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  1. 1. Hypoglycemia Taylor Muehlstein Josh Moy Jinju Lee Charles Ortiz Period 3 Table 7
  2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>A person with systematically low levels of blood glucose (sugar) has hypoglycemia . </li></ul><ul><li>Glucose is the body's main energy source. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoglycemia is not a disease in itself- it is the result of an underlying issue or combination of them. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mild Symptoms <ul><li>The typical signs of low sugar levels: </li></ul><ul><li>Trembling/shakiness </li></ul><ul><li>Sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Pallor (face goes pale) </li></ul><ul><li>Heart palpitations (unregulated pattern) </li></ul><ul><li>Tingling lips </li></ul>
  4. 4. Severe Symptoms <ul><li>When the hypoglycemia is more severe the following signs or symptoms are possible: </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration problems </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Irrational and disorderly behavior (similar to somebody who is drunk) </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures (uncommon) </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of consciousness (uncommon) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Demographics <ul><li>Occurs most often in people with Types 1 or 2 diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs in men, women, children, the elderly, and even pets </li></ul><ul><li>Not race specific </li></ul><ul><li>Genetically dependent (referring to genetic diabetes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Causes of Hypoglycemia <ul><li>It most commonly happens when a person with diabetes has taken too much insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of glucagon (hormone that is secreted from the pancreas that raises blood glucose levels) </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive alcohol consumption: drinking heavily can block liver from releasing stored glucose </li></ul><ul><li>Tumor of pancreas known as an Insulinoma </li></ul>
  7. 7. Insulin Glucagon Alchohol
  8. 8. Treatments <ul><li>Check your blood sugar often, if below 70mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) stabilize it by eating: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-4 glucose tablets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Half of cup of a non diet soft drink </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 cup of milk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 or 6 pieces of hard candy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Measurements may vary for children </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor may also have a treatment plan, meal plan, medications or physical activities </li></ul>
  9. 9. Diet: DO’s <ul><li>Six meals a day with snack in between </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a daily account of what you eat </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate unhealthy foods: sugar, alcohol, tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Keep blood sugar stable </li></ul><ul><li>Replace junk food with nutritious </li></ul><ul><li>and wholesome foods: </li></ul><ul><li>vegetables, fruits, and lean meat are preferred </li></ul>
  10. 10. Diet: DONT’s <ul><li>Do not panic </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to eat breakfast </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone's body is different, don’t compare </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t obsess about your diet </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t drink excessive alcohol </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prevention <ul><li>Checking blood glucose levels - keep a regular check on blood sugar levels and identify the onset of symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat regularly - keep to your eating routine. </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol - a heavy drinking session can trigger hypoglycemia; If you have diabetes type 1 keep to within the daily alcohol limits recommended by your doctor, and eat something </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise - make sure you have eaten some carbohydrate-rich food before you do any exercise. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Preventions cont. <ul><li>Be ready - children with diabetes type 1 should always carry a container of sugary fruit juice or a candy bar so that they are ready if symptoms are felt. </li></ul><ul><li>Let people know - if you are susceptible to attacks of hypoglycemia, let your friends, colleagues and family members know. Explain what the signs are and what should be done. </li></ul><ul><li>ID - if you have diabetes, carry an ID form. In case of emergency, health care providers, emergency services, and others will know what to do sooner. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Complications <ul><li>Liver disease and/or failure which leads to Jaundice (the yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and other parts of the body due to waste build-up.) </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia-liver failure causes a build-up of urea and increases tension. </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures (involuntary convulsions) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Complications cont. <ul><li>Retrograde amnesia (cannot remember things before the injury) </li></ul><ul><li>Comatose state (state of unconsciousness due to a severely lowered blood glucose level </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
  15. 15. Citations <ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathur , R. M. F., & Schiel Jr., W. C. (2008, 21 10). Medicinenet . Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/hypoglycemia/article.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robin, S. R. (1999). Hypoglycemic diabetes . Rydner. DOI: Farver, A. F. (2009, June 2). Hypoglycemic complications. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetic- </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farver, A. F. (2009, June 2). Hypoglycemic complications . Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetic- </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rickers, F. (2008). National diabetes information clearinghouse . Retrieved from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/hypoglycemia/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas, P. (2010, January 12). Mayo clinic . Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypoglycemia/DS00198/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Citations Cont. <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Davey, D. P. (16, February 20). Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) in non-diabetic people . Retrieved from http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/bloodsugarlow.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Erickson, O. (2004, May 12). Hypoglycemic diet . Retrieved from http://hypoglycemia.org/hypoglycemia-diet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypoglycemia! . (1999). Retrieved from http://www.hemorrhoidinformationcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Hypoglycemia-Information-Graphic.jpg </li></ul></ul>