Published on

Published in: Education
1 Comment
1 Like
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Grammar Book<br />Orquidea Plourde<br />
  2. 2. Table Of Contents<br />Estar<br />Ser<br />Verbs Like Gustar<br />Hacer Expressions<br />El Preterito<br />Trigger Words<br />Cars, Gars, y Zars<br />Cucaracha Verbs<br />Snakes<br />Snakey Verbs<br />Mandatos<br />DOPs<br />IOPs<br />Se impersonal<br />
  3. 3. Estar<br />Health- Como estas? <br />Emotions-Como estas?<br />Location- Donde estas?<br />Present Condition- Como estas?<br />-ing verbs (-ar: -ando, -er/-ir: -yendo) Que estas haciendo?<br /><ul><li>“Estar” means to be
  4. 4. It is used in the following forms </li></ul><br />HELPING<br />
  5. 5. Ser<br /><ul><li>Descriptions- Que es?
  6. 6. Origin- De donde es?
  7. 7. Characteristics- Como es?
  8. 8. Time- Que hora es?
  9. 9. Occupation- Que hace?
  10. 10. Relationships- Quien es?
  11. 11. Possession- De quien es?
  12. 12. Events- Cuando/Donde es?
  13. 13. Dates- Que dia es hoy? Cual es la fecha de hoy?/ Cuando es tu compleaÑos?</li></ul>“Ser” means to be as well, but is used in these forms<br /><br />DOCTOR PED<br />
  14. 14. Verbs Like Gustar<br />Use IO me, te, le, nos, os, y les<br />The gustar verb is conjegated to the “gusta” or “gustan” depending on what is being verbed. <br />Me gusta bailar.<br />Dance is pleasing to me.<br />If the object is singular or an infinitive, such as bailar, or manzana, use gusta<br />Les gustan peras.<br />They like pears. <br />Pears is plural, therefore you use gustan<br />Verbos similares a “gustar”<br /><ul><li>Doler –to hurt
  15. 15. Fascinar- the fascinate
  16. 16. Molestar- to bother
  17. 17. Ecantar- to love
  18. 18. Falter- to lack
  19. 19. Importar- to be important to
  20. 20. Disgustar- to disgust
  21. 21. Aburro- bored</li></li></ul><li>Hacer Expressions<br />HACE + time + que + verb<br /> - use present tense for“since” and “for”<br /> - use preterit tense for “ago”<br />** when its negative, add “no” after que, before the verb<br />Examples:<br /><ul><li>Hace tres diaz que me duele mi cabeza.
  22. 22. I hurt my hear three days ago
  23. 23. Hace dos años que no vivo en la Francia.
  24. 24. I have not lived in France for two years.</li></li></ul><li>El Preterito<br /><ul><li>Past tense- a definite time in the past with a beginning and/or ending</li></ul>Example:<br /><ul><li>Comí una piña ayer.
  25. 25. I ate a pinapple yesterday. </li></ul>-ar <br /> é<br /> aste<br /> ó<br /> amos<br /> aron<br />-er/ir<br />í<br />iste<br />ió<br />imos<br />ieron<br />
  26. 26. Trigger Words<br />Ayer- yesterday<br />Antayer- day before yesterday<br />A las ocho- at 8 o’clock<br />El miercolos- on Wednesday<br />El día anterior- the day before<br />El lunes pasado- last Monday<br />El fin de semana pasado- last weekend<br />Ayer por la mañana- yesterday morning<br /><ul><li>El otro día- the other day
  27. 27. Una vez- one time/once
  28. 28. Esta tarde- this afternoon
  29. 29. Esta noche- tonight
  30. 30. Entonces- then
  31. 31. Desde el primar momento- from the first moment
  32. 32. Durante do siglos- during two centuries
  33. 33. En ese momento- in that moment/then
  34. 34. Hace dos días- two days ago</li></li></ul><li>Car, Gar, Zars<br />El pretérito irregulars<br />Tocar<br />Jugar<br />Comenzar<br />
  35. 35. 10<br />Spock Verbs<br /> Irregular Preterites<br />ser<br />ir<br />ver<br /> vi<br />viste<br />vio<br />vimos<br />vieron<br />dar<br /> di<br /> diste<br /> dio<br /> dimos<br /> dieron<br />ir/ser<br /> fui<br /> fuiste<br /> fue<br /> fuimos<br /> fueron<br />dar<br />ver<br />hacer<br />hacer<br /> hice<br /> hiceste<br /> hizo<br /> hicimos<br /> hicieron<br />
  36. 36. Cucaracha Verbs<br />Mas Preterito Irregulars<br />Conjugated Beginnings<br />-Anduv<br />-Estuv<br />-Pud<br />-Pus<br />-Quis<br />-Sup<br />-Tuv<br />-Vin<br />-Conduj<br />-Produj-<br />-Tranduj<br />-Dij<br />-Traj<br />Infinitives<br />-Andar<br />-Estar<br />-Poder<br />-Poner<br />-Querer<br />-Saber<br />-Tener<br />-Vener<br />-Conducir<br />-Producir<br />-Tranducir<br />-Decir<br />-Traer<br />Endings<br />- e (yo)<br />-iste (tu)<br />-o (el)<br />-imos (nosotros)<br />-isteis (vosotros)<br />-ieron (ellos)<br />
  37. 37. Snakes<br />Stem Changing Verbs in the Preterite<br />**Changes in third person<br />Dormir<br />Pedir<br />
  38. 38. Snakeys<br />Stem Changing Verbs in the Preterite<br />**change the “i” to a “y” in the 3rd person<br />Leer<br />Creer<br />Oir<br />
  39. 39. Mandatos<br />Process<br />Change verb to –yo form<br />-ar verbs- add an e to the end<br /> -er/ir verbs- add an a to the end<br />Examples<br />Eat your vegetables.<br /> Come tu vegetables.<br /><ul><li>Give the boy a hug.</li></ul> De el hombre un abrazo. <br />
  40. 40. 15<br />Irregular Commands<br />T V D I S H E S<br />tener-<br />tenga<br />venir-<br />venga<br />dar-<br />de<br />ir-<br />vaya<br />ser-<br />sea<br />hacer-<br />haga<br />estar-<br />este<br />saber-<br />sepa<br />
  41. 41. DOPs <br />**receives direct action of the verb<br />lo, la, los, las (singular, feminine versus masculine)<br />If the verb is an:<br />- infinitive<br />- affirmative command<br />- gerund<br />the the DOP is hooked on at the end<br /> of the verb<br />If the verb isn’t any of those, than the DOP comes before the conjugated verb<br /> Example<br /> Drink the water.<br />Bebala<br /> (Beba is your affirmative <br /> command verb. Water (agua)<br /> then changes to la and is<br /> hooked on “beba”.<br /> Example<br /> I ate the apple.<br />La comi.<br /> (Comi is your preterite verb for “i ate”. <br /> “Unamanzana” (apple) changes to la <br /> and is placed before the verb.<br />
  42. 42. 17<br />IOPs<br />**answers the question of “to whom or for whom?” <br />me<br />te<br />le<br />nos<br />os<br />les<br /> Examples<br /> I gave it to her.<br /> (“it” is the DOP, “her” is the IOP. So, “it” <br /> will change to lo, and “her” will change to <br /> le. However, because the rule stating you <br /> can’t have “le lo”, le changes to se. <br />Se lo di. <br /> Give it to him.<br /> (“it is the DOP, “him” is the IOP. So, “it” <br /> will change to lo, and “him” will change to <br /> se. Because “give” is an affirmative <br /> command, both the IO and DO are <br /> hooked on to the end of the verb.<br />Déselo<br />If the verb is an:<br />- infinitive<br />- affirmative command<br />- gerund<br />the the IOP is hooked on at the end<br /> of the verb, just like the DOP.<br />When this happens, an accent is added to the third to last syllable. <br />*when you have “le(s) lo”, change le(s) to se<br />
  43. 43. Se Impersonal<br />use “se’ to aviod specifying a person who is doing the action of the verb<br />**when using se, the verb is always in the 3rd person<br />**can be used in all tenses<br /> Example<br /> Se vendefruta en la fruteria.<br />They are selling fruit in the cafeteria. <br />