2013 Open Space Conference - David Batker


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Just one of the presentations from the 2013 Open Space Conference on May 16 at the Golden Gate Club in the Presidio of San Francisco. More information about the day can be found here: http://openspacecouncil.org/community/conference.php

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  • Ecosystem Services and introduction: 20 minutes.
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy.
  • What is the value of all contained within this picture? The ecosystems, the biodiversity, the econmies, the people. How many here would vote for invaluable? My Grandfather was in the 1906 earthquake and and drove a bakery’s horse bread wagon to take injured people to the medical areas. Today, my sister works now for the University of San Francisco. My Mom was a nurse in San Jose when silicon valley was above sea level. Before the aquifer had been over pumped and the valley subsided. Fortunately, subsidence was stopped there in the 1960s with groundwater recharge pumping, unfortunately some of that water comes from the Delta which is subsiding.
  • Location,Region/District, Santa ClaraCountyGroundwater rechargeDescription: The Peninsula Open Space Trust has purchased a 357-acre property in the hills above Uvas Reservoir, south of Morgan Hill. The property is shown here in the foreground, with a view toward the reservoir.Photo Link: URL http://www.mercurynews.com/portlet/article/html/imageDisplay.jsp?contentItemRelationshipId=4979188 Info Link: URL http://www.mercurynews.com/science/ci_22702229/land-deal-doubles-size-protected-open-space-aroundAll rights reserved by NAME OF ARTIST/COMPANY: Peninsula Open Space Trust
  • The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park, Santa Cruz CountyRecreational valueThe Forest of Nisene Marks State Park features a wide variety of ecosystems, from sea level to mountain views. It is home to over 30 miles of trails used by hikers, joggers, and bikers each day.Photo Link: http://www.parks.ca.gov/pages/666/images/NiseneMarksSP.jpgInfo Link: http://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=666All rights reserved by : Advocates of Nisene Marks and the Nisene Marks Trail Crew
  • Butano Redwoods State Park, San Mateo CountyHealth BenefitsButano State Park features 4728 acres of redwood forest and open space. Hiking trails, camp sites, and outdoor recreation grounds feature heavily throughout the park for residents of San Mateo County.Photo Link: http://ww4.hdnux.com/photos/13/37/05/3010899/9/628x471.jpgInfo Link: http://www.sfgate.com/outdoors/article/The-season-s-best-campgrounds-and-lakes-3605131.php#photo-3010899All rights reserved by Michael Macor, SFC
  • Location,Region/District, AlamedaCountyDescription 7.6 mile loop through oaks and grassland at a former mercury mine site.Brownfield to green infrastructurePhoto Link: URL http://www.bahiker.com/pictures/southbay/almadenquicksilver/032802/websize/004minehilltrail.jpgInfo Link: URL http://www.bahiker.com/southbayhikes/almadenquicksilver.htmlAll rights reserved by NAME OF ARTIST/COMPANY: Jane Huber
  • Location,Region/District, SolanoCountyWorking FarmsDescription: Rockville Trails is located between Green Valley and Suisun Valley Roads near the I-80. With this acquisition, Solano Land Trust has now protected 22,491 acres of working farms and natural areas in Solano County.Photo Link: URL http://theequestriannews.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Solano_RTview-JorgeFleige.jpgInfo Link: URL http://theequestriannews.com/2012/09/05/norcal-preserves-10000-acres-of-open-space/All rights reserved by NAME OF ARTIST/COMPANY: Jorge Fleige
  • PointPinoleRegionalShoreline, East Bay Regional Park District, Contra Costa CountyHabitat and biodiversityPoint Pinole Regional Shoreline, a 2,315-acre parkland right next to densely populated Pinole, Richmond, and San Pablo. Trails lead through breezy meadows with wildflowers in season, through aromatic eucalyptus woods, or along bluffs and beaches on San Pablo Bay. Photo Link: http://www.flickr.com/photos/13919293@N07/8436234713/sizes/c/in/set-72157625672226107/Info Link: http://www.ebparks.org/parks/pt_pinole All rights reserved by Annie on Arch
  • Blithedale Summit Open Space Preserve, Marin CountyCarbon Sequestration, erosion reductionBlithedale Summit, a 899 acre open space preserve near Mount Tamalpais and the cities of Mill Valley and Corte Madera. Trails in the preserve go through redwood groves and shallow canyons, characterized by the noise of woodpeckers searching for ants in nearby trees.Photo Link: http://millvalley.patch.com/articles/climb-to-a-higher-calling-at-blithedale-summit-open-space#photo-8034893Info Link: http://millvalley.patch.com/articles/climb-to-a-higher-calling-at-blithedale-summit-open-space#photo-8034893All rights reserved by Derek Wilson
  • Mt. St. Helena, Robert Louis Stevenson State Park Napa CountyViewscapeReaching 4,342 feet above sea level, Mt. St. Helena in the Robert Louis Stevenson State park provides 360 degree views of Napa and Sonoma counties. The park’s evergreen forests and rocky terrain make it a unique experience for hiking and bouldering.Photo Link: http://openplac.es/trips/mt-st-helena-in-calistoga-CaliforniaInfo Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Louis_Stevenson_State_ParkAll rights reserved by John A. Vlahides
  • Sugarloaf Ridge State Park, Sonoma CountyCarbon SequestrationSugarloaf Ridge is home to a variety of natural fauna, including gray foxes, deer, bobcats, and coyotes. Wildflowers bloom in the spring, giving visitors views of vibrant vistas of the Sierra Nevada from Sugarloaf Ridge’s Bald Mountain.Photo Link: http://www.calparks.org/stories/poems-from-california-state.htmlInfo Link: http://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=481All rights reserved by Ted Judah, Sugarloaf Ridge State Park
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy. Consider how the economy has changed.
  • Boys age 7-14 breaking coal. Prodder overseeing their work.
  • Quick flip through these photos, 15 sec/photoFamily working in the Tifton Cotton Mill, Tifton Georgia. Husband died, left mother with 11 children. The mother earns $4.50/week and the 4 larger children are working and earn $4.50/week, combined in the mill. The four smallest children are not yet working.
  • Frist Radio Broadcast, KQW, San Jose
  • Sheep shearing Sonoma County
  • Children as young as five filleted fish in California. Child labor was banned in the US in 1937. This photo is from Maine.
  • I’m going to provide a two minute crash course in economics.Microeconomics.Previous to the 1930s we had microeconomics, measured households and firmsMacroeconomics. In the 1930s the great depression hit. The economy was now global and microeconomics was no longer equipped to deal with problems of those times.Incomplete, incorrect and incapable of solving the economic problems of that time.New economic goals were developed (full employment),New measures (Productivity, employment – Hoover declared depression over)New Institutions (CCC) . Macroeconomics was created to address fundamental challenges – a lack of built-capital infrastructure (roads, factories, machines) and a lack of measures such as unemployment and GDP. Applied macroeconomics was critical to helping move our nation forward. Earth EconomicsNow, once again we are on the cusp of economic paralysis. Natural capital, including the ecosystem services such as oxygen production, freshwater storage and supply, flood protection and biodiversity, are becoming more scarce. The reason for this is we are not treating our natural capital as an asset – what we don’t value is lost at great cost to the public. We need new institutions, new policies and new measurements to help secure our nation’s security and health in the future.
  • There are four types of capital important to a healthy economy. We need to build alliances across the communities to be successful. Collective impact: For some reason, Natural capital is invisible. Andrea M. Built capital: traditionally measured in economics by GDP.Includes buildings, cars, levees, dams.Social capital:Includes bonds, family, rules, institutions that keep our society cohesive.Human Capital:Includes the skills and talents of every person. Natural Capital:Includes forests, wetlands, floodplains, estuaries…it’s our green infrastructure. When intact, in a healthy condition, it provides critical ecosystem services.Society invests in humans (human capital) because humans provide unique services, talents etc. back to society. Society should also invest in natural capital because it provides unique (non-substitutable) services.- Natural capital plays dual roles. It can be converted into raw material inputs essential to all economic production, or it can be left intact to provide critical ecosystem services.
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy.
  • Take a look at the Bay Area Watershed
  • America – flooding. San Francisco Bay area is no more sustainable if the services of natural systems are lost.
  • San Jose Mercury News: “Who would not want to live in the Bay Area.” Attracts and retains people. How much has California, the Bay area spent on water supply infrastructure in the last 100 years, how much in the next 100 years, what portion of that was spent on the open space that actually captures and filters all that water?
  • First Agency to implement ecosystem services throughout. Just in DC presenting for the Executive Office of the President.
  • First Agency to implement ecosystem services throughout.
  • Risks for not valuing the resources, but if we do not put a value, then is valued as zero. Valuation and rights, how they fit together. Examples: Waurani, valuation, strengthening rights in governance.
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy.
  • SC3: we have the first ever valuation of the Bay Area of our natural capital, water, biodiversity, climate change resiliency, We are working within three counties, We have generous funding from This product can be replicable throughout the Bay Region. These are example of studies that have implications for planning, policy. Applying the SC3 Natural Capital Approach within the Bay Area. Overarching valuation. This also points the way to funding mechanisms, this is not a study for study’s sake, we need to put these tools in your hands, natural capital has to be part of our infrastructure investments.
  • Lay out basically: What does the landscape provision… Who benefits…Who pays
  • Thurston County: Also set out discussion.
  • `
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy.
  • Grand Challenges and thinking from a systems perspectiveProvisioning Assets: watersheds for producing water, flood risk reduction, mother’s knowledge about health, cell phone, data center as purveyor of health informationBeneficiaries; We all benefit when we all can read, salmon restoration, flood risk reduction, drinking water, Impairments: Groundwater contamination, blight, natural or built constriction for flood risk, poor land use planning, encourages construction within the floodplain.
  • Great fire. Seattle's mayor and city council called for an election to decide if the city should own and operate its own water system. That same year, the "Great Seattle Fire" of June 6, 1889 destroyed the entire 64-acre business district due to the lack of water available from the patchwork of private water suppliers.
  • The cost of eradicating the last few cases of polio is tremendous, and the threat to the current 7 billion people is increadibly small, yet by eliminating polio, the benefits across future generations are tremendous. What would the world be like if small pox was as prevalent as it was 100 years ago.
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy.
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy.
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy.
  • 1912 economic facts.You are the new economy.
  • TNC Pajoro River Corridor
  • Owl
  • Rancho Canada Vista
  • 2013 Open Space Conference - David Batker

    1. 1. David BatkerExecutive DirectorAn Economic Approach toNatural Resources andOpen Space5.16.13Bay Area Open Space Council
    2. 2. 501(c)3 founded in 1998Earth Economics
    3. 3. Open space is a valuable,essential economic asset.
    4. 4. Hills above Uvas Rervoir, Santa Clara CountyPhoto Copyright: Peninsula Open Space
    5. 5. The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park, Santa Cruz CountyPhoto Copyright: Advocates of Nisene Marks and theNisene Marks Trail Crew
    6. 6. Butano Redwoods State Park, San Mateo CountyPhoto Copyright: Michael Macor
    7. 7. Former mercury mine site, Alameda CountyPhoto Copyright: Jane Huber
    8. 8. Rockville Trails, Region/District, Solano CountyPhoto Copyright: Jorge Fleige
    9. 9. Point Pinole Regional Shoreline, East Bay Regional Park District, Contra CostaCountyPhoto Copyright: Annie BurkeAll rights reserved by Annie on Arch
    10. 10. Blithedale Summit Open Space Preserve, Marin CountyPhoto Copyright: Derek Wilson
    11. 11. Mt. St. Helena, Robert Louis Stevenson State Park Napa CountyPhoto Copyright: John A. Vlahides
    12. 12. Sugarloaf Ridge State Park, Sonoma CountyPhoto Copyright: Ted Judah, Sugarloaf Ridge State Park
    13. 13. 1913
    14. 14. Breaker Boys
    15. 15. History San Jose
    16. 16. Sonoma County Library
    17. 17. MicroeconomicsMacroeconomicsEartheconomics
    18. 18. GoalsMeasuresPolicies/ToolsFunding MechanismsOutcomes
    19. 19. Built Capital Social Capital Human Capital Natural CapitalFour Types of Capital
    20. 20. Every economy iscontained within awatershed
    21. 21. Loss of Natural Capital
    22. 22. Figure 1. Track of Hurricane Katrina, August 23-29, 2005, showing spatial extent and storm intensity along itspath (source: NOAA)
    23. 23. $200 Billion
    24. 24. Open space is essential toa prosperous andsustainable economy.
    25. 25. 2013FEMA adopts ecosystemservice valuation
    26. 26. Ecosystem Services
    27. 27. GoodsFoodWater SupplyMedicineFiberFuelMineralsCarbon
    28. 28. ServicesFlood Risk ReductionGas & Climate StabilityWater QualityFire Risk ReductionSoil Erosion ControlSediment TransportNatural Pest and Disease ControlSoil FormationWater Flow and Temperature Regulation
    29. 29. Supporting FunctionsPollinationBiodiversity and HabitatNutrient CyclingNet Primary Production
    30. 30. Cultural FunctionsAestheticRecreationCultural ValuesSpiritual & historicScience & education
    31. 31. PresentationExecutive Office of thePresident
    32. 32. SC3
    33. 33. Provisioning AssetsBeneficiariesImpairments
    34. 34. Funding Mechanisms
    35. 35. Applications Accounting Benefit-Cost Analysis Monetary Value of Natural Capital Benefits Rate of return on investment Budget/Funding Mechanisms
    36. 36. Openspace anessentialeconomicasset.
    37. 37. Thank Youdbatker@eartheconomics.org
    38. 38. Backup Slides
    39. 39. Watershed InvestmentDistrict
    40. 40. Benefit/Cost AnalysisRate of Return on InvestmentEnvironmental Impact AssessmentEconomic Returns on ConservationJobs Analysis
    41. 41. …for the greatest good, of the greatest number, for the longest time
    42. 42. History
    43. 43. Tolt River Levee Setback
    44. 44. Provisioning AssetsBeneficiariesImpairments
    45. 45. Accounting for NaturalCapital
    46. 46. Seattle Public Utilities
    47. 47. Seattle Public Utilities
    48. 48. …for the greatest good, of the greatest number, for the longest time
    49. 49. Elimination of Polio
    50. 50. Applying Ecosystem ServicesWhat ecosystem services are important to oureconomy and quality of life?What are these ecosystem services worth to oureconomy (in dollars)?Identify ValueModeland MapAnalyze FundWhere are on the landscape are these ecosystemservices provisioned, who is benefiting from themand what are their impairments?Identify ValueModeland MapAnalyze FundWhat are our goals? What local and regionalpolicies are supportive of our goals? Where isthere redundancy? What opportunities exist?Identify ValueModeland MapAnalyze FundWhat are our investment options?Steps 1-5
    51. 51. Bay area presentation:GM and EDs of orgs. 50/50Public funding: 80%Soln at Scale of problem
    52. 52. Bay area presentation:GM and EDs of orgs. 50/50Public funding: 80%Soln at Scale of problem
    53. 53. Meeting with AnnieNatural cap. IncreasesES (buzz word) intrensic, butrfly don’t need montiz, workSFPUC example and accounting changes: TimGround waterFEMA and floodingACE total investment in the Bay AreaWhat can people do??Contribute to our work…Tangible next stepsFunding at the scale of the problem, how much do weneed.Annie message: open space Council: bringingthe value of working together. Maps, funding gluebetween agencies, FSPUC, park dist, land trusts,commonalities, conf (intangibles) social capitalcollaborative culture. Working groups. Bay Area and careAnnie to provide: 1.map of bay area protected lands. 10
    54. 54. Santa Clara County Photos, some of these will beSubstituted out for slides from the other 9 counties
    55. 55. Pajoro River Corridore TNC
    56. 56. Burrowing Owl
    57. 57. Rancho Canada Vista