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The South African EA Forum
Twitter: @EAforumSA
#ogza
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Leading the development of open, vendor-neutral IT
standards and certifications
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Louw Labuschagne is a specialist consultant and trainer at Real IRM. As an experienced professional in the
field of Enterprise Architecture, he has developed a reputation over the past 20 years as a thought-leader in
this field. Louw has operated in a broad range of disciplines: including strategist, architect, modeller, analyst,
speaker and trainer.
He holds an M. Tech from the Tshwane University of Technology, a B. Tech from Pretoria Technikon, and an
MBA from Bond University. He’s also certified as a practitioner in TOGAF™ 9, ArchiMate™ 2, and Zachman.
With his active contribution to a number of standards, and by publishing several whitepapers, Louw has
played a key role in the development of the EA profession in South Africa and across the world.
And by leading teams that have established and grown EA practices within many of SA’s large organisations
– including some of the major banks – Louw has helped these organisations to transform their operations.
Louw’s passion for sharing, collaborating and guiding others is reflected in his training and speaking roles –
to build strong relationships in the industry and among clients, and become a trusted business partner that
guides organisations towards EA transformation.
http://opengroup.co.za
IT4IT™ - Managing the Business of IT
IT4IT™ Reference
Architecture
AN OVERVIEW
Presented by Louw Labuschagne
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
CONTENT
» WHY DO WE NEED IT4IT
» WHAT IS IT4IT
» HOW DOES IT4IT AFFECT OR INFLUENCE OTHER
ACKNOWLEDGED FRAMEWORKS
» CONCLUSION AND QUESTIONS
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The Open Group
» Architecture forum
– TOGAF 9.1 [Standard]
– Business Capabilities [white paper]
» Archimate forum
– ArchiMate 2.1 [Standard]
» SOA workgroup
– OSIMM 2.0 [Standard]
» EMMM forum
– Exploration & Mining Reference Architecture[Standard]
» IT4IT forum
– IT4IT Reference Architecture 2.0 [Standard]
– IT4IT for the Managing the business of IT [guide]
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
WHY DO WE NEED IT4IT™ ?
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
9
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
WHY DO WE NEED IT4IT?
IT4IT is an operating model for the “business of IT.”
• There has been much IT
management guidance,
but there are a number of gaps
and issues.
• Most of what the broader
community thinks of as “IT standards”
are technical e.g. TCP/IP, HTTP, HTML !
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
IT4IT™ is a management standard
IT4IT is an operating model for the “business of IT.”
» Collaborative
» Agile/Lean approaches dominate IT delivery
» Focus on enabling the end to end flow of digital
functionality
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
WHY DO WE NEED IT4IT? (Contn’D)
» Existing standards are proving slow to adapt
» Standards are proprietary
» IT management standards NOT developed explicitly as a
full, multi-view reference architectures
IT4IT covers the IT “waterfront” from enterprise architecture to product and project
management to IT operations, as a multi-layered, precisely expressed reference model.
No other standard is positioned to do this. (Charles Betz)
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
WHAT IS THE PROBLEM WE ARE SOLVING WITH
IT4IT?
» Lack of cooperation across all IT
» Insufficiently integrated IT management toolsets
» Inability to gain true insight
» Impossible to tackle disruptive innovations like cloud,
agility, mobility, BYOD, …
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
IT4IT Value Propositions
For ‘consuming IT organizations’ e.g. customers like Shell,
Boeing Ability to track cost, performance, business value
and risk as a basis for improvement decisions
Dramatically reduced TCO of IT management solution
For software vendors e.g. IBM, HP, Microsoft, Oracle
Deliver integrated solutions at lower cost
Opportunity to focus on differentiating innovation
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
WHAT IS IT4IT?
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
What is IT4IT?
» IT4IT, an evolving Open Group standard, provides a vendor neutral,
technology agnostic and industry agnostic reference architecture for
managing the Business of IT, enabling insight for continuous
improvement
» IT4IT provides the capabilities for managing the business of IT
which enable IT execution across the entire Value Chain in a better,
faster, cheaper way with less risk
» IT4IT is industry independent and technology independent to solve
the same problems for everyone
» IT4IT is designed for existing landscapes and accommodates future
IT paradigms
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
THE IT4IT REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE IS
ALIGNED WITH THE OPEN GROUP VISION
The Open Group’s “Boundary-less
Information Flow” provides enormous
IT Management and Operations data
that can be used to apply many of the
data science techniques on IT and to
generate insights and foresights.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The Value Chain
» The IT Value Chain comprises four major IT value streams, which
align to what IT traditionally calls “Plan, Build, Deliver, Run”.
» The standard is also made up of a three-level functional reference
architecture, and a set of supporting activities.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
Value Stream one
Strategy to Portfolio [S2P]
Define your strategy to balance
and broker your portfolio
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
20
Prioritize every requirement to build the
best services and deploy them.
Value Stream two
Requirement to Deploy [R2D]
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
Handle each request by streamlining the
process to fulfill it.
Value Stream three
Request to Fulfill [R2F]
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
Seek to detect issues and to correct them
before they impact the user.
Value Stream four
Detect to Correct [D2C]
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
» At the centre of the Value Chain sits the Reference
Architecture, underpinning and tying together the Value
Streams.
THE REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
First level of the IT4IT Reference Architecture
Functional
Components
Key Data
Objects
The purple circles represent a
special designation of Data Object
Service Backbone Data
Object
Key Data Objects are
tied together with
solid lines known as
Relationships
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The Service Model
» The Reference Architecture is itself characterized by the
Service Model.
» The Service Model depicts the life cycle of a service as it
moves through the Value Streams.
The Logical
Model
The Conceptual
Model
The Realized
Service Model
IT4IT identifies
three life cycle
phases during the
journey through the
Service Model
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The IT Value Chain
» Each IT Value Stream is centred on a key aspect of the
service model, the essential data objects (information
model), and functional components (functional model) that
support it.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The Strategy to Portfolio (S2P) Value Stream
» Provides the strategy to balance and broker your portfolio.
» Provides a unified viewpoint across PMO, enterprise architecture,
and service portfolio improves data quality for decision making.
» Provides KPIs and roadmaps to improve business communication.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The Requirement to Deploy (R2D) Value Stream
» Provides a framework for creating, modifying, or sourcing a service.
» Supports agile and traditional development methodologies.
» Enables visibility of the quality, utility, schedule, and cost of the
services you deliver.
» Defines continuous integration and deployment control points.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The Request to Fulfill (R2F) Value Stream
» Helps your IT organization transition to a service broker model.
» Presents a single catalogue with items from multiple supplier
catalogues.
» Efficiently manages subscriptions and total cost of service.
» Manages and measures fulfilments across multiple suppliers.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The Detect to Correct (D2C) Value Stream
» Brings together IT service operations to enhance results and
efficiency.
» Enables end to end visibility using a shared configuration model.
» Identifies issues before they affect users.
» Reduces the mean time to repair.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
Why big customers are in the game
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
Value Chain, Reference Architecture
From
“Why” to
“What”
From
“What” to “How”
(uses TOGAF®,
specified in ArchiMate®)
The IT4IT RA is all about the data!
Embraces existing process and agile
frameworks.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
DevOps – How to run and deliver IT
…....continuously
The Vision: Create Integrated IT management capabilities across the entire service lifecycle
Build RunDeliverPlan
Reference Architecture
Strategy to
Portfolio Requirement to
Deploy
Request to
Fulfill Detect to
Correct
Traditional
IT Value Chain
IT Value
Chains
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
IT4IT Release Train
IT Value Chain
• Sept 2011
Reference
Architecture (“RA”)
0.5 (level 1)
• August 2012
RA 1.0 (level 2)
• January 2013
RA 1.2 (level 3)
• March 2014
RA 1.3 (level 3)
• October 2014
RA 2.0 (level 3)
• October 2015
RA 2.x (level 3+)
• Target: Q4 CY2016
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
HOW DOES IT4IT AFFECT
ITIL, TOGAF, COBIT AND OTHER
FRAMEWORKS AND GUIDELINES?
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
38
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
39
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
Positioning IT4IT™ in the ‘landscape’
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The IT4IT difference
» How is IT4IT different from many other frameworks,
including TOGAF, ITIL, DevOps, Micro services, Bimodal
IT, Lean IT, SIAM, Design Thinking etc.?
» More specifically, what’s the impact of IT4IT on ITIL
which may be relegated to a subset or ignored as
irrelevant in IT organisations?
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The IT4IT difference (Cont’d)
» The framework helps organizations to look at IT as a set of
interconnected “Value Streams”
– and create a Service Backbone model,
– an integration model,
– a functional model
– and a data model for IT Organisation.
» This could help practitioners to implement a set of IT Management
tools to support the value chain.
» As a framework, it inherently covers or borrows from all the popular
industry frameworks/standards, e.g., ITIL, COBIT, CMMI, TOGAF
etc.,
» yet does not enforce practitioners to follow
» the traditional process thinking.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
» IT4IT will enable IT Leaders to manage
highly automated IT, whereas the
process-driven IT Management approach
doesn’t work that well in this space.
» When we automate IT, we try to implement tools (system of records
or engagement) to perform predictable, monotonous activities and
eventually create a layer on top of traditional IT.
» These tools can eventually be programmed to “make decisions”
based on analytical insights from the data generated by them.
» The IT4IT Reference Architecture will help us implement and
manage this automation layer and underlying IT.
The IT4IT difference (Cont’d)
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
The IT4IT difference (Cont’d)
» IT4IT allows you to run the IT function within an organisation as a
production-based business in its own right.
» IT4IT does not replace anything, it complements and enhances your
current structures.
» The important work done using models such
as ITIL and COBIT offer you standards on a process level, but gives
nothing prescriptive.
» They do not tell you how to manage your service models and
lifecycles, or what kinds of systems to put in place.
» IT4IT is the natural next step.
Copyright © The Open Group 2016
45
Thank you for your attention
QUESTIONS ?

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IT4IT™ - Managing the Business of IT

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  • 2. Leading the development of open, vendor-neutral IT standards and certifications http://opengroup.co.za http://opengroup.org/
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  • 4. Louw Labuschagne is a specialist consultant and trainer at Real IRM. As an experienced professional in the field of Enterprise Architecture, he has developed a reputation over the past 20 years as a thought-leader in this field. Louw has operated in a broad range of disciplines: including strategist, architect, modeller, analyst, speaker and trainer. He holds an M. Tech from the Tshwane University of Technology, a B. Tech from Pretoria Technikon, and an MBA from Bond University. He’s also certified as a practitioner in TOGAF™ 9, ArchiMate™ 2, and Zachman. With his active contribution to a number of standards, and by publishing several whitepapers, Louw has played a key role in the development of the EA profession in South Africa and across the world. And by leading teams that have established and grown EA practices within many of SA’s large organisations – including some of the major banks – Louw has helped these organisations to transform their operations. Louw’s passion for sharing, collaborating and guiding others is reflected in his training and speaking roles – to build strong relationships in the industry and among clients, and become a trusted business partner that guides organisations towards EA transformation. http://opengroup.co.za IT4IT™ - Managing the Business of IT
  • 6. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 CONTENT » WHY DO WE NEED IT4IT » WHAT IS IT4IT » HOW DOES IT4IT AFFECT OR INFLUENCE OTHER ACKNOWLEDGED FRAMEWORKS » CONCLUSION AND QUESTIONS
  • 7. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The Open Group » Architecture forum – TOGAF 9.1 [Standard] – Business Capabilities [white paper] » Archimate forum – ArchiMate 2.1 [Standard] » SOA workgroup – OSIMM 2.0 [Standard] » EMMM forum – Exploration & Mining Reference Architecture[Standard] » IT4IT forum – IT4IT Reference Architecture 2.0 [Standard] – IT4IT for the Managing the business of IT [guide]
  • 8. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 WHY DO WE NEED IT4IT™ ?
  • 9. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 9
  • 10. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 WHY DO WE NEED IT4IT? IT4IT is an operating model for the “business of IT.” • There has been much IT management guidance, but there are a number of gaps and issues. • Most of what the broader community thinks of as “IT standards” are technical e.g. TCP/IP, HTTP, HTML !
  • 11. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 IT4IT™ is a management standard IT4IT is an operating model for the “business of IT.” » Collaborative » Agile/Lean approaches dominate IT delivery » Focus on enabling the end to end flow of digital functionality
  • 12. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 WHY DO WE NEED IT4IT? (Contn’D) » Existing standards are proving slow to adapt » Standards are proprietary » IT management standards NOT developed explicitly as a full, multi-view reference architectures IT4IT covers the IT “waterfront” from enterprise architecture to product and project management to IT operations, as a multi-layered, precisely expressed reference model. No other standard is positioned to do this. (Charles Betz)
  • 13. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 WHAT IS THE PROBLEM WE ARE SOLVING WITH IT4IT? » Lack of cooperation across all IT » Insufficiently integrated IT management toolsets » Inability to gain true insight » Impossible to tackle disruptive innovations like cloud, agility, mobility, BYOD, …
  • 14. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 IT4IT Value Propositions For ‘consuming IT organizations’ e.g. customers like Shell, Boeing Ability to track cost, performance, business value and risk as a basis for improvement decisions Dramatically reduced TCO of IT management solution For software vendors e.g. IBM, HP, Microsoft, Oracle Deliver integrated solutions at lower cost Opportunity to focus on differentiating innovation
  • 15. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 WHAT IS IT4IT?
  • 16. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 What is IT4IT? » IT4IT, an evolving Open Group standard, provides a vendor neutral, technology agnostic and industry agnostic reference architecture for managing the Business of IT, enabling insight for continuous improvement » IT4IT provides the capabilities for managing the business of IT which enable IT execution across the entire Value Chain in a better, faster, cheaper way with less risk » IT4IT is industry independent and technology independent to solve the same problems for everyone » IT4IT is designed for existing landscapes and accommodates future IT paradigms
  • 17. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 THE IT4IT REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE IS ALIGNED WITH THE OPEN GROUP VISION The Open Group’s “Boundary-less Information Flow” provides enormous IT Management and Operations data that can be used to apply many of the data science techniques on IT and to generate insights and foresights.
  • 18. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The Value Chain » The IT Value Chain comprises four major IT value streams, which align to what IT traditionally calls “Plan, Build, Deliver, Run”. » The standard is also made up of a three-level functional reference architecture, and a set of supporting activities.
  • 19. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 Value Stream one Strategy to Portfolio [S2P] Define your strategy to balance and broker your portfolio
  • 20. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 20 Prioritize every requirement to build the best services and deploy them. Value Stream two Requirement to Deploy [R2D]
  • 21. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 Handle each request by streamlining the process to fulfill it. Value Stream three Request to Fulfill [R2F]
  • 22. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 Seek to detect issues and to correct them before they impact the user. Value Stream four Detect to Correct [D2C]
  • 23. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 » At the centre of the Value Chain sits the Reference Architecture, underpinning and tying together the Value Streams. THE REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE
  • 24. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 First level of the IT4IT Reference Architecture Functional Components Key Data Objects The purple circles represent a special designation of Data Object Service Backbone Data Object Key Data Objects are tied together with solid lines known as Relationships
  • 25. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The Service Model » The Reference Architecture is itself characterized by the Service Model. » The Service Model depicts the life cycle of a service as it moves through the Value Streams. The Logical Model The Conceptual Model The Realized Service Model IT4IT identifies three life cycle phases during the journey through the Service Model
  • 26. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The IT Value Chain » Each IT Value Stream is centred on a key aspect of the service model, the essential data objects (information model), and functional components (functional model) that support it.
  • 27. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The Strategy to Portfolio (S2P) Value Stream » Provides the strategy to balance and broker your portfolio. » Provides a unified viewpoint across PMO, enterprise architecture, and service portfolio improves data quality for decision making. » Provides KPIs and roadmaps to improve business communication.
  • 28. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The Requirement to Deploy (R2D) Value Stream » Provides a framework for creating, modifying, or sourcing a service. » Supports agile and traditional development methodologies. » Enables visibility of the quality, utility, schedule, and cost of the services you deliver. » Defines continuous integration and deployment control points.
  • 29. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The Request to Fulfill (R2F) Value Stream » Helps your IT organization transition to a service broker model. » Presents a single catalogue with items from multiple supplier catalogues. » Efficiently manages subscriptions and total cost of service. » Manages and measures fulfilments across multiple suppliers.
  • 30. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The Detect to Correct (D2C) Value Stream » Brings together IT service operations to enhance results and efficiency. » Enables end to end visibility using a shared configuration model. » Identifies issues before they affect users. » Reduces the mean time to repair.
  • 31. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 Why big customers are in the game
  • 32. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 Value Chain, Reference Architecture From “Why” to “What” From “What” to “How” (uses TOGAF®, specified in ArchiMate®) The IT4IT RA is all about the data! Embraces existing process and agile frameworks.
  • 33. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 DevOps – How to run and deliver IT …....continuously The Vision: Create Integrated IT management capabilities across the entire service lifecycle Build RunDeliverPlan Reference Architecture Strategy to Portfolio Requirement to Deploy Request to Fulfill Detect to Correct Traditional IT Value Chain IT Value Chains
  • 34. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 IT4IT Release Train IT Value Chain • Sept 2011 Reference Architecture (“RA”) 0.5 (level 1) • August 2012 RA 1.0 (level 2) • January 2013 RA 1.2 (level 3) • March 2014 RA 1.3 (level 3) • October 2014 RA 2.0 (level 3) • October 2015 RA 2.x (level 3+) • Target: Q4 CY2016
  • 35. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 HOW DOES IT4IT AFFECT ITIL, TOGAF, COBIT AND OTHER FRAMEWORKS AND GUIDELINES?
  • 36. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 38
  • 37. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 39
  • 38. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 Positioning IT4IT™ in the ‘landscape’
  • 39. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The IT4IT difference » How is IT4IT different from many other frameworks, including TOGAF, ITIL, DevOps, Micro services, Bimodal IT, Lean IT, SIAM, Design Thinking etc.? » More specifically, what’s the impact of IT4IT on ITIL which may be relegated to a subset or ignored as irrelevant in IT organisations?
  • 40. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The IT4IT difference (Cont’d) » The framework helps organizations to look at IT as a set of interconnected “Value Streams” – and create a Service Backbone model, – an integration model, – a functional model – and a data model for IT Organisation. » This could help practitioners to implement a set of IT Management tools to support the value chain. » As a framework, it inherently covers or borrows from all the popular industry frameworks/standards, e.g., ITIL, COBIT, CMMI, TOGAF etc., » yet does not enforce practitioners to follow » the traditional process thinking.
  • 41. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 » IT4IT will enable IT Leaders to manage highly automated IT, whereas the process-driven IT Management approach doesn’t work that well in this space. » When we automate IT, we try to implement tools (system of records or engagement) to perform predictable, monotonous activities and eventually create a layer on top of traditional IT. » These tools can eventually be programmed to “make decisions” based on analytical insights from the data generated by them. » The IT4IT Reference Architecture will help us implement and manage this automation layer and underlying IT. The IT4IT difference (Cont’d)
  • 42. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 The IT4IT difference (Cont’d) » IT4IT allows you to run the IT function within an organisation as a production-based business in its own right. » IT4IT does not replace anything, it complements and enhances your current structures. » The important work done using models such as ITIL and COBIT offer you standards on a process level, but gives nothing prescriptive. » They do not tell you how to manage your service models and lifecycles, or what kinds of systems to put in place. » IT4IT is the natural next step.
  • 43. Copyright © The Open Group 2016 45 Thank you for your attention