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OpenAIRE workshop: Beyond APCs - Jeroen Sondervan (Utrecht University)

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"Shut up! And give me your money! Or not? Challenges and opportunities with non-APC business models and self-publishing"

Presentation delivered during the workshop
BEYOND APCS: ALTERNATIVE OPEN ACCESS PUBLISHING BUSINESS MODELS
Royal Library, The Hague, Netherlands
April 5th and 6th, 2018

Published in: Science
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OpenAIRE workshop: Beyond APCs - Jeroen Sondervan (Utrecht University)

  1. 1. “Shut op! And give me your money!” Or not? Challenges and Opportunities with Non-APC Business Models and Self-Publishing OpenAIRE workshop Workshop: Beyond APCs: alternative open access publishing business models, April 2017 Jeroen Sondervan, Publishing Consultant, Utrecht University
  2. 2. ● Short Introduction UU/OA ● Facts & Figures (non)APC market ● Functions of Scholarly Communication ● Case: Uopen Journals ● Non-APC models/self-publishing: challenges & opportunities ● DIY: Publishing platforms Source: DOAJ (April 2018) Contents
  3. 3. ● 2004: Igitur, Utrecht Publishing & Archiving Services ● 2005: Berlin Declaration signed & development of UU repository for (sustainable) archiving ● 2013-2014: 26+ OA journals running on OJS in Igitur ● 2015: Igitur ceased ● 2015 → New publishing service at UU: 14 full Open Access Journals (Uopen Journals Incubator model) ● 2012 - ?: OA-fund ● 2018 --> Draft Open Science Programme (2018-2020) Short Introduction UU/OA
  4. 4. On April 4, 2018: ● 11,120 peer-reviewed OA journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). ● 2,957 fee-based journals in the DOAJ. ● Meaning: 73% of the listed journals charge no APC. Source: DOAJ (April 2018) Facts & Figures (non)- APC Market But: Majority of articles are published in the 27% Gold APC journals (PLOS, BMC, Frontiers, etc).
  5. 5. Sources: e.g. Bjork & Solomon (2012); Finch et el (2012); JISC APC and Subscription report (2016); OpenAPC project (2018). Some more facts: ● Average APC in 2010-12: +- $1300 ● APCs increasing ever since ● APC expenditures are unevenly distributed between publishers ● Majority of APCs are paid for Hybrid OA, but: ● Average APC for full Gold OA is rising more quickly than that of hybrid journals...
  6. 6. Sources: https://www.vsnu.nl/nl_NL/wob-verzoeken.html EU Tender: Open Research Europe - The EC Open Research Publishing Platform (2018). And... ● Most offsetting deals (e.g. in the Netherlands and U.K.) based on the idea/calculation of APCs ● EC call for the OA research platform reserves budget for APCs (average = €950-1.000) So how on earth is this 73% doing the publishing thing...?
  7. 7. Basic functions: ● Registration, for claiming precedence ● Certification, for establishing validity ● Awareness, e.g. through dissemination or alerting ● Archiving, to preserve the record Additional functions/roles that journals (read: publishers) took on: ● Selection ● Facilitation of rewarding, through metrics ● Creating research communities Functions of scholarly communication Source: (adapted from Roosendaal & Geurts 1998)
  8. 8. Basic functions: •Registration, for claiming precedence → preprints •Certification, for establishing validity → open PR, statcheck, data, replication •Awareness, e.g. through dissemination or alerting → search engines, social media •Archiving, to preserve the record → repositories/archives (e.g. Zenodo) Additional functions/roles that (some) journals took on: •Selection, filtering → overlay journals, social media, semantic technology •Enabling rewarding, through metrics → ALM, altmetrics •Creating research communities → academic social networks (e.g. Hum Commons) Functions of scholarly communication: new players Source: (adapted from Roosendaal & Geurts 1998)
  9. 9. Scholarly communication evolves / Academic Publishing evolves ● What are we prepared to pay? ● And for which services? ● What can we, as academic community (researchers, libraries, institutions), do ourselves? What’s next?
  10. 10. Case: Uopen Journals
  11. 11. The Incubator ● UU community (mainly HSS and Law) ● Maximum of 6 years of library support to reach set goals ● Full Gold OA ● Partnership with Ubiquity Press ● Consultancy, network and support
  12. 12. 14 journals - 10 models
  13. 13. Irresponsible Complicated Cost of Publishing Challenges Short-term commitments (funders/grants) No ‘business’ approach Knowledge-gaps Just too many things to handle Too many dependencies ‘Too much’ qualityLack of editorial/production knowledge No clear long-term vision Scalability
  14. 14. Responsible PragmaticCost-effective Opportunities Long-term commitments (funders/libraries) Collaborations / Consortia Expertise and consultancy in scholarly publishing Growing competitive market of publishing platforms Investing in shared commons/infra Be realistic Be on time Know your ‘market’ / community Financial planning
  15. 15. Responsible PragmaticCost-effective Opportunities Quality OA
  16. 16. Thank you! Questions? j.sondervan@uu.nl @jeroenson

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