COMPOUNDSPAGE• Wich element?! 2• Identification 4• Place of birth 5• Picture 6• Radiography 10• Networks of contacts 13• Confidants 172
WHICH ELEMENT?!• I choose this element because I think that can be interesting and I don’t know a lot of them.3
IDENTIFICATION4ETYMOLOGYIs the first element named to highlight a politicalcontroversy.It was named in the honor of the native country ofMarie Curei Poland in this moment under Russian,Prussian and Austrian for the independence ofPoland.Language NicknameEnglish PoloniumCatalan PoloniSpanish PolonioGerman PoloniumFrench PoloniumArabic إشعاعي فلزي عنصر بولونيومLatin Polonium
PLACE OF BIRTHORIGIN FranceDISCOVERY It was in 1898DISCOVERER Marie and Pierre CurieUSAGE It was used in the second war5
WICH PERIODIC TABLE GROUP IT BELONGS12The polonium belongs in the group of the poormetals with the aluminium, the gal·li, the indi,the the tal·li, the plom, the bismut, theantiomini, the estany and the germani.it belongs in the familiy chalcogen with theoxygen, the sulfur, the selenium and thetellerium.
5.1 Methods for obtaining or extraction5.2 Main forming compounds5.3 UtilityNETWORKS OF CONTACTS13
METHODS FOR OBTAINING14polonium is a very rare element in nature because of the short half-life ofall its isotopes. it is found in uranium ores at about 0.1 mg per metric ton(1 part in 1010),which is approximately 0.2% of the abundance ofradium. the amounts in the earths crust are not harmful. polonium hasbeen found in tobacco smoke from tobacco leaves grown withphosphate fertilizers.because of the small abundance, isolation ofpolonium from natural sources is a very tedious process. the largestbatch was extracted in the first half of the 20th century by processing 37tonnes of residues from radium production. it contained only 40 ci (9 mg)of polonium-210.nowadays, polonium is obtained by irradiating bismuthwith high-energy neutrons or protons
UTILITY16Polonium releases a great deal of energy during its radioactivebreakdown. This has led to the development of compact heat sourcesfor specialized purposes, such as use on space probes.Radiation is used to remove static electricity from photographic film.Static electricity consists of electric charges that collect on the outsideof a surface. In film, they can reduce the clarity of a picture. Theradiation polonium releases creates electrical charges in the airaround it. These charges combine with those on the film, neutralizingthem and preventing damage to the film.