The IBSA Summit / Christiana Soares de Freitas


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The goal of the IBSA Summit is to exchange successful experiences in the three countries regarding open source initiatives. We will deliberate and propose an agenda for IBSA to implement open source initiatives cross-countries. The idea is to share open source experiences and to plan the dissemination of best practices among Brazil, South Africa and India.

During the day we will have discussions regarding the initiatives and experiences from IBSA. Each attendee will make a brief presentation (of approximately 20 minutes) of his/her activities/policies experiences with open source initiatives in his/her country. Leader: Christiana Freitas

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  • Chile, Cuba, Costa Rica, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil e Paraguay
  • The IBSA Summit / Christiana Soares de Freitas

    1. 2. The IBSA Summit Christiana Soares de Freitas, Jarbas Cardoso, Fernando Canto, Jose Luis Machado, Thuli Radebe, Pierre Schoonraad, Gurumurthy
    2. 3. Suggestions of Themes for Discussion <ul><li>What´s IBSA common vision of the future? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we use FLOSS for our countries´development? </li></ul><ul><li>What can we do to intensify efforts in internationalizing the best practices and initiatives from India, Brazil and South Africa? </li></ul><ul><li>Which paths and agenda shall we choose to follow? </li></ul>
    3. 4. Overview <ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006: </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Public Service and Administration & GITOC (Government CIO Council) developed first FOSS Policy, with some main orientations, such as: </li></ul><ul><li>- The South African Government will implement FOSS unless proprietary software is demonstrated to be significantly superior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- The South African Government will migrate current proprietary software to FOSS whenever comparable software exists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- All new software developed for or by the South African Government using a FOSS license where possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- The South African Government will encourage the use of Open Content and Open Standards within South Africa </li></ul></ul>
    4. 5. India <ul><li>IT For Change </li></ul><ul><li>Working with the idea of public software </li></ul><ul><li>In India there is a legal rule to use open source in government agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Only free and public software (freedom to share and modify) can provide universal access </li></ul><ul><li>Only free and public software allows community participation, essential to public services </li></ul>
    5. 6. India, Brazil & South Africa <ul><li>Brazil presented the general ideas and concepts of public software and some specific software in use, like the system of electronic elections </li></ul><ul><li>Government seen as a supporting actor in FLOSS implementation and its globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Promote public software as a </li></ul><ul><li>public good </li></ul>
    6. 7. India, Brazil & South Africa <ul><ul><li>Implementation of FLOSS policy has some barriers to overcome: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to improve skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of integrated / collaborative effort (silo initiatives) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Championing within departments not forthcoming / duplication of efforts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to focus on citizens experiences and demands </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 8. “ Citizens should be the key” <ul><li>Citizens building their environment with open technologies </li></ul><ul><li>NOT top-down policies </li></ul>
    8. 9. Service Relations <ul><li>An accountant, working on the Juramento´s City Hall, decides to learn and </li></ul><ul><li>install e-cidade , the public </li></ul><ul><li>software for managing </li></ul><ul><li>municipality issues; </li></ul><ul><li>On february, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>With the help of a program developer from the city, they solved the bugs they found </li></ul>
    9. 10. e-cidade <ul><li>A public software for municipality management </li></ul><ul><li>Before: Juramento used to pay a mensal license of </li></ul><ul><li>US$ 3,500.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Now: Juramento pays, monthly, the equivalent of </li></ul><ul><li>US$ 120.00 (to where the software is hosted) </li></ul><ul><li>Other advantages: data in cloud computing </li></ul><ul><li>Next step of Luciano, the account: becoming e-cidade available in smartphones </li></ul>
    10. 11. Sharing Knowledge among Small Cities in Brazil <ul><li>Months later... </li></ul><ul><li>Juramento is visited by </li></ul><ul><li>an accountant of Iracema (Roraima) </li></ul><ul><li>His goal: learn how to install e-cidade, already functioning in Juramento </li></ul>
    11. 12. A quick look in the numbers of service providers registered in the Public Market Portal <ul><li>Today, registered in the Public Market, there are: </li></ul><ul><li>249 business companies </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>275 individuals registered </li></ul>
    12. 13. The Public Software Concept <ul><ul><li>A business model with focus on content (technological knowledge) produced by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Today, the Brazilian Public Software Portal has </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More then 100.000 users </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And more than 50 public software </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 14. The Brazilian Public Software Paths to internationalization Why?
    14. 15. Promotes economic development <ul><li>Creates new job opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes income increase </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes social and digital inclusion of the ones originally disconnected from networks of production </li></ul><ul><li>It also strengthens the State that adopts it </li></ul>
    15. 16. <ul><li>What have we done so far in this process of internationalization? </li></ul>
    16. 17. International opportunities (2008) The Ministry of Planning were asked to create a Centre of Reference for Free Software <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brazil enters the Collaborative Network for Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) with the Federal University of Minas Gerais </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 18. Internationalizing the Public Software <ul><li>The main goal: </li></ul><ul><li>Replicate in Latin America and the Caribbean the best practices of the Brazilian Public Software </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>A survey was developed to ask the public software community which software would be the most important or interesting to translate to spanish and english and become an International Public Software (CACIC and i-educar were chosen) </li></ul>
    18. 19. In Latin America and the Caribbean <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seven countries agreed to adequate their model to the Brazilian one regarding the procedures for licensing the public software solutions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 2011 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Argentina decided to institutionalize the experience of public software publishing a legal resolution (n.754) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 20. After Latin America and the Caribbean <ul><li>Brazil wants to expand its network: India and South Africa as key partners for the development of the Public Software Portal </li></ul>
    20. 21. Some public software that interest IBSA <ul><li>i-educar </li></ul><ul><li>For the educational sector </li></ul><ul><li>e-cidade </li></ul><ul><li>For the management of municipalities issues </li></ul><ul><li>GINGA </li></ul><ul><li>A middleware for Digital TV </li></ul>
    21. 22. Some public software that interest IBSA <ul><li>Invesalius </li></ul><ul><li>An important tool for the health sector </li></ul><ul><li>SAELE </li></ul><ul><li>Open Electronic Elections System </li></ul>
    22. 23. SAELE – History <ul><li>Development started in 2004 in the Data Processing Center of UFRGS; </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by the Brazilian Electronic ballot, first used in 1996: </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed to attend the need for a fast, efficient, secure and neutral process of election. </li></ul>
    23. 24. SAELE – Statistics and facts <ul><li>First elections ran in 2005; </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 elections successfully completed so far, with over 500,000 individual voters and over 200,000 registered votes; </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging and conversion to Free Software started in 2009; </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property officially registered in 2011; Submitted to the Public Software Portal of Brazil in 2011, to be released to other Brazilian institutions. </li></ul>
    24. 25. How do we guarantee the sustainability of the initiative? <ul><li>How to guarantee sufficient incentives to the production and improvement of public software? </li></ul><ul><li>One of the answers can be rewarding creativity that is vital to promote innovation; </li></ul><ul><li>In our contemporary economy, we need systems of intellectual property that values innovation and stimulates openness ; </li></ul><ul><li>Project that began this year: </li></ul><ul><li>The Public Trade Mark License </li></ul>
    25. 26. How do we guarantee the sustainability of the initiative? <ul><li>A high level of control over the quality of each public software and its improvement; </li></ul><ul><li>The ones who offer the solutions must belong to the Portal; </li></ul><ul><li>The more we know about the needs of those who want to use PS the better ( who demands it); </li></ul><ul><li>The State is the intermediate actor between who offers and who demands public software ; </li></ul>
    26. 27. Future Perspectives <ul><li>Public Software is strategical to government and to society; </li></ul><ul><li>This justifies cooperation initiatives in the sense of sharing knowledge, technology and publicizing public software; </li></ul><ul><li>Future Perspectives: Becoming a State Public Policy, not only a Government Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalization and Dissemination </li></ul>
    27. 28. Open Source & Open Democracy <ul><li>Thinking democracy today i s thinking social inclusion stronlgy associated with digital inclusion & equal (or as equal as possible) distribution of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic countries need to stimulate projects that empowers individuals with knowledge and open source technology </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge fosters democracy and consolidates the power of a nation – especially open knowledge based on commons </li></ul>
    28. 29. <ul><li>Christiana Soares de Freitas </li></ul><ul><li>Professor of the Federal University of Brasilia, Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>“ The International Division of Power among nations is conditioned by the International Division of Knowledge” Celso Amorim Minister of Deffense, Brazil