© NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
Data in the Research Process
A funder’s perspective

Mark Thorley,
Natural Environment Research Council
mrt@nerc.ac.uk

© ...
Research Councils UK

€4B
© NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
Overview
• Why do Research Councils value ‘data’?
• Data policies and their implementation.
• The future…...

© NERC/M.Tho...
© NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
What do we mean by ‘Data’?
• NERC defines environmental data as individual
items or records (both digital and analogue)
us...
Why Value Data?
• Integral part of the research record.
Access to the underlying data helps to support the
robustness, int...
Open Data &
transparency

© NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
Instruments to Achieve Aims
• Policy:
– If you take our money we expect you to do
‘stuff’ related to data.

• Funding:
– W...
Data Policy
• Data generated through Research Council
funded research should generally be
accessible for reuse and repurpo...
http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/research/Pages/DataPolicy.aspx
© NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
Research Integrity
• Proposed RCUK Policy on Access to
Research Outputs:
Research papers … must include … a statement
on h...
Research
Conduct

http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/Publications/researchers/Pages/grc.aspx

© NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
Unacceptable conduct includes ….
Mismanagement or inadequate preservation of data and/or primary
materials, including fail...
EPSRC Policy Framework
on Research Data
This policy framework sets out EPSRC’s expectations concerning the
management and ...
NERC Data Policy
NERC has a policy on data in order to:
• Ensure the continuing availability of environmental data of long...
NERC - Key Principles
• The environmental data produced by the activities funded by NERC
are considered a public good and ...
Policy Differences
• Disciplinary:
– For example how ‘open’ data can be.

• Responsibility:
– The individual or the instit...
Implementation - Funding
• Differentiate between within project and
post project data management.
• Within project:
– Incl...
Implementation - Infrastructure
• EPSRC: Responsibility of the research
organisation.
– Research organisations will ensure...
NERC

Provision of long-term
data management
infrastructure via 7 NERC
Environmental Data Centres.

http://www.nerc.ac.uk/...
© NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
Implementation – ‘Policy’
‘Policy as a Stick’
approach.
Give me a policy
lever I can hit
someone with!

© NERC/M.Thorley, ...
NERC – PiP
• Outline & Full Data Management Plans.
• Data Management Plan:
– The ‘contract’ between the PI and the Data
Ce...
And what of the future …..?
•
•
•
•

CODATA – ‘Agenda for data’.
Clarify role of repositories vs data centres.
Data public...
© NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
Data Publishing
• Helping to motivate researchers to ‘do’ data.
• What is data publishing?
– Issue of a DOI to a data set ...
RCUK Common Principles on Data Policy
•
•
•
•
•

•

Publicly funded research data … should be made openly available with a...
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Data in the research process: a funder's perspective – Mark Thorley, National Environment Research C

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OpenAIREplus workshop - “Linking Open Access publications to data – policy development and implementation” (June 11, 2012)

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Data in the research process: a funder's perspective – Mark Thorley, National Environment Research C

  1. 1. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  2. 2. Data in the Research Process A funder’s perspective Mark Thorley, Natural Environment Research Council mrt@nerc.ac.uk © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  3. 3. Research Councils UK €4B © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  4. 4. Overview • Why do Research Councils value ‘data’? • Data policies and their implementation. • The future…... © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  5. 5. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  6. 6. What do we mean by ‘Data’? • NERC defines environmental data as individual items or records (both digital and analogue) usually obtained by measurement, observation or modelling of the natural world and the impact of humans upon it. This includes data generated through complex systems, such as information retrieval algorithms, data assimilation techniques and the application of models. http://www.nerc.ac.uk/research/sites/data/policy2011.asp © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  7. 7. Why Value Data? • Integral part of the research record. Access to the underlying data helps to support the robustness, integrity and transparency of the research record. • Reuse and repurposing – aka sharing. Enabling others to do new things with the data – and not just other researchers. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  8. 8. Open Data & transparency © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  9. 9. Instruments to Achieve Aims • Policy: – If you take our money we expect you to do ‘stuff’ related to data. • Funding: – We will fund you to deliver ‘stuff’ related to data. • Infrastructure: – We will provide and/or support a data infrastructure. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  10. 10. Data Policy • Data generated through Research Council funded research should generally be accessible for reuse and repurposing (aka data sharing) – though protections and constraints are in place. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  11. 11. http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/research/Pages/DataPolicy.aspx © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  12. 12. Research Integrity • Proposed RCUK Policy on Access to Research Outputs: Research papers … must include … a statement on how the underlying research materials - such as data, samples or models - can be accessed. http://www.openscholarship.org/jcms/c_7297/newstronger-uk-research-councilspolicy-on-open-access © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  13. 13. Research Conduct http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/Publications/researchers/Pages/grc.aspx © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  14. 14. Unacceptable conduct includes …. Mismanagement or inadequate preservation of data and/or primary materials, including failure to: …. • make relevant primary data and research evidence accessible to others for reasonable periods after the completion of the research: data should normally be preserved and accessible for ten years, but for projects of clinical or major social, environmental or heritage importance, for 20 years or longer; • manage data according to the research funder’s data policy and all relevant legislation; • wherever possible, deposit data permanently within a national collection. Responsibility for proper management and preservation of data and Primary materials is shared between the researcher and the research organisation. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  15. 15. EPSRC Policy Framework on Research Data This policy framework sets out EPSRC’s expectations concerning the management and provision of access to EPSRC-funded research data. EPSRC recognises that a range of institutional policies and practices can satisfy these expectations, and encourages research organisations to develop specific approaches which, while aligned with EPSRC’s expectations, are appropriate to their own structures and cultures. The expectations arise from seven core principles which align with the core RCUK principles on data sharing. Two of the principles are of particular importance: firstly, that publicly funded research data should generally be made as widely and freely available as possible in a timely and responsible manner; and, secondly, that the research process should not be damaged by the inappropriate release of such data. http://www.epsrc.ac.uk/about/standards/researchdata/Pages/default.aspx © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  16. 16. NERC Data Policy NERC has a policy on data in order to: • Ensure the continuing availability of environmental data of long-term value for research, teaching, and for wider exploitation for the public good, by individuals, government, business and other organisations. • Support the integrity, transparency and openness of the research it supports. • Help in the formal publication of data sets, as well as enabling the tracking of their usage to be tracked through citation and data licences. • Meet relevant legislation and government guidance on the management and distribution of environmental information. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  17. 17. NERC - Key Principles • The environmental data produced by the activities funded by NERC are considered a public good and they will be made openly available for others to use. NERC is committed to supporting long-term environmental data management to enable continuing access to these data. • NERC will supply the environmental data it holds for free, apart from a few special cases as detailed in the policy. • NERC requires that all environmental data of long-term value generated through NERC-funded activities must be submitted to NERC for long-term management and dissemination. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  18. 18. Policy Differences • Disciplinary: – For example how ‘open’ data can be. • Responsibility: – The individual or the institution. • Infrastructure: – Centrally funded provision vs ‘grant’ funded. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  19. 19. Implementation - Funding • Differentiate between within project and post project data management. • Within project: – Include appropriate resources within the grant application. • Post project: – Varies with research funder, depending on infrastructure provided. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  20. 20. Implementation - Infrastructure • EPSRC: Responsibility of the research organisation. – Research organisations will ensure adequate resources are provided to support the curation of publicly-funded research data; these resources will be allocated from within their existing public funding streams, whether received from Research Councils as direct or indirect support for specific projects or from higher education Funding Councils as block grants. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  21. 21. NERC Provision of long-term data management infrastructure via 7 NERC Environmental Data Centres. http://www.nerc.ac.uk/research/sites/data/ © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  22. 22. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  23. 23. Implementation – ‘Policy’ ‘Policy as a Stick’ approach. Give me a policy lever I can hit someone with! © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  24. 24. NERC – PiP • Outline & Full Data Management Plans. • Data Management Plan: – The ‘contract’ between the PI and the Data Centre. – Key data management activities – who / what / where / when. – Identifies data sets of long-term value for deposit with the data centre. – Data Value Checklist. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  25. 25. And what of the future …..? • • • • CODATA – ‘Agenda for data’. Clarify role of repositories vs data centres. Data publication. Role of publishers / ‘Rich’ publications. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  26. 26. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  27. 27. Data Publishing • Helping to motivate researchers to ‘do’ data. • What is data publishing? – Issue of a DOI to a data set held in a recognised repository. – Formal publication via a ‘Data Paper’. • Publishing implies: Permanence, Fixity, Reusability, Quality and Accessibility. • Publishing provides for citation, enabling recognition of effort. • If published, must be out there for others to use with minimum restriction. © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012
  28. 28. RCUK Common Principles on Data Policy • • • • • • Publicly funded research data … should be made openly available with as few restrictions as possible in a timely and responsible manner that does not harm intellectual property. …Data with acknowledged long-term value should be preserved and remain accessible and usable for future research. … Published results should always include information on how to access the supporting data. RCUK recognises that there are legal, ethical and commercial constraints on release of research data. … the research process [must] not [be] damaged by inappropriate release of data. To ensure that research teams get appropriate recognition for the effort involved in collecting and analysing data, [researchers] may be entitled to a limited period of privileged use of the data they have collected to enable them to publish the results of their research. In order to recognise the intellectual contributions of researchers who generate, preserve and share key research datasets, all users of research data should acknowledge the sources of their data … © NERC/M.Thorley, 2012

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