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OER: Find licensed material for teaching and presentations


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Learn how to locate and identify licensed materials online to use in your own teaching and presentations.
When placing teaching and presentation materials into an open environment, e.g. outside of the closed classroom and up onto the web, we need to ensure that we are using openly licensed materials AND that we are providing correct attribution (this is as important as being able to correctly cite a paper).
In this session participants are invited to develop short visual presentations by locating and using openly licensed content. They will be guided through the process of finding, reusing, and sharing open content, learning about licenses along the way.
The session will cover:
The differences between Open Access, Open Educational Resources, Copyright materials, and Licensed materials.
How to identify licensed materials and which licences suit various type of usage.
How to search on a variety of platforms for licensed materials (e.g. Google, Flickr, Vimeo, Wikimedia Commons).
How to correctly attribute materials that you have used.

Published in: Education
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OER: Find licensed material for teaching and presentations

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources Stephanie (Charlie) Farley Stuart Nicol Open Education Resources Learning, Teaching, and Web Services University of Edinburgh
  2. 2. Welcome Aims for today 1) Know more about OER when you leave than when you came in. 2) Be able to identify licensed material to use in creating your own fully attributable, shareable artifact. By AIGA [Public domain], via Wikimedia
  3. 3. Definitions Intellectual property rights (IPR): Are the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds (usually for a set period of time). Image via Pixabay by geralt [Public Domain]
  4. 4. Is an area of IPR that covers the rights of authors of creative works. Copyright: Image via Pixabay by Peggy_Marco [Public Domain]
  5. 5. is the permission, or authorisation, to re-use a copyrighted work. A licence: Image via Pixabay by kartik27 [Public Domain]
  6. 6. A Creative Commons (CC) licence is one of several open licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work. Image via Pixabay by Kriemer [Public Domain]
  7. 7. Creative Commons licences
  8. 8. By applying an open licence to a copyrighted work, rights holders give permission for others to copy or change their work in ways that would otherwise infringe copyright law. BUT you still retain copyright and can do whatever you like with your work.
  9. 9. Open Access refers to publications released under an open license (e.g. open access journals). Open Data refers to data that is freely available to use and republish. Open Education Resources (OER) specifically refers to openly licensing materials for teaching & learning.
  10. 10. What is an OER? An OER is a freely available and openly licensed digital resource. “OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re- purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge” The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  11. 11. What is an OER? Materials available on the web without explicit copyright statement or open licence should not be considered OERs. • The absence of a copyright statement does not necessarily mean that the material is free to use or adapt. • OERs should always display a licence containing the terms of reuse.
  12. 12. Edinburgh's OER vision 1. For the common good: Teaching and learning materials exchange to enrich the University and the sector; 2. Edinburgh at its best: Showcasing openly the highest quality learning and teaching; 3. Edinburgh’s treasures: Making available online a significant collection of unique learning materials available openly to Scotland, the UK and the world, promoting health and economic and cultural well- being.
  13. 13. What our guidelines say OER aligns with the University’s mission “Use, creation, and publication of OERs is consistent with the University’s reputation, values and mission to ‘Make a significant, sustainable and socially responsible contribution to Scotland, the UK and the world, promoting health and economic and cultural wellbeing.’” Everyday teaching & learning material exchange “It is expected that OERs used, created or published by individual staff and students will normally be single units or small collections [...] rather than whole courses.”
  14. 14. Our support for OER • OER support service: centrally support service. – Advice / staff and student training sessions / awareness raising • Open.Ed website – Showcasing Edinburgh’s OERs / how-to guides / news and information. In the future will also include sharing & searching tools. –
  15. 15. Creating an OER When creating an OER, there are certain things you must do and certain things you must avoid in order for the resource to be fully open. © T Douglas-Walker, released under CC BY licence
  16. 16. Things You Should Do Keep an Asset Register: • Create a spreadsheet and list all resources used in creating your resource. • With each entry, list the author, the licence it’s released under and the source. • When listing the source, ensure that any URLs link to the page on which you found the resource and not the file itself.
  17. 17. Things You Should Do Seek Out Open Images: • If your resource includes images, use Wikimedia Commons, Flickr etc. before using Google images. • You can also use the Creative Commons meta- search, which you will see later. • If you must use Google Images, it is possible to change the settings so it only shows openly licenced images:
  18. 18. Things You Should Do Seek Out Open Images:
  19. 19. Things You Should Do Seek Out Open Images:
  20. 20. Things You Should Not Do Use a Resource with Unknown Provenance/Limited Licence: • If you cannot establish the author/creator of an image or other resource, DO NOT use it. • If you can find the author but cannot find which licence it has been released under, DO NOT use it.
  21. 21. Things You Should Not Do Use a resource without attribution: • The main aspect of ALL Creative Commons licenses is the BY (Attribution). Always ensure that the original creator is credited. You wouldn’t quote or cite a paper without proper attribution, don’t use someone’s resource without doing the same. • An attribution should be easy to find: on the same page as resource, perhaps even on the resource itself.
  22. 22. Things You Should Not Do Use a resource without attribution: Figure 2: © Roseanne Smith under a CC BY licence (Open.ed on Wikimedia Commons)© S Walker, released under a CC BY licence (Open.ed on Wikimedia Commons)
  23. 23. Aim: Create a poster from open resources Focusing on: • Where to source openly licensed resources • How to attribute Creative Commons licensed materials • Signpost where and how to share and license your work
  24. 24. Creative Commons licenses
  25. 25. Activity 1: Search and identify 3 images that could be used in a poster (15 mins) By AIGA [Public domain], via Wikimedia On the theme of: “Woodlands and Nature Reserves”
  26. 26. Search for images CC Search provides a useful ‘meta-search’ over a number of media platforms:
  27. 27. Activity 2: Collect the attribution information from the images. (10 minutes)
  28. 28. The licence tells you to be reasonable: “You may satisfy the conditions in (1) and (2) above in any reasonable manner based on the medium, means and context in which the Licensed Material is used. For example, it may be reasonable to satisfy some or all of the conditions by retaining a copyright notice, or by providing a URI or hyperlink associated with the Licensed Material, if the copyright notice or webpage includes some or all of the required information.” There is no one right way; just make sure your attribution is reasonable and suited to the medium you're working with. That being said, you still have to include attribution requirements somehow, even if it's just a link to an About page that has that info. Attribution doesn’t need to be complicated Best practices for attribution by Creative Commons, licensed under CC BY 4.0
  29. 29. A good rule of thumb is to use the acronym TASL, which stands for Title, Author, Source, Licence: • Title - What is the name of the material? • Author - Who owns the material? • Source - Where can I find it? • Licence - How can I use it? • Lastly, is there anything else I should know before I use it? What attribution information do I need?
  30. 30. It’s a good idea to keep track of attribution information as you go (and keep it if possible). But is that enough information? Keep track of resources resources you use Attributing Creative Commons Materials by ccAustralia & CCI ARC, licensed under CC BY 2.5
  31. 31. Activity 3: Create your poster (20 mins) with image attribution applied
  32. 32. The good, the bad, and the ugly The Creative Commons Wiki provides detailed information on how to correctly attribute resources in a number of contexts: Good: "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" by tvol is licensed under CC BY 4.0 Average: Photo by tvol / CC BY Incorrect: Photo: Creative Commons
  33. 33. Share & feedback
  34. 34. Attributing Creative Commons Materials by ccAustralia & CCI ARC, licensed under CC BY 2.5
  35. 35. Sharing OERs • Ensure that the material is your own work, or contains only openly licensed work shared under the agreed terms. The copyright service will be able to help if you are unsure about copyright issues ( • Choose the most appropriate license for your material. The Creative Commons website licence chooser is a useful tool for choosing & generating the licence text and image: Some platforms allow you to choose and generate a licence in the upload workflow (Flickr, YouTube, Vimeo, etc.). • University of Edinburgh should be stated as the licensor so that the resource can be correctly attributed: © The University of Edinburgh. • More information can be found in the University’s Open Educational Resource Policy (
  36. 36. Where should I share my OER? There are several options for sharing your OER depending on subject area and target audience.
  37. 37. OER Repository JORUM MERLOT Xpert OERCommons TESConnect Social Media Youtube Flicker iTunesU Slideshare SoundCloud OpenCourseWare MIT OpenCourseWare OpenLearn TU Delft OCW
  38. 38. Feedback and Follow Up @OpenEdEdinburgh