In 1939, the TV in theUnited States made itsformal debut totransmit the firsttelevised presidentialaddress: the PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt.It was so successfulthat televisionsmanufactured enmasse.
PrincipaleEl United Kingdom, is the countrywhere most development has taken publictelevision and, in particular, educationaltelevision, such as the experience of Channel4 Learning (CH4L) television 1s united states.
CH4L is based on edutainment, which usestelevision as a support tool to stimulate andenrich the teaching-learning process in theclassroom and in school settings
The entertainment-education strategyincludes several media-television, websiteand printed materials (tutorials) - to supportthe process of educating students, teachersand parents
Interestingly initially CHL4 devotedto achieving basic educationprograms for children, and today isfocused on youth programs,particularly on issues of values andcoexistence.
CH4L is a public channel, with a mandate to open to experimental andinnovative processes and generating educational programsCH4L does not directly; defined projects and programs contracted withindependent producers and technical staff define, in agreement with theeducation sector, programs (areas) that would be useful as reinforcementto classroom educationRasgos del canal
CH4L design projects and analyzes the contents withresource teachersThe teaching methodology includes, in addition toaudiovisual material for teacher preparation andproduction of guides and support for these studentsRasgos del canal
In the definition of the issues, see the materials productionneeds with central and regional authoritiesEach year, six months before the start of the school year, theCanal sent to educational institutions a catalog with allprograms produced / available and the schedule of opentelevision broadcasting.La recepción de los programas
Open Issue: aired every program in the morning to be greeted inthe classroom, on information contentNocturnal emission, so that schools and teachers the recordand can be generating your own librarySales of products to educational institutions, on request, viaemail or the Internet, based on the catalog and schedule for thefollowing yearLas instituciones educativas tienen variasopciones para acceder a los programas:
The television in Mexico is characterizedprimarily as the visual medium of information,education and entertainment of the majorityof Mexicans
Currently, there are two privateconsortia powerful governingtelevision, manipulate, andcompete with each other:Televisa and TV Azteca
The history of Mexican television can bedefined as the history of? Televisa. Againstthe U.S. television models that were basedon a television production and expansive, likethe European model
It was established in January of 1955, thefirst Mexican Telesistema ie "the firstincarnation of what would become themodern empire Televisa and Azcarraga".Moreover, from its founding and throughoutthe years sequent Mexican television had anexpansion, enrichment, and uniqueconfiguration
There is now afundamental reality thatforces most Mexicans tobe imposed on television:the lack of literary readinghabit. This fact implies thatthe lack of literary habitamong Mexicans, hasforced them to perceivetelevision as the onlymeans of information,education andentertainmentAspectos negativos de latelevisión mexicana
However, the Mexican Telesistema is dedicated tocreating programs? Mediocre and lowest for thedemands of culture, further impoverishing them andtrapping them in their poor reality.
Among the low-demand programs cultural, educationaland intellectual novels are melodramatic, the absurdand false? "Talk shows", and repetitive or footballmatches national team, which apparently have becomemajor problems social challenges facing the country.
On the subject of politics, both Televisa and TVAzteca, have had a fundamental effect withregard to political parties and presidentialelections
That is, its political history is a story of politicalsubmission. The two companies supremistas such asTelevisa and TV Azteca, have always remainedpopular culture uninformed about the political realityfacing the country.
Although it has been criticized at present,and in the course of the history ofMexican television, is paramount tomention that Televisa also has benefitedand contributed to educational andhistorical novels Mexican society.Aspectos positivos de latelevisión mexicana
A well cataloged performance was theproduction of educational novels between 1975and 1982. En Indeed, these novels were greatimpact on popular culture as it fell? Birth ratewas then too high, and the spread of literacyamong adults, etc.
Television of Mexico is the perfect dictatorship has playedthe role of sedation in order to cloud the minds andpreserve ignorance, because that way you have created aMexico passive a disenfranchised Mexico, a Mexico offucking entertained
The theater was introduced in Englandfrom Europe, in the romans era, therewere built theaters for all the country withthis end.The theater is an outstanding genderinside the English literature. Its maximfigure is precisely William Shakespeare.
Middle Age• Mummers Plays (San Jorge and the Dragon andRobin Hood)• Mysteries & Miracles (The Noe Arc, The Creation,The Flood)• Moralities o Morality plays (The sin, the ambition, thehumanity)
Revival Age• Mystery (Everyman)• Tragedies and Dramas (William Shakespeare,Christopher Marlowe, Ben Johnson, John Webster.)• Comedies and Historical (Dream of a summer night,Enrique IV)
Restoration• Heroic Drama (All for love, Aureng-Zebe (John Dryen))• Pathetic Drama or she-tragedy (The orphan (ThomasOtway))• Comedy of Restoration (The man of mode (GeorgeEtherege))
XVIII Century• Sentimental comedy (The London Merchant(George Lillo) and Conscious lovers (RichardSteele))• Opera (She Stoops to conquer (OliverGoldsmith))
Theater in USComo en el resto de las disciplinasartísticas, el teatro creado en los EstadosUnidos nació en un principio comoimitación de la tradición dramáticaeuropea, especialmente la inglesa. Sinembargo, rápidamente adquirió un tonopropio que llegaría a su punto álgido enel siglo XX.
En 1809, en Philadelphia, se funda el teatro más antiguo de losEstados Unidos, The Walnut. En este edificio se representa laproducción teatral “The Rivals”, estrenada en 1812 con unaaudiencia tan selecta como Thomas Jefferson o el marqués deLafayette. Proliferan a inicios de siglo los teatros en los territoriosque se van expandiendo hacia el Oeste. en ellos se representanmelodramas, obras clásicas de Shakespeare y un éxito de laépoca, la adaptación de “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” adaptada del libro deHarriet Beecher Stowe por el dramaturgo H.J. Conway.El siglo XIX
En estos años, el vodevil nunca dejó de tener éxito, y con lallegada de la radio y el cine el teatro se va adaptando al nuevosiglo. El cine mudo de aquellos años propicia de hecho laproliferación del género musical, que arrasa en el Broadway delos años 20. Se crean numerosas compañías de teatroaficionado, y surgen las primeras obras de vanguardia,experimentándose con nuevas formas y técnicas dramáticasparalelas al teatro europeo.Beginings of XX century
Tras la victoria aliada, el teatro de los Estados Unidos sehace hueco en el panorama internacional. Los musicalesllegan a su madurez, y alcanzan notables cotas de calidady éxito internacional que mantienen hasta la actualidad. Enel drama, aparecen figuras clave que apuntalarán elprestigio del teatro americano, como TennesseeWilliams o Arthur Miller. Los dramas de Williams retratanlos paisajes físicos y mentales sureños, y a menudo utilizacomo protagonistas a mujeres sensibles prisioneras enambientes salvajes. Obras como “Un tranvía llamadodeseo” o “La gata sobre el tejado de cinc caliente” fueronrápidamente adaptadas al cine con igual o mayor éxito.Theater behind the WWII
Pre-Columbian• The Aztecs were known to have a theatrethat included music and dance, as witnessedby the Spanish invaders. Its directdocumentation has been lost, but its knownthat early missionaries witnessed it.
17th and 18thCenturies• After the Spanish invasion, a secular theatredeveloped quickly, and it reflected thetraditions and the taste of Spain.
19th Century• The early part of the 19th century exhibited a declinein Mexican theatre, due partly to war. Styles reflectedSpanish classicism. Later, however, Europeanromanticism arrived. At the same time, a nationalisticconsciousness arose and was reflected in Mexicantheatre. New world legends began to arise inMexican plays in the works of Rodriguez Galvan.
20th Century• Spanish influence remained dominant until the endof the Mexican Revolution, when playwrights beganto write in Mexician Spanish. Experimental theatrebegan to flourish. During the 1950s realism wasdominant, and from the 1960s playwrights againbegan to write daring work.
Today• Theatre is healthy, varied, and widespreadthroughout Mexico. It reflects the national cultureand often its history. Its many forms include streettheatre, international theatre, and theatre in theAztec and Mayan languages.
What is thecensorship?Censorship is the suppression of speech orother public communication which may beconsidered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, orinconvenient as determined by a government,media outlet, or other controlling body.
Types of censorship Political State secrets Religion Education Copy, picture, and writer approval Maps
BooksBooks generally enjoy lesser censorship than othermediums in the UK.• "Obscene" books, for example Ulysses, were oftencensored in the 19th and early 20th centuries.Today, obscenity laws are much more lax, andfocused on public displays of pornography.• "Lord Horror" by David Britton was banned forobsenity in 1991.
InternetInternet is hightly (actually) moderately censoredwith reguards to porn, and virtually uncensored inother aspects.• 95% of UK ISPs use software called Cleanfeed toblock images deemed to be potentially childpornography.• In datey-datey-date, BT blocked 4chan.org, thesecond largest BBS on the internet, due to itsfrequent child-porn content.
FilmThe British Board of Film Classification censor films, mainlydue to swearing, sex, and violence, but also due toglorification of certain acts (drug taking, for example).usually, this censorship takes the form of restricting viewingto:• anyone (Uc, U, PG)• anyone accoumpanied by an adult or >12 (12A)• >11 (12)• >14 (15)• >17 (18)• >17, and further has to be limited to a specialist sexshop/cinema (r18)
Video GamesUK has inherited Americas censorship as they translatedgames from Japanese into English, and England couldntbe arsed to re-translate just so wed get our owncensorship.Computer games have been the most extremelycensored medium with regards to sex and religion, butthe most laxly censored childrens medium with regards toalcohol (due to the fact that Nintendo of America usuallycensors beer to cider which means non-alcoholic applejuice in American, but strange-tasting beer in English(what Americans call hard-cider)), so there you go.
TVTV is censored heavily before the (9:00pm)watershead, and still quite heavily after that (itsillegal, for example, to show an erect cock on TV atall).The BBC channels are subject to pressure from thegovernement, who have to periodically renew thepublic-funded bodys permission to raise tax (the TVlicence)
War reporting was censored during World War II; forexample, citizens could not report on German U-boats off the coast of New England.Obscenity: Up until roughly 1950, books, plays, andso forth were regularly banned by local governmentfor obscenity.It is also legal to express certain forms of hatespeech so long as one does not engage in the actsbeing discussed, or urge others to commit illegalacts.
Muy sonados son los casos de pederastia por parte demiembros de la iglesia católica. Tal es el caso de laperiodista mexicana Sanjuana Martínez quien declarósufrir de la censura en México, sobretodo cuando publicósus dos títulos Prueba de Fe. Las redes de cardenales yobispos en la pederastia clerical (Editorial Planeta)y Manto púrpura. Pederastia clerical en tiempos delcardenal Norberto Rivera Carrera (Editorial Grijalbo).La periodista otorgó esta entrevista durante suparticipación en los premios „Libertad de Expresión 2009,ganadora del Premio Ortega y Gasset 2008, en lacategoría de „Mejor Trabajo de Investigación‟, sustrabajos y libros han sido ignorados por sus compañerosconnacionales y periodistas “…es que nosotros contra laIglesia no podemos publicar nada. Sencillamente lotenemos prohibido”.