Passive voice

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A quick, simple explanation to passive voice: Structure and Use.

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Passive voice

  1. 1. PassiveVoice<br />Easy-to-understandapproach<br />Oscar Gamboa<br />
  2. 2. PassiveVoice<br />A waytopointoutsomethingorsomeonethatreceivesanaction and isthemostimportantentity in a phrase. <br />
  3. 3. PassiveVoice<br />Subject:<br />Istheentity in grammar, a person, animal, objectorthing, thatperformstheaction. <br />Forexample: Shereadsherbooks. (= whoreads? Whoperformstheaction?----->SHE does).<br />Object :<br />Istheentity in grammar, a person, animal, objectorthing, thatreceivestheaction. <br />Forexample: He kissesher. (= whokisses----> He does, butWhoReceivesthekiss?----> SHE does. Sheistheobject.)<br />
  4. 4. PassiveVoice<br />Structure<br />Verbtobe+ Pastparticiple(Byactiondoer= optional)*** <br />Example: <br />Spanishisspokenthroughout South America(byVenezuelans, Braziliansand Urugayans, amongothers). <br />
  5. 5. PassiveVoice<br />Thus, theobjectfromthe active voicebecomesthesubject in thepassivevoice . <br />Forexample: <br />Shewaswritingthe novel <br />The novel wasbeingwrittenbyher<br />SubjectVerbObject<br />SubjectVerbAgent<br />
  6. 6. PassiveVoice<br />Whenwewanttoform a passivevoice, weneedtoknowthe tense of theaction, toconjugatetheverbtobe. <br />Forexample, ifwewanttoexpressthattherewas a robbery, wethink of the active voiceand thenformthepassivevoice. <br />Example: Threemenstole a car. (Themainverbis in thepast simple form, stole, so we use past simple fortheverbtobein thepassivevoice). <br />A car wasstolenbythreemen. <br />
  7. 7. PassiveVoice<br />Thepastparticipledoesnotchange, sinceitisfixedforallgrammaticalpersons, so allweneedto do itlearnitbyrepetition. <br />*** Sincewe are givingimportancemainlytowhatorwhoreceivedtheaction,thatistheobjectwe do notneedtomentionthesubject. <br />
  8. 8. PassiveVoice<br />When do we use thepassivevoice?<br />- Itisnormallyusedwhenwriting, more thanspeaking. <br />- Itisnormallyusedwhentheactiondoerisunkown.<br />Forexample: Yourpaperswerelost. (= we do notknowwholostthem)<br />- Whentheactiondoerisunimportantorobviousforthecontext.<br />Forexample: Therobber has beenarrested. (itisobviousthatthepolicearrestedhim)<br />
  9. 9. PassiveVoice<br />- Whentheactionitselfismuch more importantthantheactiondoer. Forexample in newsheadlines, advertisements, formal notices, and so on. <br />Forexample: ThepartywillbethrownnextTuesday. <br />- Whenwewishtoavoidtakingresponsibilityforanaction, orwementionanunpleasantevent and we do notwithtomentionwhosefaultitis.<br />Forexample: Ten passengerswerekilled in theaccident. <br />
  10. 10. PassiveVoice<br />Onlytransitiveverbs, thosethattakeanobject, can bechangedintothepassivevoice. <br />- Forexample : Theverblivedoesnottakeanobject<br /> Active : Shelives in Budapest.<br /> NO PASSIVE FORM<br />Passive: Budapest islived in byher. <br />Sometransitiveverbs: <br />Sometransitiveverbscannotbechangedintothepassive: She has a car. NO PASSIVE VOICE<br />A car ishadbyher. <br />
  11. 11. PassiveVoice<br /> Hope it has beenwellexplained and internalized. <br />Chao!!<br />

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