Exadata 11-2-overview-v2 11


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Exadata 11-2-overview-v2 11

  1. 1. <Insert Picture Here> Exadata V2 Sun Oracle Database Machine Gabriel Trauvitch – Master Principal Solutions Specialist – Grid Architect Technology Presales – Greece & SEE
  2. 2. Database Machine Success • Exadata V1 is succeeding in all geographies and industries against every competitor
  3. 3. Exadata V1 Data Warehousing Customers “A query that used to take 24 hours now runs in less than 30 minutes. The Oracle Database Machine beats competing solutions on bandwidth, load rate, disk capacity, and transparency.” Christian Maar, CIO “Every query was faster on Exadata compared to our current systems. The smallest performance improvement was 10x and the biggest one was an incredible 72x.” Simeon Dimitrov, Enterprise Resources Manager “Call Data Record queries that used to run for over 30 minutes now complete in under 1 minute. That's extreme performance.” Grant Salmon, CEO, LGR Telecommunications
  4. 4. Exadata Database Machine • Version 1 • World’s Fastest Machine for Data Warehousing • Extreme Performance for Sequential I/O • 10x Faster than other Oracle D/W Systems • Version 2 • World’s Fastest Machine for OLTP • Extreme Performance for Random I/O • 5x Version 1 Data Warehousing Performance • Dramatic new Exadata Software Capabilities
  5. 5. The Architecture of the Future Massively Parallel Grid Data Warehousing and OLTP
  6. 6. Sun Oracle Database Machine • Grid is the architecture of the future • Highest performance, lowest cost, fault tolerant, scalable on demand Oracle Database Server Grid • 8 compute servers Exadata Storage Server Grid • 64 Intel Cores • 14 storage servers • 576 GB DRAM • 100 TB raw SAS disk storage or InfiniBand Network 336 TB raw SATA disk storage • 40 Gb/sec unified server and • 5TB flash storage! storage network • Fault Tolerant
  7. 7. Sun Oracle Database Machine Extreme Performance Oracle Database Server Grid • Millions of transactions Exadata Storage Server Grid per minute • 21 GB/sec disk bandwidth • Tens of millions of queries • 50 GB/sec flash bandwidth per minute • 1 million I/Os per second • Billions of rows per minute InfiniBand Network • 880 Gb/sec aggregate throughput
  8. 8. Semiconductor Cache Hierarchy Massive throughput and IOs • Database DRAM Cache through innovative Cache • 400GB raw capacity Hierarchy • Up to 4TB compressed user data • 100 GB/sec • Exadata Smart Flash Cache • 5TB raw capacity • Up to 50TB compressed user data • 50 GB/sec raw scan • 1 million IO/sec • Exadata disks • 100TB or 336TB raw • Up to 500TB compressed user data • 21 GB/sec scan • 50K IO/sec
  9. 9. Sun Oracle Database Machine Hardware Improvements • Same architecture as Exadata V1 Database Machine • Same number and type of Servers, CPUs, Disks Latest Technologies New Faster 80% Faster CPUs Xeon 5500 Nehalem 100% Faster Networking 40 Gb InfiniBand 50% Faster Disk Throughput 6 Gb SAS Links 200% Faster Memory DDR3 DRAM Bigger 33% More SAS Disk Capacity 600 GB SAS Disks 100% More SATA Disk Capacity 2 TB SATA Disks 125% More Memory 72 GB per DB Node 100% More Ethernet Connectivity 4 Ethernet links per DB Node Plus Flash Storage!
  10. 10. Start Small and Grow Basic Quarter Half Full System Rack Rack Rack
  11. 11. Scale Performance and Capacity • Scalable • Redundant and Fault • Scales to 8 rack database machine Tolerant by just adding wires • Failure of any component • More with external is tolerated InfiniBand switches • Data is mirrored across • Scales to hundreds of storage servers storage servers • Multi-petabyte databases
  12. 12. Drastically Simplified Deployments • Database Machine eliminates the complexity of deploying database systems • Months of configuration, troubleshooting, tuning • Database Machine is ready on day one • Pre-built, tested, standard, supportable configuration • Runs existing applications unchanged Months to Days • Extreme performance out of the box
  13. 13. Best Machine for Data Warehousing
  14. 14. Best Data Warehouse Machine • Massively parallel high volume hardware to quickly process vast amounts of data OLAP • Exadata runs data intensive processing directly in storage • Most complete analytic capabilities • OLAP, Statistics, Spatial, Data Mining, Real-time transactional ETL, Efficient point queries ETL • Powerful warehouse specific optimizations • Flexible Partitioning, Bitmap Indexing, Join indexing, Materialized Views, Result Cache Data Mining • Dramatic new warehousing capabilities New
  15. 15. Exadata Database Processing in Storage • Exadata storage servers implement data intensive processing in storage • Row filtering based on “where” predicate • Column filtering • Join filtering • Incremental backup filtering • Storage Indexing • Scans on encrypted data New • Data Mining model scoring • 10x reduction in data sent to DB servers is common • No application changes needed • Processing is automatic and transparent • Even if cell or disk fails during a query
  16. 16. Simple Query Example Optimizer Exadata What were my Chooses sales yesterday? Partitions and Storage Grid Indexes to Access Oracle Database Grid Scan compressed blocks in partitions/indexes Select Retrieve sales sum(sales) amounts for where Sept 24 Date=’24-Sept’ SUM 10 TB scanned 1 GB returned to servers
  17. 17. Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression • Data is grouped by column New and then compressed • Query Mode for data warehousing • Optimized for speed • 10X compression typical • Scans improve proportionally • Archival Mode for infrequently accessed data • Optimized to reduce space • 15X compression is typical • Up to 50X for some data
  18. 18. Real-World Compression Ratios Oracle Production E-Business Suite Tables 52 50 OLTP Compression (avg=3.3) 43 Size Reduction Factor by Table 45 Query Compression (avg=14.6) 40 Archive Compression (avg=22.6) 35 29 30 25 19 19 19 20 21 20 16 15 10 10 10 11 10 5 0 • Columnar compression ratios • Query = 14.6X • Archive = 22.6X • Vary by application and table
  19. 19. Flash Query Throughput Query Throughput with Flash 60 • Flash storage more Query Throughput 50 50 GB/sec Uncompressed Data than doubles scan throughput 40 • 50 GB/sec Flash 30 21 • Combined with Hybrid 20 Columnar 11.4 10 Compression 10 7.5 Disk • Up to 50 TB of data fits 0 HITACHI TERADATA NETEZZA SUN ORACLE in flash USP V 2550 TwinFin 12 Database Machine • Queries on compressed data run up to • 500 GB/sec
  20. 20. In-Memory Parallel Queries New QphH: 1 TB TPC-H 1,166,976 • One Sun Oracle Database Machine rack 1,018,321 • 400GB of DRAM usable for caching • Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression enables 4TB data in DRAM 315,842 • Database release 11.2 introduces parallel query processing on DRAM cached data • Harnesses DRAM capacity of entire database cluster for queries ParAccel Exasol Oracle & HP • Technology for world record benchmark Exadata Faster than specialized in- memory warehouse databases DRAM has 100x more bandwidth than Disk Source: Transaction Processing Council, as of 9/14/2009: Oracle on HP Bladesystem c-Class 128P RAC, 1,166,976 QphH@1000GB, $5.42/QphH@1000GB, available 12/1/09. Exasol on PRIMERGY RX300 S4, 1,018,321 QphH@1000GB, $1.18/QphH@1000GB, available 08/01/08. ParAccel on SunFire X4100 315,842 QphH@1000GB, $4.57 /QphH@1000GB, available 10/29/07.
  21. 21. Exadata Storage Index New Transparent I/O Elimination with No Overhead • Exadata Storage Indexes maintain Table Index summary information about table data A B C D in memory • Store MIN and MAX values of columns 1 • Typically one index entry for every MB of disk Min B = 1 3 Max B =5 5 • Eliminates disk I/Os if MIN and MAX 5 can never match “where” clause of a 8 Min B = 3 query Max B =8 3 • Completely automatic and transparent Select * from Table where B<2 - Only first set of rows can match
  22. 22. Benefits Multiply 10 TB of user data 1 TB 100 GB Requires 10 TB of IO with compression with partition pruning Subsecond On Database Machine 20 GB 5 GB Smart Scan on with Storage Indexes Memory or Flash Data is 10x Smaller, Scans are 2000x faster
  23. 23. DBFS - Scalable Shared File System New • Database Machine comes with DBFS shared Linux file system • Shared storage for ETL staging, scripts, reports and other application files • Files stored as SecureFile LOBs in database tables stored in Exadata • Protected like any DB data – mirroring, DataGuard, Flashback, etc. • 5 to 7 GB/sec file system I/O throughput Load into database using External Tables ETL Files in DBFS ETL More File Throughput than High-End NAS Filer
  24. 24. Best Machine for OLTP
  25. 25. Best OLTP Machine • Only Oracle runs real-world business applications “on the Grid” • Unique fault-tolerant scale-out OLTP database • RAC, Data Guard, Online Operations • Unique fault-tolerant scale-out storage suitable for OLTP • ASM, Exadata • Dramatic New OLTP Capabilities
  26. 26. The Disk Random I/O Bottleneck 300 I/O per Sec • Disk drives hold vast amounts of data • But are limited to about 300 I/Os per second • Flash technology holds much less data • But can run tens of thousands of I/Os per second • Ideal Solution • Keep most data on disk for low cost Tens of Thousands of • Transparently move hot data to flash I/O’s per Second • Use flash cards instead of flash disks to avoid disk controller limitations • Flash cards in Exadata storage • High bandwidth, low latency interconnect
  27. 27. Exadata Flash Extreme Performance for Random I/O New • Sun Oracle Database Machine has 5 TB of flash storage • 4 high-performance flash cards in every Exadata Storage Server • Smart Flash Cache caches hot data • Not just simple LRU • Knows when to avoid caching to avoid flushing cache • Allows optimization by application table Oracle is the First Flash Optimized Database
  28. 28. Exadata Smart Flash Cache Extreme Performance • Database Machine achieves: • 20x more random I/Os • Over 1 million per second • 2x faster sequential query I/O • 50 GB/sec • 10x better I/O response time • Sub-millisecond • Greatly Reduced Cost • 10x fewer disks needed for I/O • Lower Power 5X More I/Os than 1000 Disk Enterprise Storage Array
  29. 29. Complete, Open, Integrated Availability Maximum Availability Architecture Real Active Application Data Guard Clusters ASM WAN Fast Secure Backup Recovery Area • Protection from • Real-time remote standby open for • Server Failures queries • Storage Failures • Human error correction • Network Failures • Database, table, row, transaction level • Site Failures • Online indexing and table redefinition • Online patching and upgrades
  30. 30. Complete, Open, Integrated Security Monitoring Audit Configuration Vault Total Management Recall Access Control Database Label Vault Security Encryption and Masking Advanced Data Secure Security Masking Backup
  31. 31. Best Machine for Consolidating Databases
  32. 32. Consolidating Databases ERP CRM Warehouse ERP CRM HR Data Mart HR Warehouse Data Mart • Biggest driver of ongoing • Consolidate onto Database cost is Machine • Multitudes of special-purpose systems • High performance for all applications • Low cost platform for all applications • Predictable response times in a shared environment • Handles all data management needs • Complete, Open, Integrated
  33. 33. Best Machine for Consolidating Databases • Consolidation mixes many different workloads in one system • Warehouse oriented bulk data processing ERP • OLTP oriented random updates CRM • Multimedia oriented streaming files Warehouse • The Sun Oracle Database Machine handles any combination of workloads Data Mart with extreme performance HR • And predictable response times • Dramatic new consolidation capabilities
  34. 34. Consolidate Database Storage • Exadata and ASM allow all storage servers to be shared across databases ERP • Shared Configuration • Advanced ASM data striping spreads every CRM database across all storage servers • Eliminates hot-spots and captive unused space Warehouse • Full storage grid performance available to all databases • Database or cluster level storage security Data Mart HR • Predictable Performance • Exadata I/O resource manager prioritizes I/Os to ensure predictable performance • At user, job, application, or database level • No need for isolated storage islands
  35. 35. Consolidate Database Servers • Many databases can run on Database Machine servers ERP • Shared Configuration CRM • Applications connect to a database service that runs on one or more database servers • Services can grow, shrink, & move dynamically Warehouse • Large databases can span nodes using RAC • Multiple small databases can run on a single node HR Data • Predictable performance • Instance caging provides predictable CPU Mart resources when multiple databases run on the same node • Restricts a database to subset of processors
  36. 36. Conclusion
  37. 37. Sun Oracle Database Machine Extreme Performance for all Data Management • Best for Data Warehousing • Parallel query on memory or Flash • Compressed 4TB of data in DRAM, 50 TB in flash • 10x compressed tables with storage offload • Overall up to 5X faster than 11.1 for Warehousing • Best for OLTP • Only database that scales real-world applications on grid • Smart flash cache provides 1 million IOs per second • Compressed 1.2 TB of data in DRAM, 15 TB in Flash • Up to 50x compression for archival data • Secure, fault tolerant • Best for Database Consolidation • Only database machine that runs and scales all workloads • Predictable response times in multi-database, multi-application, multi-user environments