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Open Science Commons: a holistic and ecological view of science

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OpenAIRE presentation at IFLA 2019 annual conference.
Open science comes on the heels of the fourth paradigm of science, which is based on data-intensive scientific discovery, and represents a new paradigm shift, affecting the entire research lifecycle and all aspects of science execution, collaboration, communication, innovation. From supporting and using (big) data infrastructures for data archiving and analysis, to continuously sharing with peers all types of research results at any stage of the research endeavor and to communicating them to the broad public or commercial audiences, openness moves science away from being a concern exclusively of researchers and research performing organisations and brings it to center stage of our connected society, requiring the engagement of a much wider range of stakeholders: digital and research infrastructures, policy decision makers, funders, industry, and the public itself.

This presentation focuses on two Europe’s flagship initiatives for Open Science, the European Open Science Cloud and Open AIRE (www.openaire.eu), and discusses the role of the libraries in the wider data ecosystem as that of (i) an enabler for openness, FAIRness, participation, transparency and social impact, active in the preservation, curation, publication and dissemination of digital scientific materials, and (ii) a multiplier for training and supporting scientists and non-scientists alike (citizen science, open innovation) for a harmonic co-existence in this emerging environment.

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Open Science Commons: a holistic and ecological view of science

  1. 1. @openaire_euIFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Open Science Commons A holistic and ecological view of science Natalia Manola OpenAIRE Managing Director Athena Research & Innovation Center & University of Athens
  2. 2. IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 … practice science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods. Access – Collaboration – Innovation – Participation Open research beyond academia Innovation + Citizen science
  3. 3. linked Open Science (provenance & context) access to resources for analytics Open publications research data / FAIR data software / lab books methodologies / protocols educational resources processes (open peer review) annotations What it entails IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  4. 4. Open Science – why?
  5. 5. IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 • Science matters • Science doesn't just happen in a lab—it's a part of our everyday life • Research is part of the wider ecosystem • Academic ecosystem • Innovation process • Social responsibility Why A dialogue
  6. 6. IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Why It’s all about trust • Transparency • Reproducibility • Accountability Increased consumer choice from public research
  7. 7. IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Why Innovation potential via access to • data, information, knowledge • computing resources • people
  8. 8. Open Science – how? Challenges & Opportunities IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  9. 9. Making the bridge from a global perspective of research, to the local implementation, actors and support IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Challenge #1
  10. 10. Data-driven research Data science skills Big vs. small science/data Challenge #2 IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Differences in Collection, Processing, Scalability, Modeling, Storage & Computation Coupling, Data Science, Data Security
  11. 11. Researcher in the center • Reputation • Incentives • Services Challenge #3 IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  12. 12. Embed quality in openness FAIR research data / content Linked research Challenge #4 IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Findable Accessible Interoperable Reusable
  13. 13. New sharing culture …via innovative services Social networks Shared economy models Innovate means of dissemination IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Opportunity #1
  14. 14. Knowledge extraction …made easier Technology advancement with text and data mining (TDM) and AI More easily accessible computing resources Opportunity #2 IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  15. 15. Plethora of platforms Common approaches between sectors Big and small data Opportunity #3 IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 …small data will increasingly be made more big data- like through the development of new data infrastructures that pool, scale and link small data in order to create larger datasets, encourage sharing and reuse, and open them up to combination with big data and analysis using big data analytics
  16. 16. Use existing scholarly communication infrastructure Scholarly communication a common language to bridge views, perspectives and gaps Publishing research results at any stage of the research life-cycle Opportunity #4 IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  17. 17. Research data Research Software e-infra Tools & Services Research data Research literature Articles, docs, white papers 01101010 01100001 11010010 01101010 01100001 11010010 Publishing all kinds of products Enabling Reproducibility (R*) Fully-fledged assessment of science Fully-fledged scientific reward Enabling Monitoring Bridging RIs and OS publishing practices Research Infrastructures Scholarly Communication Infrastructure Research process How - Scholarly Communication transition to Open Science IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  18. 18. Open Science – what? Europe IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  19. 19. Open Science in the EU IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Open Science the modus operandi 2021 2017 OA data by default 2018 2013 OA to all publications OA data pilot 2007 OA pilot for publications Zooming on Open Science
  20. 20. What we have now: fragmentation IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 E-Infrastructures, e-science Enabling digital services for science Sharing, evaluating, monitoring science Scholarly Communication services Performing Science Research Infrastructure services Digital Labs
  21. 21. Option A Option B E-Infrastructures, e-science Enabling digital services for science Performing Science Research Infrastructure services Digital Labs Sharing, evaluating, monitoring science Scholarly Communication services Architecture Functionality Participation rules Practices Quality Interoperability Economy of scale Sustainability Breaking down walls: dialogue & consensus IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  22. 22. Towards implementation
  23. 23. IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 “1.7 million European researchers and 70 million professionals in science and technology a virtual environment with free at the point of use, open and seamless services for storage, management, analysis and re-use of research data, across borders and scientific disciplines”
  24. 24. Europe 2020 DAE/ DSM ERA ECI (EOSC) Data Economy IPR PSI Geodata Copyright Patents Confidentiality Cultural Stats Language (TDM) Personal Data Digitising European industry IoT Platforms Robotics Standards Open Open to the world Open Innovation Open Science Skills Macro policies A long history of European strategies & policies IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  25. 25. • Trusted and open virtual environment with seamless access to services (with highest TRLs) addressing the whole research • Multi-layered federation which brings together supply and demand in a trusted environment • Open, transparent, rule of law based: no lock-in by individual service providers, data portability, IPR, cloud security… • Adaptively user-oriented and inclusive (across borders and disciplines) • Governed by a minimal set of Rules of Participation • Steered by an inclusive governance structure EOSC key characteristics IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  26. 26. SERVICES DATAACCESS Registries Identifiers Papers / Books Funding Services Facilities People Organizations Network Storage Compute Data Management Analytics Publishing- SharingAAI Service Management Data Access Research in Context KPIs Citations Usage Actors MONITOR Dataspaces (thematic or national) FAIR & Open, GDPR EOSC deconstructed – A “Research Commons” IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  27. 27. Involving all stakeholders Stakeholders Forum (wide stakeholders representation) Executive Board (representatives of stakeholders) Governance Board (MS/AC + EC) Oversight Think tank / Advice Implementation Three layer structure EOSC Board of member states to ensure effective supervision of EOSC implementation Executive Board of stakeholder representatives to help ensure proper EOSC implementation and accountability Stakeholder Forum to provide input from a wide range of actors Working Groups • Architecture • FAIR • RoP • Landscape • Sustainability • Training/skills Advice WG WG WGWG WGWG Advice IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  28. 28. Implementing Open Science in Europe and EOSC
  29. 29. IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 open and reproducible science scientific/scholarly communication data infrastructure social + technical links service + data interoperability
  30. 30. Bridging the worlds where science is performed and science is published IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  31. 31. Open Science in the EU and OpenAIRE IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Open Science the modus operandi 2021 2017 OA data by default 2018 2013 OA to all publications OA data pilot 2007 OA pilot for publications Zooming on Open Science Started Legal Entity
  32. 32. 4 regional coordinators 3 topical coordinators IPR Data privacy Infrastructure experts Metadata experts Big data technologists Text & data analytics experts 34 National Open Access Desks Organizations experts in OA e-Infrastructure / e-Science Service Providers Legal Experts Who is OpenAIRE IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Industrial cluster facilitators Innovation management coordinators Open InnovationCitizen Science Data Communities EU Research Infrastructures Schools Citizen science groups Regional / Topical Experts 50 partners from all Europe
  33. 33. • Distributed and participatory infrastructure • Connecting different actors across Europe • Based on existing initiatives • Institutional and national investments • Repositories and open infrastructures of key importance • Linked open science • Support for all types of research outcomes • Contextual intelligent discovery OpenAIRE key characteristics IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  34. 34. Policies Training Services Connecting Empowering 3 pillars of action Aligning
  35. 35. IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 National Global Thematic Social/People Technical/Services 3 levels of operation
  36. 36. National approach IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 34countries à Key national organizations 4 regional area coordinators 3 coordinators for o Policies o Researchdatamanagement o Legalissues National Open Access Desks (NOADs) A pan-European network to address diversity in culture & maturity of national/local infras
  37. 37. International outreach IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Linked to infras around the world
  38. 38. Policies Aligning Training Empowering Services Connecting
  39. 39. 1. Produce consistent policies at the EU, the Member State and the institutional level 2. Standardise interactions at the organisational and institutional level 3. Focus on the interactions with the industry, where the greater inefficiencies currently exist 4. Focus on interactions with platforms in order to maximize value, protect data ownership and portability and avoid vendor lock-in 5. Automate the application of policies supporting OS by design and default, as well as data sovereignty for the user 6. Support the development of the e-infrastructures services that could use the EU GDPR as a competitive advantage Goals IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019
  40. 40. Europe 2020 DAE/ DSM ERA ECI (EOSC) Data Economy IPR PSI Geodata Copyright Patents Confidentialit y Cultural Stats Language (TDM) Personal Data Digitising European industry IoT Platforms Robotics Standards Open Open to the world Open Innovation Open Science Skills Transforming macro Policies to micro IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Infrastructure and services Free flow of data Public procurement Data & open science skills Focus on specific policy areas around Access to and preservation of scientific information European Charter for Access to RIs (and services) Data Privacy GDPR IPR Copyright TDM SkillsEurope National
  41. 41. Transforming macro Policies to micro IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Infrastructure and services Free flow of data Public procurement Data & open science skills Open Access to scientific outputs Research evaluation Research Data Management Ethics Data Protection Licensing Monitor DMPs Skills Acknowledgment PlanS Security Open Access to publications Promotion and tenure Terms of Use Preservation Open Access and FAIR data Open practices Data Management Plans Metrics Green OAGold OA Training Open Source Software Data Protection Officer Funder Research Performing Organization Focus on specific policy areas around
  42. 42. Policies Aligning Training Empowering Services Connecting
  43. 43. Support and Training IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 • Harmonization for policy makers • Shaping micro- policies OS policies • Interoperability • Setup • Connectivity & federation • Repositories Infrastructure • FAIR data • Open data • Tools • Legal • Compliance • Data Management Plan Open Research Data • Guidelines • Repositories • OA Journals • Licenses • Compliance • New models OA to publications
  44. 44. HELPDESK • Ask a question • FAQs RESOURCES • OA guides • Copyright issues • Factsheets TRAINING • Webinars • Workshops Support and Training IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Distributed and hierarchical training: train-the-trainers NOADs ⇢ National / research infras, organizations ⇢ Researchers
  45. 45. Policies Aligning Training Empowering Services Connecting
  46. 46. Services for all stakeholders (B2B / B2C) IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Funders, institutions, RIs, initiatives, 3rd parties Content providers, Research Infras Researchers, scientists Support Accelerate Monitor
  47. 47. Open Science Role of the library why – how – what
  48. 48. Libraries - why IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Powering sustainable knowledge Close to the researcher Data vs. content (information, knowledge) Digital preservation Curation Open spaces, link to public (citizen science)
  49. 49. Libraries - how IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Skills, skills, skills Data, tools/services, policy, legal, business, ethics New processes - mentality change Fast adaptation to new technologies Transform scholarly communication to serve new demands Trial and error Synergies with data centers & research infrastructures
  50. 50. Libraries - what IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Awareness Support Services / tools Repository Publisher (journals & books) Research Data Management (incl. DMPs) Research assessment …
  51. 51. IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 From dialogue to implementation by building synergies offering trusted services seeking commitment making small & decisive steps
  52. 52. Thank you! IFLA WLIC | August 28, 2019 Natalia Manola natalia@di.uoa.gr @openaire_eu

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