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When Global Challenges Become Operationalised, The Political Goals Evolve To Systemic Transformations


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Eeva Furman, the director of the Environmental Policy Centre at Finnish Environment Institute, gave a presentation on systemic transformations at the ORSI research project event "What is an Eco-welfare State?" on January 21st 2020.

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When Global Challenges Become Operationalised, The Political Goals Evolve To Systemic Transformations

  1. 1. Eeva Furman SYKE, Orsi 21.1.2020 Helsinki When global challenges become operationalised, the political goals evolve to systemic transformations
  2. 2. Evolution to SD: Three pillars, compromises, emergent in space and time The transformative power of the 2030 Agenda Transformations to SD: Indivisible, hard choices, intentional, time-bound - Rising inequality - Climate change - Production of waste - Biodiversity loss
  3. 3. • Progress slow • Partly no progress at all, partly change to negative direction 2 How have the targets been reached?
  4. 4. A Success Story? Rosling, 2018. Factfulness
  5. 5. Four alarming trends, which threaten the progress of the entire 2030Agenda; 4 Rising inequalites Climate change Biodiversity loss Growing amount of waste -> systemic challenges require systemic transformation
  6. 6. How to translate a political agenda into concrete action in the society? 5
  7. 7. 1. Interlinkages between goals: foreseeing the potentials and the needs to act 6
  8. 8. 2. Hyper-connectedness of the world: Benefits and losses of global flows are divided inequally 7
  9. 9. 3. Power structures: Both challenges as well as sustainability transformations are in the hands of several actors
  10. 10. The way forward
  11. 11. 10 1) Human well-being and capabilities 2) Sustainable and just economies 3) Sustainable food systems and healthy nutrition 4) Energy decarbonization with universal access 5) Sustainable urban and periurban development 6) Securing global environmental commons Six key areas for transformation
  12. 12. 11 How to do it? Four levers to be coherently deployed for each entry point: ● Governance ● Economy and finance ● Individual and collective action ● Science and technology Context-dependent combinations of the levers form integrative pathways to transformation
  13. 13. ENTRY POINTS FOR TRANSFORMATION LEVERS Governance Economy andFinance Individual and CollectiveAction Scienceand Technology Human wellbeing and capabilities Sustainable and just economies Energy decarbonisation and access Food systems and nutrition patterns Urban and peri-urban development Global environmental commons Pathways to Transformation as context-specific configurations of levers to achieve transformation in each entry point An operational roadmap: Context-specific pathways to transformation for sustainability
  14. 14. Food and nutrition 13 • Global food systems to deliver just and environmentally sustainable food to the growing populations – Transformation of agriculture – Small farms with forest farming • Healthier and more sustainable eating habits. • Reduction of foodwaste EEVA FURMAN, SYKE, 29.5.2019 KUVAT: OPENNESS.EU JA MINNA KALJONEN/SYKE 9 billion people
  15. 15. Building sustainable food systems and nutrition patterns Food systems and nutrition patterns • Social protection floors • Integrating social & env. externalities • Governing value and supply chains • Insurances against shocks • Improved trade agreements • Market access • Reducing food waste • Changing dietary habits • Lower environmental impacts • Access to information and data • Infrastructure and transportation Levers Photo Credit: Xun Wang and Xin Zhang, University of Maryland Pathways
  16. 16. Sustainable economies 15 • Environmental footprint • Equal division of benefits and losses • Governance of global flows
  17. 17. Energy de-carbonisation and access 16 ➢ Transformation of the global energy system to align with the Paris Agreement ● 840 milj. people without electricity Sustainable technologies exist -> the challenge within application and distribution
  18. 18. Urban and peri-urban development 17 • Evidence based planning and governance of cities – nature based solutions – polycentrism • Citizens and other actors as developers KUVAT: PAT KRUPA, JORGE VIDAL unsustainable use of natural resources pollution inequalities
  19. 19. Human wellbeing and capabilities 18 • Multi-dimensional inequality • Importance of early childhood • Life long learning for sustainable development; • Rebuilding the human- nature connectedness
  20. 20. Global environmental commons 19 ➢ The balance of nature and humans ➢ Earth systems rely on biodiversity EEVA FURMAN, SYKE, 29.5.2019 KUVAT: EEVA FURMAN BIODIVERSITY ♥ AIR ♥ OCEANS ♥ LAND
  21. 21. The role of science in knowledge-based transformations to sustainable development 20
  22. 22. A ‘moon-shot’ mission for Sustainability Science • Rapid increase of mission-oriented research guided by the 2030 Agenda • Scientific assessment of existing transformation knowledge including non- academic sources • Adapt funding schemes to programme structures supporting inter- and transdisciplinary research • Expand incentive- and evaluation schemes • Create experimental spaces and transformation labs for next generation science-policy interfaces
  23. 23. Thank you