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Best practices in Open Data across Europe


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Presentation by Heleen Vollers at Open Belgium 2018 -

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Best practices in Open Data across Europe

  1. 1. Best practices in Open Data across Europe Special focus on Belgium Heleen Vollers 12 March 2018, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
  2. 2. We harvest open data from public administrations across Europe
  3. 3. What does the European Data Portal have for me? We offer metadata, visualisations, quality checks We train data publishers via eLearning and workshops We showcase events, news, best practices, reports We measure open data maturity across Europe We convene meetings, webinars, events We collect open data stories, feedback We share our source code and promote open source
  4. 4. The European Data Portal - facts & figures - 810,000 datasets Metadata in 24 Languages 34 countries 79 catalogues
  5. 5. The categorisation of countries in groups, indicating their maturity level, illustrates a clear increase compared to previous years
  6. 6. Belgium – Open Data fast-tracker ✓Many regional data initiatives ✓All regional portals integrated Χ No national guidelines Coordination ✓Policy encourages to use a Creative Commons license ✓75-89% open licensed ✓90-99% free of charge Licensing Norms Open Data Policy ✓Possibility to give feedback ✓Search data sets ✓Download data sets ✓API accessible ✓70-89% of the datasets are machine readable Χ Contribute to portal Usability Overview Belgium ▪ Belgium ▪ EU average Presence Open Data Policy 77% Use of Open Data 68% Impact of Open Data 35% ▪ Most downloaded data set: not known in 2017 ▪ Top 5 most consulted domains: 1. Statistics 2. Transport 3. Companies 4. Science and research 5. Education Top data set & domains ✓Open Data policy in place ✓National 5 year strategy ✓Multiple priority domains identified ✓Pre-defined approach to ensure data sets are up-to- date ✓Between 3-5 events held annually ✓100% data uploaded automatically 74% 81% 86% 0 25 50 75 100
  7. 7. Examples how to measure Open Data – political impact France: Publishing of money allocated to Members of Parliament as Open Data allowing more accountability Norway: the Grade Calculator helps make sure that a student can get into the desired study programme without wasting time, based on chosen subjects and grades attained
  8. 8. Examples how to measure Open Data – social impact Spain: GeoSpatiumLab is a pesticide finder helps agricultural companies and individual farmers choosing the most suitable pesticides for their crops avoiding potential risks to human health and environment. Finland: accessible GPS app developed for the blind and visually impaired. BlindSquare uses Open Data of services and places and describes the environment, announces points of interest and street intersections as you travel.
  9. 9. Examples how to measure Open Data – economic impact Ireland: The Monitor, published free of charge on-line every quarter, tracks developments in the Dublin economy (2017) Spain: detailed analysis of the activities and impact of the infomediary industry (2017) EDP: report on the economic impact of Open Data (2015)
  10. 10. € 325 Billion Direct Market Size 2016 – 2020 for the EU 28+
  11. 11. Open Data has both a direct and an indirect impact on the economy Indirect economic benefits are i.e. new goods and services, time savings for users of applications using Open Data, knowledge economy growth, increased efficiency in public services and growth of related markets. Direct benefits are monetised benefits that are realised in market transactions in the form of revenues and Gross Value Added (GVA), the number of jobs involved in producing a service or product, and cost savings. 73% 27% > € 1.7 Bn in savings in Public Administration > 2,549 hours wasted finding parking > 16% less energy used > 25,000 Jobs created in Open Data in 2020 Copyright EDP CC BY
  12. 12. Open Data matters because it represents value for businesses, citizens and public administrations Geospatial 25.8% Statistical 27.3% Companies 19.5% Top 3 Open Data domains re-used most Clear popularity of three types of Open Data domains Domains expected to have the highest economic impact More data on companies requested most Transport Regions & Cities Environment Population & Society Top 4 combinations of Open Data categories Regions & Cities data is often combined with the other 3 categories On average companies use 5 categories of Open Data 36% of the companies aggregate the data, regardless of its nature St
  13. 13. Businesses see Open Data leading to innovation and efficiency as well as a source of revenue Selling services most important source of revenue Nearly half of the Open Data re-use is for selling services 34% of these services are based on software 25% of these services are consulting Sources of revenue Selling products & services 21% Selling services 42% Selling products 10% Main benefits of working with Open Data 0% 10% 20% 50% Innovation Reduced costs and increased efficiency Data harmonisation 15% 47% 26% 6% Reliability 6% Enhanced business model 40%30% Frequency
  14. 14. Barriers for Open Data publishers and re-users Figure 1: Barriers for Open Data publishers and barriers for re-users of Open Data Main barriers for publishers: Financial: main barrier for 71% of EU countries Legal: 2nd most important barrier for 58% Technical: 3rd barrier for 52% Political: 4th barrier for 45% Other, such as organisational barriers and lack of awareness Main barriers for re-users: Lack of awareness: main barrier for 68% Low availability: 2nd most important for 42% Technical: 3rd barrier for 32% Legal: 4th barrier for 26% Financial: 5th barrier for 19% Other, such as political barriers
  15. 15. Latest EDP reports Report: Open Data and Entrepreneurship – February 2018 Report: Ensuring the economic sustainability of Open Data Portals: Understanding impact and financing – February 2018 Report: The economic benefits of Open Data - December 2017 Report: Open Data maturity in Europe 2017 - November 2017 Report: The future of Open Data Portals - October 2017 Report: Open Data in the EU neighbourhood - July 2017 eLearning: 15 eLearning modules on Open Data – 3 new modules since July 2017 and can be linked to your own national ODP Report: Open Data and Cities 2 – June 2017 Report: Barriers in working with Open Data – March 2017 Report: Recommendations for Open Data Portals: from setup to sustainability – February 2017 Report: Re-using Open Data – January 2017
  16. 16. Go and try it out.