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Open Education Resources - Medicine Education Forum


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Workshop presented by Stephanie (Charlie) Farley to the Medicine Education Forum at the University of Edinburgh, May 19th 2016.

The session included an introduction to Open Education Resources from OER Advisor, Stephanie (Charlie) Farley. Followed by an update from Simon Riley about his work on OpenMed (, a learning framework for students and staff to curate medicine and health care OERs and other open access resources.

Open Education Resources (OERs) are online resources that are available for others to use to support learning. The University of Edinburgh has recently adopted an OER policy, which outlines the institutional position on OERs and provides guidelines for practice in learning and teaching.

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Open Education Resources - Medicine Education Forum

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources Stephanie (Charlie) Farley Open Education Resources Learning, Teaching, and Web Services University of Edinburgh
  2. 2. Welcome Aims for today 1) Know more about OER when you leave than when you came in. 2) Be able to identify licensed material to use in creating your own fully attributable, shareable artifact. By AIGA [Public domain], via Wikimedia
  3. 3. What is an OER? An Open Educational Resource, OER, is a freely available and openly licensed digital resource. “OERs are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re- purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge” The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  4. 4. Open Access vs. Open Education Resources (OER) Open Access refers to publications released under an open license (e.g. open access journals). Open Data refers to data that is freely available to use and republish. Open Education Resources (OER) specifically refers to using materials for teaching & learning released under an open licence. Materials available on the web without explicit copyright statement or open licence should not be considered OERs. • The absence of a copyright statement does not necessarily mean that the material is free to use or adapt. • OERs should always display a licence containing the terms of reuse.
  5. 5. Definitions Intellectual property rights (IPR): Are the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds (usually for a set period of time). Image via Pixabay by geralt [Public Domain]
  6. 6. Is an area of IPR that covers the rights of authors of creative works. Copyright: Image via Pixabay by Peggy_Marco [Public Domain]
  7. 7. is the permission, or authorisation, to re-use a copyrighted work. A licence: Image via Pixabay by kartik27 [Public Domain]
  8. 8. A Creative Commons (CC) licence is one of several open licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work. Image via Pixabay by Kriemer [Public Domain]
  9. 9. Creative Commons licenses
  10. 10. By applying an open licence to a copyrighted work, rights holders give permission for others to copy or change their work in ways that would otherwise infringe copyright law.
  11. 11. Edinburgh's OER vision 1. For the common good: Teaching and learning materials exchange to enrich the University and the sector; 2. Edinburgh at its best: Showcasing openly the highest quality learning and teaching; 3. Edinburgh’s treasures: Making available online a significant collection of unique learning materials available openly to Scotland, the UK and the world, promoting health and economic and cultural well- being.
  12. 12. What our guidelines say OER aligns with the University’s mission “Use, creation, and publication of OERs is consistent with the University’s reputation, values and mission to ‘Make a significant, sustainable and socially responsible contribution to Scotland, the UK and the world, promoting health and economic and cultural wellbeing.’” Everyday teaching & learning material exchange “It is expected that OERs used, created or published by individual staff and students will normally be single units or small collections [...] rather than whole courses.”
  13. 13. Why should you (as an educator) get involved with (using) OER? OER is not just about access to materials, but about making it possible to share materials more easily, and creating platforms for more work to become visible (and therefore attract funding). Why re-invent the wheel? Teachers are responsible for creating great learning experiences, not (necessarily) for creating all the resources needed for this themselves. Reusing existing OER frees up time that can be spent on other aspects of the teaching and learning process.
  14. 14. Raising your profile Getting your materials out there as an educator can both help raise your profile and allow you to work with other educators. Take your resources with you By making your teaching resources open you are able to take these materials with you from one institution to another. Improving your teaching Use and creation of OER encourages looking outside your immediate environment and getting broader and different views on topic areas. Why you should get involved with (using) OER (as an educator)? was re-mixed from The Open Education Handbook licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (Unported) v3.0 (Attribution CC BY) ]
  15. 15. _OA
  16. 16. Our support for OER • OER support service Centrally supported service, providing: advice, staff and student training sessions, and awareness raising. • Open.Ed website ( Showcasing Edinburgh’s OERs, providing how-to guides, news and information. In the future this will also include sharing & searching tools.
  17. 17. Aim: Create a poster from open resources Focusing on: • Where to source openly licensed resources • How to attribute Creative Commons licensed materials • Signpost where and how to share and license your work
  18. 18. Creative Commons licenses
  19. 19. Activity 1: Search and identify 3 images that could be used in a poster (15 mins) By AIGA [Public domain], via Wikimedia On the theme of: “Medicine without borders”
  20. 20. Search for images CC Search provides a useful ‘meta-search’ over a number of media platforms:
  21. 21. Activity 2: Collect the attribution information from the images. (15 minutes)
  22. 22. A good rule of thumb is to use the acronym TASL, which stands for Title, Author, Source, Licence: • Title - What is the name of the material? • Author - Who owns the material? • Source - Where can I find it? • Licence - How can I use it? • Lastly, is there anything else I should know before I use it? What attribution information do I need?
  23. 23. It’s a good idea to keep track of attribution information as you go (and keep it if possible). But is that enough information? Keep track of resources resources you use Attributing Creative Commons Materials by ccAustralia & CCI ARC, licensed under CC BY 2.5
  24. 24. Activity 3: Create your poster (15 mins) with image attribution applied
  25. 25. The licence tells you to be reasonable: “You may satisfy the conditions in (1) and (2) above in any reasonable manner based on the medium, means and context in which the Licensed Material is used. For example, it may be reasonable to satisfy some or all of the conditions by retaining a copyright notice, or by providing a URI or hyperlink associated with the Licensed Material, if the copyright notice or webpage includes some or all of the required information.” There is no one right way; just make sure your attribution is reasonable and suited to the medium you're working with. That being said, you still have to include attribution requirements somehow, even if it's just a link to an About page that has that info. Attribution doesn’t need to be complicated Best practices for attribution by Creative Commons, licensed under CC BY 4.0
  26. 26. Attributing Creative Commons Materials by ccAustralia & CCI ARC, licensed under CC BY 2.5
  27. 27. The good, the bad, and the ugly The Creative Commons Wiki provides detailed information on how to correctly attribute resources in a number of contexts: Good: "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" by tvol is licensed under CC BY 4.0 Average: Photo by tvol / CC BY Incorrect: Photo: Creative Commons
  28. 28. Share & feedback
  29. 29. Sharing OERs • Ensure that the material is your own work, or contains only openly licensed work shared under the agreed terms. The copyright service will be able to help if you are unsure about copyright issues ( • Choose the most appropriate license for your material. The Creative Commons website licence chooser is a useful tool for choosing & generating the licence text and image: Some platforms allow you to choose and generate a licence in the upload workflow (Flickr, YouTube, Vimeo, etc.).
  30. 30. Sharing OERs • University of Edinburgh should be stated as the licensor so that the resource can be correctly attributed: © The University of Edinburgh. • More information can be found in the University’s Open Educational Resource Policy (
  31. 31. Where should I share my OER? There are several options for sharing your OER depending on subject area and target audience.
  32. 32. OER Repository JORUM MERLOT Xpert OERCommons TESConnect Social Media Youtube Flicker iTunesU Slideshare SoundCloud OpenCourseWare MIT OpenCourseWare OpenLearn TU Delft OCW
  33. 33. Examples: SlideShare & Flickr Many platforms incorporate CC licensing options. SlideShare & Flickr both allow you to apply a default licence across an account or change for each uploaded resource. • •
  34. 34. Feedback and Follow Up @OpenEdEdinburgh