Crisis du JourCrisis du Jour
Or! Where is Sea GrantOr! Where is Sea Grant
Going over the Next 20 Years?Going over the Next...
Sea Grant
• How Sea Grant beganHow Sea Grant began
• Changing focus through the yearsChanging focus through the years
• Th...
In the beginning, thereIn the beginning, there
was…was…
Sea GrantSea Grant
“I'm impatient with the past and irritable
with the present. The future is where my
concern lies, and I'm very optimistic
...
Who is Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus?Who is Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus?
•Geophysicist and oceanographer
•Inventor, bathyt...
Athelstan Spilhaus
1963 American Fisheries Society meeting:
““I have suggested theI have suggested the
establishment of ‘s...
“…“… must seek through a weldingmust seek through a welding
together oftogether of science, art, literature,science, art, ...
A Brief History of Sea Grant
1963 - A new idea: Athelstan Spilhaus suggests
the idea of Sea Grant Colleges at a meeting of...
A Brief History of Sea Grant
1965 - Conference on the Concept of a Sea-Grant
University
• sponsored by the University of R...
Fish GrantFish Grant
And then there was…And then there was…
Setting the FoundationSetting the Foundation
for Sea Grant's F...
The Decade of the ‘70sThe Decade of the ‘70s
• Marine ResourceMarine Resource
DevelopmentDevelopment
• AquacultureAquacult...
The Decade of the ’80sThe Decade of the ’80s
• Fostering internationalFostering international
trade competitivenesstrade c...
1995 Strategic Plan1995 Strategic Plan
Sea Grant
National
• Advanced Technology for CommercialAdvanced Technology for Comm...
Sea Grant
1998
• AquacultureAquaculture
• Aquatic NuisanceAquatic Nuisance
SpeciesSpecies
• Coastal EconomicCoastal Econom...
“A New Understanding"
Most of the problems and challengesMost of the problems and challenges
we face in coastal aquatic ha...
America’s Coasts TodayAmerica’s Coasts Today
• Wealth of natural resourcesWealth of natural resources
• Diversity of speci...
• America’s coastal ecosystems are dominated by humanAmerica’s coastal ecosystems are dominated by human
useuse
• America’...
• Ten of the fifteen largest cities in the U.S. areTen of the fifteen largest cities in the U.S. are
coastalcoastal
• Of t...
Coastal Economies
Drive the Nation
• Fourteen of America’s 20 busiest airports are
in coastal areas
• Excluding Alaska, co...
It’s all about people!!
(Population Trends Along the Coastal United States: 1980-2008, NOAA Report, 2004)
The Population d...
The Challenge
How do we foster robust, resilient, economically andHow do we foster robust, resilient, economically and
soc...
A Nimble Sea Grant
• Sea Grant is a very different program todaySea Grant is a very different program today
from that of t...
Demonstrating Sea Grant’s Nimbleness
• Sea GrantSea Grant continuescontinues to beto be responsive to theresponsive to the...
The Future
““I skate to where the puck is going to be, not whereI skate to where the puck is going to be, not where
it has...
Planning is EssentialPlanning is Essential
……I have always found that plans areI have always found that plans are
useless,...
One Approach: Focus Teams
• Focus Teams were established as a newFocus Teams were established as a new
mechanism to enable...
Sea Grant’s National Strategic Plan
Our National Strategic Planning Process identifiedOur National Strategic Planning Proc...
Sea Grant’s Core Values Remain
Integration of research, education and extension is atIntegration of research, education an...
Being NimbleBeing Nimble
• Definition: Quick to understand, think and deviseDefinition: Quick to understand, think and dev...
A Nimble Sea Grant
• We opportunistically engage NOAA and America’sWe opportunistically engage NOAA and America’s
universi...
Being Nimble
• How many academics does it take to change a lightHow many academics does it take to change a light
bulb?bul...
A Complementary Approach for
Anticipating the Future
• Past experience has shown that inspirationPast experience has shown...
What happened here?
367 Addison Ave, Palo Alto, California
Here in this house in 1939, college friendsHere in this house i...
• While the NSGO and Programs were busy doing theWhile the NSGO and Programs were busy doing the
daily business of Sea Gra...
How do we institutionalize a think tank
mechanism to ensure creative anticipation?
• Sustainable Coastal Development start...
We’ve Seen This Before!!
• Sea Grant started with one person’s notionSea Grant started with one person’s notion
• Nurtured...
Two Mechanisms for Anticipating
the Future
• Continuous planning and evaluationContinuous planning and evaluation
–Focus T...
Skating to the puck…
• New ideas from all elements of theNew ideas from all elements of the
NetworkNetwork
• Support oppor...
Thank you!
Crisis du Jour: Where is Sea Grant Going Over the Next 20 Years
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Crisis du Jour: Where is Sea Grant Going Over the Next 20 Years

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E. Gordon Grau, President, Sea Grant Association and Director, Hawaii Sea Grant

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  • Good afternoon! It's a pleasure to speak to you, but I must admit that my that the title of my talk is a bit misleading. And, I apologize, intentionally so. You see, all of crises du jour were solved by my predecessor, Paul Anderson, or have be punted to my successor, Jon Pennock. What I really want to discuss is how do get from the here and now to ten years from now. I dare say that some of us, including me, will be doing other things like spending our winters in Hawai‘i, our Augusts in Maine, and our Octobers in New Orleans.
    Still, it is important for all of us to plan, to vision and to create. If we are to truly serve our coastal communities, to support their viability and protect the ecosystems that their a part of, we need to anticipate. This is both an individual and collective effort, and it will be both inspirational and perspirational. It will need to be both top-down and bottom-up.
  • Knowing that many of you will know much of the story I will recount, my plan is to discuss briefly how Sea Grant began and describe how our focus has changed over the years. I will then…
    The state of our coasts today
    ….Our challenge
    ….A nimble Sea Grant
    ….Empowering ourselves for the future
  • Here’s where the thunder and lightning would occur if George Lucus were giving this talk.
  • Actually, there was no thunder. There was a notion, a kernel of an idea, the idea of one man.
  • bathythermograph and Area 51
  • The’80s began with surviving!
  • It’s fair to say…
  • I think that the answer lies in how Sea Grant is structured.
  • I would argue that Sea Grant is well suited to address the challenges of the future…
  • We don’t have to look very far
  • One way in which we plan
  • Strategic plans will continue to come and go.
  • Crisis du Jour: Where is Sea Grant Going Over the Next 20 Years

    1. 1. Crisis du JourCrisis du Jour Or! Where is Sea GrantOr! Where is Sea Grant Going over the Next 20 Years?Going over the Next 20 Years? E. Gordon GrauE. Gordon Grau PresidentPresident Sea Grant AssociationSea Grant Association New Orleans, LouisianaNew Orleans, Louisiana October, 2010October, 2010 Sea Grant
    2. 2. Sea Grant • How Sea Grant beganHow Sea Grant began • Changing focus through the yearsChanging focus through the years • The state of our coasts todayThe state of our coasts today • Our challengeOur challenge • A nimble Sea GrantA nimble Sea Grant • Empowering ourselves for the futureEmpowering ourselves for the future
    3. 3. In the beginning, thereIn the beginning, there was…was… Sea GrantSea Grant
    4. 4. “I'm impatient with the past and irritable with the present. The future is where my concern lies, and I'm very optimistic about it.” Athelstan Spilhaus Start with a Notion!
    5. 5. Who is Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus?Who is Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus? •Geophysicist and oceanographer •Inventor, bathythermograph and Area 51 •Dean, University of Minnesota, Institute of Technology •Syndicated newspaper cartoonist ... and the person behind the... and the person behind the creation of Sea Grantcreation of Sea Grant
    6. 6. Athelstan Spilhaus 1963 American Fisheries Society meeting: ““I have suggested theI have suggested the establishment of ‘sea-grantestablishment of ‘sea-grant colleges’. . . modernized parallelscolleges’. . . modernized parallels of the great developments inof the great developments in agriculture and the mechanic artsagriculture and the mechanic arts which were occasioned by thewhich were occasioned by the Land-Grant Act”Land-Grant Act”
    7. 7. “…“… must seek through a weldingmust seek through a welding together oftogether of science, art, literature,science, art, literature, engineering, medicine, law, publicengineering, medicine, law, public administration, and politicsadministration, and politics …… through an integratedthrough an integrated interdisciplinary education in theinterdisciplinary education in the Sea Grant Colleges.”Sea Grant Colleges.” The National Sea Grant College ProgramThe National Sea Grant College Program The BeginningThe Beginning
    8. 8. A Brief History of Sea Grant 1963 - A new idea: Athelstan Spilhaus suggests the idea of Sea Grant Colleges at a meeting of the American Fisheries Society 1965 - Sen. Claiborne Pell, RI1965 - Sen. Claiborne Pell, RI introduces Senate 2439, the Nationalintroduces Senate 2439, the National Sea-Grant College and Program ActSea-Grant College and Program Act
    9. 9. A Brief History of Sea Grant 1965 - Conference on the Concept of a Sea-Grant University • sponsored by the University of Rhode Island, John Knauss, Dean, Graduate School of Oceanography 1966 - Pres. Lyndon Johnson signs the legislation creating Sea Grant 1968 - 1st grants awarded and the National Review Panel established 1970 - NOAA is created; Sea Grant joins1970 - NOAA is created; Sea Grant joins
    10. 10. Fish GrantFish Grant And then there was…And then there was… Setting the FoundationSetting the Foundation for Sea Grant's Futurefor Sea Grant's Future
    11. 11. The Decade of the ‘70sThe Decade of the ‘70s • Marine ResourceMarine Resource DevelopmentDevelopment • AquacultureAquaculture • FisheriesFisheries • Marine Biomedicinals andMarine Biomedicinals and ExtractsExtracts • Socioeconomic and LegalSocioeconomic and Legal ResearchResearch • Minerals from the SeaMinerals from the Sea • Marine TechnologyMarine Technology Research and DevelopmentResearch and Development • Marine EnvironmentalMarine Environmental ResearchResearch • Marine Education andMarine Education and TrainingTraining – The ‘70s were marked by a period of growth ...The ‘70s were marked by a period of growth ... – 14 new Sea Grant College Programs were welcomed14 new Sea Grant College Programs were welcomed into the programinto the program
    12. 12. The Decade of the ’80sThe Decade of the ’80s • Fostering internationalFostering international trade competitivenesstrade competitiveness • Exploring the new realm ofExploring the new realm of marine biotechnologymarine biotechnology • Discovering marine naturalDiscovering marine natural productsproducts • Developing unmannedDeveloping unmanned underwater work vehiclesunderwater work vehicles • Improving trawler efficiencyImproving trawler efficiency • Advancing aquacultureAdvancing aquaculture • Introducing new advancesIntroducing new advances in fishing gear technologyin fishing gear technology • Upgrading seafood scienceUpgrading seafood science and technologyand technology • Investigating parasiticInvestigating parasitic diseases of shellfishdiseases of shellfish • Enhancing salmonEnhancing salmon resourcesresources • Promoting exports of U.S.Promoting exports of U.S. fishery productsfishery products Sea Grant survives a challenge to its very existence
    13. 13. 1995 Strategic Plan1995 Strategic Plan Sea Grant National • Advanced Technology for CommercialAdvanced Technology for Commercial Products and ProcessesProducts and Processes • Seafood ProductionSeafood Production • Economic DevelopmentEconomic Development • Coastal Ecosystem Health and PublicCoastal Ecosystem Health and Public SafetySafety • Education and Human ResourcesEducation and Human Resources
    14. 14. Sea Grant 1998 • AquacultureAquaculture • Aquatic NuisanceAquatic Nuisance SpeciesSpecies • Coastal EconomicCoastal Economic DevelopmentDevelopment • Coastal HabitatCoastal Habitat EnhancementEnhancement • Coastal HazardsCoastal Hazards • EducationEducation • Marine BiotechnologyMarine Biotechnology • Seafood TechnologySeafood Technology
    15. 15. “A New Understanding" Most of the problems and challengesMost of the problems and challenges we face in coastal aquatic habitatswe face in coastal aquatic habitats and on both sides of the shorelineand on both sides of the shoreline come from how we live on land ...come from how we live on land ... It's all about PEOPLE!!It's all about PEOPLE!! By the turn of the millennium-
    16. 16. America’s Coasts TodayAmerica’s Coasts Today • Wealth of natural resourcesWealth of natural resources • Diversity of species, habitat types, and nutrientsDiversity of species, habitat types, and nutrients • Centers of economic activity, waterborne commerce,Centers of economic activity, waterborne commerce, energy and mineral production, and employmentenergy and mineral production, and employment • Recreation and tourismRecreation and tourism • Ironically, the qualities that make them so desirable areIronically, the qualities that make them so desirable are the very ones that have led to their endangermentthe very ones that have led to their endangerment • As more people have moved to the coast, the issuesAs more people have moved to the coast, the issues facing the coastal environment have taken on increasedfacing the coastal environment have taken on increased urgencyurgency (Population Trends Along the Coastal United States: 1980-2008, NOAA Report, 2004)
    17. 17. • America’s coastal ecosystems are dominated by humanAmerica’s coastal ecosystems are dominated by human useuse • America’s coasts are invaluable economic, cultural andAmerica’s coasts are invaluable economic, cultural and environmental resources that are at riskenvironmental resources that are at risk • Increased rates of climate-related environmental changesIncreased rates of climate-related environmental changes have made coastal communities vulnerable in ways neverhave made coastal communities vulnerable in ways never before imaginedbefore imagined • America must use its coastal land, water, energy andAmerica must use its coastal land, water, energy and other natural resources in ways that preserve the healthother natural resources in ways that preserve the health and productivity of coastal ecosystemsand productivity of coastal ecosystems America’s CoastsAmerica’s Coasts
    18. 18. • Ten of the fifteen largest cities in the U.S. areTen of the fifteen largest cities in the U.S. are coastalcoastal • Of the total U.S. population of 307 million, 253Of the total U.S. population of 307 million, 253 million people live in coastal statesmillion people live in coastal states • By 2003, 153 million people (53 % of the U.S.By 2003, 153 million people (53 % of the U.S. population) lived in 673 coastal counties, a 28%population) lived in 673 coastal counties, a 28% increase from 1980increase from 1980 Coastal Economies Drive the Nation
    19. 19. Coastal Economies Drive the Nation • Fourteen of America’s 20 busiest airports are in coastal areas • Excluding Alaska, coastal counties account for only 17% of US land area • Median household income for coastal counties is approximately 17% higher than non-coastal counties
    20. 20. It’s all about people!! (Population Trends Along the Coastal United States: 1980-2008, NOAA Report, 2004) The Population density of Oahu is greater than 1,500 persons/mile2
    21. 21. The Challenge How do we foster robust, resilient, economically andHow do we foster robust, resilient, economically and socially inclusive, and vibrant coastal communities thatsocially inclusive, and vibrant coastal communities that function sustainably within their coastal habitats andfunction sustainably within their coastal habitats and ecosystems?ecosystems? .... how do we do this in the face of increased threats.... how do we do this in the face of increased threats arising from climate change and the growing impacts ofarising from climate change and the growing impacts of diminishing resources, coastal storms and other naturaldiminishing resources, coastal storms and other natural hazards, and the human and environmental tragedieshazards, and the human and environmental tragedies they produce?they produce?
    22. 22. A Nimble Sea Grant • Sea Grant is a very different program todaySea Grant is a very different program today from that of ten years agofrom that of ten years ago • In ten years, Sea Grant will not, and cannot,In ten years, Sea Grant will not, and cannot, be the same program it is todaybe the same program it is today • How do we ensure that Sea Grant will moveHow do we ensure that Sea Grant will move nimbly toward addressing both new andnimbly toward addressing both new and longstanding challenges and opportunities?longstanding challenges and opportunities?
    23. 23. Demonstrating Sea Grant’s Nimbleness • Sea GrantSea Grant continuescontinues to beto be responsive to theresponsive to the dynamic and increasing challenges to coastaldynamic and increasing challenges to coastal communities, e.g. Katrina and BPcommunities, e.g. Katrina and BP • WeWe havehave the tools and capacity to be effectivethe tools and capacity to be effective "players" in contributing to solutions"players" in contributing to solutions • The Gulf Coast Programs have demonstratedThe Gulf Coast Programs have demonstrated that the Sea Grant modelthat the Sea Grant model isis adaptive byadaptive by designdesign
    24. 24. The Future ““I skate to where the puck is going to be, not whereI skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been.” Wayne Gretzkyit has been.” Wayne Gretzky Where will the puck beWhere will the puck be in 10 years and howin 10 years and how can we get there tocan we get there to meet it and score?meet it and score?
    25. 25. Planning is EssentialPlanning is Essential ……I have always found that plans areI have always found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable.useless, but planning is indispensable. Dwight D. EisenhowerDwight D. Eisenhower
    26. 26. One Approach: Focus Teams • Focus Teams were established as a newFocus Teams were established as a new mechanism to enable Sea Grant to implement themechanism to enable Sea Grant to implement the national, regional and state plans in an effective,national, regional and state plans in an effective, coordinated and collective mannercoordinated and collective manner • Nominations were vetted with the leadership of theNominations were vetted with the leadership of the National Sea Grant Office and Sea GrantNational Sea Grant Office and Sea Grant AssociationAssociation • Focus Teams advise the National Sea GrantFocus Teams advise the National Sea Grant College Program in developing and accomplishingCollege Program in developing and accomplishing the goals and strategies outlined in the four focusthe goals and strategies outlined in the four focus areas of Sea Grant’s strategic planareas of Sea Grant’s strategic plan
    27. 27. Sea Grant’s National Strategic Plan Our National Strategic Planning Process identifiedOur National Strategic Planning Process identified four focus areas as critically important to thefour focus areas as critically important to the health and vitality of the nation’s coastal resourceshealth and vitality of the nation’s coastal resources and communities:and communities: • Healthy Coastal EcosystemsHealthy Coastal Ecosystems • Sustainable Coastal DevelopmentSustainable Coastal Development • Hazard Resilience In Coastal CommunitiesHazard Resilience In Coastal Communities • Safe and Sustainable Seafood SupplySafe and Sustainable Seafood Supply How well will these mirror and addressHow well will these mirror and address coastal issues and opportunities ofcoastal issues and opportunities of 2020?2020?
    28. 28. Sea Grant’s Core Values Remain Integration of research, education and extension is atIntegration of research, education and extension is at the heart of Sea Grant's missionthe heart of Sea Grant's mission • Sea Grant builds human resourcesSea Grant builds human resources Strong partnerships are critically important and include:Strong partnerships are critically important and include: • Leading research universitiesLeading research universities • Other NOAA programs, andOther NOAA programs, and • A wide range of public and private partners at theA wide range of public and private partners at the federal, state, and local levelsfederal, state, and local levels Strategic Plans Come and Go
    29. 29. Being NimbleBeing Nimble • Definition: Quick to understand, think and deviseDefinition: Quick to understand, think and devise (Random House unabridged)(Random House unabridged) Sea Grant has unique advantages in NOAASea Grant has unique advantages in NOAA – Sea Grant is “bottom-up” and university basedSea Grant is “bottom-up” and university based – Integrated with state and local organizationsIntegrated with state and local organizations – Not structured by regulatory responsibility orNot structured by regulatory responsibility or discipline, e.g., fisheries, oceans or atmospherediscipline, e.g., fisheries, oceans or atmosphere – Sea Grant programs collaborate with NOAA officesSea Grant programs collaborate with NOAA offices and programs, but are not supervised by themand programs, but are not supervised by them
    30. 30. A Nimble Sea Grant • We opportunistically engage NOAA and America’sWe opportunistically engage NOAA and America’s universitiesuniversities –– the greatest intellectual and scholarlythe greatest intellectual and scholarly enterprise in human historyenterprise in human history • We are collaborative, distributed and local by design:We are collaborative, distributed and local by design: 32 separate programs in a unified network32 separate programs in a unified network • We integrate these resources in:We integrate these resources in: –ResearchResearch –– new knowledgenew knowledge –Education – new human resourcesEducation – new human resources –Outreach – better living along coastsOutreach – better living along coasts
    31. 31. Being Nimble • How many academics does it take to change a lightHow many academics does it take to change a light bulb?bulb? • How do we ensure that Sea Grant remains dynamicHow do we ensure that Sea Grant remains dynamic and nimble in:and nimble in: –Developing new approaches and capabilitiesDeveloping new approaches and capabilities –In engaging new partners and stakeholdersIn engaging new partners and stakeholders –In attracting the best faculty and staffIn attracting the best faculty and staff –In obtaining funding and other supportIn obtaining funding and other support • How do we encourage new and creative approachesHow do we encourage new and creative approaches to coastal sustainability?to coastal sustainability?
    32. 32. A Complementary Approach for Anticipating the Future • Past experience has shown that inspirationPast experience has shown that inspiration and enthusiasm bubble to the top!and enthusiasm bubble to the top! Garage Creativity…
    33. 33. What happened here? 367 Addison Ave, Palo Alto, California Here in this house in 1939, college friendsHere in this house in 1939, college friends Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard initiated theBill Hewlett and Dave Packard initiated the path to the largest personal computerpath to the largest personal computer company, Hewlett-Packard.company, Hewlett-Packard. 2066 Crist Dr, Los Altos, California Apple Computer, Inc. was born in theApple Computer, Inc. was born in the company’s CEO Steve Jobs’ parent’scompany’s CEO Steve Jobs’ parent’s spare bedroom. The room was basicallyspare bedroom. The room was basically a garage attached to the home.a garage attached to the home.
    34. 34. • While the NSGO and Programs were busy doing theWhile the NSGO and Programs were busy doing the daily business of Sea Grant or dealing with the Crisisdaily business of Sea Grant or dealing with the Crisis du Jourdu Jour • Leavening from the NSGO Director…Leavening from the NSGO Director… • A team of enthusiasts of the CCE and then the SCCD,A team of enthusiasts of the CCE and then the SCCD, including members from the NSGO, extensionincluding members from the NSGO, extension specialists and program administrators were self-specialists and program administrators were self- selecting and visioning future from the bottom upselecting and visioning future from the bottom up A New Focus!A New Focus! Sustainable Coastal DevelopmentSustainable Coastal Development A Case in point: • Coastal Communities and Economies Theme Team • Sustainable Coastal Community Development Network
    35. 35. How do we institutionalize a think tank mechanism to ensure creative anticipation? • Sustainable Coastal Development started withSustainable Coastal Development started with a notiona notion • The CCE was self selecting and inclusiveThe CCE was self selecting and inclusive • EPA “Boot Camp”EPA “Boot Camp” • Visioning in CharlestonVisioning in Charleston • CCE white paper team in HonoluluCCE white paper team in Honolulu • The SCCD Network was formedThe SCCD Network was formed • SCD became a FocusSCD became a Focus • The SCD Focus Team was formedThe SCD Focus Team was formed
    36. 36. We’ve Seen This Before!! • Sea Grant started with one person’s notionSea Grant started with one person’s notion • Nurtured through a grassroots effortNurtured through a grassroots effort • The partnership model embraced byThe partnership model embraced by Congress and the AdministrationCongress and the Administration • Do we know where the next big idea willDo we know where the next big idea will come from?come from?
    37. 37. Two Mechanisms for Anticipating the Future • Continuous planning and evaluationContinuous planning and evaluation –Focus TeamsFocus Teams • Accessing the entire NetworkAccessing the entire Network –Ad hocAd hoc exploration of new ideas andexploration of new ideas and opportunities, e.g., working waterfronts,opportunities, e.g., working waterfronts, hazards and tourismhazards and tourism • Move toward the next Strategic PlanMove toward the next Strategic Plan
    38. 38. Skating to the puck… • New ideas from all elements of theNew ideas from all elements of the NetworkNetwork • Support opportunities to explore newSupport opportunities to explore new ideas in workshops/retreatsideas in workshops/retreats • Encourage and support Network affinityEncourage and support Network affinity groupsgroups Let’s Start Today!
    39. 39. Thank you!

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