Open science and research initiative in
Finland: Persistency and infrastructure as
backbone for openness.
Conference on Op...
Open Science and Research 2009-2017
Research Data
Survey Project
2009-2011
National Research
Data Project
2011-2014
Open S...
Challenging and changing
environment
Changing drivers of science policies
• Globalisation, emerging countries,
emerging kn...
Figurecreatedusingwordle.com.Source:TTAproject
Governement
Companies
Open Science and research 2014-2017 (ATT)
ServicesOpen
Knowledge
Program
Research
Institute
Renewal
...
Targets for Open Science and Research
Initiative (ATT)
• To incorporate open science and research to the whole research
pr...
Proposal for improving access to results of
scientific research
• Basic approach
– Research data and publications are avai...
Open Science and Research 2009-2017
Research Data
Survey Project
2009-2011
National Research
Data Project
2011-2014
Open S...
Ministry of Education and Culture
– Key actions to Open Science
• Facilitating common effort
– Active dialogue with and be...
Open Science: Gradual and practical
approach in Finland
Challenges Solutions
Creating ownership ATT and KDK –initiatives e...
Data
gap
Research
idea
Research
plan
Experiment
Data
analysis
Results
Open
publication
Principles to collect,
anlayze, use...
Source: TTA project
Information infrastructures for open data – a Finnish example
R. Maijala, How to make Open Science sus...
Need for international collaboration:
Open Metadata for Data, Publications, Methods
J. Riley: Seeing Standards (2010)
http...
How? - Nationally Unified Structure
Conclusions on Finnish approach on
sustainability of Open Science
• Responding to grand challenges and changes in society
...
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Open science and research initiative in Finland: Persistency and infrastructure as backbone for openness, Juha Haataja, Ministry of Education and Culture, Finland

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Conference Opening Science to Meet Future Challenges, Warsaw, March 11, 2014, organized by Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

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Open science and research initiative in Finland: Persistency and infrastructure as backbone for openness, Juha Haataja, Ministry of Education and Culture, Finland

  1. 1. Open science and research initiative in Finland: Persistency and infrastructure as backbone for openness. Conference on Open Science 11.3.2013 Juha Haataja
  2. 2. Open Science and Research 2009-2017 Research Data Survey Project 2009-2011 National Research Data Project 2011-2014 Open Science and Research Project Roadmap 2014 • Open access • Open data • Open methods • Roadmap • Services • Metadata • International collaboration • Awareness Open Science and Research Project Target 2017 • National and international collaboration • Change of culture • Open Science Handbook • Services for preservation • Services for metadata • Services for access • Tools e.g. for identification
  3. 3. Challenging and changing environment Changing drivers of science policies • Globalisation, emerging countries, emerging knowhow • Grand societal and environmental challenges • Financial crises • Need of a broad based innovation concept and multidisciplinary approach • National policies versus European policies? National versus regional policies? Local and organisational strategies? Changing mechanisms in science • Researcher careers/ Tenure track • Research infrastructures • Modern universities and RTOs • Joint programmes and joint degrees • Distribution of knowledge • Joint pooling of funding (virtual common pots, real common pots, others) • Joint evaluation and assessment activities • Virtual learning and science R. Maijala, How to make Open Science sustainable-the Finnish perspective, OECD, 12.12.2013
  4. 4. Figurecreatedusingwordle.com.Source:TTAproject
  5. 5. Governement Companies Open Science and research 2014-2017 (ATT) ServicesOpen Knowledge Program Research Institute Renewal Horizon 2020 Planning Information gatheringkerä äminen Preparation and Analysis Storage and managem ent Utilization of Results Network (Open Science ym.) Citizen Science Education and resear
  6. 6. Targets for Open Science and Research Initiative (ATT) • To incorporate open science and research to the whole research process to improve the visibility and impact of science and research in the innovation system and society at large • To foster the research system in Finland towards better competitiveness and higher quality, transparent, collaborative and inspirational research process should be promoted. • The measures promote open publications, open research data, open research methods and tools, as well as increasing skills and knowledge and support services in open science domain. • Contributions from all research system actors are welcome to change the research culture towards openness. • Finland will engage in international collaboration to promote open science and research.
  7. 7. Proposal for improving access to results of scientific research • Basic approach – Research data and publications are available openly via open interfaces • Some proposals – All members of the Finnish research community share the scientific publications and research data produced openly in information network – The re-use of research data and publications is not unnecessary restricted and the terms of use should be clearly available – The openess will be carried out according to the ethical guidelines for the responsible conduct of research and with respect to the valid legislation. – The research data should always be provided openly, unless otherwise specified by the law or contracts – The contracts and funding decisions conserning research should support the open availability of publications and research data R. Maijala, How to make Open Science sustainable-the Finnish perspective, OECD, 12.12.2013 Currently under commening phase – decision to be made early 2014 Suositellaan kunkin organisaation tai mahdollisesti tietyn prosessin laatujärjestelmän mukaista toimintaa.
  8. 8. Open Science and Research 2009-2017 Research Data Survey Project 2009-2011 National Research Data Project 2011-2014 Open Science and Research Initiative Roadmap 2014 • Open access • Open data • Open methods • Roadmap • Services • Metadata • International collaboration • Awareness Open Science and Research Initiative Target 2017 • National and international collaboration • Change of culture • Open Science Handbook • Services for preservation • Services for metadata • Services for access • Tools e.g. for identification
  9. 9. Ministry of Education and Culture – Key actions to Open Science • Facilitating common effort – Active dialogue with and between stakeholders – Commitment to actions – Collaboration and coordination on infrastructure issues – Common policies • Building information infrastructure – Distributed, federated services – Service provisioning – Finnish infrastructure roadmap to be published in 2014 • Skills development – Scientist level: data management basics, principles of Open Science – Specialist level: data specialists, information management specialists, infrastructure specialists – Managerial level: enterprise architecture understanding, lifecycle management skills, cost-benefit revenue skills R. Maijala, How to make Open Science sustainable-the Finnish perspective, OECD, 12.12.2013
  10. 10. Open Science: Gradual and practical approach in Finland Challenges Solutions Creating ownership ATT and KDK –initiatives engaging key actors at different organizational levels Availability of infrastructures Infrastructure roadmap including Open Science, funding for infrastructures and services Harmonization of metadata Developing standards Open access, licence policy Proposals submitted to the Ministry, now at commenting phase Cultural change towards openness Seminars, training, guidance (education of researchers) International collaboration Standardization, making use of researchers’ networks, active role in key initiatives R. Maijala, How to make Open Science sustainable-the Finnish perspective, OECD, 12.12.2013
  11. 11. Data gap Research idea Research plan Experiment Data analysis Results Open publication Principles to collect, anlayze, use, share and preserve data Data: Qualitative or quantitative statements or numbers that are (or assumed to be) factual: 1) raw or primary data or 2) derivative of primary data. Not yet product of analysis or interpretation other than calculation. Big Data: Data that requires massive computing power to process. Broad Data: Structured big data freely available through web to everyone Open data: data that meets the criteria: accessible, useable, assessable and intelligible Metadata: Metadata “data about data”, contains information about a dataset e.g. why and how it was generated, who created it and when or technical data describing its structure, licensing terms, and standards it conforms to. Semantic Data: Data that are tagged with particular metadata - metadata that can be used to derive relationships between data. Research process and openess of data and publications Source for terminology: Science as an open enterprise, The Royal Society 2012, http://royalsociety.org/uploadedFiles/Royal_Society_Content/policy/projects/sape/2012-06-20-SAOE.pdf Information Knowledge Open access R. Maijala, How to make Open Science sustainable-the Finnish perspective, OECD, 12.12.2013
  12. 12. Source: TTA project Information infrastructures for open data – a Finnish example R. Maijala, How to make Open Science sustainable-the Finnish perspective, OECD, 12.12.2013
  13. 13. Need for international collaboration: Open Metadata for Data, Publications, Methods J. Riley: Seeing Standards (2010) http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/~jenlrile/metadatamap/ • Open metadata challenges – to improve publication, data and method findability, availability and usability, some common guidelines needed • No single metadata standard fits all! • Finnish research metadata principle – reuse of metadata – utilize existing metadata formats and services • PRINCIPLE: metadata is always open • International and national co-operation is important
  14. 14. How? - Nationally Unified Structure
  15. 15. Conclusions on Finnish approach on sustainability of Open Science • Responding to grand challenges and changes in society requires multidiciplinary and crossectional approach • Ensuring competitiviness of Finnish scientific environment • Digitalization of science multiplies the amount of data • Solutions include both hard and soft elements – Identification of needs and benefits for individuals, groups and society – Identification of problems and finding solutions – Financial and other support and incentives on a cost-efficient way – Building up infrastructures, harmonization of metadata etc. – Changing cultures, trust building – Collaboration and open dialogue essential R. Maijala, How to make Open Science sustainable-the Finnish perspective, OECD, 12.12.2013

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