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Missing Middle Housing: Responding to the Demand for Walkable Urban Living

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Daniel Parolek presents Missing Middle Housing at the 2014 International Builders' Show in Las Vegas, NV.

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Missing Middle Housing: Responding to the Demand for Walkable Urban Living

  1. 1. Missing Middle Housing: Responding to the Demand for Walkable Urban Living Daniel Parolek Principal, Opticos Design, Inc. 1 dan@opticosdesign.com
  2. 2. Why Are We Still Building “Polaroids” of Housing?
  3. 3. 1 Defining Missing Middle Housing 3 Small Footprint, High-Quality, Density 3
  4. 4. What Can Fill the Gap Between Supply and Demand? ? Missing Middle Housing Neighborhoods are the foundation of a new land development code. Therefore we need to understand the shared and unique characteristics of these places. Whether considering the residential or commercial components.
  5. 5. Missing Middle Housing: Needed to Meet the Demand Single Unit Detached Mid-Rise Duplex Triplex & Fourplex Bungalow Court Townhouse Missing Middle Housing Ty p e s Live/Work Courtyard Apartment In all instances, the FBC components are used.
  6. 6. “The Missing Middle:” New Orleans, LA Townhouses Duplex Fourplex Small Lot, Small Unit, Single-Family Every pre-1940s neighborhood in the country has these types of housing.
  7. 7. “The Missing Middle:” Duluth, MN Fourplex Mansion Apartment Rowhouses Duplex These vary based on climate, culture, and building materials.
  8. 8. “The Missing Middle:” Cincinnati, Ohio These vary based on climate, culture, and building materials.
  9. 9. Duplexes: Stacked Typical Lot Size Density 60’ x 125’ 12 DU/Acre 60’ x 100’ 14 DU/Acre 55’ x 85’ 19 DU/Acre
  10. 10. Four/Sixplexes Typical Lot Size Density (4 units/lot) Density (6 units/lot) 75’ x 125’ 18 DU/Acre 27 DU/Acre 60’ x 125’ 24 DU/Acre 35 DU/Acre 60’ x 100’ 28 DU/Acre NA This type is ubiquitous in most historic neighborhoods: four units for two stories or six for three stories is typical.
  11. 11. Bungalow Courts: They Create Community Typical Lot Sizes Density (5 units/lot) Density (6 units/lot) 100’ x 125’ 17 DU/Acre 20 DU/Acre 100’ x 100’ 22 DU/Acre 26 DU/Acre 80’ x 100’ 25 DU/Acre 33 DU/Acre
  12. 12. Courtyard Apartments Typical Lot Sizes Density (8 units/lot) Density (14 units/lot) 110’ x 125’ 26 DU/Acre 46 DU/Acre 110’ x 110’ 29 DU/Acre 50 DU/Acre 120’ x 135 22 DU/Acre DU/Acre
  13. 13. Recently Built Examples 13
  14. 14. Mansion Apartment: Six Units East Beach, Norfolk, VA: Brown Design Studio
  15. 15. Fourplex Habersham, Beaufort County, SC: Brown Design Studio
  16. 16. Mansion Apartment: Four Units
  17. 17. Fourplex/Sixplex Squirrel’s Nest, Grass Valley, CA: Allison Ramsey Architects
  18. 18. Stacked Duplex Habersham, Beaufort County, SC: Brown Design Studio
  19. 19. Cottage Court East Beach, Norfolk, VA: Allison Ramsey Architects
  20. 20. Live/Work: Three Potential Streams of Income South Main, Buena Vista, CO: Opticos Design
  21. 21. Can you guess how dense this residential building is?
  22. 22. Important Characteristics 22
  23. 23. 2 “What Can I

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