationGuideline, UTZ Code of Conduct, ETP Standard, RSPO Standard, Fairwild Standard and FairTrade Standard.24 Agricultural Standards Book
  22. 22. 4.1. 4C (Common Code for the Coffee Community) Requirements · To attain 4C verification, the producer – also called 4C Unit – should become a member of the 4C Association and verified against 4C Code of Conduct. · The 4C Code of Conduct consists of 10 Unacceptable Practices and the 4C Code Matrix. The scope of the 4C Code of Conduct covers the three dimensions of sustainability: decent working and living conditions for farmers and their families as well as employees, protection of primary forest and conservation of natural resources such as water, soil, biodiversity and energy and economic viability which are the basis of social welfare and sustainability. · 4C Unit must exclude “Unacceptable Practices” and attain average yellow for the Code Matrix 4C in order to market their coffee as 4C Compliant Coffee. Scope Arabica and Robusta coffee. Market 4C Association Members from Trade and Industry. Scheme Verification. Verifier BIOCert and Control Union Certification. Verification The verification is fully paid by the 4C Association. Costs Remarks Rainforest Alliance certified producers (groups) can apply for the 4C License without having to go through the entire 4C Verification Process. Further Information Agricultural Standards Book 25
  23. 23. 4.2. C.A.F.E. Practices Requirements · Only suppliers who meet Starbucks quality standards and are willing to show financial transparency as a prerequisite may participate in the program. · The supplier will be verified against the C.A.F.E. Practices Generic Evaluation Guideline which consists of criteria on: · Product quality. · Economic accountability. · Social responsibility. · Environmental leadership. · The supplier must be compliant with zero tolerance indicators and achieve at least 60% in each of the scored Subject Areas and meet the minimum requirements in the Social Responsibility Subject Area of the C.A.F.E. Practices Generic Evaluation Guideline to attain the status as a preferred supplier. Scope Applied for Starbucks Arabica coffee supplier and its supply chain. Market Starbucks market worldwide. Scheme Verification. Verifier BIOCert, Control Union Certification, Ceres Indonesia, IMO, STR and SDS (Sustainable Development Services). Verification · Verification costs are paid by the supplier. Costs · The fee is based on the number of working days needed for inspection and reporting. Fee per day starts at 200 US$ to 400 US$, plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses.26 Agricultural Standards Book
  24. 24. Remarks Starbucks preference to extend preferred pricing and contract to Strategic and Preferred suppliers. Further · · Agricultural Standards Book 27
  25. 25. 4.3. UTZ Certification Requirements · The applicant is certified against UTZ CERTIFIED Good Inside Code of Conduct that consists of criteria for economically, socially and environmentally responsible production. · Compliance with UTZ Code of Conduct is achieved if the certificate holder has fulfilled all the mandatory control points, plus the defined number of additional control points (non-mandatory points in a specific year) per chapter. Scope Coffee, Tea, Cocoa, Palm Oil. Market · UTZ CERTIFIED coffee: more than 20 consuming countries, including the Netherlands, Belgium, France, UK, Scandinavia, Switzerland, Japan, US and Canada. · UTZ CERTIFIED tea: Sara Lee Corporation and ETP member. · UTZ CERTIFIED cocoa: Ahold, Cargill, Heinz Benelux, Mars, Nestlé, ECOM, Chocolat Frey and Ludwig Schokolade. Scheme · Certification (for coffee, tea and cocoa). · Traceability system service for RSPO-certified palm oil. Certification Body Control Union Certification, IMO and Ceres Indonesia. Certification · Paid by applicant. Cost · Calculated based on the number of working days needed, starting at 330 US$/day to 500 US$/day, plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses. In addition, certification body overhead fee for administration and certification.28 Agricultural Standards Book
  26. 26. Remarks · Price premium rewarded for UTZ CERTIFIED coffee which is determined in a negotiation process between the buyer and seller. · UTZ CERTIFIED submits an invoice to the first buyer of UTZ CERTIFIED coffee at an administration fee of $ 0.012 per lb. of green coffee. · Group certification scheme applied. · UTZ traceability system will now pay a transaction fee of 2US$ per metric ton for traceability services. Buyers will be invoiced 3 US$/mt (2 as transaction fee + 1 as RSPO- donation). Further www.utzcertified.orgInformation Agricultural Standards Book 29
  27. 27. 4.4. ETP (Ethical Tea Partnership) Requirements · ETP member companies are required to disclose all sources of their tea. · Workshops on ETP standards and approaches held by the ETP Regional Manager to identify the key social and environmental risks facing the estates. · These risk assessments form the basis of improvement plans. · ETP Regional Managers will continue to liaise with estates to ensure the changes required are taking place. Scope · Tea. · Applied for suppliers of ETP Member Companies. Market ETP Members: Accord Tea Services Ltd, Ahmad Tea, All about Tea, Bell Tea Company, Betty & Taylors Harrogate Ltd, Booths, DJ Miles & Co Ltd, Drie Mollen, Herbal Republic, Imporient UK Ltd, Jing Tea, Keith Spicer Ltd, Metropolitan Tea Co Ltd, Mothers Parkers Tea & Coffee Inc, Newby Teas, Republic of Tea, Sara Lee, Tazo Tea, The Tetley Group, R Twining & Company Ltd, tea and The Windmill Tea Co Ltd. Scheme Supplier Monitoring. Monitoring Unit ETP. Monitoring Paid by ETP. Cost Remarks - Further Information30 Agricultural Standards Book
  28. 28. 4.5. RSPO Requirements RSPO’s principles for sustainable palm oil production are: · Commitment to transparency. · Compliance with applicable law and regulations. · Commitment to long-term economic and financial viability. · Use of appropriate best practices by growers and millers. · Environmental responsibility and conservation of natural resources and biodiversity. · Responsible consideration of employees and of individual and communities affected by growers and mills. · Responsible development of new plantings. · Commitment to continuous improvement in key areas of activity. A certificate of conformance with the RSPO criteria will be issued based on the fact that certification assessments don’t possess any major non-conformities whatsoever. Scope · Palm Oil. · The unit of certification is the mill and its supply base. Market Europe. Scheme Certification. Certification Body Control Union Certification, PT Mutuagung Lestari, PT SAI Global Indonesia and PT Sucofindo. Certification · Certification paid by the applicant. Costs · RSPO Certification costs are calculated based on the number of working days needed or the size of certified area (ha), plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses. Remarks - Further http// Information Agricultural Standards Book 31
  29. 29. 4.6. FAIRWILD Requirements · Wild resources maintained and no negative environmental impacts. · Fair contractual relationship with collectors, no discrimination, no child labour and fair trade benefits for collector communities. · Fair labour conditions in collecting and processing companies. · Sustainable sourcing practices employed and fair trade practices. · Compliance with laws, regulations and agreements, customary rights respected. · Good management, applied business practices, transparent cost-calculation and benefit-sharing throughout the value chain. Scope · Products collected from the wild (e.g. medicinal and aromatic plants, berries, wild fruits, nuts and seeds, mushrooms, honey). · Raw materials for finished products (e.g. essential and fatty oils). · Products containing FAIRWILD ingredients. Market Worldwide. Scheme Certification. Certification Body IMO. Certification · Paid by applicant. Cost · Calculated based on the number of working days needed for inspection and reporting, plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses.32 Agricultural Standards Book
  30. 30. Remarks - Further www.fairwild.orgInformation Agricultural Standards Book 33
  31. 31. 4.7. Fairtrade Requirements · The organizational structure allows the producers to bring a product to the market and enable all members of the organization to participate in democratic decision-making processes. · Transparency and non-discrimination within the organization. · In hired labour situations, the workers’ social rights and security as mentioned in the social standards must be met by the company. · A minimum price and/or a fairtrade premium to the producers must be paid by the buyer. · A financial advance on contracts (pre-financing) should be paid by the buyer if requested by the producers. · Minimized and safe use of agrochemicals, proper and safe management of waste, maintenance of soil fertility and water resources as well as no use of genetically modified organisms. Scope Bananas, cocoa, coffee, cotton, flowers & plants, fresh & dried fruit, fresh vegetables, nuts and oil seeds, honey, juices, rice, spices and herbs, sugar, tea and wine. Market Fairtrade shops in 23 countries in Europe and USA, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Mexico, Australia and South Africa. Scheme Certification. Certification Body FLO-CERT. Certification The certification fee differs based on the type of Cost applicant and is available at the FLO-CERT website. Remarks Fairtrade standards do not require organic certification as part of its standards. However, organic production is promoted and is rewarded by higher Fairtrade Minimum Prices for organically grown products.34 Agricultural Standards Book
  32. 32. Further · · Agricultural Standards Book 35
  33. 33. 4.8. Rainforest Alliance Requirements The 10 Principles of the Rainforest Alliance Sustainable Agriculture Standard are: · Social and Environmental Management System. · Ecosystem Conservation. · Wildlife Protection. · Water Conservation. · Fair Treatment and Good Working Conditions for Workers. · Occupational Health and Safety. · Community Relations. · Integrated Crop Management. · Soil Management and Conservation. · Integrated Waste Management. Scope · Coffee, cocoa, tea, fruit, vegetables, flower, ornamental plants, agave, sugarcane, cinnamon, etc. · Applied to individual producers and farmers groups. Market · Coffee: KRAFT. · Tea : Lipton-Unilever. · Cocoa: MARS. · Bananas: Chiquita. · Retail shops worldwide. Scheme Certification. Certification Body Rainforest Alliance Asia Pasific Regional Office. Certification · Audit costs: include auditor honorarium as well as Cost administrative and logistic costs. · Annual fee: applies only in the case of a certified farm. The annual fee is calculated based on 5US$/ha for a group of farmers at a maximum of US$ 5,000 and 7.5 US$/ha for a single farm.36 Agricultural Standards Book
  34. 34. Remarks - Further www.rainforest-alliance.orgInformation Agricultural Standards Book 37
  35. 35. 5. Food Safety Standards.Figure 7: Hygiene produce handling.Increasing consumer demand for safe food has led to the development of food safety standardssuch as GLOBAL GAP, HACCP, ISO 22000, BRC and IFS. Food safety standards are primarilydesigned to reassure consumers that food is produced at a high level of quality and security.Generally, food safety standard criteria are as follows:· Analyze and control the food hazard.· Personal hygiene and safety.· Finished product requirement (product analysis).· Produce handling hygiene procedure.· Input (pesticide, insecticide) storage.· Food safety management system.Most of the non-compliances found during food safety inspection are related to: record keepingsystems, availability of risk assessment documents, availability of several procedures such as aharvesting hygiene procedure, a produce handling hygiene procedure, analysis results, pesticidestorage, protective clothing and hygiene. Agricultural Standards Book 39
  36. 36. 5.1. GLOBALGAP Requirements · Minimize detrimental environmental impacts of farming practices. · Reduce use of chemical inputs. · Worker hygiene and safety. · Hygiene produce handling. · Sanitary facilities. · Minimize contamination. · Quality control. Scope Fresh fruits and vegetables, combinable crops, flowers and ornamentals, coffee, tea, cattle and sheep, pig, poultry, turkey, salmonids, shrimp, pangasius and tilapia. Market Europe and now accepted worldwide. Scheme Certification. Certification Body Bureau Veritas Indonesia, Control Union Certification, Ceres Indonesia, TUV Nord Indonesia and IMO. Certification 1. Paid by applicant. Costs 2. Consist of: · Producer registration and certification fee (based on the general GLOBALGAP fee table). · Audit costs calculated based on the number of working days needed for carrying out inspection and reporting (approx 500 US$/day) or by the size, complexity and risk of the certified operation/farm, plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses. Remarks Group certification scheme applied. Further Information40 Agricultural Standards Book
  37. 37. 5.2. HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) Requirements Identification, evaluation, and control of food safety hazards based on the following seven principles: 1. Conduct a hazard analysis. 2. Identify critical control points. 3. Establish critical limits for each critical control point. 4. Establish critical control point monitoring requirements. 5. Establish corrective actions. 6. Establish procedures to insure the HACCP system is working as intended. 7. Establish record keeping procedures. Scope Applied by the food industry. Market Worldwide. Scheme Certification. Certification Body PT Sucofindo, Laboratorium Terpadu IPB, BBIA, PT Mutuagung Lestari, PT Embrio Biotekindo, PT SGS International Services Indonesia, TUV Nord Indonesia, Control Union Certification, Bureau Veritas Indonesia and IMO. Certification · Paid by applicant. Cost · Dependent on the size, complexity and risk of operator. For the medium, starting at twenty million Indonesia rupiah. Remarks - Further Information calControlPointsHACCP/HACCPPrinciplesApplicationGuid elines/default.htm Agricultural Standards Book 41
  38. 38. 5.3. ISO 22000 Requirements Food quality and food safety management systems, based on the establishment and implementation of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) approach. Scope Food Industry. Market Worldwide. Scheme Certification. Certification Body PT Sucofindo, Laboratorium Terpadu IPB, PT Mutuagung Lestari, PT Embrio Biotekindo, TUV Nord Indonesia, Control Union Certification and IMO Certification · Paid by applicant. Cost · Dependent on the size, complexity and risk of the certified unit. For the medium industry starting at twenty five million Indonesia rupiah. Remarks - Further Information42 Agricultural Standards Book
  39. 39. 5.4. BRC Global Standard (British Retail Consortium) Requirements · A detailed and well-implemented HACCP system. · A quality management system. · Control of factory environments. · Finished product requirements. · Production process and personnel hygiene regulation. Scope Applied for suppliers of British, Belgian and Dutch retailers. Market British, Belgian, Dutch, US and Japan retailers. Scheme Certification. Certification Body Control Union Certification, IMO, Ceres Indonesia, Bureau Veritas Indonesia and TUV Nord Indonesia. Certification · Paid by applicant. Cost · Dependent on the size, complexity and risk of the certified unit. Remarks - Further · Information · Agricultural Standards Book 43
  40. 40. 5.5. IFS (International Food Standard) Requirements · Corporate policy, structure, customer focus and management review. · HACCP system, documentation requirements and record keeping. · Personnel hygiene, protective clothing, training, and staff facilities. · Product specifications, purchasing, packaging, factory environment, housekeeping, pest control, traceability, etc. · Internal audit, product analysis, product withdrawal and recall, management of corrective actions, etc. Scope · Processed and handling product. · Primary packaging activity. · Applied for suppliers of large supermarket chains throughout Europe (except Great Britain). Market Large supermarket chains throughout Europe (except Great Britain). Scheme Certification. Certification Body Control Union Certification, IMO, Bureau Veritas Indonesia, and TUV Nord Indonesia. Certification · Paid by applicant. Costs · Dependent on the size, complexity and risk of the certified unit. · IFS certification costs would be higher than other food safety certification schemes because the Iocal auditor is not available. Remarks - Further Information44 Agricultural Standards Book
  41. 41. 6. Organic Agriculture. Requirements · Use of local natural resources and the management of ecosystems instead of external agricultural inputs. · The use of synthetic chemicals is prohibited. · The use of genetically modified inputs is prohibited. · Maintaining organic integrity by preventing contamination and mixing. · Conversion period defined by the product. Scope · Defined by the standard. · Products: Crop Production, Animal Husbandry, Beekeeping, Aquaculture, Wild Collection, Processed Product (Food), Textiles and Cosmetic. Market · Worldwide. EU, US and Japan are the main markets for organic products. · Each market for organic products has its own organic standard such as EC Organic Regulation for EU, USDA NOP for the United States and JAS for Japan. Scheme Certification Certification Body · Indonesia National Organic Standards: PT Sucofindo, PT Mutuagung Lestari, LSO Persada, LSO Sumbar, LeSOS, Inofice and BIOCert. · For International Standards (EC Regulation, USDA NOP and JAS): BIOCert, Bureau Veritas Indonesia, Ceres Indonesia, Control Union Certification, IMO, LeSOS or TUV Nord Indonesia Certification · Paid by applicant. Cost · Calculated based on the number of working days needed or the size, complexity and risk of the farm/operation, plus the inspector’s travel and accommodation expenses. Fee per day starting at 120 US$ to 200 US$ for national standards, and 250 US$ to 500 US$ for international standards. Agricultural Standards Book 45
  42. 42. Certification · In addition, the certification body may charge an overhead Cost fee for administration and certification, depending on the size and complexity of the applicant and the number of standards requested for certification. Remarks · In Europe, some private standards have been developed and accepted by markets i.e.: Biosuisse in Switzerland, Soil Association in the UK and Naturland in Germany. All of these private standards possess higher requirements that the EC Organic Regulation. Naturland and Soil Association standards also cover areas not yet governed by the EC Organic Regulation, i.e. organic aquaculture, organic textiles and organic cosmetics. · Although there are many organic standards, the requirements are generally quite similar. The differences usually concern the conversion period topic and permitted external inputs which may be used in organic production. Further · Information · · · · · Agricultural Standards Book
  43. 43. 7. List of Certification Bodies in Indonesia.Balai Besar Barang Teknik (B4T)Address: Jln. Sangkuriang No 14, Bandung.Tel: +62-22-2504828, Fax: +62-22-2502027.Baristand Indag Environmental Management Assurance (BRISEMA)Address: Jln. Ki Mangunsarkoro No 6, Semarang.Tel: +62-24-8310216, Fax: +62-24-8414811.BIOCertAddress: Jl. Kamper M.1 Budi Agung, Bogor.Tel: +62-251-316294, Fax: +62-251-316294.E-mail: Veritas IndonesiaAddress: Ariobimo Sentral Penthouse 1 Floor JL. H.R. Rasuna Said Blok X-2No. 5, Jakarta 12950.Telp: +62-21-5210393, Fax: +62-21-5210806, +62-21-5210717.Website: IndonesiaAddress: Jalan Kayu Manis Barta 17, Jakarta 13130.Tel: +62-8196003949.E-mail: Union CertificationAddress: Jl. Kramat 3A, Cilandak Timur, Jakarta Selatan 12560.Tel:+62-21-78842016, Fax: +62-21-78842017.E-mail: IndonesiaAddress: Jl. Kalasan No. 15, Perum Cimanggu Permai I, Bogor 16313.Tel:+62 812 9975 306, Fax: +62 251 323 089.E-mail: Agricultural Standards Book 47
  44. 44. INOFICEAddress: Jl. Tentara Pelajar No I, Bogor.Tel:+62-251-8382641, Fax: +62-251-8382641.Jogya Environtmental Certification Assurance (JECA).Address: Jln. Sokonandi No 9 Yogyakarta.Tel: +62-274-512929, Fax: +62-274-563655.Laboratorium Terpadu – Institut Pertanian BogorAddress: Kampus IPB Baranangsiang, Jln. Raya Pajajaran, Bogor 16151.Tel: +62-251-8385165, Fax: +62-251-8385165.E-mail: (Lembaga Sertifikasi Organik Seloliman)Address: PO BOX 03 Trawas, Mojokerto 61375.Tel: +62-321-618754, Fax: +62-321-618754.E-mail: Sumatera BaratAddress: Jln. Raden Saleh No 4A, Padang.Tel: +62-751-26017, Fax: +62-751-26017.LSO PersadaAddress: Jln. Nogorojo No 20, Komplek Polri, Gowok, Depok, Sleman - Yogyakarta.Tel: +62-274-499420, Fax: +62-274-889477.PT Embrio BiotekindoAddress: Jln. Pajajaran Indah V No 1 Baranangsiang, Bogor 16143.Tel: +62-251-8377973, Fax: +62-251-8377973.E-mail: Mutuagung LestariAddress: Jl. Raya Bogor No.19 KM 33,5, Cimanggis, Depok 16953.Tel: +62-21-8740202, Fax: +62-21-87740745-46.E-mail: Agricultural Standards Book
  45. 45. PT SAI Global IndonesiaAddress: Graha Iskandarsyah, 4th Floor, Jl. Iskandarsyah Raya 66 C,Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta 12160.Website: SucofindoAddress: Graha SUCOFINDO, 1st Floor, Jl. Raya Pasar MInggu Kav. 34,Jakarta 12780.Tel: +62-21-7983666, Fax: +62-21-7983888.E-mail: SGS IndonesiaAddress: Cilandak Commercial Estate #108C, Jln. Raya Cilandak KKO,Jakarta 12560.Tel: +62-21-7818111, Fax: +62-21-7807914.Website: Jl. Barito II No. 33 A, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta 12160.Tel: +62-21-7227999, Fax: +62 -21-7227999.E-mail: Development Services (SDS)Address: Jl. Kemiri No.1 Candijati,Arjasa, Jember 68119.Tel: +62-331-540606, Fax: +62-331-540606.E-mail: Nord IndonesiaAddress: Perkantoran Hijau Arkadia, Jl. Let. Jend. TB. Simatupang Kav. 88,Tower F, 7th Floor, Suite 704, Jakarta Selatan.Tel : +62-21-78837338, Fax: +62-21-78837336.E-mail : Agricultural Standards Book 49
  46. 46. 8. List Consultant/ Supporting Agencies in Indonesia.Badan Standarisasi Nasional (National Standardization Agency of Indonesia)Address: Manggala Wanabakti Building, Block IV Floor 3th - 4th. Jend. Gatot Subroto Street,Senayan, Jakarta 10270 - Indonesia.Tel: +62-21-5747043, Fax:, Website: www.bsn.go.idIDEAS CONSULTANCY SERVICESGriya Bogor Indah Blok O No. 5 Kedung Badak, Bogor 16165.Tel: +62 251 8655756, Fax: +62 251 8655756E-mail:, Website: www.ideas-consultant.comIndonesia Organic AllianceAddress: Jl Kamper Blok M No. 1, Budi Agung, Bogor.Tel: +62-251-8316294, Fax:+ 62-251-8316294E-mail:, Website: www.organicindonesia.orgKomite Akreditasi Nasional (National Accreditation Committee)Address: Manggala Wanabakti Building 4th floor, Block IVJend. Gatot Subroto Street, Senayan, Jakarta 10270.Tel: +62-21-5747043, Fax: +62-21-57902948PT CORE INDONESIAAddress: Jln. Kalasan No.15 Perum Cimanggu Permai I, Bogor 16310.Tel: +62-251-8323089, Fax: +62-251-8323089Email: anton@core-indonesia.comQ Consulting and TrainingAddress: Perum Bukit Mekarwangi Blok C15, No.27 Tanah Sareal, Bogor 16168.Tel: +62-251-7535008, Fax: +62-251-7535008E-mail:, Website: www.qcat.orgSwisscontactAddress: Jl. Terusan Hang Lekir II No.15, Kebayoran, Jakarta 12220.Tel: +62-21-7394041, Fax: +62-21-7394039E-mail:, Website: www.swisscontact.or.id50 Agricultural Standards Book
  47. 47. Notes. Agricultural Standards Book 51
  48. 48. OsecSwiss Import Promotion ProgrammeStampfenbachstrasse 85P.O. Box 2407CH-8021 ZurichPhone +41 44 365 51 51Fax +41 44 365 52 02sippo@osec.chCopyright Osec April 2010.All rights reserved.