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Legal issues in dealing with Research Data - new OpenAIRE guides for researchers and project coordinators

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OpenAIRE webinar, March 29, 2019, by the OpenAIRE support team: Thomas Margoni, University of Glasgow, Prodromos Tsiavos, ATHENA, Pedro Principe, University of Minho.

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Legal issues in dealing with Research Data - new OpenAIRE guides for researchers and project coordinators

  1. 1. Legal issues in dealing with Research Data Guides for researchers and project coordinators PedroPríncipe UniversityofMinho WEBINAR | March 29, 2019 ThomasMargoni CREATe,GlasgowUniversity ProdromosTsiavos AthenaResearch&InnovationCenter @openaire_eu
  2. 2. 1. Overview of the OpenAIRE support materials Newguidesandsupportmaterialsrelatedwithlegalissues 2. Copyright, licensing and research databy Thomas Margoni CanIreusesomeoneelse’sresearchdata?HowdoIknowifmyresearchdataisprotected? WEBINAR | March 29, 2019 2 AGENDA 3. Personal data and Open Science by Prodromos Tsiavos GeneralDataProtectionRegulation andhowtodealwithsensitivedata 4. Q & A
  3. 3. SUPPORTMATERIALS&HELPDESK Helpdesk resources (guides, faqs, fact sheets…) Ticketing system (ask a question) Support activities (by NOADs) OPENSCIENCE&RDMTRAINING Open Access, RDM and Open Science Training Practical, how-to style resources that set OS principles into practice National training programmes OPENAIRESERVICESTRAINING Support materials and training activities on OpenAIRE's services and products OpenAIRE Open Science Helpdesk
  4. 4. OpenAIRESupportandTrainingmaterialsandactivities Open Access basics RDM handbook Primers Open Access, RDM, Open Science, Services and tools Webinars H2020 OS factsheets OpenAIRE services factsheets Fact sheets Open Science guides OpenAIRE Service guides Guides FAIR data, Funder monitor services, Repositories Workshops About OpenAIRE, Open Access publishing, Manage and sharing research data, Reporting and statistics FAQs 4www.openaire.eu/support
  5. 5. Building capacity TOOLS – TRAINING - SUPPORT OpenAIRE task forces
  6. 6. https://www.openaire.eu/guides
  7. 7. 2. Copyright, licensing and research data WEBINAR | March 29, 2019
  8. 8. Legal issues in Dealing with Research Data OpenAIRE Webinar 29 March 2019 Copyright, licensing and research data  Dr. Thomas Margoni  Senior Lecturer in Intellectual Property and Internet Law  Director of the IP LLM Programme  School of Law – CREATe  University of Glasgow  www.create.ac.uk thomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.uk
  9. 9.  Example: OpenMinTeD 1)Research data: No legal definition as such 2)Data: may refer to many different legal types such as copyright and related rights; other IP rights (trade secrets, contractual agreements, etc.) personal data, etc. 3)What is important to understand: What researchers call data and what the law calls data may be very different things. 4)In the rest of this presentation focus will be on: copyright and related rights (e.g. databases), licensing and reuse. thomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.uk  Research data thomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.ukthomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.uk
  10. 10.  Example: OpenMinTeD 1)OpenAIRE has 3 published guides for researchers at the moment:  How do I know if my research data is protected?  https://www.openaire.eu/how-do-i-know-if-my-research-data-is-protected  How do I license my research data?  https://www.openaire.eu/how-do-i-license-my-research-data  Can I reuse someone else’s research data?  https://www.openaire.eu/can-i-reuse-someone-else-research-data And a companion guide to help address open science issue for repositories:  Making your repository Open  https://www.openaire.eu/making-your-repository-open thomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.uk  Guides thomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.ukthomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.uk
  11. 11.  Example: OpenMinTeD Thank you! Questions? thomas.margoni@gla.ac.uk thomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.uk  Additional sources: thomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.ukthomas.margoni@glasgow.ac.uk
  12. 12. HowdoIknowifmy researchdataisprotected? www.openaire.eu/how-do-i-know-if-my-research-data-is-protected What is Research Data? Protection of Research Data When is research data protected? How do rules on research data impact on use? Sui Generis Database Right (SGDR) Copyright What is Copyright law? How can copyright protected works be used?
  13. 13. How do I license my research data? www.openaire.eu/how-do-i-license-my-research-data Licenses for Research Data What licence should be applied to the research data? What is a Creative Commons licence? How to apply licenses for Research Data How are licences applied to research data? How can I make sure others cite me as the source for my research? Specifications of licensing Research Data Is there any part of the research data that cannot be made available? How should I licence my data for the purposes of Open Science?
  14. 14. Can I reuse someone else’s research data? How can a protected dataset be used? Where are licenses found? Interoperability and stacking What happens if I use ‘Share Alike’ (SA) licensed material in my work? Does that mean I have to make my work available under the same SA license? Can a dataset be used if there is no licence? What are the risks of using a dataset without a license? www.openaire.eu/can-i-reuse-someone-else-research-data
  15. 15. • How do I know if my research data is protected? • Learnmoreaboutwhatisresearchdataandtheirprotectionbyintellectualpropertyrights https://www.openaire.eu/how-do-i-know-if-my-research-data-is-protected • How do I license my research data? • Learnmoreaboutlicensesforresearchdataandhowtoapplyit https://www.openaire.eu/how-do-i-license-my-research-data • Can I reuse someone else’s research data? • Learnmoreonhowtoreuseresearchdata https://www.openaire.eu/can-i-reuse-someone-else-research-data Copyright, licensing and research data guides WEBINAR | March 29, 2019 15
  16. 16. MAKINGYOUR REPOSITORYOPEN www.openaire.eu/guides Apply the right license to your repository. Content should also be licensed. Repositories should recommend the best OS licenses but… NEW GUIDE FOR REPOSITORY MANAGERS
  17. 17. 3. Personal data and Open Science WEBINAR | March 29, 2019
  18. 18. Research Data & the GDPR How Open is Open? Dr. Prodromos Tsiavos ARC/ ΟpenAIRE https://www.athena-innovation.gr/ptsiavos@imis.athena-innovation.gr
  19. 19. What is it that we are talking about? Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation) (Text with EEA relevance)
  20. 20. Open Science and GDPR 1. Understanding the setting 2. Identifying Purpose 3. Identifying legal basis 4. Tracing the life-cycle (DMP) 5. Exercising Rights
  21. 21. Open Science and GDPR 1. Understanding the setting 2. Identifying Purpose 3. Identifying legal basis 4. Tracing the life-cycle (DMP) 5. Exercising Rights
  22. 22. The setting Research within an RPO: check legal and ethics framework EU or other collaborative projects: Ethics and Data Protection Requirements National Law 4rd countries Call conditions Tenders Are you a data processor or (co)controller)? Who is the DPO? Which Ethics Committee?
  23. 23. The purpose Possible purposes: Overall: scientific research (art. 89 GDPR) Specific type of research Further use/ exploitation What happens when the purpose changes over time? Legal basis? Am I covered by the legal basis?
  24. 24. Legal Basis Mostly forms of public interest (regular research) Contract (tender) Consent (specific research)
  25. 25. • Vital Interest • Public Interest • Legal Obligation • Contract • Consent • Legitimate Interest No discretion discretion Decision: both parties Decision: data controller
  26. 26. Trace the life cycle Follow the data Different types of data processing may have different purposes and legal bases Always stay within the legal basis
  27. 27. Data management plan (processing/ purposes/ legal basis) Data collection - From the data subject - From 3rd party - From publicly available sources Data Management - Read - Write (update/ improve/ enrich) - Preservation - Erasure - Access Data Sharing - 3rd Parties - Data processor - Further use - Subject Purpose Α Legal Basis Α Purpose C Legal Basis C Purpose D Legal Basis D Purpose Β Legal basis Β
  28. 28. Exercising rights Limitation of rights of the data subject (arts. 14(5)/17(3)/ 21(6) GDPR) Scientific research/ statistical purposes/ archiving Public interest Technical and organizational measures (mostly pseudonymization) Condition: “it is likely to render impossible or seriously impair the achievement of the objectives of that processing” Notices (proactive data subject information)
  29. 29. Howtodealwith sensitivedata NEW GUIDE FOR RESEARCHERS What is Sensitive data How to prepare sensitive data for storage and sharing? Storing sensitive data www.openaire.eu/sensitive-data-guide
  30. 30. Q & A WEBINAR | March 29, 2019
  31. 31. Questions… Weknowrawresearchdatacannotbe associatedwithanowner(andlicensed). Howaboutresearchdataderivingfrom particulardataprocessingofrawdata?can theybelicensed? Opinion on associating a CC BY-NC- ND 4.0 to a database that costed a lot (public funding) and CC BY 4.0 to inner data that have an high level of complex scientific analysis (no raw data). In the UK and EU, is there copyright in a spreadsheet of raw data (e.g. observational measurements), or does the researcher have to process/structure the data in some way in order to claim copyright? + Legalissuesvsopeningupdata.Researchdata arepublicproperty?Patentsandopendata. Doestherawdatasetsbelongtothecollector (contractor)orareownedfurtherbythecontracting authoritywithinaprojectfundedwithpublicmoney (nationalo/andinternational)? Ifweusedadataset(eg.geneticsamples)inacommon publicationwithsomecollaboratorsandthenthe collaboratorisusingthegeneticsamplesforgenerating anewdatasetwithoutaskingpriorapproval,and moreoverthecollaboratorispublishinganotherpaper withoutincludingus,isthisviolatingtheethical publishingrules?? WEBINAR | March 29, 2019copyright & license research
  32. 32. Questions… I am interested in privacy issues when collecting and managing personal data in social science research. Can you briefly analyze the issue related with the patients data? what can we do to anonymize them? and what if the pharmacological company that supports the project doesn't allow to share/archive the data? and if the data produced come from many different institutions how can we manage to share the data? When people talk about 'ownership' of research data, what does this actually mean? It could mean ownership of any intellectual property rights in the data (broadly defined, including e.g. textual & visual data). But the notion of 'data ownership' also seems to be often used as if research data were a material object that you can exclusively possess (like you would possess a house, a car, or a copy of a book etc.)? Does it make sense to think of data ownership in this way, when in fact multiple copies of digital data could exist? And what about personal data, which are often said to be 'owned' by the individuals involved? + WEBINAR | March 29, 2019Personal data & sensitive data
  33. 33. Thank you! Pedro, Thomas &Prodromos info@openaire.eu

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