Open Data Cooperation - Beyond Data

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Last year Open Data Manchester held two workshops one in Berlin and the other in Manchester to explore whether cooperative structures could enable the creation of open data and personal data stores for mutual benefit. The idea of the mutual came out of an ongoing conversation between people within the cooperative movement and the open data world about the role of cooperatives, and the possibility that they could rebalance what many perceive as asymmetric relationship between data subjects (people with personal data) and data users (people who use data to develop services and products). This presentation covers some of the points discussed

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Open Data Cooperation - Beyond Data

  1. 1. Making a data cooperative Julian Tait 16th April 2015 OpenData Manchester julian@thegarden.io @julianlstar CrowdFlow WiFi heat map
  2. 2. OpenData Manchester
  3. 3. Data is the lifeblood of our cities OpenData Manchester
  4. 4. OpenData Manchester Personal data production
  5. 5. We generate data we have little or no power over OpenData Manchester “to open all municipal data so Google can use it to become everyone’s perfect personal assistant - an invisible entity that knows what you want before you do.” Google’s wish... Margo Georgiadis - President of the Americas, Google - Chicago Metropolitan Planning Council 2013
  6. 6. Abuse of power OpenData Manchester People becoming more aware of the data that they give away
  7. 7. OpenData Manchester Facebook implied market capitalisation per record between 2006 - 2012 = $40 - $300 OECD - Exploring the Economics of Personal Data: A Survey of Methodologies for Measuring Monetary Value, 2013 The value of data
  8. 8. OpenData Manchester Facebook implied market capitalisation per record between 2006 - 2012 = $40 - $300 OECD - Exploring the Economics of Personal Data: A Survey of Methodologies for Measuring Monetary Value, 2013 The value of data • Street address $0.50 • Date of birth $2.00 • Drivers license $3.00 • Social security number $8.00 • Military record $35.00 Buying data:
  9. 9. The birth of Personal Information Management Services (PIMS) OpenData Manchester Decision support services Personal data management and life management services £5 billion £11.5 billion 1.2% UK economy Ctrl Shift - Personal Information Management Services - An analysis of an emerging market, 2014 Value of PIMS
  10. 10. OpenData Manchester Data warehouse Data subjects City data Data users Data management
  11. 11. OpenData Manchester Cooperative of data subjects Data coop City data Data warehouse Data users
  12. 12. OpenData Manchester Multi-stakeholder cooperative Data coop Data users
  13. 13. OpenData Manchester Multi-stakeholder cooperative Data coop
  14. 14. OpenData Manchester Multi-stakeholder cooperatives
  15. 15. Building trust OpenData Manchester The cooperative is owned or managed by its members In a multi-stakeholder environment there is the potential for service providers and data users to work together
  16. 16. Building consent OpenData Manchester A data cooperative should maintain an agreed ethical position in order to maintain consent Challenging in a multi-stakeholder environment or at scale Novel ways of building consent
  17. 17. Building consent through preferences OpenData Manchester
  18. 18. Building consent by proxy OpenData Manchester
  19. 19. Data literacy OpenData Manchester The best way to build trust and consent Empowering the disempowered Allowing people to understand the decisions they are making
  20. 20. OpenData Manchester Summary 1. are owned by their membership and should be more accountable; 2. have the potential to halt the over collection of data; 3. can create value for the membership; 4. can form around single issues or scale with many data subjects; 5. can be representative and affect change; 6. can help the membership be more data literate; 7. can liberate data through statutory processes; 8. can encourage better data and context to be produced; 9. build trust and consent and; 10. can be created from city data as well as personal data.
  21. 21. Thank you. OpenData Manchester julian@thegarden.io @julianlstar Making a data cooperative Julian Tait

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