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How OpenAIRE uses persistent identifiers for discovery, enrichment, and linking of research results

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Presentation from a joint FREYA and OpenAIRE webinar "New developments in the field of Persistent Identifiers" (PIDs) that covers OpenAIRE Content Acquisition Policy, role of PIDs in OpenAIRE, OpenAIRE Guidelines and their objectives, use of PIDs for different kinds of entities and provides some examples.

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How OpenAIRE uses persistent identifiers for discovery, enrichment, and linking of research results

  1. 1. @openaire_eu How OpenAIRE uses PIDs for discovery, enrichment, and linking of research results
  2. 2. OpenAIRE’s e-infrastructure Commons 2
  3. 3. Aggregation of Research Results by OpenAIRE Publications • Article • Preprint • Report • … Datasets • Dataset • Collection • Clinical Trials • … Software • Research Software • … Other Research Products • Service • Workflow • Interactive Resource • … Institutional/ publication repositories Journals/ publishers Data repositories Other Products repositories Software repositories
  4. 4. Objectives of OpenAIRE’s Aggregation Policy Content Acquisition Policy released 05-Oct-2018, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1446408
  5. 5. OpenAIRE accepts the metadata records of all scientific products whose structure respect the model and semantics as expressed by the OpenAIRE guidelines. This means that both Open Access and non-Open Access material will be included and links to other products will be resolved where this is possible (i.e. the provided PIDs have a resolver). as stated in the Content Acquisition Policy https://www.openaire.eu/data-aquisition-policy
  6. 6. Role of PIDs in OpenAIRE
  7. 7. Software Repositories Catch-all Repositories CRIS Data Repositories Catch-all Repositories Institutional & thematic repositories RESEARCH LITERATURE Thematic Repositories Institutional Repositories E-journals RESEARCH SOFTWARE RESEARCH DATA RESEARCH INFORMATION FROM Guidelines for Data Providers TO Guidelines for Open Science Content Providers 7 Catch-all Repositories OTHER RESEARCH PRODUCTS https://guidelines.openaire.eu
  8. 8. ● to improve interoperability of metadata information exchange ● to support FAIR Data Principles ● by defining application profiles to describe different kinds of research products ● by re-using existing standards (Dublin Core, DataCite) ● by extending vocabularies when necessary, ○ e.g. for PID types OpenAIRE Guidelines Objectives
  9. 9. PIDs for the Resource Identifier 9 <datacite:identifier> identifierType="DOI"> https://dx.doi.org/10.17026/dans-zr6-atf9 </datacite:identifier> ● OpenAIRE extends DataCite’s list of PID identifier types: ○ ARK ○ DOI ○ Handle ○ PURL ○ URL ○ URN
  10. 10. (P)IDs for Alternative Identifiers of the Resource 10 ● other identifier(s) applied to the same resource, incl. local identifiers expressed in alternate Identifier Type: ○ ARK ○ arXiv ○ bibcode ○ DOI ○ EAN13 ○ ISSN ○ IGSN ○ ISTC ○ PMID ○ URN ○ ... <datacite:alternateIdentifier> alternateIdentifierType="URN"> urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-ef0u-oq </datacite:alternateIdentifier>
  11. 11. (P)IDs for Related Identifiers to the Resource 11 ● identifier(s) that are related to the registered resource, e.g. community-IDs incl. relation type, related metadata scheme & resource type, list of related Identifier Types includes e.g.: ○ ARK ○ arXiv ○ bibcode ○ DOI ○ EAN13 ○ ISSN ○ IGSN ○ ISTC ○ PMID ○ URN ○ ... <datacite:relatedIdentifier> relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="isReferencedBy"> 10.1186/s12910-016-0120-6 </datacite:alternateIdentifier>
  12. 12. PIDs for Authors & Contributors 12 <datacite:creator> <datacite:creatorName>Wallentin, Carl‐Johan</datacite:creatorName> <datacite:nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI=“http://orcid.org"> http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1983-9378 </datacite:nameIdentifier> </datacite:creator> ● OpenAIRE follows DataCite’s approach of an open list of name Identifiers, such as: ○ ORCID ○ ISNI
  13. 13. PIDs for Funders and Project Grants 13 <datacite:fundingReference> <datacite:funderName>European Commission</datacite:funderName> <fundingStream>H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions</fundingStream> <datacite:funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780 </datacite:funderIdentifier> <datacite:awardNumber awardURI="http://cordis.europa.eu/project/..."> 660668 </datacite:awardNumber> <datacite:awardTitle>ACT against AMR</datacite:awardTitle> </datacite:fundingReference> ● to support linking of research products with related project(s) / funder(s) ● again an open list of funder Identifier types, such as: ○ Crossref Funder ○ ISNI ○ GRID
  14. 14. Example related research article PIDs PID Representation in the Data Repository
  15. 15. ● Improving the discovery and integration of community-specific identifiers and metadata ○ e.g. DDI ● Improving the integration of DOI versioning as supported by Zenodo Open Issues and Next Steps
  16. 16. Thank you! https://www.openaire.eu

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