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  1. 1.
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Ser <br />Estar<br />Verbs like Gustar<br />Hacer Expressions<br />El Pretérito and Trigger Words<br />Car, Gar, y Zar<br />Spock <br />Cucaracha <br />Snake<br />Snakeys<br />Affirmative Commands<br />Negative Commands<br />DOPs<br />IOPs <br />
  3. 3. Ser<br />Description Origin<br />Characteristics Time<br />Occupation Relationship<br />Possession Event Date <br />
  4. 4. Estar<br />Rules!!<br />Ar to ando<br />Er and ir to iendoor yendo<br />
  5. 5. Verbs like Gustar<br />These verbs follow the same conjugation as gustar with doler having an e stem changer.<br />Faltar- to lack<br />Doler- to hurt<br />Fascinar- to fascinate<br />Molestar- to bother<br />
  6. 6. Hacer Time Expressions<br />Hace=Time<br />Que=Verb<br />Present Tense is since and for.<br />Preterite Tense is ago.<br />
  7. 7. El Pretérito y Trigger Words<br />It is a definite time in the past<br /><ul><li>Ex: Ayer,Anoche, El añopasado, La semanapasada, Ante ayer</li></li></ul><li>Cont’d Preterito<br />Er/irAr<br /> -e/-amos<br /> -aste/-asteis<br /> -o/-aron<br /> -i/-imos<br />iste/isteis<br />io/ieron<br />
  8. 8. El Pretérito Irregulars<br />There are 3 types of irregular preterito verbs and they are:<br /><ul><li>Car, Gar, y Zar
  9. 9. Cucaracha
  10. 10. Spock</li></li></ul><li>Car, Gar, Zar<br />
  11. 11. Spock Irregulars<br />1. ir y ser<br />2.dar y ver<br />3.hacer<br />Each group is conjugated the same<br />
  12. 12. Spock<br />DA<br />R<br />S<br />E<br />R<br />V<br />E<br />R<br />I<br />R<br />H<br />A<br />C<br />E<br />R<br />
  13. 13. Cucaracha<br />-e -imos<br />-iste -isteis<br />-o -ieron<br />Andar- aduv<br />Estar- estuv<br />Poder- pud<br />Poner- pus<br />Querer- quis<br />Saber- sup<br />Tener- tuv<br />Venir- vin<br />
  14. 14. Snakes<br />The stem change occurs only in 3rd person.<br />The stem change is to opposite vowel with the first vowel.<br />
  15. 15. Snakeys<br />In the 3rd person the stem change is the vowel “I” to the vowel “y”.<br />
  16. 16. . Affirmative Commands<br />Put verb in ‘yo’ form<br />Change to opposite vowel.<br />Ar to e er/ir to a<br />3. If plural add an n<br />4. Then, add DOP to end ONLY IF POSITIVE<br />
  17. 17. Negetive Commands<br />Instead of putting the DOP at the end of the verb, put it before it.<br />
  18. 18. DOPs<br />Answers the question of what is receiving the direct action of the verb.<br />DOPs are : lo, la, los, las, me, te, nos<br />You must have a DOP in order to have an IOP, however in a sentence you always put the IOP behind the DOP.<br />
  19. 19. IOPs<br />Answers the question to whom or for whom. <br />IOPs are: me, te, le, nos, os, les.<br />
  20. 20. Se Impersonal<br />Use se to avoid specifying a person who is doing the action of the verb.<br />When using se, the verb is always in the 3rd person<br />Se can be used in all tenses<br />
  21. 21. Past Participles <br />Add-ado for-ar verbs<br />Add-ido for-ir/-er verbs<br />Has to agree with nouns they modify in gender and number.<br />
  22. 22. Irregular Past Participles<br />Abrir-abierto resolver-resuelto<br />Cubrir-cubierto romper-roto<br />Decir-dichover-visto<br />Escribir-escritovolver-vuelto<br />Freir-frito<br />Hacer-hecho<br />Morir-muerto<br />Poner-puesto<br />
  23. 23. El futuro<br />Infinitive+Ending<br />Endings are all the same for ar/er/ir verbs<br />e<br />as<br />a<br />emos<br />eis<br />an<br />
  24. 24. IregularFuturo<br />Decir-dir<br />Hacer-har<br />Poder-podr<br />Querer-querr<br />Saber-sabr<br />Salir-saldr<br />Tener-tendr<br />Valer-valdr<br />Venir-vendr<br />
  25. 25. Extended el futuro<br />Ir + A + Infinitive (going to do something)<br />
  26. 26. Adjectivos Demonstratives<br />Put in front of the noun it modifies<br />Make sure it agrees with number and gender<br />
  27. 27. Mandatos Formales<br />AR-put in the yo form/ drop the o and add the e<br />ER-put in the yo form/ drop the o add the a<br />IR- put in the yo form/ drop the o and add the a<br />
  28. 28. Affirmative&Negative Mandatos<br />
  29. 29. Modal Verbs<br />Ir + a + infinitive - going to do something<br />Poder + infinitive- are able to do something<br />Qurer + infinitive- want to do something<br />Deber + infinitive- should do something<br />Tenerque + infinitive- to have to do something<br />
  30. 30. Reflexives<br />-in front of the conjugated verb<br />- attached to the infinitive<br />- attached to the present participle<br />- attached to an affirmative command<br />Reflexive Pronouns: me, te, se, nos, os, se<br />Reflexive Verbs: acostarse, afeitarse, bañarse, cepillarse, ducharse, llamarse, ponerse, vestirse.<br />
  31. 31. Saber vs. Conocer<br />Saber is used to express knowledge of information<br />Conocer is used to express knowledge of a person, place, thing, etc.<br />